Year VII, Special Edition February 2020.
Contemporary Dilemmas: Education, Politics and Values journal is pleased to present to its readers and collaborators February 2020 Special Edition, where 108 research articles are published, resulting from the scientific production of researchers from Universities and Research Centers worldwide. From the previous total, the first 85 articles belong to authors from Ecuador; scientific articles that were presented in the VI International Scientific Congress “Impact of University Research” held from October 22 to 24, 2019 at the Autonomous University of the Andes, Ambato, Ecuador. This Edition also hosts 23 other articles that specify research results of authors from 9 countries such as, Azerbaijan, Indonesia, Iran, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan, and Ukraine. We thank everyone for their preference with our journal.
1. TITLE: Reading habits in youth a challenge for Ecuadorian teachers. AUTHORS: Miriam Janneth Pantoja Burbano, Nelson Javier Lucero Ayala, Olga Germania Arciniegas Paspuel, Jenny Fernanda Enriquez Chugá. ABSTRACT: Considering the importance of reading for the formation of students, an investigation was developed with respect to the reading habits of high school students from the 17th of July Educational Unit and students from UNIANDES, Ibarra headquarters in the careers of Business Administration, Accounting and Auditing. The objective was to establish a relationship between the reading habits of high school students and university students. The study used a methodological design based on qualitative and quantitative research, of a transversal nature, with the use of the synthetic analytical method. It was determined that reading habits at the high school level persist at the university level and that they constitute a challenge for teachers. KEY WORDS: Reading habit, reading, teaching, square chi. ECUADOR.
2. TITLE: The game: didactic mediator for the development of cognitive skills for research. AUTHORS: Mónica Elizabeth Benalcázar Paladines, Angélica Dora Rodríguez Lara, Fanny Maricela Pozo Hernández, Diego Francisco Rosales Almeida. ABCTRACT: The development of research competence constitutes an imperative in the process of training professionals; in this sense, it is necessary to look for methodological procedures that guarantee the consolidation of said competence, and by virtue of the aforementioned, the value of the game is supported as a didactic mediator. The article presents a pedagogical experience carried out with students of the UNIANDES-Santo Domingo Business Administration career, which consisted of the implementation of a game system that propitiated the exercise of different cognitive processes that are necessary for the research activity. The results achieved reveal the effectiveness of the proposal, since cognitive competences constitute a premise or condition that supports the development of research competence. KEY WORDS: cognitive competence, research, game, didactic mediator. ECUADOR.
3. TITLE: Education: the law and scientific knowledge. AUTHORS: Roberto Carlos Jiménez Martínez, Cinthya Paulina Cisneros Zúñiga, Danilo Rafael Andrade Santamaría, Francisco Gilberto Cisneros Ruiz. ABSTRACT: The problem of this study is related to higher education and teaching in Ecuadorian universities, which resists breaking established paradigms; therefore, scientific laws should not and cannot have an end or end, as well as the knowledge imparted to the student. A scheme is presented to confirm the state of the scientific law that is nothing more than a regularity of nature that we can check from the praxis and verify empirically. KEY WORDS: law, scientific knowledge, research, education. ECUADOR.
4. TITLE: Strategic direction in Ecuadorian higher education: approach to the factors that favour and hinder its implementation. AUTHOR: Jorge Juan Domínguez Menéndez. ABSTRACT: Strategic management is a tool that allows organizations to be more efficient, effective and efficient in fulfilling their mission and vision by taking into account both the internal and external context. Its application is based on a holistic and participatory approach by all members of the institution. Its application allows people to develop strategic thinking, giving space to an attitude of change that makes it possible to respond to existing problems. The strategic direction of higher education contributes to the achievement of academic excellence, the quality of its processes both substantive and support and creates a climate of planning and projection in terms of continuous improvement of higher education institutions. KEY WORDS: strategic address, higher education, university administration. ECUADOR.
5. TITLE: Ubiquitous learning in the postgraduate courses of the UNIANDES University in Ecuador. AUTHORS: Gustavo Eduardo Fernández Villacres, Gladys Rebeca Bastidas Troya, Roberto Rolando López López. ABSTRACT: The research is based on a proposal for pedagogical improvement to the postgraduate department of the Universidad Regional Autónoma de los Andes in the city of Ambato-Ecuador. Initially, the problem was related to the scarce use of technologies as didactic support elements by teachers, and reference was made to the low level of student management. Initially, aspects related to the use of TICS with the electronic learning, the blended learning, the mobile learning and the ubiquitous learning are based. More than 200 students from different cities were surveyed, as well as more than 20 teachers. Finally, a proposal of didactic renovation is made in which all the available technologies are used. KEY WORDS: Learning, Ubiquitous, Didactics, Education, Postgraduate. ECUADOR.
6. TITLE: Educational strategies to school barexpents, on the consequences of Bisfenol A. AUTHORS: Julio Rodrigo Morillo Cano, Sara Ximena Guerrón Enríquez, Melba Esperanza Narváez Jaramillo. ABSTRACT: The use of plastic materials in food packaging must meet requirements that control the transfer of compounds from the packaging to the food, a process known as migration. Objective: to implement educational strategies for school bar vendors about the consequences of GAP contained in plastic containers on food, in order to prevent diseases in the "Tulcán" Educational Unit. A descriptive study was carried out, using a qualitative, quantitative and field model, using as a research technique the survey directed at the school bar vendors of the "Tulcán" Educational Unit. It was shown that, through educational strategies, the shopkeepers have the ability to identify the main consequences. KEY WORDS: bisphenol A, vendors, recycling code, prevention, educative strategies. ECUADOR.
7. TITLE: The epistemology of complexity: its manifestation in the classroom. AUTHORS: Rafael Carlos Hernández Infante, María Elena Infante Miranda, Cesar Josué Galeano Páez. ABSTRACT: The complexity has a close relationship with the dialectic. She provides a perspective when analyzing the dimensions: natural, social and thought. In other words, to make a deep assessment of the world around the individual, assume a complex analysis posture, that positively impacts the university. In response to the above, it is stated as the objective of this text: to present foundations on the epistemology of complexity and its manifestation in the classroom. Methods of the theoretical level are used to elaborate the foundations of sustenance. KEY WORDS: epistemology, complexity, classroom. ECUADOR.
8. TITLE: Determination of the type of emotional intelligence in teachers of the Faculty of Administrative Sciences, Business Management and Computer Science, State University of Bolivar and its influence in the educational field. AUTHORS: Clarita Vanessa Gavilánez Cárdenas, Galo Wenseslao Chávez Chimbo. ABSTRACT: The research is based on the analysis of the type of Emotional Intelligence (EI) that the teachers of the Faculty of Administrative Sciences, Business Management and Information Technology of the State University of Bolivar, Ecuador, have. The work of the teachers is not only the transmission of knowledge, but to guide students to live the experience of learning for life in an enriching and innovative way. As human beings we have much in common because emotional intelligence refers to the human capacity to feel, understand, control, and modify emotional states. KEY WORDS: Emotional intelligence, teachers, type, influence, educational environment. ECUADOR.
9. TITLE: Quality management in higher education institutions. AUTHORS: Ariel José Romero Fernández, David Andrés Flores Torres, Ernesto Voroshilov Flores Córdova, Medardo Aníbal Luzuriaga Zurita. ABSTRACT: Quality management in higher education is a competitive strategy that ensures that universities deliver high standards of quality and satisfaction to society. Research is conducted to characterize quality management in a higher education institution for the continuous improvement of its standards of quality and excellence. A survey was applied to professors and students to determine the level of knowledge they have about the mechanisms used by the institution to manage the quality of its processes and the level of involvement. A model for process quality management was designed, taking as a starting point the Juran Trilogy on quality management. KEY WORDS: Higher education quality, quality management, higher education institutions. ECUADOR.
10. TITLE: Methodology to evaluate satisfaction of students with the academic offer of ITSCO. AUTHORS: Ariel José Romero Fernández, David Andrés Flores Torres, Luis Fernando Latorre Tapia. ABSTRACT: The relevance and quality of the academic offerings of higher education institutions is one of the most important elements in ensuring success. The study is developed because of the need to have mechanisms and instruments that show the satisfaction of the students in the courses of study. The aim is to propose a methodology to evaluate student satisfaction with the academic offer of the Instituto Tecnológico Superior Cordillera- ITSCO. The expert method (Delphi version) was used to define the evaluation indicators of student satisfaction. The proposed instrument evaluates the indicators that support the quality of the academic offer of the institution in the face of the realities and complexities of the higher education system. KEY WORDS: academic offer, student satisfaction, quality of the academic offer. ECUADOR.
11. TITLE: Researching; writing a scientific article for Law and graduation project. AUTHORS: Ned Vito Quevedo Arnaiz, Nemis García Arias, Fredy Pablo Cañizares Galarza, Marvelio Alfaro Matos. ABSTRACT: The scientific article is a form of academic qualification for the completion of students' studies, and of dissemination in the academic and scientific fields. The student must define a clear, specific and argumentative knowledge for the sciences, but due to the rigor required by the scientific article, even the relationship between content and form is not sufficiently consolidated. Therefore, the objective was to exemplify the main deficiencies found in the texts written by the students, whose purpose is to suggest possible ways of solution. In summary, it is stated that students can be trained and taught to write scientific articles, but it depends on the author how it is written and on his or her consistency in editing. KEY WORDS: scientific article, drafting, degree, research, written deficiencies. ECUADOR.
12. TITTLE: Right to education of persons deprived of liberty in the "liberty privacy center" of Santo Domingo. AUTHORS: Antonella Stefanía Gil Betancourt, Katherine Trinidad Castillo Núñez, Johanna Roció Cabrera Granda, Holman Steven Sánchez Ramos. ABSTRACT: The Constitution of the Republic of Ecuador establishes priority attention groups for persons deprived of liberty, who due to their situation are susceptible to violation of rights. The purpose of the work is to determine the exercise of the right to education of persons deprived of liberty, through theoretical foundation, field research and the Citizen Ombudsman whose name is “Monitor compliance with Interministerial Agreement 1 concluded between the Ministry of Justice, Human Rights and Cults and the Ministry of Education ...; in the Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas Social Rehabilitation Center ”, with the purpose of proposing and executing actions in favor of the rehabilitation and social reintegration of persons deprived of liberty. KEYWORDS: Education rights, persons deprived of liberty, priority care group, social rehabilitation, social reintegration. ECUADOR.
13. TITLE: The right to succeed of parents in the estate of their deceased children. AUTHORS: Bolívar David Narváez Montenegro, Frankz Alberto Carrera Calderón, Jane De Lourdes Toro Toro. ABSTRACT: The adjudication of the estate of a deceased person has been the subject of legislative debate and doctrinal analysis by several parliaments and jurists at the international level. Ecuadorian civil legislation establishes two orders of succession within its regulations: intestate and testate. However, the order of succession established in civil legislation does not take into account the situation in which many older adults find themselves as a result of the death of their children, when they were economically dependent on them; in fact, there are older parents who do not have the economic resources to meet their basic living needs, which violates the regime of Good Living established in the Constitution of the Republic of Ecuador. KEY WORDS: de Cujus, succession, heritage, children. ECUADOR.
14. TITLE: Comprehensive evaluation of public policies, the culture of evaluation and interactions with sustainable development. AUTHORS: Miguel Francisco Galarza Villalba, Esther Karina Castro Pataron. ABSTRACT: The general objective of this investigation is to determine and assess the relative importance of the factors associated with the evaluation culture, which are the driving forces behind the comprehensive evaluation of public policies. It is centered on representing the approach of integral evaluation of public policies, starting from the analysis of the conceptual interrelations that structure it; examining the reasons for the change towards a coherent evaluation culture in the light of sustainable development and determining the factors associated with the evaluation culture. The relative importance of the factors determined in the Ecuadorian context with information from 100 in-depth interviews, official documents and specialized literature. KEY WORDS: Integral evaluation of public policies, culture of evaluation, institutionalization of the public function, sustainable development. ECUADOR.
15. TITLE: Use of the penal system by women victims of partner violence. AUTHORS: Blanca Esmeralda Brito Herrera, Verónica Yesenia Valencia Vargas, Katherine Tatiana Troya Terranova, Rosa Leonor Maldonado Manzano. ABSTRACT: The justice system is aware of being part of the change in the structure of a macho society; therefore, it deals with cases of contraventions or crimes related to violence against women on a daily basis. The investigation drew on the experience of the jurisdictional and technical staff of the "Multicompetent Judicial Unit of the Puebloviejo canton", Los Ríos province, Ecuador, from a psycho-social and legal approach to cases of violence, aimed at finding support mechanisms that will help to resolve a conflict that affects the health of a society. In such a way, that it is necessary to identify the causes that affect the withdrawal of the complainant and the use of justice as a protection mechanism. KEY WORDS: Withdrawal, woman victim, violence, justice, integral reparation. ECUADOR.
16. TITLE: Application of the conditional suspension of the penalty in the abbreviation procedure and the principles of simplification, celerity, effectiveness and effective judicial guardianship. AUTHORS: Frantz Dimitri Villamarín Barragán, Vladimir Alexander Salazar Betancourt, Giovanna Fernanda Vinueza Arroyo. ABSTRACT: The scope of justice is the fundamental duty of the State in a struggle for the defense of citizens' rights and processes where it is necessary, fair and democratic that the basic guarantees enshrined in our Magna Carta are respected. The work is aimed at providing a legal critique of the application of constitutional rights, the purpose of which is to ensure compliance with the due process of law enshrined in the Constitution of the Republic. To that end, it is proposed to provide theoretical and conceptual content that will make it possible to prepare a critical legal essay highlighting the inadequacy of the legal rules governing the application of the conditional suspension of sentences in summary proceedings as a constitutional right of the accused and the victim. KEY WORDS: Conditional suspension; Abbreviated procedure; simplification principles. ECUADOR.
17. TITLE: The objective imputation and the conduct of the victim in the reckless offences by accident of transit in Ecuador. AUTHOR: Iyo Alexis Cruz Piza. ABSTRACT: The objective imputation of the victim in the reckless offences due to traffic accidents in Ecuador; It is a subject that although it is true can be applied since the validity of the organic Code of the Judicial function, the Justice operators first level judges, prosecutors and public defenders have not used this legal tool to solve the C Asos of reckless offenses (traffic accidents) when the victim is endangered. However, that the National Court of Justice of Ecuador has dictated some rulings of cassation applying one of the dogmatic categories that collects the Penal doctrine, that is, the objective imputation of the victim. KEY WORDS: Impution Objective-permissible risk-principle of confidence-Prohibition of return-competition of the victim. ECUADOR.
18. TITLE: Action research and the development of competencies for the exercise of law. AUTHORS: Teresa de Jesús Molina Gutiérrez, Carlos Javier Lizcano Chapeta, Gisela Quintero Arjona, Lenin Horacio Burbano García. ABSTRACT: The action research operativizes the characteristics of the qualitative paradigm, gives relevance to a micro-social perspective, the researcher is an eyewitness of what he studies, and its purpose is not to explain but to understand; it analyzes in depth the meaning of the particularities of social life. Considering the importance of these particularities, we sought to describe the competencies acquired by the students of the action research subject, after the April-August 2019 academic period. The results showed that most of the informants acquired a memoristic learning that limits the development of the competencies required for the profile of the lawyer, which is explained by the weight of the positivist paradigm and by the complexity of internalizing new philosophical and theoretical perspectives. KEY WORDS: Action Research, qualitative paradigm, competences, Law career. ECUADOR.
19. TITLE: Political power in Ecuador and its injerence in judicial independence. AUTHORS: Beatriz Del Carmen Viteri Naranjo, Lola Ximena Cangas Oña, Paúl Alejandro Centeno Maldonado, Silvio Augusto Álvarez Luna. ABSTRACT: Judicial independence is the fundamental basis of a democratic State and must therefore be guaranteed and respected by all State bodies. In order to enjoy such independence, it is necessary to structure an institutional and regulatory model that reduces internal and external interference; and at the same time, to ensure that such a structure does not imply isolation from the social, economic and political context; in other words, the independence of judges must be accountable and democratic. The aim is to analyse the significance, advantages and implications of the structure of the Judiciary Council for guaranteeing judicial independence. The result is a systematization of the arguments of the importance of judicial independence for a correct defence of people's rights. KEY WORDS: Justice; independence; political power; interference. ECUADOR.
20. TITLE: The opening of investigations for the crime of resistance and the criminalization of social protest. AUTHORS: Alex Carlos Ortega Sinche, Mercedes Carolina Navarro Cejas, Diego Fabricio Tixi Torres, Yuzmany Puerta Martínez. ABSTRACT: The objective of the study is to analyze the opening of investigations for the crime of resistance and the criminalization of social protest. In this way, the nature of the criminal law does not always operate in all cases but in specific cases, which since it does not have a clear delimitation or a logical explanation, encourages gross legal errors, faithfully violating several summative legal principles. importance, initiating unnecessary or illegal investigations in many cases. With the passing of time and taking into account the different legal bodies, the requirement of the Ecuadorian State as a Rule of Law is the existence of clear norms and they are applied in the framework of due process. KEY WORDS: attack, resistance, criminalization, social protest, legislation. ECUADOR.
21. TITLE: The Codification, the Plurinational State, Decoding and Recoding. AUTHORS: José Gabriel Rivera López, Pamilys Milagro Moreno Arvelo, Diego Raúl Gallardo Falconí, Orlando Iván Ronquillo Riera. ABSTRACT: This article reviews the movements of codification, decoding, recoding and the irruption of plurinationality, which is a novelty in the Ecuadorian Constitution since 2008. It addresses the concept of codification and explores its limits; the role of concordances in interamerican codifications seen from the perspective of the legislator, independence, to plurinationality, as elements that give it its characteristic and differentiating features, the importance of the decoding process and the appearance of recoding as a phenomenon from which Latin America does not escape. Ecuador is the last of the countries to become a republic, in 1830 when it became independent from Greater Colombia. KEY WORDS: Coding, Decoding, Recoding and Plurinationality. ECUADOR.
22. TITLE: Forensic audit as a tool in crime detection. AUTHORS: Darwin Vladimir Rivera Piñaloza. ABSTRACT: The investigation is based on determining the forensic audit as a fraud prevention tool in organizations, which will be responsible for obtaining criminal evidence, since it is specialized in determining the frauds and crimes of public and private functions; therefore, it is considered essential to create a culture of awareness to be able to also apply to each of the operational, financial and compliance activities of an organization and thus establish reasonable security in the information presented to third parties, since the activities They are carried out by people and the risk will always exist the role of forensic auditor is to establish control and security mechanisms to minimize the risks. KEY WORDS: forensic audit, tool, crimes. ECUADOR.
23. TITLE: Classification of violence forms in Ecuadorian legislation. AUTHORS: Julio César De Jesús Arrias Añez, José Francisco Verduga Romero, Pamilys Milagros Moreno Arvelo, César Elías Paucar Paucar. ABSTRACT: The purpose was to analyses the classification of forms of violence against women in Ecuadorian legislation, adopting the interpretative paradigm, as this is the appropriate one on which to base the work. Instrumental strategies were used, such as observation of the researcher, experiences, hermeneutic and dialectic language, with personal writing and narrative. The theoretical perspective assumed in this analysis is legal hermeneutics. Finally, the researcher maintains that Ecuadorian legislation does not contain an adequate definition of the forms of violence; on the contrary, it is out of harmony and out of step with the region's regulatory framework in this area. KEY WORDS: Forms of violence, victim, aggressor, typification, crime. ECUADOR.
24. TITLE: Criminal law of the enemy. AUTHORS: Frankz Alberto Carrera Calderón, Andrea Alexandra Condoy Norambil, Diego Francisco Granja Zurita. ABSTRACT: The criminal law of the enemy is a new way of thinking for many, but it really is not. This legal, philosophical current has a large number of people who defend it, especially in Germany and Spain, where they have come to shape it in their legal regulations. This article analyzes the same based on the theory that supports it. For this, authors such as Jakobs, Kant, Rosseau, Fichte, Hobbes, Locke among others, are considered, in the same way it is established who are considered enemies by a State and who are the citizens. KEY WORDS: criminal law, enemy, coercive, citizen. ECUADOR.
25. TITLE: Progress on the pillars of open government, a comparative analysis. AUTHORS: Jorge Manuel Macías Bermúdez, Verónica Yesenia Valencia Vargas, Rosa Leonor Maldonado Manzano, Blanca Esmeralda Brito Herrera. ABSTRACT: The pillars of open government are a means of achieving greater democracy and creating conditions for increased performance in public management. In view of their consolidation, it is of the utmost importance to make available to the citizens consultation and participation mechanisms that are easy to reach and use. This paper aims to make a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the progress of the pillars of open government in different countries. The first part deals with essential elements of these pillars and then shows the comparative study based on the information obtained from the experts consulted. It was concluded that Chile, Spain, Argentina and Uruguay are the most advanced in the implementation of the pillars, according to the variables analyzed. KEY WORDS: Open government, pillars of open government, transparency, participation, collaboration. ECUADOR.
26. TITLE: Added value law in Ecuador: a brief analysis from its approval until its immediate repeal. AUTHORS: María Lorena Merizalde Avilés, Fernando José Caicedo Banderas, Mónica Alexandra Salame Ortiz. ABSTRACT: The objective was to analyze the impact of the "Capital Gains Law" on the Ecuadorian economy, in order to clearly determine the legal and economic arguments used for its rapid repeal. Among the results, the key points to understand the imminent approval of the Organic Law to Avoid Speculation on the Value of Land and Taxation were addressed. It was determined that Lenin Moreno's decision to include within the popular consultation a question on the Capital Gains Law was risky, but it yielded the desired results. However, we must wait to see if the measure initiated by the executive and decided by Ecuadorians was the right one in the long term. KEY WORDS: Added Value Law, repeal, Ecuadorian economy, land speculation, construction sector. ECUADOR.
27. TITLE: Right to equality between pregnant women, during the breastfeeding period. AUTHORS: Wilson Alfredo Cacpata Calle, Alejandra Elizabeth Bailón Zúñiga, Yolanda Guissell Calva Vega, Wilman Gabriel Terán Carrillo. ABSTRACT: In Ecuador, the female gender has historically been discriminated against in various fields such as labor, salary, social, and equal opportunities in the Constitution of the Republic of Ecuador there are significant changes for the benefit of pregnant women and their breastfeeding period, considering it within of the priority care group. The objective of the study was to determine whether private sector workers receive an unjustified differential treatment compared to those of the public sector, at the time of accounting for their lactation period, for which documentary and field research was used, the results of which allowed to show that the differentiated treatment that the legal norm gives to this same group of people lacks an objective and reasonable justification. KEY WORDS: Right to equality; formal equality; material equality; breastfeeding period. ECUADOR.
28. TITLE: Tax evasion of merchants from popular markets. AUTHORS: Carmen Verónica Valenzuela Chicaiza, Paola Yesenia Carrera Cuesta, Sary Del Rocío Álvarez Hernández. ABSTRACT: The study deals with the analysis of tax evasion by traders in the markets of the city of Ibarra. The research was mixed, and the methods used were inductive - deductive, analytical - synthetic. The type of research was field and bibliographic. An analysis of sales and invoicing of the markets Amazonas, Mayorista, La Bahía, Santo Domingo and La Playa was carried out. It was determined that in all the markets analyzed, there are still merchants who do not have a Single Taxpayer Registry, nor a Simplified Tax Regime; the highest percentage of sales are not invoiced, there is no tax culture, nor compliance of fiscal citizens. KEY WORDS: merchants, tax evasion, market, tributes. ECUADOR.
29. TITLE: Approximation to the border phenomenon and human mobility of venezuelans from the dynamics of the Rumichaca border pass in Ecuador. AUTHORS: Ángel Antonio Marín Pérez, Carmen Marina Méndez Cabrita. ABSTRACT: The research sought to address dimensions of human mobility of Venezuelans and the border from a non-reductionist perspective or one limited solely to security. In effect, the principle of state sovereignty remains fully in force; however, the globalizing dynamics determined by the migration phenomenon has forced the flexibilization of border spaces as places where tensions become more evident. The Rumichaca border crossing located on Ecuador's northern border was taken as an object of study because it is a compulsory destination for migrants from Colombia to Ecuador and South America. KEY WORDS: Human Mobility of Venezuelans; border; migratory phenomenon; Immigration policy; Rumichaca border crossing. ECUADOR.
30. TITLE: The hologram of Sumak Kawsay, principle, value or rule: cooperativism to good living in the ecuadorian constitutional system. AUTHORS: Marco Patricio Villa Zura, Luis Andres Crespo Berti. ABSTRACT: The field of constitutional law and citizen participation in society, addressed an analysis that allows the resignification of the correct use of Sumak Kawsay as a principle, value or rule. Sumak Kawsay or Buen Vivir both from the Andean worldview and from the public policy apparatus is a way of life that is built from equality and social justice, with the sole purpose of achieving its development in harmony. This ancestral worldview in Ecuador was elevated to constitutional status and is beginning to be developed in public plans and policies; however, it is important to give it greater content to make its implementation and protection effective. KEY WORDS: Good Living, Sumak Kawsay, constitutional right, andean cosmo vision, public policies. ECUADOR.
31. TITLE: Against drug trafficking, together we cultivate our rights. AUTHORS: Janneth Ximena Iglesias Quintana, Pablo Eduardo Abril Merizalde, Yuzmany Puerta Martínez, José Milton Jiménez Montenegro. ABSTRACT: Drug trafficking has become a broad social problem of illicit acts in the sale and sale of marijuana/cannabis, a plant that has become an issue wrapped in social stigmas that do not allow for the long list of benefits that it could bring in the health and industrial fields. In the research carried out using the logical historical method, studies of health case files, it was concluded that the self-cultivation of cannabis has an impact on the rate of crime that is encouraged by micro-trafficking, and it is necessary to design a guide for the responsible use and cultivation of Cannabis as a proposal, including critical analysis of the penal Integral Organic Code. KEYWORDS: drug trafficking; psychoactive; Drugs; medical cannabis; Hemp. ECUADOR.
32. TITLE: Strengthening cultural and gastronomic identity based on guava (Pesidium guajava) and raspabalsas fish (Isoloricaria spinosissima), in Quevedo, Los Rios province, Ecuador. AUTHORS: Mario Estuardo Cartagena Herrera, Ana Isabel Utrera Velázquez. ABSTRACT: The endemic products and their elaboration techniques are in a state of loss due to the lack of continuity of the new generations that are the protagonists of the gastronomic enterprises. The social transformations have led to the loss of customs and eating habits, so the incentive to rescue the products of the Ecuadorian cuisine in each region strengthens the cultural identity. The purpose of this research is to strengthen the gastronomic culture of Quevedo County, Los Ríos Province in Ecuador, through the use of techniques in the preparation of soups as a characteristic of food customs from products such as guava and raspabalsas fish, which tend not to be used in current gastronomy. KEY WORDS: ancestral gastronomy, traditional products, ancestral products, gastronomic identity. ECUADOR.
33. TITLE: Regeneration of the parish of Atahualpa of Canton Ambato. AUTHORS: Lila Galicia Chávez Fonseca, Christian Javier Chango Cóndor, Josué Mauricio Ramírez Quituisaca, Jesús Joel Papa Santi. ABSTRACT: Global warming and the greenhouse effect have put planet earth in intensive care; pollution from smog from factories and motor vehicles are the root cause of the climate change that planet earth is experiencing; the use of plastics must be eliminated. The objective is to promote the recycling project in the Atahualpa parish so that the citizens become aware of the importance of caring for the environment, through awareness talks for the care of the environment and thus achieve the preservation of natural resources, in this way they acquire the habit of recycling and promote an ecological culture. KEY WORDS: Pollution, recycling, global warming. ECUADOR.
34. TITLE: The environmentalism of the poor and conflicts of environmental content: a theoretical debate. AUTHORS: Julio Adrián Alvarado Vélez, Franklin Gerardo Naranjo Armijo, Jennifer Mabel Ube Olvera, Mario Javier Cabezas Arellano. ABSTRACT: From the late 1980s to the present, the implementation of social policies focused on controlling and mitigating the poverty of the most vulnerable peasant sectors in Latin America, especially through the development of extractive enterprises in their territories, has not achieved the results expected by central governments; rather, this has led to discontent among these actors. Consequently, this has contributed to the formation and emergence of new social movements in the public arena that have mobilized against this type of enterprise. Parallel to these conflicts, the academic world, and especially political ecology, has put forward theories that have generated proposals for dealing with this type of conflict. KEY WORDS: Environmentalism of the poor, conflicts of environmental content, Political Ecology. ECUADOR.
35. TITLE: Epidemiological analysis of toxicity associated with the use of pesticides in Benítez parish. AUTHORS: Juan Alberto Viteri Rodríguez, Heydi Lissette Romero Samaniego, Erika Marisol Mena Lema, Juan David Narváez Jiménez. ABSTRACT: Pesticides are chemicals, natural or synthetic, and have been used for several years when man needed protect his crops from pest invasion. However, today the use of pesticides poses a health risk by causing various diseases. Through a cross-sectional descriptive study, data was obtained through surveys of members of two agricultural associations belonging to the parish of Benítez in the canton of Pelileo, who have been directly exposed to pesticides, which has led to infections such as bronchitis and other family members with intellectual disabilities. The toxicity associated with the use of pesticides has affected the population studied due to constant exposure over the years. KEY WORDS: pesticides, crops, diseases. ECUADOR.
36. TITLE: Risk factors associated with chronic-degenerative diseases not transmissible in the elderly adults of the Quisapincha Parish. AUTHORS: Alina Rosa Soria Acosta, Adisnay Rodríguez Plasencia, Gloria Rebeca Medina Naranjo, Mayrenis Cabrera Capote. ABSTRACT: Chronic degenerative noncommunicable diseases are associated with old age, and there are risk factors: biological, psychological and behavioral, which cause morbidity and mortality in both men and women. The research was carried out in the parish of Quisapincha, Ambato Canton, Tungurahua Province, with the aim of determining the risk factors associated with chronic non-communicable diseases in older adults. The methodology used was a prevalence analysis; the universe consisted of 56 older adults. It should also be mentioned that not all the patients attended had prescribed treatment or medical follow-up. In conclusion, risk factors in older adults were determined, such as dyslipidemias, high blood pressure, sedentariness and predominance of overweight. KEY WORDS: risk factor, elderly adult, chronic disease, Quisapincha parish. ECUADOR.
37. TITLE: Levels of risk of maternal mortality in Ecuador. AUTHORS: Adisnay Rodríguez Plasencia, Nancy Clara Verano Gómez, Mayrenis Cabrera Capote, María José Mejía Andrade. ABSTRACT: The research conducted is on the risk factors for mortality in pregnant women who are treated in the maternity ward of the Hospital General Docente Ambato. It was found that most of the deaths occur in low-income countries and that most of them could have been avoided with prior knowledge. It is qualitative and quantitative research, the first corresponding to a review of the literature and the second to field research, as a data collection instrument. The result was that the main mortality risks are due to their low economic level, and the degree of education that limits women and their families' knowledge of care before, during and after pregnancy. KEY WORDS: risk factors, maternal death, preeclampsia, maternity. ECUADOR.
38. TITLE: Prevalence and factors associated with malnutrition in pediatric patients hospitalized in the pediatric service of the Alfredo Noboa Montenegro Hospital. AUTHORS: Nancy Clara Verano Gómez, Fernando De Jesús Castro Sánchez, Lester Wong Vázquez, Lázaro López Fernández. ABSTRACT: Malnutrition is the result of an alteration between the needs and intake of nutrients leading to undernutrition or obesity, which are influenced by biological, socio-economic or environmental factors that predispose to the appearance of pathologies and put life at risk. The prevalence of malnutrition problems and the factors that influence their appearance in patients hospitalized in the Pediatric Service of the Alfredo Noboa Montenegro Hospital was determined. A strategy was proposed through trainings and delivery of triptychs to make the population aware of these health problems and that they can apply preventive measures, which will help reduce the incidence of pathologies, future complications and improve the quality of life. KEY WORDS: Malnutrition, Risk factors, Chronic malnutrition. ECUADOR.
39. TITLE: Customs and traditions of home labor in the andean communities of the Guaranda-Ecuador canton. AUTHORS: Génesis Irina Núñez López, Carlos Andres Soliz Galeas, Mildre Mercedes Vidal Del Río, Raúl González Salas. ABSTRACT: This research was characterized by home delivery that is carried out in communities of Salinas, Cuatro Esquinas, Cachisagua, Santa Fe of the canton Guaranda, province of Bolívar-Ecuador, ancient practice of ancestral medicine, focusing on the indigenous worldview in which the birth is a unique ancestral ritual, which has allowed to know different techniques performed at the time of home delivery, actors and the causes of why some women prefer home delivery rather than hospital. Eleven community midwives were interviewed who play a fundamental role in this act. A narrative ethnographic study was carried out, according to their knowledge and traditions, describing the sociocultural behavior, to identify the possible risks and complications that mothers and children could present. KEY WORDS: home birth, Andean communities, tradition, free birth. ECUADOR.
40. TITLE: Effectiveness of the kangaroo mother program for preterm infants: Knowledge of maternal care. AUTHORS: Yarintza Coromoto Hernández Zambrano, Brigith Angélica Carrasco Cando, Luis Hermmann Rodríguez Rangel. ABSTRACT: The Kangaroo Mom Program was established at the Maternal and Child Institute of Bogotá in 1978, whose technique is to keep premature babies with low birth weight and stabilized in contact "skin to skin" with the mother to contribute to the integral development and thermal regulation of the newborn. The objective was to design a management guide aimed at the mothers of preterm newborns who are part of the Kangaroo Mom Program in the area of neonatology at Ambato General Teaching Hospital. With the implementation of the guide, the mothers evidenced to improve the quality of care provided to the infants and the knowledge about the benefits of the program was strengthened. KEY WORDS: Kangaroo Mom program, Preterm Newborn, care guide. ECUADOR.
41. TITLE: Patients diagnosed with epilepsy from the Health Center 1 and Tajamar in Tulcán city and their home care. AUTHORS: Melba Esperanza Narváez Jaramillo, Julio Rodrigo Morillo Cano, María Clemencia Villarreal Ger, Grace Alexandra Puetate Morillo. ABSTRACT: The research was carried out to determine home care practices for patients diagnosed with epilepsy; the incidence of this health problem can be reduced by providing basic knowledge on the subject. A qualitative and quantitative explanatory investigation was carried out, using the survey aimed at relatives of patients diagnosed with epilepsy as study techniques, identifying the degree of ignorance of the disease. When executing the investigation, it was shown that the level of ignorance about the disease is high, it is important to highlight that a previous training was necessary that results in the capacity and knowledge of family members and especially the way of acting in these pathologies, to improve the quality of life. KEY WORDS: epilepsy, home care, epileptic crisis, quality of life. ECUADOR.
42. TITLE: Role of nursing in application of vacuum therapy in infected wounds. AUTHORS: Ruth Ysabel Tavera Lits, Rosa María Montalvo Pantoja. ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the role of nursing in the application of vacuum therapy with negative pressure, which is widely known today to improve complex wounds on infected and reduce hospitalization time. It was intended to know the technique of applying vacuum therapy and immediate nursing care in this technique, requiring that knowledge be constantly updated. KEY WORDS: vacuum therapy with negative pressure, wound, wet cure, nursing. ECUADOR.
43. TITLE: Benefits of the coconut oil in the reduction of bacterial plate in the children of the Rosa Zárate, Quero Cantón educational unit. AUTHORS: Fanny Del Rocío Lozada López, Angélica Guadalupe Real Freire. ABSTRACT: Research is currently being conducted on the use of oral products obtained from nature that are of great interest and have many benefits. The research was carried out in order to verify the benefits of coconut oil for the reduction of bacterial plaque, in this case taking as a population the children of the sixth year of the Rosa Zarate Educational Unit in the community of San Jose de Puñachizac, Quero canton. KEY WORDS: bacterial plaque, coconut oil, dental hygiene, vitis mouth wash. ECUADOR.
44. TITLE: Fluoride in reducing the rate of tooth decay in schoolchildren. AUTHORS: Estela Cleofé Villacís Lascano, Catalina Del Rosario Boada Zurita, Carlos Iván Aguirre Pinos. ABSTRACT: Caries is a chronic multifactorial disease that affects a large part of the population and has an incidence in children at school due to factors such as poor oral hygiene habits, a diet high in sugars, and socio-economic and cultural factors. Faced with this reality, most countries have adopted strategies and care models that contribute to improving oral health. One of these is water fluoridation and topical applications of fluoride that are more effective in reducing cavities. The objective was to determine the importance of fluoride in the prevention and reduction of the rate of caries at school, through a compilation of literature confirming the effectiveness of treatment. KEY WORDS: Cavities, fluoride, preventive strategies, oral health. ECUADOR.
45. TITLE: Incidence of dental caries in the children of the Educational Unit "Andoas del Socorro" period 2015-2016. AUTHORS: Rolando Manuel Benites, Miguelina Grimaneza Fonseca Díaz. ABSTRACT: The purpose of the research was to determine the incidence of caries according to the index of decay, loss and obturation in the children of the Andoas del Socorro Educational Unit, evaluating the level of knowledge that these children have regarding education and oral health. The causes and relevant factors of the appearance of this pathology were determined. The descriptive, inductive, exploratory and field method was used. In order to carry out this research, a survey was first conducted on the eating habits and frequency of oral hygiene of each child, clinical histories were opened in a sample of 108 children from the first to the tenth grade of basic education. KEYWORDS: dental caries, risk factors, health promotion, oral health. ECUADOR.
46. TITLE: Main causes of exodontics in patients between the ages of 34 and 44 who come to the Mocha health center, Tungurahua. AUTHORS: Rodríguez Cuellar Yaima, Liset Camaño Carballo, Gavilánez Carrera Lisseth Pamela. ABSTRACT: The research aims to determine the main causes of exodontics in young adult patients between 34 and 44 years. An observational and descriptive study was conducted from November 2018 to May 2019 at the Mocha Health Center, Tungurahua, Ecuador; Dental Medical Records of 40 patients who were treated with exodontics were reviewed and selected by proportional random stratified sampling. A documentary analysis was performed where the existing information was interpreted and organized according to the operationalized variables as the main causes of exodontics. A high incidence of dental extractions was identified, with greater application for the female gender, as well as the main causes for which the patient decided to have the dental piece exodontic. KEY WORDS: Exodontics, dental caries, periodontal disease, dental loss, young adults. ECUADOR.
47. TITLE: The use of ancestral medicine as an alternative to the indeed use of chemical drugs. AUTHORS: Mesías Elías Machado Maliza, Lola Ximena Cangas Oña, Kevin Daniel Jaya Baldeón, Mónica del Rocío Mosquera Endara. ABSTRACT: The use of chemical drugs is a global problem that affects both developed and developing countries. Antibiotics are one of the main misused medicines with serious environmental repercussions; in Ecuador, the problem is greater, there is little or no regulation of self-consumption. The objective of the investigation was to determine the bad use and damage that chemical antibiotics generate in the users, with the eagerness to reduce its abuse, avoiding damages in the quality of life of the people. The research is bibliographic and field. In synthesis, the action of chemical medicine is fast and effective, generally the chemicals used cure ailments, but they damage other sensitive organs of our body. KEY WORDS: Medical Sciences, traditional medicine, disease, drugs, law. ECUADOR.
48. TITLE: Design of a gastronomic route of the enterprises of typical meals in Santo Domingo city. AUTHORS: Aníbal Fernando Franco Pérez, Luis Fernando Martínez Andrade, Leonardo Alexander Mindiola García. ABSTRACT: The research arises from the need to develop local gastronomic tourism as an alternative source of economic resources for the canton of Santo Domingo. The purpose of the work is to design a gastronomic route for the canton and thus promote local tourism. Therefore, in order to fulfill the established objectives, the necessary objectives were set, which determined that in the canton it is feasible to carry out this project and then finalize its respective design. The design of a route within the research framework allowed the conservation of the gastronomic culture of the canton, by means of different traditional dishes that allow establishing a guide with a specific origin and structural configuration that links destinations and thus guarantees the tourist a unique and pleasant experience. KEY WORDS: Gastronomic, Design, Route, Destination. ECUADOR.
49. TITLE: Gastronomy, culture and heritage for sustainable tourism. AUTHORS: Ana Isabel Utrera Velásquez, Esdra Real Garlobo. ABSTRACT: The research is focused on the study carried out by different previous researches of students of the UNIANDES gastronomy career, and is included in a wider work about gastronomy as a cultural, sustainable and diverse heritage, aimed at strengthening it in the tourist activity, it is focused on compiling techniques and products that have been lost in time in the communities that develop a community tourism. The importance of tourism and gastronomic planning to preserve the tangible and intangible heritage of gastronomy is transcendental for tourism development, sustainability and the preservation of cultural diversity in Ecuador. Tools were used for the research process, which allow for the obtaining of desired and well-founded information. KEY WORDS: Gastronomy, culture, gastronomic heritage, planning, sustainable. ECUADOR.
50. TITLE: Strengthening community tourism in the Kichwa community San Francisco de la Rinconada. AUTHORS: Alex Francisco Vallejos Cazar, Carlos Eduardo Peralta Cisneros, Lucía Germania Chiriboga Moreno, Carmen Verónica Valenzuela Chicaiza. ABSTRACT: The research proposes a design of tourism promotion strategies for the strengthening of community-based tourism in San Francisco de la Rinconada in the city of Otavalo, province of Imbabura-Ecuador. In this sense, different virtual texts of various authors were used to reach concepts that allow the understanding of vital characters of community-based tourism. In addition, through the application of the inductive-deductive and analytical-synthetic methods, different criteria were known that intend to contribute to the development of the community. In conclusion, the strategies that are proposed will help to improve the economic income, dynamizing the local economy and promoting the care and preservation of nature. KEY WORDS: preservation, environmental education, tourist routes, dissemination strategies. ECUADOR.
51. TITLE: Perception of typical gastronomy by the local population of Ambato-Ecuador. AUTHORS: Paulina Elizabeth Salas Medina, Fernanda Gisselle Córdova Vásquez. ABSTRACT: The city of Ambato is a canton in the province of Tungurahua that has a wide gastronomic offer that allows us to analyze and learn about its influence on the local tourist development. The objective of the research was to analyze the perception of the typical gastronomy by the local population of the city of Ambato in relation to the local tourist development. We present a study that used a quantitative-qualitative modality and research techniques, through a transversal methodology. The results show: the current situation of the gastronomy, typical dishes, their origin, history and ingredients; furthermore, actions to promote typical gastronomy are presented so that Ambato becomes more competitive and local tourism is developed. KEY WORDS: typical gastronomy, local tourism, tourist products, gastronomic offer, tourist services. ECUADOR.
52. TITLE: Implementation of a digital tourism magazine in Santo Domingo Canton, 2018. AUTHORS: Aníbal Fernando Franco Pérez, Ibette Maholy Álvarez Anchundia, Leonardo Alexander Mindiola García. ABSTRACT: The purpose of the research was to implement a digital magazine aimed at disseminating the different tourist attractions that the canton of Santo Domingo has. In the implementation of the digital magazine, illustrative images, photographs and updated data of the canton will be presented. The research modality used is quali-quantitative with a tendency to qualitative. Likewise, research methods were applied that helped to provide effective results on the area of study. Finally, it was concluded that it is important to implement in the canton a digital magazine that is constantly updated and with the necessary information so that there is no lack of knowledge among tourists and at the same time few visits. KEY WORDS: Digital magazine. Attractions, tools. ECUADOR.
53. TITLE: Integral management of hotel services in the Canton Quevedo. AUTHORS: Aída Margarita Izquierdo Morán, Gonzalo Arturo Peñafiel Nivela. ABSTRACT: The development of tourism is one of the most productive tools that has transformed economic income and new ways of leading markets, such as inns that have accommodation, fun, entertainment, relaxation, sports, food, generating greater customer satisfaction, in order to preserve natural and cultural values arises the scientific question How to increase hotel diversification as a business model in the Canton Quevedo? Based on this question, we propose to design a management model for hotels to diversify services in Quevedo County. A diagnosis was made through the SWOT matrix, an analysis of the demand and competition in order to execute an action plan for the integral management of the service. KEY WORDS: tourism; hostelry; recreation; business model. ECUADOR.
54. TITLE: Improvement destination's tourism from a diagnosis of demand. patate's case-Ecuador. AUTHORS: Paulina Elizabeth Salas Medina, Kattya Vanessa Villacís Carrillo. ABSTRACT: The demand of a destination for the improvement of tourism is diagnosed, addressing both theoretical and practical aspects. To achieve this purpose, quantitative and qualitative research methods were used, including exploratory, descriptive, bibliographic and field research and the application of surveys to the population under study. The study contributed to know the characteristics of the demand of Patate; in order to determine the factors to improve in terms of services and tourist attractions. Another result is the proposal to indicate that once the characteristics of its demand are known, a strategic planning should be developed, where the perspectives of the visitors are included. KEY WORDS: destination, tourism, demand, strategic planning. ECUADOR.
55. TITLE: Labor risks in workers of external consultation of health centers in Ecuador. AUTHORS: Alfonso González Iruma, Ariel José Romero Fernández, Lester Wong Vázquez, Sandra del Rosario Poveda Ramos. ABSTRACT: Occupational risk assessment is one of the important actions for any organization, and in the health sector, it is vital to reduce occupational diseases and accidents. The research is aimed at assessing occupational risks in health service personnel, becoming the basis for defining occupational health and safety management policies, as well as the key to reducing occupational accidents and occupational diseases. For the identification of risks, a matrix of qualitative estimation was used, as well as matrixes of preventive management and objectives. KEY WORDS: occupational risks, health centers, occupational accidents, occupational risk assessment. ECUADOR.
56. TITLE: Administrative processes and their contribution in strengthening the MiPymes of the Quevedo canton. AUTHORS: María Azucena Mendoza Alcívar, Lyzbeth Krucsthalia Álvarez Gómez, Gilma Nelly Rivera Segura. ABSTRACT: The administrative process is a tool that is applied in the micro- enterprises, which allows to achieve clear and precise objectives that are raised by the administrative to strengthen the areas of the companies, generating favorable results in terms of administrative functions. A study was carried out on MSMEs in Quevedo county on the applicability of administrative processes in their businesses, which allows us to determine the study's problems: How does the application of existing administrative processes affect MSMEs in Quevedo county, that is, the activities to be developed in their entities are not planned, and it can also be observed that there is no segregation of functions among employees, which limits their control. KEY WORDS: MSMEs, Administrative process, strategies, resources. ECUADOR.
57. TITLE: Analysis of control and measurement of inventories according to the International Accounting Standard 2 in industries. AUTHORS: Fanny Maricela Pozo Hernández, Angélica Dora Rodríguez Lara, Mónica Elizabeth Benalcázar Paladines. ABSTRACT: The industries that manufacture uniforms in the parish of El Bombolí - city of Santo Domingo, must have an adequate control of production costs, and of the accounting measurement of their inventories, to obtain relevant information for decision making. The research found that there is no evidence of the application of procedures that would enable them to measure and control production costs in accordance with international accounting standards (IAS 2). The objective was to determine the regulations for the application of the accounting treatment and other techniques for a better analysis. The procedures for the control of production costs and inventory measurement included in these regulations were evidenced under the International Financial Reporting Standards. KEY WORDS: IFRS, IAS, control, inventory, valuation methods. ECUADOR.
58. TITLE: Management skills as an ally of the leader to execute the organizational strategy. AUTHORS: Lisenia Karina Baque Villanueva, Karen Clemencia Triviño Vera, Danilo Augusto Viteri Intriago. ABSTRACT: Organizations are a fundamental part of the growth of a country, classified as private and public for nonprofit purposes, all this is possible, since within the organization there is an important resource: human talent, willing to contribute with all its technical and skills knowledge towards the institution that is giving you the opportunity to grow personally and professionally, according to an organizational strategy model that is dictated by a Corporate Government that in turn choose a person who is Chief Exejutive Officer (CEO ), or leader, who will command and direct the organizational strategy towards the objectives set by the organization, using a high applicability of managerial skills. KEY WORDS: Human Talent; Organizational Strategy; leadership; management skills. ECUADOR.
59. TITLE: The Balanced Scorecard as an administrative instrument associated with strategic execution. A case study. AUTHORS: Vladimir Vega Falcón, Jorge Ruperto Rodríguez López, Jaime Ramiro Palacios Guerrero. ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to characterize the use of the Balanced Scorecard, after several years of its use. The research had a descriptive-explanatory character, based on both a longitudinal design and the business consultant practice of one of its authors, issuing its own reflections. A bibliographic study was carried out, using the Balanced Scorecard Usage Survey 2018, conducted by the consultant 2GC. The investigation showed that the Balanced Scorecard was fortified as an administrative instrument associated with strategic execution, aligned with the business structure and motivation, intrinsic communication was perfected and the improvement of information was governed. KEY WORDS: Balanced Scorecard, Business administration, management tools, Industrial Revolution. ECUADOR.
60. TITLE: Administrative management, the sustainability of rural groups in los Ríos Province, Ecuador. AUTHORS: Miguel Francisco Galarza Villalba, Jessica Leonela Mora Romero, Hans Daniel Zambrano Campi. ABSTRACT: The present study is related to the absence of administrative and key processes in the growth of organizations; in that sense, in the rural groups of the province of Los Ríos-Ecuador, formal processes for the development of activities are not evident, nor is it motivated to the continuous improvement of their daily work; that is, adequate administrative management that guarantees sustainability is not applied; therefore, an Administrative Management Model is proposed in which a basic organization of the communities is sought, prioritizing and suggesting associativity as the basis on which to initiate the process of change and adaptation to community administrative management. KEY WORDS: Administrative management model, sustainability, organization. ECUADOR.
61. TITLE: Methodological strategy of the 9S to improve management in Ecuadorian micro enterprises. AUTHORS: Felipe Vladimiro Vera Díaz, Ángel Alamiro Riera Recalde, Rosendo Arnaldo Gil Avilés. ABSTRACT: The objective of this research article is to describe the quality management strategies of the 9S to improve productivity in Ecuadorian micro enterprises. To develop these strategies, the quantitative methodology used in campo was the descriptive type, using the instruments of the 20 open-ended and 8 closed-ended questions. Employees are uneasy about the lack of interest shown by Head of department in decision-making, and there is little internal communication. KEY WORDS: Continuous Improvement, Quality, 9S, Productivity. ECUADOR.
62. TITLE: Significant variables in work performance. A quantitative analysis. AUTHORS: Ángel Alamiro Riera Recalde, Felipe Vladimiro Vera Díaz, Zoila Mirella Mariscal Rosado. ABSTRACT: Work performance has become a very important element for the administrators of any organization, in order to achieve the fulfillment of its objectives. By the way, improvement actions should be supported by quantitative analyzes, so as to increase their likelihood of success. In this order, the work aims to expose a quantitative analysis between the significant variables of work performance to favor the taking of active and proactive decisions in the business field. The article initially addresses the conceptual elements of the term, and then exposes the analysis of its significant variables, as well as some guidelines to improve it at the Hotel Ibiza in the City of Vinces. KEY WORDS: work performance, quantitative analysis, significant variables, human capital, human resources. ECUADOR.
63. TITLE: Strategic management for the production area of aquafest in canton el Empalme. AUTHORS: Luis Rodolfo Manosalvas Gómez, Samuel Fernando Bustillos Mena, Gonzalo Arturo Peñafiel Nivela, Jorge Antonio Acurio Armas. ABSTRACT: Companies aim to achieve objectives through efficient and effective internal functioning, the achievement of this management allows to obtain efficient production and profitability in sales. The research was carried out in the production area of the company Aquafest in the county of El Empalme-Los Rios. In the research field, the situational state of the production area was verified, and with the application of the systemic method, the information was ordered and the deficiencies in the processes were corroborated. With the results obtained, it was determined that the application of strategic management in the production area of the company guides and facilitates the productive processes and those of the employees. KEY WORDS: strategic management, area, production, company. ECUADOR.
64. TITLE: An approach to the organizational culture of the headquarters: UNIANDES Babahoyo. AUTHOR: Jorge Juan Domínguez Menéndez. ABSTRACT: The present article doesn't seek the study to depth from all the concerning one to the Organizational Culture, it is to make an outline of the theoretical budgets of the topic, so that all those that have address functions linked with the University Headquarters (SU) they are motivated by its application starting from deepening in its study, to understand its organizations and the benefits that it has for the sake of improving the operation of this institutions of higher education better; as well as to exemplify it starting from the experiences of their application for the Headquarters of the UNIANDES-Babahoyo. KEY WORDS: organizational culture, university headquarters, administration, processes. ECUADOR.
65. TITLE: Organizational culture and innovation in the Association of Artisan Women Union and Progress of the Sigchos Canton. AUTHORS: Jimena Elizabeth Montes De Oca Sánchez, Mario Marcelo Yancha Villacís, Arlette Madeleine Montero Cruz, Liceth Gabriela Cunuhay Ante. ABSTRACT: The organizational culture and innovation are two important factors within an organization, many times several organizations do not adapt to its changes and have problems within its entity, this research has been based on these two important factors. It is concluded that this research has been shaped and based on knowledge that they contribute directly to society; thus showing that every organization needs an organizational culture and innovation to have a position in the market without leaving the new trends in terms of innovation of the product offered and above all the demands of society. KEY WORDS: Crafts, craft innovation, women's association, Sigchos Canton, indigenous craftswomen. ECUADOR.
66. TITLE: Satisfaction analysis of emapast public company workers with the servqual model. AUTHORS: Beatriz Elizabeth Ramírez Rodriguez, Angel Fernando Fiallos Zarate. ABSTRACT: Companies have external and internal customers; the internal collaborators when being evaluated for the performance, demonstrate some type of resistance and their perception requires a very objective evaluation, because when they are consulted for the degree of satisfaction with the work, they show different conceptions of the administrative tasks. In this perspective, measuring the satisfaction they have in their administrative work is essential to carry out a continuous improvement of processes with employees empowered in the achievement of business objectives. For this purpose, the SERVQUAL model is used, which uses two levels of 5 dimensions, expectations and perceptions. The methodology to follow has to do entirely with the measurement of the dimensions in the SERVQUAL. KEY WORDS: Customer satisfaction, quality, SERVQUAL models, public company. ECUADOR.
67. TITLE: Associativity of textile workers: advantages and limitations. Case of Antonio Ante Textile Associations. AUTHORS: Mireya Silvana Cuarán Guerrero, Juan Pablo Burbano Benítez, Carmen Verónica Valenzuela Chicaiza. ABSTRACT: Since the creation of the Institute of Popular and Solidarity Economy, the association of micro-producers has been promoted to achieve a better level of competitiveness. This study aims to highlight the current situation of textile associations in this canton of the province of Imbabura by analyzing internal aspects, using field methodologies, applying a survey of the partners of six active associations attached to the IEPS, obtaining as results the dependence of these associations regarding the qualification in public procurement contests and the need to have new production and marketing alternatives that guarantee a sustainability over time. KEY WORDS: Textile Associations, Institute of Popular and Solidarity Economy, public purchases, production and marketing strategies. ECUADOR.
68. TITLE: The companies that organize social events in the Salcedo canton and their influence on the group. AUTHORS: Angela Verónica Paredes Núñez, Liseth Abigail Bonilla Remache. ABSTRACT: The absence of companies dedicated to the organization of social events and the lack of knowledge about the provision of a comprehensive and quality service, is the main reason to think about the creation of new companies dedicated to this category. Therefore, the characterization through a situational and economic study, allowed to identify the feasibility or profitability of companies of this type of services through the study of different factors (market, organizational, technical and financial), having as general objective the analysis referring to the influence and acceptance in the environment of companies dedicated to the organization of social events through technical parameters for the integral and efficient process in the canton of Salcedo, province of Cotopaxi. KEY WORDS: Events, business, financial, social, strategies. ECUADOR.
69. TITLE: Development of a line of sweeteners as an alternative of dressings for the preparations of the Cafeteria Abasto Lounge in Pelileo. AUTHORS: Tannia Cristina Poveda Morales, Alex Vladimir Sánchez Guevara, Josué Roberto Corral Naveda, Kevin Adrián Proaño López. ABSTRACT: Abasto Lounge, located in the city of Pelileo, is a cafeteria with an infrastructure and a properly structured staff, what was intended in this study is the development of a line of sweeteners as an alternative of dressings, for what was described began with a SWOT and SWOT analysis, which allowed to collect information needed to make viable the presentation of a new multipurpose sweetener. Based on a flowchart, and the determination of the product profile, the standardization of the product was determined, this allowed to present it for sale to the public, as a multipurpose substitute product, with additional benefits and also innovative of flavors and aromas of the preparations of the cafeteria "Abasto Lounge". KEY WORDS: innovation, quality, alternative sweetener and sensory analysis. ECUADOR.
70. TITLE: Strategic planning to improve the marketing of Cocoa in the Agroalava del Empalme Company. AUTHORS: Sergio Sixto González Rodríguez, Lisenia Karina Baque Villanueva, Maria Azucena Mendoza Alcívar. ABSTRACT: The research carried out at Agroalava S.A. in El Empalme was aimed at developing planning strategies to improve the marketing of Cocoa in the organization. The methods used included the use of a retrospective, transversal, statistical, descriptive and observational non-experimental study. Marketing strategies were drawn up to boost sales levels, to achieve higher profits and to position the organization in the market. Finally, the conclusions outlined the strategic planning to increase the commercialization of the organization, based on well-defined strategies to increase income, and consolidate the management of processes and optimal use of resources. KEY WORDS: strategic planning, marketing, market. ECUADOR.
71. TITLE: Analysis of the economic impact of MiPymes in Ecuador. AUTHORS: Lourdes Viviana Moreira Rosales, Adriana Leonor Jaramillo Aveiga, Diego Francisco Vega Carrillo, Mayra Alexandra Granda Sanmartín. ABSTRACT: The first business rounds in Ecuador began in 2010, promoted directly by the Ministry of Industries and Productivity with the support of different Decentralized Autonomous Governments of the country, in order to create business opportunities. In this regard, the Decentralized Autonomous Government of Santo Domingo has been implementing the MiPymes Incubator project since 2015, which aims to strengthen the growth of microenterprises in the canton. The research carries out an analysis of the economic impact and its contribution to the development of the city. For this purpose, a field study with a mixed approach was carried out and the results were tabulated in the SPSS program. Finally, the economic impact of the project denotes a positive outcome for the canton. KEY WORDS: Economic impact, development, incubator, business, society. ECUADOR.
72. TITLE: Analysis of the economic value added in the medium agro-industrial companies of the single register of Mipymes of the city of Ibarra. AUTHORS: Carlos Wilman Maldonado Gudiño, Wilmer Medardo Arias Collaguazo, Verónica Maribel Reina Valles, María Gabriela Arias Benalcázar. ABSTRACT: The globalized environment demands from companies great challenges in order to maintain competitiveness, and to attract investments. The generation of value is a necessity for new economic entities, a tool for the analysis of certain non-traditional financial information ratios. The Economic Value-Added method is an alternative for measuring the management decisions of MSMEs based on the financial results obtained and the quantification of the cost of capital that entails the possible destruction or not of the value of the shareholders' investment. The research is of a non-experimental, transversal type, with a descriptive scope documentary design, compiling institutional financial information for the evaluation of the creation or not of value in the organizations. KEY WORDS: Politics, law and economics; Finance and trade; Finance; Capital. ECUADOR.
73. TITLE: Investment intended for innovation. a descriptive study of mipymes in the province of Imbabura. AUTHORS: Wilmer Medardo Arias Collaguazo, Carlos Wilman Maldonado Gudiño, Verónica Maribel Reina Valles, Lenin Horacio Burbano García. ABSTRACT: The innovation process needs an economic effort, it is generally carried out by micro, small, medium and large enterprises, however, these are often attributed to large companies. With this perspective, the objective was to determine the degree of economic effort made by the MSMEs in promoting innovation processes, in the province of Imbabura-Ecuador. As a result, information was obtained on the number of innovations by company size, economic activities, and the degree of investment by size. In conclusion, the micro, small and medium sector is more involved in innovation activities, but has a high failure rate, and that the cooperative environment has allowed the successful development of innovation activities for medium sized companies. KEY WORDS: Entrepreneurship financing, innovation, financing of intangible assets, corporate finance, mixed financing. ECUADOR.
74. TITLE: Determining factors in the economic development of smes in Santo Domingo. AUTHORS: Franklin Gerardo Naranjo Armijo, Julio Adrián Alvarado Vélez, Ricardo Antonio Balseca Piloso, Mario Javier Cabezas Arellano. ABSTRACT: SMEs are the backbone of most of the world's economies and are characterized by their relevance within developing countries, being the main providers of employment sources and responsible for approximately 50% of the Gross Domestic Product. Santo Domingo- Ecuador is a productive city that has a high capacity for growth and improvement. The research was relevant within the quantitative method by collecting data, through the application of surveys to 141 SMEs, explaining the results through statistical data. It is concluded that SMEs play an important role in the local and national economy. KEY WORDS: SMEs, companies, economic development, enterprise development, growth. ECUADOR.
75. TITLE: Calculation of economic and financial indicators that sustain the production and commercialization of cheese of the pantanal ranch of the province of Pastaza. AUTHORS: Dailín Peña Suárez, Haylis Fernanda Balseca Pico, Galo Renato Navas Espín, Alejandra Margarita Chávez Silva. ABSTRACT: The economic and productive development of small entrepreneurs is a fundamental task of developing countries. The feasibility of implementing a project to produce and market cheese from Pantanal Ranch milk production will improve the standard of living of society. The calculation was made with economic-financial indicators based on the projection of income, expenses and basic financial statements, the economic feasibility of the investment was obtained taking into account the value of money over time, the net present value was calculated at $107,310.32 and an internal rate of return of 26%. According to the net cash flows it was determined that the investment will be recovered in two years and six days. KEY WORDS: economic feasibility, cheese, financial indicators. ECUADOR.
76. TITLE: Financial management model for the strengthening of the sustainability and growth process of SMES in the city of Tulcán. AUTHORS: Danny Mauricio Sandoval Malquín, Jesús Geovanny Rosero Trujillo. ABSTRACT: The research was conducted with the purpose of providing a proposal for sustainability and growth for SMEs in the city of Tulcan, based on a financial management model that involves administrative and financial processes aimed at improving the level of profits and investment decisions. Weak strategic financial management was determined, without adequate investment budgets and high risk in the leverage. Under these circumstances, a financial management model based on the Balance Scorecard is proposed, whose perspectives: financial, customer, internal processes, and, learning and development, contain the technical elements of a financial strategic planning that is articulated with the objectives of socially responsible economic growth. KEY WORDS: Financial management, sustainability, increase, PYMES. ECUADOR.
77. TITLE: Implementation of an equine therapy center for people with intellectual disabilities in the city of Tulcán. AUTHORS: Danny Mauricio Sandoval Malquín, Ana Cristina Rosero Reina. ABSTRACT: The business model reveals the need for the service of equine therapy as an alternative for rehabilitation and improvement of the quality of life of people with intellectual disabilities and their family environment. The objective is to carry out a feasibility study for the creation of an equine therapy center. It is a transversal, bibliographic, field, applied and correlational research. The results obtained through the application of a survey directed to the relatives of these people with disabilities and the interview directed to opinion leaders, allows to identify, that 98% of the population would demand the service. No competition is identified, which means that it would be the only company offering the service. KEY WORDS: entrepreneurship, investment project, feasibility study, equine therapy, company. ECUADOR.
78. TITLE: Financial strategy for urban transportation operators of the city of Tulcán. AUTHORS: Nixon Patricio Lastra Calderón, Javier Mauricio Lucero Salcedo, Danny Mauricio Sandoval Malquín. ASBTRACT: The associativity is fundamental to motivate the partners to integrate to the processes as a mechanism of survival in a highly competitive world; this strategy of financial management for the operators called Common Box favors a technical, human and transparent management of the administration of the operators of urban transport of passengers of the city of Tulcan. It is an urgent solution, mandatory since the frequencies are granted by the State; at the moment, the transport service is collapsed, for that reason, a system of financial strategic planning is proposed that is a set of methods, instruments and objectives for the evaluation of an organization, it must contain processes of organization always focused in the satisfaction of the demands of the clients. KEY WORDS: Common Fund, Strategy, Financial, Management, Economy, Popular, Solidarity. ECUADOR.
79. TITLE: Design of a strategic marketing plan in the canton Ambato, Ecuador. AUTHORS: Jocelyne Yajaira Martínez Núñez, Diego Andrés Carrillo Rosero. ABSTRACT: The research focuses on carrying out a strategic marketing plan for the positioning of the Ambato canton as a national tourist destination, to improve the economic conditions of the city, with tourism being a sector that can contribute to the solution of the problem. The objective was the design of a strategic marketing plan for the positioning of the canton through actions that make the city a tourist destination nationwide; Therefore, it is necessary to carry out a theoretical study of the components of a strategic marketing plan, a diagnosis of the current situation of the tourist activity and the positioning of the canton to national tourists to structure the strategic plan of effective marketing. KEY WORDS: tourism, tourist, marketing, strategic plan. ECUADOR.
80. TITLE: Computer application to promote confrontation with forest fires in university students. AUTHORS: Rafael Carlos Hernández Infante, María Elena Infante Miranda, Miguel Angel Narváez Bolaños. ABSTRACT: A forest fire is manifested by fire that spreads uncontrollably on forest land affecting plant fuels. Cigarettes lit or other fire triggers cause fire; hence the importance of society in general knowing how to avoid them. The research has been developed following the guidelines of the perspective or qualitative modality; It has focused on the description, interpretation and understanding of the situation presented by the training process of the students of the Law Degree, at UNIANDES, Ibarra; involving sixth level students, during the academic period April - August 2019, from the subjects involved in it: students and teachers. KEY WORDS: application, computing, forest fires. ECUADOR.
81. TITLE: Prototype for the immotic control of UNIANDES Quevedo offices. AUTHORS: Luis Javier Molina Chalacan, José Leonardo Giler Chango, Luis Orlando Albarracín Zambrano. ABSTRACT: The advances in the TICS have generated many new fields of action, as the case of the Domotics and the Immotics, that arise as solution for the automation of homes, buildings and offices. With the purposes of control, comfort, reduction of electric energy, and therefore, collaborate with the environment; in this sense, the elaboration of a prototype of inmotic control in the offices of UNIANDES Quevedo, collaborates with these new scenarios and technological challenges, in search of new sustainable and friendly solutions with the environment. In the construction of this prototype, low-cost electronic devices were used and a mobile application for control via cell phone was developed. KEY WORDS: automation, Inmotic; domotics, mobile app. ECUADOR.
82. TITLE: Prototype entry and exit control for the parking lot of UNIANDES - Quevedo. AUTHORS: Luis Orlando Albarracín Zambrano, Edmundo José Jalón Arias, Kevin Lester Guerrero Burgos, Julissa Marlene Llanganate Peñafiel. ABSTRACT: At the Regional Autonomous University of the Andes, a project was developed whose purpose was to improve the control of entry and exit of vehicles of the main parking lot of UNIANDES-Quevedo. Focused on the development of the project, it is very important to know the problem that is within the parking control, process carried out physically. A bibliographic review is made on the theoretical basis of the research since it is very important to clarify the main issues with which we work in the development of the project, the most appropriate methodology for the development of the technical proposal is explained, putting into practice our knowledge of scientific research acquired, and we developed the proposal that will give a technological solution to the problem posed. KEY WORDS: Arduino, website, protoboard, electronic elements. ECUADOR.
83. TITLE: Threat of environmental pollution and poisoning by waste of computer equipment in Santo Domingo. AUTHORS: Carlos Roberto Sampedro Guamán, Silvio Amable Machuca Vivar, Erik Fernando Méndez Garcés, Diego Paul Palma Rivera. ABSTRACT: Information and communication technologies have changed people's lives and boosted economic growth, but their programmed, psychological, functional, aesthetic, indirect and ecological obsolescence means that users are discarding these technological devices without measuring the environmental and health consequences they entail. Studies in Europe show that on average, electrical and electronic equipment is composed of 25% reusable elements, 72% recyclable materials and 3% potentially toxic elements such as lead, mercury and others. Since 2012, Ecuador, through ministerial agreement number 190, issued the national policy of Post-consumption of electrical and electronic equipment. KEY WORDS: electronic waste, electronic waste management, environmental pollution, toxic components of computer equipment. ECUADOR.
84. TITLE: Computer platform for prevention of diseases in la florícola produnorte S.A. AUTHORS: Rita Azucena Díaz Vásquez, Jorge Lenin Acosta Espinoza. ABSTRACT: Producnorte S.A., a private company that grows and exports the highest quality roses, to satisfy the needs of an exclusive market. This has allowed them to establish long term relationships with customers. The web and mobile application allows the control of plant health data and has a record of work accomplishment, which allows to optimize time in knowing the diseases of the plantation. The system was developed with free software tools. Agile software development methodology was used: SCRUM, which allowed the project to be planned in small blocks and constantly improved, achieving important results such as maximizing rose production and knowing the history of cultivation to prevent diseases. KEY WORDS: Web Application; mobile app; plant health; floricultural; disease prevention. ECUADOR.
85. TITLE: Digital platforms for control and sales in restaurants in Quevedo canton. AUTHORS: Andrea Raquel Zúñiga Paredes, Ítalo Mecias Serrano Quevedo, Ángel Ivan Torres Quijije. ABSTRACT: The applied research is focused on the study of technologies used in restaurants to manage sales control and billing in the city of Quevedo. There were found restaurants as: Ají de mesa, La Española, Zelai Bar-Restaurant, Mamá Silvia, Jade, Miel y frutas café, la Casa de Montiel, Toro Sangría, Juan Camarón, Lokos D' Asar, among others, dedicated to the sale of food, and according to the information collected few use digital platforms to cover the expectations of the client; knowing that the system would allow the automation in the control and management processes of sales and invoicing in an efficient way, which leads to improving the management of information for decision making in business. KEY WORDS: digital platform, management, electronic invoicing, information systems. ECUADOR.
86. TITLE: Picturing in educational practices: actuals claims and rethinking of pedagogical tradition. AUTHORS: Mariia Kultaieva, Nataliia Radionova, Olga Ivastchenko, Nadeshda Grigorova. ABSTRACT: The article contains an analysis of pictures representations in educational practices as an appearance of the pictorial turn in humanitarians, especially in pedagogy and educational practices directed on forming of worldview culture by students. The pictorial turn of the philosophical and pedagogical thought and its consequences in educational practices are reflected in its communicative values. The pictorial culture developed both in the stream of tradition and in trend of the digitalization can be able to create synthesis and hybrid forms for stimulation educational practices adequate to the actual requires. For understanding of those possibilities, it is necessary to unveil philosophical implication of the pictorial culture on the problem field of the pedagogy. KEY WORDS: picturing, pictorial culture, pedagogy, philosophical reflection, educational practices, worldview, semantics, The Early and Late Modernity, digitalization. UCRAINE.
87. TITLE: The development model of evaluation internal quality in the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia. AUTHORS: Dedi Amrizal, Paningkat Siburian. ABSTRACT: This study aims to determine: (1) implementation of internal quality assurance evaluation; (2) the effectiveness of the old quality assurance evaluation model; and (3) testing the new quality assurance evaluation model at the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, University of North Sumatra (FISIP USU). This research uses the Borg and Gall approach by digging informsi from faculty leader, head of study program, quality assurance group, quality control group, lecturers, students and users. Data was obtained through observation, interviews, and document studies. This research indicates that internal quality evaluation is held as a condition of fulfillment of accreditation forms. New application model proved more effective than the old model. KEY WORDS: Quality Evaluation, Internal Quality Management, Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia. INDONESIA.
88. TITLE: Language Attitudes of Undergraduate Students towards English, Urdu and Punjabi: A Comparative Study of Public and Private Institutes of Lahore. AUTHORS: Sanna Asghar, Rasib Mahmood, Muhammad Bilal. ABSTRACT: The study explores the language attitudes of undergraduate students towards English, Urdu and Punjabi. Baker (1992) takes the view, that depending on the attitudes held by society, a language will succeed or fail. The theoretical framework implemented for this study was Baker's 1992 model. This is an in-depth study that explored the attitudes of 272 graduate students from Lahore's two public and two private sector universities. This analysis employed qualitative as well as quantitative approaches. The findings showed strongly optimistic attitudes of undergraduate students in both sectors towards English as well as Urdu, and the least favorable attitudes towards Punjabi. Students from both industries displayed similar gender-based attitudes toward the three languages. KEY WORDS: language attitudes to English, Urdu and Punjabi; public; private. PAKISTAN.
89. TITLE: Counselling for good conduct in tertiary school examination. AUTHOR: Patrick U. Osadebe. ABSTRACT: The paper examined counselling for good conduct in tertiary school examination, pointing out that school examinations should be well conducted by the school authority and the students should conduct themselves well before, during and after examinations. Counsellors should ensure students are well guided and counselled before examination. This will help to avoid examination malpractice among students. Examination malpractice by students is a deviant behaviour that needs to be checked through counselling. When students are guided for good conduct, they will contribute to national development. Rules and regulations guiding the conduct of tertiary examination were identified. It was pointed out that counselling should be a continuous process in helping students to be of good conduct in tertiary school examinations. KEY WORDS: counselling, good conduct, examination. NIGERIA.
90. TITLE: Internalization of character values through Islamic Education. A study at Tanjungpura University of Pontianak. AUTHORS: Baidhillah Riyadhi, Sofyan Sauri, Yadi Ruyadi. ABSTRACT: This study aims to find the concept of internalizing character values through Islamic religious education at Tanjungpura University Pontianak. Using Grounded research method, this research based on facts and uses comparative analysis, which aims to hold empirical generalizations, define concepts, and prove theories. The conclusions of this study are, 1) through the Chancellor's Decree Number 1540 of 2012, at Tanjungpura University of Pontianak, Character Education is integrated in the Religious subject, 2) each student must follow character education in accordance with the religion adopted, and 3) the implementation of Character Education needs to be evaluated and improved, so that it is expected that 5 character values proclaimed by GNRM can be internalized for students well. KEY WORDS: value, character, moral, internalization. INDONESIA.
91. TITLE: Strategies of Cognitive Political Censorship as an effect of ‘New Media’. AUTHORS: Sergey P. Potseluev, Mikhail S. Konstantinov, Tat'yana A. Podshibyakina. ABSTRACT: The purpose of the article is the development and testing of an explanatory model of strategies peculiar to cognitive political censorship exemplified in the 2018-2019 Ukrainian presidential election campaign. The authors extend and generalize objective and subjective aspects of the approaches available in the scientific literature to new forms of political censorship. In one aspect, not only the attention span alone is considered as an object of cognitive political censorship, but also other cognitive functions of the media audience is the ability to form a coherent opinion on current problems. At least three cognitive strategies of political censorship identified suggested a weakening of basic cognitive abilities: distraction, forgery and absurdity. These strategies are considered in a comparative perspective with the experience of the latest forms of political censorship in China and Turkey. KEY WORDS: information flooding, basic cognitive functions, Medialogy, YouScan, Ukraine. RUSSIA.
92. TITLE: US geopolitical imperatives for the Baltic region. AUTHOR: Sabina Garashova. ABSTRACT: The scientific article examines the geopolitical interests of the United States in the Baltic region. First of all, it is noted that the Baltic States stands out for its complex geopolitical character. The region in which the Baltic republics are located has become a training ground for a dangerous confrontation between the USSR and the USA. These republics were able to achieve more effective integration with European structures. This, first of all, is evidenced by two important facts. Since the Baltic republics in a short time were admitted to the European Union and NATO. This also indicates that Western structures attached great importance to this region. Especially the United States had clear geopolitical imperatives in the region. KEY WORDS: Baltic region, antagonism, European Union, NATO, integration. AZERBAIJAN.
93. TITLE: Principles of regulation of migration relations: theoretical and legal analysis. AUTORES: Vitaly V. Goncharov, Marina S. Savchenko, Andrey A. Savchenko. ABSTRACT: This article is dedicated to the study of the principles of legal regulation of migratory relations and its purpose is from the point of view of legal methods to study migratory relations to analyze the degree of development and consolidation of the principles of legal regulation of migratory relations in national and international legislation, as well as in legal science. KEY WORDS: principles, legal regulation, migration, Russian Federation, refugees. RUSSIA.
94. TITLE: Evaluation of Supervision over the Judiciary in the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran in the light of Good Governance. AUTHORS: Mahsa Majdzangeneh, Abolfazl Jafargholikhani, Mohammadreza Yosefi. ABSTRACT: This library studies-based descriptive-analytical study was conducted to evaluate the supervision over the judiciary in the Iranian Constitution in the light of good governance. The findings indicated that the components of good governance such as accountability and transparency are not properly defined and taken into account for the performance of the judiciary in Iranian Constitution. KEY WORDS: judiciary, supervision, good governance, constitution. IRAN.
95. TİTLE: Azerbaijan’s dynamic development: successes and achievements (2003-2019). AUTHOR: Elchin Ahmedov. ABSTRACT: The article justifies the successful implementation of Azerbaijan's energy security strategy, which makes it a leading country in the region in terms of economic potential in the South Caucasus. The article explores the implementation of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan, Baku-Tbilisi-Erzurum, Baku-Tbilisi-Kars, TANAP, TAP and other projects at the initiative of Azerbaijan, analyzes achievements in the areas of foreign, cultural, humanitarian policy and sports, it explores cultural diversity, multicultural and tolerant values in Azerbaijan's national and foreign policy, as well as examines Azerbaijan's territorial integrity as a key priority of its foreign policy. The guarantee of the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan is studied in the article as the main priority direction of its foreign policy. KEY WORDS: Azerbaijan, public policy, energy security, foreign policy. AZERBAIJAN.
96. TITLE: The status of balance of citizen-based and security-based approaches and mechanisms for balancing these two approaches in the Islamic revolutionary court of Iran. AUTHORS: Hamed Mahtabi, Akbar Varavaei, Masoud Ghasemi. ABSTRACT: It is important to determine the status and extent of adherence to known principles of fair trial, that are essential and inevitable points. Although Iran's code of Criminal Procedure, adopted in 2013, in relation to former laws and influenced by human rights and humanitarian perspectives, has attempted to balance citizen-centered and security-centered approaches with increased attention to respect for citizenship, but there are still signs of adopting security-based approach during the trial of some of the crimes in this court that have caused problems and criticisms. Therefore, this article will attempt to possibly present the balancing approaches: balance among security-based and citizen-centered approaches in achieving fair and just hearing. KEY WORDS: revolutionary court, criminal procedure, Security-based approach, Citizen-based approach, Principles of fair trial. IRAN.
97. TITLE: A.I. Denisov on the proportion of personal and public interests. AUTHOR: Alexander G. Martyanov. ABSTRACT: This article is devoted to the analysis of views on the relationship between the personal and public interests, that by judging publications and many oral speeches by Dr., Prof., H Andrei Ivanovich Denisov were completely different - concerning a different light and a different spirit - from the point of view of the interests of the whole society and the whole state. KEY WORDS: A. I. Denisov, theory of state and law, Soviet theory of law, state legal views, legal reality. RUSSIA.
98. TITLE: Theoretical modeling by P.A. Sorokin`s positive behavior and modernity. AUTHOR: Zotova Natalya Vladimirovna. ABSTRACT: The article analyzes Pitirim Sorokin's opinions about the concept and content of positive behavior. As part of the analysis of this concept, the author reveals the characteristics of a positive fact, the theory of the right of adjudication. KEY WORDS: crime, punishment, feat, award, responsibility, award law. RUSSIA.
99. TITLE: Application of a Participatory Approach in Empowering Coastal Villages. AUTHORS: Siti Hajar, Irwan Syari Tanjung, Zulfahmi, YurisnaTanjung. ABSTRACT: The development of village potency, owned by villagers especially of coastal area, can improve the progress of the village, becoming a competitive village according to national development goal, and creating a prosperous, independent and competitive society. Thus, an approach is needed to support the empowerment of coastal village communities and to increase community participation as set forth in act no. Year 2014 on the village. The approach is conducted by a participatory rural appraisal method, expecting to encourage coastal communities to support development programs implemented in the village. The purpose of this study is to identify the potential of villages and classify the potentials into advantages and weaknesses so as to analyse the model of coastal community empowerment. KEY WORDS: Participatory Approach, empowerment, coastal village communities, Asean Economic Community, participatory rural appraisal. INDONESIA.
100. TITLE: The study of conversational implicature in Usman Ali’s The Prisoner: A Pragmatic Perspective. AUTHORS: Junaid Akash, Muhammad Ajmal, Mehwish Malghani. ABSTRACT: The study, with the intention of obtaining a deep comprehension towards meaning, has analyzed the conversational implicature in Usman Ali’s play The Prisoner (2018) by applying Theory of Implicature by Paul Grice (1975). Conversational Implicature is the phenomenon wherein, a speaker says one thing and thereby conveys something else. Besides Implicature, functions of implicated utterances have been identified in the light of Speech Act Theory. The study resulted in to achieve forms of implicature with respect to flouting of maxims of quantity, quality, relation and manner. The researcher also identified two types of conversational implicature: (1) generalized implicature (2) and particularized implicature along with functions of implicated utterances. KEY WORDS: pragmatics, conversational implicature, flouting of Grecian’s Maxim, The Prisoner. PAKISTAN.
101. TITLE: External and internal effects of Belief in Monotheism in Ethics according to Imam Khomeini's interpretation. AUTHORS: Tahereh Moradi, Seyedeh Fatemeh Hosseini Mir Safi. ABSTRACT: Imam Khomeini was one of the prominent figures in Iranian history whose highlights are known in the aspects of jurisprudence, philosophy and mysticism, but less known as a commentator of the Koran, perhaps, because the coherent and orderly interpretation has remained of him (except for the interpretation of Hamd and Ekhlas and Ghadr). The interpretation of the external and internal voluntary actions chosen from the words of Imam Khomeini is the intrinsic and external aspect of man. Internal voluntary action is the innate aspect of which man is conscious, such as intention and thoughts that are invisible, and external voluntary action known as form is the external aspect that man manifests as speech and action on the part of his organs and body, is visible to others. In this article, we will investigate internal and external effects. KEY WORDS: Monotheism, mystical interpretation, external voluntary action, internal voluntary action, Imam Khomeini. IRAN.
102. TITLE: A comparative study of the Egyptian Legend of the Afflictions of Abydos with the Hiram story in the Torah. AUTHOR: Mahmood Bashiri. ABSTRACT: Myth, in the thought of the first man, and even in the modern human is not only fantasy and legend, but real history that expresses his attitude towards his essence and is the basis of his thoughts. In this essay, we study and adopt the signs, words and thoughts of the myths of Abydos' afflictions with the history of Hiram in the Torah and some of the ideas of Judaism that have led this divine religion to be distorted. While we show the sources of his thinking, as one of the representatives of modern barbarism, we will demonstrate the relationship between these thoughts and some of the deviations in today's societies. KEY WORDS: Abydos legend, Myth, Modern Barbarism, Isis, Hiram story. IRAN.
103. TITLE: Ride representation in Gori Jain temple of Thar desert of Sindh. AUTHORS: Zaheer Uddin Shar, Qasid Hussain Mallah. ABSTRACT: The article focuses on a religious building made with lime stone blocks laid in cheroli mortar and associated with Jain religion, containing marvelous cult paintings and pictures which demonstrate the life of two Tirthankara named as Parsvanatha the23rd and Mahavira 24th. The specific focus is on describing riding of Tirthankar and Monk on elephant, horse and men/stature. The article explains the painting and answer questions about why these particular animals were chosen for painting, what their role was in Jain religion, and who was riding on the particular animal and why it was preferred by the rider. Focus is also given on the role of devotees and participants as shown in paintings and which legendary stories are pointed. KEY WORDS: Gori Jain temple, Thar desert of Sindh, Tirthankar and Monk, paintings and pictures. PAKISTAN.
104. TITLE: Modern theatre therapy: a new experience-based approach by hamid kianian in boosting the self-esteem of people with physical and motor disabilities. AUTHOR: Hamid Kianaian. ABSTRACT: Considering that physical and motor disability affects not only the physical health but also mental health, paying attention to promoting the self-esteem is of great importance. Therefore, Hamid Kianian, with a new approach integrated with theatre devised “Theatre Therapy”. To evaluate the performance of this method, Rosenberg self-esteem test was used on a random population of people with physical and motor disabilities at Baran Rehabilitation Institute at two different time intervals; the first was at the time of entering the institute before Theatre Therapy and the second after that. Finally, statistics indicated that self-esteem in these individuals has changed greatly with a high growth beyond even imagination. KEY WORDS: Theatre Therapy, people with physical and motor disabilities, self-esteem, Baran. IRAN.
105. TITLE: Business model and Competitive Advantage Strategies of Travel Technology Startup Company in Taiwan. Case study of Company T. AUTHORS: Hsiang-Lung Tsai, Chia-Wen Chen, Leo Huang. ABSTRACT: The article studies a relatively new travel industry company. A business model analysis based on Osterwalder and Pigneur (2010) was conducted to determine possible gaps in its services and to provide appropriate growth strategies. It is a qualitative research that used an in-depth interview to three senior executives to describe the current business model of the company. Three customers were invited to conduct customer experience and demand analysis. This study used an empathy map and a value proposition map. The study suggests that the company apply big data in the business model and launch the AI smart recommendation service. it is recommended that the resource allocation and the crowding-out effect on the industry should be assessed. KEY WORDS: Startup business, Travel startup, Business model, Business growth strategy. TAIWAN.
106. TITLE: Solar energy system for heating and supplying house hot water with heat pump connected in terms of photovoltaic ventilation. AUTHOR: Amir Hajipour. ABSTRACT: A basic and central system is discussed in this paper, which is in line with systems designed for using solar energy. The current research was used to supply underfloor heating and hot water using solar energy; so, reducing hot water temperature returned by underfloor, heating system can increase the boiler performance. Solar energy cannot be directly used for underfloor heating, although the system was designed for this purpose for residential and commercial areas. KEY WORDS: solar energy, solar collector, heat pump water heaters, photovoltaic heat collector. IRAN.
107. TITLE: Faculty’s integration, pervasive availability of Technology at university and school affect TPACK competency levels of Pre-service Teachers Technology Integration. AUTHOR: Yousef A Aljemely. ABSTRACT: This study aims to reveal the competencies of pre-service of bachelor and postgraduate program (teachers) in their abilities to integrate their knowledge of education with the knowledge of the academic content of specialization using technological tools, according to the framework of knowledge of educational technological content Tepak (TPACK). In order to achieve the objective of study, a questionnaire was prepared and 120 respondents filled the questionnaire. The results of the study highlighted that there is no difference in the perception of pre-service teachers of TPACK and the perception of the postgraduate teachers about TPACK. KEY WORDS: Technology, faulty integration, Education, TPACK. SAUDI ARABIA.
108. TITLE: Virtual reality and digital communication with students. AUTHORS: Victor Kryukov, Valery Rakunov, Helen Sotnikova, Damir Khayarov. ABSTRACT: The article shows that communication process is not only diachronic, but also the manifestation in modal parameters related to the imposition of personality in real existence and its manifestation in the possibilities that a person experiences not only in real life, but also in his imagination, in the space of the illusory and ideal spirit, and not directly face to face, but as a communicative imitation between models, images and signs. It shows that the dialogue can be of a person, a social group, an official institution. With the development of information technologies, the possibilities of dialogue have reached a new interactive level, when virtual reality breaks into a multiplicative dialogue. KEY WORDS: modality, dialogue, social actors, evolution of forms of interaction, dialogue in virtual reality. RUSSIA.