Year VII, Publication no.2, January 2020.

 (January 1st to April 30th, 2020).

Contemporary dilemmas: Education, Politics and Values" is pleased to present to its readers and collaborators edition: Year VII, Publication 2, January 2020, corresponding to the period january 1st to april 30th, 2020. This e-journal is inserted in the national and international context with 135 articles from 16 countries (Argentina, Azerbaijan, Chile, China, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Ecuador, Indonesia, Iran, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Pakistan, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, and Ukraine), which deal with academic and research activities related to the authors' daily activities in the working areas of this journal. Thanks a lot for your preference with our journal.

1. TITLE: Pedagogical conditions of work to form grammatically correct speech of children aged 5 and 6 years through computer games. AUTHORS: Vladimir Revazov, Anastasia Kryvorotko, Victor Philippov, Andrey Telesh, Oleksiy Klochko, Irina Plyushch. ABSTRACT: The article describes a detailed study of the development of children's speech in kindergarten, and the pedagogical conditions are analyzed without which the assimilation by the 5 and 6 year old children of the grammar system of maternal speech through didactic games would be less effective. In computer educational games, slides made in Microsoft Office 2019 (PowerPoint) and convertible laptops with a 14-inch diagonal and touch screens were used. The use of computers increased the effectiveness of educational games. KEY WORDS: speak grammatically correct, educational games, computer games, pedagogical conditions, children 5 and 6 years old. RUSSIA, UKRAINE.

2. TITLE: The implementation of spoken interaction methods as efficient tools to improve 21st century skills in English for specific purposes training in Higher schools of Ukraine. AUTHORS: Iryna Simkova, Kateryna Tuliakova. ABSTRACT: The paper deals with the research in which English professional discussion (EPD) is considered as an effective tool for improvement of students’ language knowledge, skills and abilities during English for specific purposes (ESP) training in Higher schools of Ukraine. The authors concentrate on the stages and components of EPD training. 100 future professionals in the field of international social entrepreneurship took part in the research. This research has clearly shown that it gives future professionals in the field of international social entrepreneurship opportunity to improve such skills as critical thinking, creativity, collaboration, active learning, and communication during ESP training. KEY WORDS: English professional discussion, English for specific purposes, spoken interaction, 21st century skills, professionals in the field of international social entrepreneurship. UKRAINE.

3. TITLE: The defects in the teaching of the English tenses in Pakistani schools and colleges. AUTHORS: Muhammad Bilal, Rasib Mahmood, Sanna Asghar. ABSTRACT: English has got the status of the international language; it needs to be taught and learnt for educational and official purposes. Grammar deals with written as well as with spoken English. Tenses occupy the most prominent position among the grammatical element or categories of the English language. The English tense is the pedagogy of the English language, but unfortunately, a very poor and defective system of teaching tenses has been adopted in Pakistani school and colleges. Still the old outdated and traditional way of teaching tenses is in vogue, or in other words language particular rules are substituted with language general rules, with the result that majority of students in these school and colleges cannot express themselves in English. KEY WORDS:  tenses, teaching, mistakes, foreign language, grammatical category. PAKISTAN.

4. TITLE: Contribution from the communicative curriculum to the development of English language communicative competence in biomedical careers in Cuba. AUTHORS: Katia Conrada García Hernández, René Arenas Gutiérrez, Eduardo Garbey Savigne, Isora Enríquez O’Farril, Eloísa Hernández Hermosilla, Wilfredo Álvarez Mozas, Tania Esther Palma Aliaga. ABSTRACT: Researchers state that inadequacies in the development of communicative competence in English are very common. This limits the communicative performance of health professionals. The article defends the need to improve the teaching-learning process of English, and give the potential particulars from the design of a communicative curriculum such as the one defined. Therefore, a contribution proposal organized from a communicative curriculum to the development of the English language communicative competence in biomedical careers, which promotes the integral solution of the professional problems of these students and gradually approximates them to the professional performance model, which expressed in the achievement of communicative competence in English. KEY WORDS: communicative performance, teaching-learning process, professional performance, communicative competence. CUBA.

5. TITLE: Combined learning contributions from a systematic perspective. AUTHOR: Irma Eugenia García López. ABSTRACT: The article deals with the challenges of education by incorporating complexity and technology. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), are the expression of the approach to complexity in educational models. The objective is to analyze how combined learning improves educational conditions. Methodologically an analysis of the theoretical foundations of structural-functionalism and the theory of systems for the transformation of complexity to educational models is developed. It should be noted that the 'teaching' agent in the educational process is no longer exclusive to the educator, which is now shared with complex scenarios and the students' previous experiences, therefore the educational practice is strengthened by combining different models and techniques. KEYWORDS: Education theory, complex systems, educational technology. MEXICO.

6. TITLE: Exercises for the development of the reading-comprehension of the José Martí literary work. AUTHORS: Norge Manuel Larramendi Céspedes, Dayamí Ramírez Polanco, Dayron Ramón Viltres Díaz, José Armando Rosabal Rodríguez. ABSTRACT: The research is focus in one of the problematic of the Teaching Learning Process of the signature: Spanish and Literature. It is about the necessity of the elaboration of exercises that facilitates the reading - comprehension of Martí´s litterary work, on the students of the high school “Manuel Fajardo Rivero,” from Manzanillo, municipality of Cuba. For bring about this process were used some methods of investigation. The main contributions are exercises on the cognitive, communicative and sociocultural concepts, for create in the students the interest for the comprehension of written texts, supported in the study of some texts of the literary work of the greatest Cuban politicians of the XIX century. KEY WORDS: Exercises, reading-comprehension, work. CUBA.

7. TITLE: Learning Strategies in Law students of the University of Havana. AUTHORS: Adela Hernández Díaz, Orisell Richards Martínez. ABSTRACT: This paper presents the foundations, which support the design of the course: Learning Strategies in the legal field, as a way to manage learning strategies of students of the law course in Havana University. Emphasis is placed on the potential of education for the development of this resource in the student. This is done through its planning, execution and control from the career curriculum itself. The design of the course gives a leading role to the student and his/her learning as well as the guidelines for the professor and his development. KEYWORDS: learning strategies, process of teaching learning. CUBA.

8. TITLE: Disciplinary advicing, actors and factors in educational practice. AUTHOR: María de Lourdes Ramírez Nava. ABSTRACT: Starting from the perception that underlies the importance of the learning process, the author emphasizes on the reflection on the suitability of knowledge, as one of the fundamental conditions for the self-regulation of knowledge, and for the development of adequate teaching. Likewise, within this reflection some of the factors and values attributed to the operability of the disciplinary advice are also taken up, and an interpretive parameter regarding its practical implementation is addressed. Thus showing the importance of the teaching-learning process and some of the areas for its improvement. KEY WORDS: Learning, knowledge, advisory, self- regulation, mediation. MEXICO.

9. TITLE: The teaching of history in the pre-university oriented to local development. AUTHORS: Osmany Velázquez Benítez, Amarilys Batista Rodríguez, Adalys Gricell Palomo Alemán, Yurima Otero Góngora. ABSTRACT: In the research empirical and theoretical methods were used to determine the concretion of the relationship History of Cuba-Local History in teaching and the use made by teachers of the potential of this relationship to educate pre-university students according to their participation in the management of local development projects in response to the demands of the Cuban social project. The diagnosis revealed an insufficient theoretical domain around the didactic treatment to systematize the topic of education oriented to local development, for its solution an educational project was elaborated in order to favor the education of pre-university students oriented to local development, starting of the treatment of the content of the History of Cuba in its relationship with local history, which is concretized by the creation of scientific societies, which direct their research to find and revalue peasant social practices. The proposal favors students' knowledge of peasant social practices, strengthens the local and peasant identity and with it their education oriented to local development. KEYWORDS: teaching history, local development, peasant social practices, traditional peasant technologies and popular peasant knowledge. CUBA.

10. TITLE: Chemistry for all: course transformation experience in an initial university chemistry course immersed in a socioeconomic vulnerability context. AUTHORS: Nicolás Schiappacasse, Aída Concha, Héctor Turra, María Teresa Villanueva. ABSTRACT This work presents a course transformation process of an initial chemistry course for engineering students based on the implementation of Flipped Classroom and Guided Enquiry. To evaluate its impact a Chemistry Concept Inventory and a students’ focus group was used. It is possible to observe significant differences in the pre/pos-test comparison of the results of the inventory for the global segment as well as the segment of students with lower socioeconomic status (deciles 1-4). Additionally, students report a positive vision of the learning and competencies developed in the course. However, some aspects related to the evaluation are considered negative. It is possible to conclude that active learning strategies have a positive impact on students’ learning and their satisfaction with the course. KEY WORDS: Chemistry Teaching, Flipped Classroom, Guided Enquiry, Socioeconomic profile, Impact Evaluation. CHILE.

11. TITLE: Statistical resources for research on teaching coherence. AUTHORS: Michel Enrique Gamboa Graus, Regla Ywalkis Borrero Springer. ABSTRACT: The article deals with teaching coherence in the teaching-learning process for an equitable, inclusive and quality education. In this regard, the design of a statistical scale to measure the teaching coherence in this process was undertaken, in order to draw valid conclusions and make reasonable decisions. This was done with the teaching components, based on ten per capita indicators. In addition, it was shown how to synthesize the data in representative values when carrying out the empirical inquiry, to take into account the impact of the results as a whole. The Excel workbook EsCoDi (acronym in Spanish) was also presented for processing such high numbers of data collected according to the application of this scale. KEY WORDS: Statistics, scales, coherence, teaching, education. CUBA.

12. TITLE: Semantic representation of university students on innovative teaching practices. AUTHORS: Martha Alejandrina Zavala Guirado, Mario Alberto Vázquez García, Isolina González Castro. ABSTRACT: Universities must create conditions for innovation and improve the quality of education.  In ITSON, a curricular restructuring was carried out on a competency model, so it was necessary to know the perception of students regarding innovation in teaching practice. A qualitative study with phenomenological design was carried out, with focus groups and MAXQDA was used to analyze the data.  As results, the implementation of theoretical-practical activities was identified, as well as support for oral presentation with low-elaboration video, use of WhatsApp and Facebook, in evaluation, the use of projects was more innovative. A semantic network was built, which responds to the innovative teaching-learning process. In conclusion it is perceived that teachers employ innovative strategies and practices. KEY WORDS: Teaching strategies, educational innovation, evaluation techniques, teaching resources, Technology of the information and communication. MEXICO.

13. TITLE: Thinking style-based individualized learning of students with hearing impairment. AUTHORS: Olga Zhuykova, Yu.V. Krasavina, E.P. Ponomarenko, Yu.V. Serebryakova. ABSTRACT: The paper considers studying individualized learning of hearing-impaired students based on their thinking style.  The study included identifying individual characteristics of students with and without hearing impairment, designing the learning process based on students’ potential capabilities and thinking styles and analyzing the efficiency of the proposed methods. Implementing individual paths based on thinking style-based learning contributed to dealing with challenges associated with teaching hearing impaired students. Application of psychodiagnostics in the educational process enables the teacher to choose specific assignments with an appropriate level of difficulty for students and pay more attention to the presentation of information in the classroom on electronic and paper media. KEY WORDS: individualized learning, thinking style, hearing impairment. RUSSIA.

14. TITLE: Code-Switching in Pakistani English and Science classrooms. AUTHORS: Mahtab Alam, Mamuna Ghani. ABSTRACT: This study examined instances of code-switching by English and science teachers in Pakistani colleges. Twenty lessons (10 English and 10 science) were audio-taped and analysed using Gumperz’s semantic model of conversational code-switching. It was found that the most prevalent functions of code-switching were for reiteration and quotation. Code-switching for interpersonal reasons like addressee specification, objectivization and personalisation is nominal. Moreover, the reiteration function of code-switching seems translation which is mainly employed for ensuring comprehension. Other instances of reiteration are used for marking important information or instruction. Teachers mostly reiterated in Urdu and sometimes in Pashto to incorporate students’ input into lesson and/or to give students a friendly impression. The findings of the study suggest that code-switching facilitates learning in classroom. KEY WORDS: code-switching, Gumperz’s semantic model of conversation (1982), English and Sciences classrooms in Pakistani Colleges. PAKISTAN.

15. TITLE: English for Specific Purposes training: essence, methodology and motivation. AUTHORS: Olesya V. Kisel, Angelina I. Dubskikh, Anna V. Butova, Natalya N. Zerkina. ABSTRACT: The relevance of the paper is due to the ever-increasing need for specialists, speaking a language for specific purposes, in the light of world economy globalization, computerization and informatization. The main objective of the study is to identify and describe the main methods and techniques for teaching English for Specific purposes, allowing increasing the efficiency of mastering English in non-linguistic universities. The novelty lies in the fact that, on the basis of a comparative analysis of the methodology of English for special purposes approaches and General English, the necessity of shifting the emphasis of foreign language training towards domain-oriented integrated learning and specialty is substantiated. KEY WORDS:  English for Specific purposes, method, foreign language, General English. RUSSIA.

16. TITLE: Corpus-based approach efficiency in teaching English as a foreign language. AUTHORS: Olha Nitenko, Svitlana Lysenko, Nina Lavrynenko, Vladyslav Dereko, Volodymyr Smirnov, Olha Zastelo, Yuliia Bobyr, Oleksandr Lahodynskyi, Vasyl Osyodlo, Kateryna Skyba, Ihor Bloshchynskyi, Vasyl Yahupov. ABSTRACT: The article describes the corpus-based approach efficiency in teaching English as a foreign language. The authors concentrate on the notion of “text corpus” and defines it as unified, structured and part-of-speech-tagged data in electronic form that is used for certain philological and, more broadly, humanitarian researches. The main approaches of Corpus Linguistics are humanistic, inductive, consciously-oriented, deductive ones. The alternative model based on the ability to encapsulate, i.e. “learning by using a database” gives any student an access to numerous facts of language use and leaves the student with all the work of analysing these facts and finding answers. KEY WORDS: corpus-based approach, efficiency, teaching English as a foreign language, text corpus. UKRAINE.

17. TITLE: Information assessment skills development through the mobile learning strategies for bachelors at technical university. AUTHORS: Nataliia Saienko, Yuliana Lavrysh. ABSTRACT: The document investigates the development of information evaluation skills as a component of information literacy through mobile learning tools. Data for the study were collected at the technical university. Students in the experimental group were offered a questionnaire about the level of critical information and the evaluation of Internet resources. After the session on the evaluation of the information, the control and experimental group students conducted an investigation. The quality of the research was evaluated at the end of the experiment with a focus on the quality of the information and its impact on the research. KEY WORDS:  information literacy, critical thinking, mobile learning, skills, e-learning. UKRAINE.

18. TITLE: The use of modern information technologies in the educational process. AUTHORS: Bakytgul Abykanova, Shynar Yelezhanova, Lyailya Koishigulova, Aigul Myrzasheva, Nurgul Shazhdekeyeva, Galiya Saltanova, Toidyk Akhmurzina, Gulnur Turmukhanova. ABSTRACT: Currently, much attention is paid to the use of information technology in the educational process. At the end of the twentieth century, humanity entered a stage of development called post-industrial or information society. The trial "we live in the era of information and communications" is not entirely true, since information and communications have always been, but post-industrial society is unique, because it is characterized by the exceptionally rapid development of technologies of information and communication. Global experience indicates that the solution to educational problems begins with teacher training; the article focuses on this. KEY WORDS: information technology, education, educational process, cognitive activity, educational technology. KAZAKHSTAN.

19. TITLE: Definition of the problems to apply the method problem  based learning in the teaching of the software engineering. AUTHORS: Anaisa Hernández González, Máster Vanessa Muñoz Castillo, Dainelys Pérez Parra. ABSTRACT: Problem Based Learning (ABP) is a challenge for students and a challenge for teachers who are committed to this method. This paper presents the results of the application of this method in the Software Engineering course of the Computer Engineering career of the Technological University of Havana "José Antonio Echeverría" (CUJAE). It is a difficult task to design problems that achieve meaningful learning, and this is the basis of ABP. For the definition of the problems, the types of requirements that satisfy the computer applications developed by the professionals of this profile were taken as a basis. KEY WORDS: Computer Engineering, Problem Based Learning, Learning Strategies. CUBA.

20. TITLE: The effective role of call in teaching English at postgraduate level: A Case Study of University of the Punjab, Pakistan. AUTHORS: Younas Muhammad, Uzma Noor, Samina Khalid, Muhammad Imran. ABSTRACT: The present study aims to observe the role of CALL in teaching English. By the integration of this advanced technology in language teaching in the form of text, sounds, visual graphics, animations, and media, teachers get more fruitful and ample results under one roof from their students. The survey method used for the collection of data to investigate the effectiveness of CALL in teaching English at the postgraduate level at the University of Punjab. It also empowers the students to learn an appropriate knowledge of the English language. KEY WORDS: técnica CALL, effectiveness, integration of technology, Pakistan, teaching English. CHINA.

21.TITLE: The influence of connectivity for the use of ICT in the teaching learning process. AUTHORS: Jorge Luis Cueva Delgado, Arelys García Chávez, Oscar Martínez Mooina. ABSTRACT: The article is the result of the Research Group in Education and Technology developed at the National University of Education of Ecuador, in the line of research Technology and Educational Innovation. The article demonstrates didactic foundations of the use of ICT in the teaching-learning process, assuming theoretical positions that make it possible to grasp the essential elements of connectivism as a pedagogical approach to the use of ICT in that process. A model of the influence of connectivism for the use of ICT in the mentioned process is proposed, establishing new relationships between the elements that make up the connectivism and the categories of the teaching-learning process developer. Model features and relationships of the model components of an Entrepreneurial Learning are described. KEY WORDS: ICT, Connectivism, Model, Teaching learning. ECUADOR.

22.TITLE: Reforming Teaching and Learning through applying EdTech in campuses. AUTHORS: Zaffar Ahmed Shaikh, Muhammad Ramzan Pahore, Aamir Iqbal Umrani, Sumera Memon, Sumaiya Jamali. ABSTRACT: This paper explores the ways EdTech has been applied and implemented on campuses and informs policy, procedures, and practices.  The findings are that the future cannot be predicted however technology is the present and future of this world. As education is a lifeline of any society and the social development of a society depends on education, thus, EdTech cannot be overlooked. Today, EdTech implementation is not a big deal as many organizations provide educational institutions with solid means to adopt and apply EdTech in their campuses.  KEY WORDS: augmented reality, EdTech, educational software, educational technology. virtual reality. PAKISTAN.

23.TITLE: The effectiveness of using Dictogloss technique to improve students' writing: a case study from University of Lahore. AUTHORS: Muhammad Ajmal, Iqra Iqbal, Rasib Mahmood, Ayesha Zafar. ABSTRACT: This research was intended to find whether teaching writing hortatory exposition text through dictogloss technique could significantly increase students’ writing ability or not. The study used quantitative method with pre-test and post-test. Pre-experimental research design was used in this research. For this purpose, the researcher has chosen the students of BS level from Statistics department at University of Lahore, Lahore. A group of 88 students has been selected as a sample which has been divided into two group as experimental and control group. The results prove that dictogloss teaching method is more effective and motivational as compare to traditional method.KEY WORDS: dictogloss, integrated skill, neighboring doorway. PAKISTAN.

24.TITLE: Ways of creating a single informational space for students and scholars by means of modern information technologies in National Aviation University. AUTHORS: Oleksii Ivankevych, Viktoriia Vakhnovan, Vira Mazur. ABSTRACT: The article is devoted to the issue of forming a single information environment of researchers and students in higher education, and proposed use of modern cloud services to streamline and centralize information space of the university. Using modern services will not only establish effective interaction during the learning process, but also reduce the cost of maintenance and support of information technology at the National Aviation University as a whole. This raises the problem of preservation of all currently existing software and systems that are tried and tested in the university and to integrate them into a single environment. KEY WORDS: information technology university, cloud, single information space, scientific and educational information environment of the university, information competence. UKRAINE.

25.TITLE: The lack of future officers’ methodical competence in physical training as a pedagogical problem. AUTHORS: Ivan Okhrimenko, Oleksandr Коbernyk, Oleksandr Husarevych, Viktoriia Krykun, Nataliіa Kalashnik, Vita Pavlenko, Ivan Samokish, Nataliia Biruk, Olena Butok, Valentin Bondarenko, Grygoriy Griban, Kostiantyn Prontenko. ABSTRACT: The level of the cadets’ of higher military educational institutions (HMEI), who are future officers, methodical competence in physical training is investigated in the article. 609 cadets participated in the study. Two groups were formed: EG (n=38), which included the cadets who were engaged in various sports and CG (n=65), which included the cadets who were training according to the traditional physical training program. The methodical competence was assessed by the level of mastering the theoretical bases of physical training and the quality of implementation of practical actions of physical training. KEY WORDS: methodical competence, physical training, sport, cadets. UKRAINE

26. TITLE: Criteria for assessing the physical readiness of patrol police officers to perform the activities. AUTHORS: Valentin Bondarenko, Valerii Plisko, Nataliia Khudiakova, Ivan Okhrimenko, Viktor Bohuslavskyi, Roman Ivanitskyi, Oleksandr Solohub, Oleksandr Husarevych, Oleksandr Petryshyn, Olha Babich, Grygoriy Griban, Kostiantyn Prontenko. ABSTRACT: The article analyzes the peculiarities of the patrol police officers’ activities and substantiates the requirements for their physical readiness. The unfavorable factors of their activities which lead to the deterioration of the physical fitness level of patrol police officers are characterized. It is determined that the existing criteria for assessing the physical readiness level of patrol police officers do not fully take into account the specifics of their activities. According to the research conducted, we identified indicators and criteria that characterize the level of the physical readiness of patrol police officers: general physical fitness, static endurance of core muscles, and development level of the skills in the self-defense tactics. KEY WORDS: criteria, physical training, physical readiness, patrol police officers. UKRAINE.

27. TITLE: The problems of teaching mathematics to students from the near abroad in medial universities and possible ways of solution. AUTHORS:  Tatyana L. Belova, Olga V. Ivanchuk, ABSTRACT: As the experience of teaching students from the near abroad countries shows, entering prospective students have particular language skills on the level of social interaction and a low level of physics and mathematical training; therefore, most of them have huge problems during studying mathematics as one of the general professional disciplines. For solving this problem, we developed an educational technique that allows strengthening language skills of the CIS countries students and to master the course of higher mathematics. The given methods are based on the application of psychological pedagogical activity theory and the theory of gradual formation of mental actions.  KEY WORDS:  teaching mathematics to future doctors, teaching foreign students, developing language skills among foreign students. RUSSIA.

28.TITLE: Level of influence and affectation that have the hours of sleep and self-esteem in the academic performance of the students. AUTHORS: Wilson Paredes Navarrete, Leonardo Toapanta Jiménez, Leonso Torres Torres, Mercedes Isabel Ruiz Morales, Lourdes Sánchez Pérez. ABSTRACT:  The present work mainly seeks to estimate the level of influence and affectation that certain variables have on the academic performance of UNIANDES students; for this purpose, two exogenous variables have been taken that helped explain students’ performance. KEY WORDS: sleep hours, self-esteem, academic performance. ECUADOR.

29.TITLE: Theoretical approaches to the problem of use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) as a contribution to the formation of values in the students of the School of Law at the Autonomous University of Guerrero, Mexico. AUTHORS: Perla Elizabeth Ventura Ramos, Norma Yadira Memije Alarcón, Jesús  Zaragoza Martínez, Alma Luz Pérez López. ABSTRACT: The article presents results of documentary research on the state of the problem of the formation of values ​​in university students since the use of ICT. The theoretical foundations that support a design proposal for a system of learning strategies for the development and integration of values ​​in the student of the Law Degree of the Autonomous University of Guerrero, Mexico, in the framework of the subject Management are argued of Information and Communication Technologies (MTIC). KEY WORDS: formation of values, Information and Communication Technologies, learning strategies, teaching of Law. MEXICO.

30.TITLE: Communication-Dialogic concept of Education in the context of modern philosophical discussions. Authors: Oleg Bazaluk, Denys Svyrydenko, Larysa Kharchenko, Oleksandra Kachmar. ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to analyze the crucial role of educational philosophy in shaping man of the future. Therefore, the study of philosophy is one of the main prerequisites for the entry of every young person into global cultural context. It is the philosophy of education that has a special mission in shaping man of the future, since it provides future generations with successful socialization in the context of information boost and substantiation of the need for constant changes in the education system. KEY WORDS: educational philosophy, education system, social communications, outlook, personality, man of the future, professional competences, globalized society. CHINA, UKRAINE.

31.TITLE: Forming conditions of preschool children’s self-control skills. AUTHORS: L.А. Ivanova, A.О. Aleksina, A.Yu. Aleksin, О.А. Kazakova. ABSTRACT: Although Russian preschool education has accumulated considerable experience in the development, education and training of children, this experience is no longer sufficient due to new social goals. An objective of the research is: to implement models of self-control skills training of preschool children through the development of volitional qualities, emotional stability in the course of preparing for school activity. The main ways of solving the research goal are the difficulty that overcomes the simulated exercises in the preschool educational environment of children in various stress situations, causing at the same time the mobilization of all the child's forces. KEY WORDS: self-control, emotional stability, volition qualities, pedagogical process, physical exercises. RUSSIA.

32.TITLE: Psychological indicators of students' self-fulfillment in the process of university education. AUTHORS: Elena N. Shutenko, Anastasia V. Koreneva, Tatiana V. Ashutova, Elena R. Statsenko, Svetlana I. Petoshina, Aleksandra V. Burtseva. ABSTRACT: The authors carry out a scientific review of self-fulfillment, appealing to the three scientific tendencies of understanding this problem: preformist, existential, noological. They implement methods of psychological survey to identify groups of students with various degrees of self-fulfillment and explore their personal differences. As a result, they found that self-fulfillment is reflected in such psychological features as: motivation for learning, self-support and time competence, self-acceptance and positive self-attitude, productive life goals and internal locus control. A correlation was also established between the degree of self-fulfillment and motivation for self-development, as well as the harmony and sense-meaning coherence of students' self-concept.  KEY WORDS: self-fulfillment, students, learning process, motivation, personal inclinations. RUSSIA.

33.TITLE: Ontological engineering of educational programs. AUTHORS: Dmitry Gennadievich Korneev, Mikhail Samuilovich Gasparian, Irina Anatolievna Kiseleva, Andrey Aleksandrovich Mikryukov. ABSTRACT: One of the key objectives of the current development stage of the education system is to improve the practical orientation of training for the contemporary labor market. It is possible to solve the specified problem only using innovative methods and means of creation of information and educational space with respect to formation and processing the educational objects and the program services distributed in an educational network, and allowing carrying out flexibly processes of educational and methodical providing of educational activity. The aim of the study is to determine the possibilities of using the ontological approach to the construction of innovative automated education management systems, which include the construction of individual learning trajectories. KEY WORDS: professional standard, educational program, ontology, concept, semantic modeling. RUSSIA.

34.TITLE: Training and globalization: the comprehensive reform of upper secondary education (RIEMS) in México. AUTHORS: Nadia Rosa Chaviano Rodríguez, Pedro Javier Albar Mansoa, José Cruz Jorge Cortés Carreño. ABSTRACT: At present, the importance of education in the development of nations increases. It is urgent to analyze, in the midst of the economic, social and political conditions that dominate the current world, the place of teacher education, in particular, the teacher of upper secondary education (EMS) in Mexico, from the local and national level as it is the integral reform of this educational level RIEMS). Only a teaching-learning process developed by competent professors in terms of integral training will favor the aspiration of forming a quality graduate, capable of transforming the contexts with which they interact. The present work is part of a research developed by the main author as a doctoral thesis. KEY WORDS: Training, teacher, upper secondary education, comprehensive reform. MEXICO, SPAIN.

35.TTITLE: Components of citizenship in childhood. AUTHORS: Ana Karen Espinoza Morales, Samana Vergara-Lope Tristán, Roberto Anaya Rodríguez. ABSTRACT: Building citizenship from childhood is the great bet to improve long-term social conditions, however, what it means to be a citizen in childhood has been understudied. Results of a qualitative research are presented to analyse components of citizenship in childhood and inquiries about what learnings are part of their education. Considering socio-cultural theory and levels of moral development, citizen education is approached as a process with social and individual factors. Through the discourse analysis interviews with diverse actors are examined; empirical results allow to identify three areas of learning which constitute the main components of citizenship in childhood: rights and responsibilities, social interaction and organization of society. KEY WORDS: Citizenship, childhood, citizenship education, learning. MEXICO.

36.TITLE: Developing values as a challenge for the teacher of High School in Mexico. AUTHORS: Susana Olivia Moreno Gutiérrez, Rubí Surema Peniche Cetzal. ABSTRACT: There are certain challenges involved into the values to become a teacher in High School according to what was reflected on the article by identifying the characteristics that student from the EMS show, analyzing the teacher role during this process and knowing certain visions throughout mainly of a value frame in students by Fierro and Carbajal (2003), Fallona (2000) and Fenstermacher (1999). KEYWORDS: Values education. Teacher behavior. MEXICO.

37 .TITLE: Values and human behavior. An inevitable relationship. AUTHORS: M.ª Ángeles Hernández Prados, Nelia Vidal Dimas. ABSTRACT: Values is abstract concepts that regulate behavior, guide future action and evaluate manifest behavior. They are decisive in people's decisions, but also difficult to form and understand, given their complexity. This work aims to reflect on the concept of value from the features that define it. Specifically, it is a reflection from the sources consulted on the essential components of values, on the one hand, its most objective, cognitive and universal dimension constituted by the notion, idea, principle or conception of value, and on the other, its more subjective, behavioral and relativistic dimension that refers to the expression, behavior, behavior and manifestation of value. KEY WORDS: values, world views, behavior, education. SPAIN.

38.TITLE: Coexistence and high schools: pedagogical alternatives around the perspective of Philippe Meirieu. AUTHOR: Dr. Nicolás Patierno. ABSTRACT: The theme of this article is detached from a doctoral research devoted to the study of what is popular –and questionably– known as "school violence". The objective of the writing focuses on the search, analysis and systematization of alternative pedagogical strategies tending to strengthen coexistence in high schools. To carry out this task, a qualitative method based on three data sources was implemented: bibliographic tracking, analysis of a film and the registration of testimonies. In line with what could be considered "the pedagogy" of Philippe Meirieu, three experiences were selected around a central criterion: the passage from criminalization to "positive transformation”. KEY WORDS: Social conflict; Violence; Peaceful coexistence; High school; Symbolic language. ARGENTINA.

39.TITLE: Educational strategy for improve the coexistence of the students who lives in the college residence. AUTHORS: Dayamí Ramírez Polanco, Norge Manuel Larramendi Céspedes, Ismael Rodríguez Beltrán, Dayron Ramón Viltres Díaz, José Armando Rosabal Rodríguez. ABSTRACT: This research was brought about for the inadequate modes of behavior of the students in the college residence of Granma’s University, Cuba, that reflect in the students behavior, due to the absent of an educative and systematic work. The objective is elaborating an educative strategy that permit us reduce the effects of the problematic announced before. Were used the research methods. Were confirmed as principals results the existence of: a no effective communication, an insufficient participation of students in activities, the alcohol consume and physical aggressions among students. This explains why the present educational strategy was created with a systemic character, where prevail the coordination relationships, structured in stages strictly link. KEY WORDS: educational strategy, coexistence, mode of behavior. CUBA.

40.TITLE: Attention to vunerable groups and equity indicators in Higher Education: A case study in a southeast Mexican public university. AUTHORS: Silvia Patricia Aquino Zúñiga, Verónica García Martínez, Guadalupe Palmeros y Ávila. ABSTRACT: The education of vulnerable groups is an educational policy that all institutions must assume in order to achieve equity and social justice in the world. In Mexico, lot of efforts have been made to establish policies, programs and compensatory strategies to give opportunities to these groups. We present a case study of a southeast Mexican public university that faces and attends a diversity of students who have disadvantages because of their disability, economic situation, gender or ethnic origins. It is concluded that although there are actions tending to increase equity in higher education, greater efforts are needed, as well as studies that allow the permanent diagnosis of the improvement of these vulnerable groups. KEY WORDS: Vulnerable groups, indicators, equity, higher education. MEXICO.

41.TITLE: The development of the early infancy child and his behaviour in the first year of life. AUTHORS: Luis Enrique Labrada Estrada, Olemma Elvira Diéguez Corría, Yusleidys Rodríguez Aguilar, Flor Virtudes Palomino Arceo. ABSTRACT: The work deals with the main features of the child's development during the first year of life, mainly about his first early reflex activity seen as the principal manifestation of the development. The main innate reflex types are named, as well as their pre-natal development stages and the principal characteristics that show an atypical child behaviour that contribute to do a forehanded diagnose and, above all, an effective early stimulation process. The work is a very outstanding consulting material for educational workers, families and other agents that have to do with the child's development because it deals with a stage in which the just born kid is not directly linked to pre-school institutions.  KEY WORDS: early infancy, development, reflex activity. CUBA

42.TITLE: Character building of students in school. AUTORES: Siti Hasnah, Syihabuddin, Sofyan Sauri. ABSTRACT: This study discusses about character building of students in school. This research is conducted in MAN 2 of Makassar city by involving Head Master, Assistance Principal for student,  Assistance Principal for Curriculum, teachers, Administration Staff, and Class X. To find out how character building in MAN 2 of Makassar city, this study uses a research approach through descriptive techniques, interviews, and documentation. This research has succeeded in forming the character of manners (politeness) and student discipline. This is evidenced by the responsibility, behavior, and discipline of class X students. KEY WORDS: character building, habit, exemplary. INDONESIA.

43.TITLE: Providing educational services in secondary school: an excursion to the development of socio-cultural civilization. AUTHORS: Vasyl Madzihon, Nina Fedorova, Svitlana Merkulova,  Olena Ostapchuk, Bohdan Piontkovskyi-Vykhvaten, Olena Soboleva, Lidiia Tkachenko, Natalia Коlesnik, Liudmyla Savchenko, Tetiana Rozhnova, Igor Verbovskyi, Grygoriy Griban. ABSTRACT: The authors analyze the provision of educational services to pupils in sociocultural civilization, developed by N. Golovanova in the section of scientific work "Paradigms of Pedagogy". Concepts of "education", "pedagogical (educational) process", "development", "education", "humanism" "kind of paradigm" are substantiated there. Scientists conduct a retrospective review of the pedagogical paradigms changes from the Middle Ages of Socrates to the twentieth century of J. Komensky and K. Ushinsky. KEY WORDS: education, pedagogical process, paradigm, sociocultural civilization. UKRAINE.

44.TITLE: Mentoring as a method of education and development of students of Law Faculties in terms of the task of forming an Environmental Legal Worldview. AUTHORS: Aleksey Pavlovich Anisimov, Zhanna Borisovna Ivanova, Anatoliy Jakovlevich Ryzhenkov. ABSTRACT: In this article, the authors study a number of ways of development modern legal education in Russia. The main emphasis is placed on organization of the system of mentoring in institutions of higher education in law within the framework of the Russian system of legal personnel training. The authors consider historical traditions of mentoring as well as generalize the modern experience of mentors, and give recommendations on organization of the cycle of interactive lectures promoting enhancement of environmental legal development in terms of study of the report of the UN Secretary-General on Harmony with Nature by students. KEY WORDS: Higher Education, mentor, nature, master students, environmental law. RUSSIA.

45.TITLE: Perception of gender violence in university students. AUTHORS: Ángel Marín Pérez, Cindy Rodríguez Tapia, Segundo Rosero Padilla, César Augusto Narváez Vilema, Diego Coka Flores. ABSTRACT: An exploratory, observational, descriptive, cross-sectional and quantitative study was conducted in university students for two years. The population was formed by the totality of the students of all the faculties, pertaining to the face-to-face modality of the UNIANDES. KEY WORDS:  violence, gender violence, university students. ECUADOR.

46.TITLE: Current quality assurance methods for higher education activities. AUTHORS: Shynar Yelezhanova, Aigul Myrzasheva, Akhmaral Khairzhanova, Shara Syrbayeva, Rakhat Shuakbayeva, Gulmaidan Myrzagereikyzy, Gulnara Mustagaliyeva, Torgyn Tilegenova. ABSTRACT: The article substantiates the need for the modernization of organizational structures of higher education management in the context of innovative development. The experience of the creation and functioning of innovative educational structures is described. The article reflects the role of intra-departmental control as part of the higher education management system. Systemic changes caused by the processes of modernization of higher education necessitate the improvement of the management system of a higher education institution, the organizational structure of management, and the introduction of more effective management methods. KEY WORDS: quality assurance in education, higher education, higher educational management, intra-departmental control, educational program committee. KAZAKHSTAN.

47.TITLE: Features of the methodology of the development of cadets’ physical qualities during kettlebell lifting activities. AUTHORS: Kostiantyn Prontenko,  Grygoriy Griban, Alla Aloshyna, Olexandr Bychuk, Olga Kuvaldina, Olena Shkola, Artem Boichenko, Oleksii Surovov, Irina Ramsey, Iryna Voitovych, Oleksandr Valkevich, Vasyl Prontenko. ABSTRACT: The authors’ methodology of the development of the physical qualities of cadets during kettlebell lifting activities is substantiated in the article and its efficiency is checked. 86 cadets participated in the research. The experimental (EG, n=29) and control (CG, n=57) groups were formed. The research was conducted according to the following tests: 100 m race, 3 km race, forward inclination of the body, holding the body in a horizontal position, pull-up bar exercise, hip-swing-up, push-up on parallel bars, complex power exercise. At the end of the study, a significantly better level of the physical qualities’ development of cadets engaged in kettlebell lifting activities according to the authors’ methodology was established by the majority of tests. KEY WORDS: physical qualities, physical training, kettlebell lifting, cadets. UKRAINE.

48.TITLE: Education in confinement contexts from a multidisciplinary perspective: the importance of educating in values as a boost for social reintegration. AUTHORS: Enrique García Jiménez, Beatriz Sánchez López. ABSTRACT: Among the initiatives aimed at reeducation and social reintegration that take place in confinement contexts, we do not find any proposal for education in values, beyond some isolated attempt by volunteers working in prison. However, educating in values ​​helps to humanize and changesour perceptions of prison. Therefore, here we show about an educational proposal based on the acquisition of values, contextualized in the Penitentiary Center of Albolote (Granada, Spain). This proposal was coordinated by a multidisciplinary team formed by the teachers and by a representation of the rest of the professionals and volunteers of the prison. Two types of values ​​were discuss from an active and participatory methodology: those aimed more at favoring the personal rehabilitation of inmates, and others with a greater orientation towards social reintegration. KEY WORDS: education in values, prisons, educational resources, rehabilitation, social reintegration. SPAIN.

49.TITLE: The formation of a practical and theoretical-practical component of the educational process in the context of legal education reform in Ukraine. AUTHORS: Evgen kharytonov, Olena Kharytonova, Iryna Davydova. ABSTRACT: The article analyzes the state of implementation of the Bologna process in Ukraine in priority directions of integration into the European space of higher education. The individual key problems of a general nature, which the national system of higher education is faced with on the way of such formation, as well as actual problems of implementing specific requirements of the Bologna process, are determined. The ways of perfection of professional training of lawyers, including those by means of changing psychological and pedagogical approach to teaching of material and attraction of teachers-practitioners of the appropriate direction are determined. Measures to modernize the national educational, to improve the quality and competitiveness of domestic educational services in the world market are suggested. KEY WORDS: legal education, reformation, educational process, pedagogical training. UKRAINE.

50.TITLE: Multilingualism practices in early language education. AUTHOR: Nadezhda G. Pirogova. ABSTRACT: The paper addresses the problem of multilingualism in early language education. Multilingualism refers to using competently more than one language. The paper describes the ways in which children acquire languages and explains why multilingual education is important. It underlines the necessity of learning several languages from early age and further multiple languages support. The paper also focuses on the importance of a soft transition between the languages and the ways to prepare teachers to deal with this efficiently. The opportunities of introducing multilingualism in early childhood instruction are presented. KEY WORDS: multilingualism, education, early childhood, language acquisition, metalinguistic awareness. RUSSIA.

51.TITLE: Preparing a child to school in conditions of transformation of Ukrainian Education System. AUTORES: Liubov V. Lokhvytska, Valentyna V. Voloshyna. ABSTRACT: The investigation represents a theoretical and experimental review of children’s preparation for school in the current conditions of the Ukraine’s education system reformation. Based on the analysis of psychological and pedagogical research concerning preschooler’s content of readiness to school, the role and nature of cognitive interest formation as the basis of learning motivation is singled out in the context of the new Ukrainian school (2016) concept implementation. The results of historical and comparative review of children’s motivational readiness for school in the views of scientists of the late XX – early XXI centuries are suggested in the article. KEY WORDS: preparation of a child to school, senior preschooler, primary school children, elementary school, motives. UKRAINE.

52.TITLE: Language Attitude of GCUF Students towards Punjabi, Urdu and English. AUTHORS. Abdul Ali, Syed Kazim Shah, Umar Farooq, Naveed Khokhar, Komal, Warda Eman.  ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is exploring language attitude of GCUF male and female students towards Punjabi, Urdu and English. A sample of 50 male and female students was selected and a questionnaire of 15 questions was distributed among the students. The results reveal that male and female students have positive attitude towards Punjabi in home domain. They have negative attitude towards the use of Punjabi at school, market, media, neighbors and religious domains. In addition, they also express negative attitude about pleasantness, utility, learnability, importance, usage, prestige, and attractiveness of Punjabi. According to the results of this study, Punjabi and English language is shifting in all domains whereas, Urdu is maintained. The present study is helpful for linguists, language planners, and stakeholders. KEY WORDS: language attitude, language death, language domain, language shift.  PAKISTAN.        

53.TITLE: The preferences of Iranian teens in online and video games: A qualitative study. AUTHORS: Shadi Asadzandi, Shoaleh Bigdeli, Shahram Sedghi, Mahnaz Sanjari. ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to identify Iranian adolescents’ preferences and tastes regarding video games. This study was a qualitative research adopting contractual content analysis. The statistical population consisted of adolescents aged 13-15. Semi-structured interviews were used and the data were analyzed based on Graneheim and Lundman’s method. 10 categories were finally formed such as Game as an integral part of life, Access methods, Game with excitement and pleasure, Visual charm in player attraction, Interactive game as a factor for attracting players. KEY WORDS: Teenagers’ preferences, games, video games, qualitative research, IRAN.

54.TITLE: Social and community appropriation of ICT: challenges for intercultural universities in Mexico. AUTHOR: Dulce Angélica Gómez Navarro. ABSTRACT: Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have transformed all social life. In Mexico, structural and historical conditions have kept marginalized population groups, such as indigenous people living in rural regions where social and ICT policies have been insufficient.  Despite the limitations of technological infrastructure, the use of ICTs has increased in these locations due to its massive effect and the emerge of new youth socialization scenarios such as intercultural universities. In this institutiones, different challenges arise in order to close the digital divide, and promoting the social and community appropriation of ICT for the linguistic and cultural revitalization of indigenous people. KEYWORDS: ICT´s, social appropiation, community use, intercultural universities and indigenous people. MEXICO.

55.TITLE: Applying Decision Tree Algorithm on Gamified Data of Continuous Performance Test for Detection of Hyperactivity / Attention Deficit Disorder. AUTHORS: Hadi Haedar, Ali Khaleghi. ABSTRACT: The three main goals of this study are the evaluation of Decision Tree algorithm for detecting ADHD disorder, reduction of the number of required features, and providing acceptable prediction despite the lack of several features. The subjects in this study were 100 people between the ages of 8 and 64 years, 69 of whom were under 18 and 31 were over 18. Of these, 43 have ADHD, 35 are healthy and 22 are suspected. The data was collected by the Brain and Cognition Clinic in Tehran using the AIV-2 game. The results indicate that applying machine learning methods are still effective even with involvement of the least number of features in algorithm implementation process. KEY WORDS: machine learning, decision tree, gamification, continuous performance test. IRAN.

56.TITLE: Innovative approaches to the development of environmental education in high school. AUTHORS: Gizatulla Imashev, Bayan Kuanbayeva, Shynar Yelezhanova, Aygul Myrzasheva, Aygul Medeshova, Gulash Kochshanova, Dina Zharalgapova, Lida Sultangaliyeva. ABSTRACT: The article is devoted to the formation of a person with a high level of ecological culture, the components of which are a new environmental consciousness, ecological thinking, and ecological worldview. This article reveals innovative approaches to the development of environmental education in modern high school. The paper considers the problems of environmental education in a modern secondary school by the objectives of general education in the conditions of innovative technologies. In view of the scientific and pedagogical analysis of the relevant literature and normative documentation, didactic stages and directions of modernization of environmental education at the present stage are identified and justified. KEY WORDS: environmental issues, scientific and technological progress, environment, human health, environmental education. KAZAKHSTAN.

57.TITLE: Research competencies of the Postgraduate Medicine students of the Regional Autonomous University of the Andes. AUTHORS: Raúl González Salas, María Gabriela González Chico, Enrique Rodríguez Reyes, María Isabel Fong Betancourt.  ABTRACT: A descriptive, quantitative and cross-sectional study was carried out in postgraduate students of Medicine of the Regional Autonomous University of the Andes, during the period 2015-2018. The universe was constituted by the totality of the postgraduate students of Medicine and the sample was not probabilistic, selected according to the criterion of being in the university at the time of application of the instrument of information collection (questionnaire); finally it was constituted by 67 postgraduate students. KEY WORDS: graduate students, instrument application, information collection. ECUADOR.

58.TITLE: Scientific production of graduates of UNIANDES postgraduate programs. AUTHORS: Fernando Castro Sánchez, Edwin Bolívar Prado Calderón, Javier Alejandro Pinto Rodríguez, Simón Gallegos Gallegos, ABSTRACT:  A quantitative, cross-sectional and descriptive study was carried out with students of two UNIANDES postgraduate modalities, from January 2013 to December 2017. The population consisted of all the UNIANDES postgraduate students, during the period of the present study. The sample was made up of 68 professionals surveyed. KEY WORDS: Scientific production, graduates, postgraduate programs. ECUADOR.

59.TITLE: Relationship between study and sleep hours with the academic performance of university students. AUTHORS:  Danny Hallo Montesdeoca, Diego Tixi Torres, Luis Fernando Piñas, Juan Edmundo Zhining Cobo. ABSTRACT: The present work uses both the hours dedicated to study and those oriented to sleep as variables that condition the student's academic performance. The central idea is to determine to what extent both factors act in favor or against student performance. A simple random sampling was applied and statistical models appropriate to the objective of the study were used. KEY WORDS: sleep hours, academic performance, university students. ECUADOR.

60.TITLE: Relationship family economic situation, motivation and academic performance in university students. AUTHORS: Jorge Alfredo Eras Díaz, Diego Montalván Arevalo, Cristóval Rey Siquilanda,  Marco Saltos Salgado, Marjory Estefanía Lechón de la Cruz. ABSTRACT: The study was carried out in January 2019 and the population corresponds to 35 students of the face-to-face modality in Ecuadorian universities. The researcher thought it was necessary to work with the total population, because it was considered as small. The estimate is made using cross-sectional data. Research is defined as exploratory, empirical and deductive. Due to the nature of the data processing, it is a quantitative and correlational investigation. KEY WORDS: higher education, family economic situation, motivation, academic performance, university students. ECUADOR.

61. TITLE: Use of Internet and mobile telephony in university students of two universities in Ecuador. AUTHORS: Liset Camaño Carballo, Luz Granda Macías, Mary Villacreses Medina, Yaima Rodríguez Cuéllar. ABSTRACT: The student visions of two Ecuadorian universities on the use or possible abuse of these technological resources are compared. For the statistical analysis, the mean and standard deviation (SD) were used after checking the assumptions of normality of the observations through the non-parametric Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. 95% confidence intervals were calculated. In order to identify possible difference of means between the students of the two universities studied, the parametric test Comparison of means (Student's t for independent samples) was applied, once the compliance with the assumption of homoscedasticity of variances was also verified. KEY WORDS: students, technology, risks is internet. ECUADOR.

62.TITLE: Characterization of citizen behavior in an institution of higher education in Ecuador. AUTHORS: Denisse Huera Castillo, Ronald Goyes Ortega, Luis Francisco Mantilla Cabrera, Mónica Salame Ortiz. ABSTRACT: Although the relationship between academic performance and communication in the family nucleus of its students has not been essentially touched upon, it is clear that communication, family and education form a triangulation that contributes to the development of the community. A quantitative, observational, descriptive and cross-sectional research was conducted in students of several careers of an Ecuadorian higher education institution, during the 2018-2019 period. KEY WORDS: academic performance, family nucleus, education, quantitative investigation, communication. ECUADOR.

63.TITLE: Sexual behavior of higher education students. AUTHORS: Elizabeth Mayorga Aldaz, Lotty Ramírez López, Guillermo Bastidas Tello, Washington Gustavo Mancero Orozco, Ronelsys Martínez Martínez Betancourt.ABSTRACT: A brief characterization of the sexual behavior of 70 students of higher education institutions was performed. They were asked about the use of condoms during their sexual intercourse and it was generally obtained that only sometimes they used it, there was not enough evidence to state that condom use behaved differently in females and males; that is, condom use was similar in both genders. Among the reasons for initiating sexual relations in general, it is shown that love was the one they declared most frequently, followed by trust and consolidated relationship. KEY WORDS: sexual behavior, institution students, sexual intercourse, consolidated relationship. ECUADOR

64.TITLE: Knowledge and use of contraceptive methods in university students. AUTHORS: Delia Marlene López Domínguez, Rosita Olivo Torres, Fausto Pintado Astudillo Betancourt, Nelly Estela Moreano Ojeda. ABSTRACT: This research aims to assess the degree of knowledge about contraceptive methods (MAC) in students of higher education institutions, based on variables related to information on contraceptive methods, the provision of information on contraceptive methods and the type of mac they know and use the most. For this, a descriptive, observational, cross-sectional, comparative and quantitative research was carried out in students of higher education institutions of the face-to-face modality. KEY WORDS: contraceptive methods, students, institutions, higher education. ECUADOR.

65.TITLE: Alcohol and tobacco consumption in undergraduate students of the classroom modality in higher education institutions. AUTHORS:  Iván Pimienta Concepción, Juan Viteri Rodríguez, Nancy Verano Gómez, Doris Alexandra Chuquimarca Once., Lester Wong Vázquez. ABSTRACT: The present study evaluates the frequency of alcohol and tobacco consumption in students of the classroom modality in institutions of higher education, related to characteristics of their lifestyles such as eating habits and physical exercises. The chi-square test of goodness of fit (χ2) was used to determine if a statistically significant difference in the prevalence of alcohol and tobacco consumption was obtained by age group of onset of consumption. The Chi-square test was used with Yacht Correction (χ2CY) to look for differences between females and males regarding the systematic performance of diet and physical exercises. KEY WORDS: alcohol consumption, tobacco, eating habits, physical exercises. ECUADOR.

66. TITLE: An empirical study on measuring the role of career development programs of Public Sector Universities of Sindh. AUTHORS: Nadia Samo, Mumtaz Ali Junejo. ABSTRACT: This study is an empirical effort to comprehend relationship of career development programs on employee job performance with mediation effect of perceived organizational support. Study used regression analysis to test the relationships. Results of study confirmed that career development programs are positively related to job performance and perceived organizational support fully mediates the relationship between career development programs and job performance. Policy makers can target these findings to enhance job performance. KEY WORDS: career development programs, job performance, Perceived Organizational Support. PAKISTAN.

67.TITLE: Theoretical support for the research project about the effects of the curriculum on the achievement of the English language of university students. AUTHORS: María Yadira Cárdenas Moyano, Jessica Elizabeth Asqui Luna, Yesenia Cabezas Llerena. ABSTRACT:  The objective of this research is the theoretical support of a research project that set out to establish the effects of curricular design on English language learning in ESPOCH students. It is also considered that the critical-propositive paradigm will improve different points of view to find solutions in an environment of description and understanding of the educational, social and cultural process. KEY WORDS: Language Center, curricular effects, linguistic achievement. ECUADOR.

68.TITLE: Minimum score ratio, number of careers and proportion of students in Ecuadorian Higher Education Institutes (HEI). AUTHORS:  Juan Nevárez Moncayo, Julián Santillán Andrade, Lenin Pazmiño Salazar, Karla Janneth Quishpe Maigua, José L. Maldonado Cando. ABSTRACT: The relationship between the average minimum score achieved in national HEI acceptance exams and the number of careers that exist in each institution with the proportion of students enrolled in these institutions is studied. The results of this research will provide valuable information for the analysis of the effectiveness of the educational policies implemented in the country. KEY WORDS: educational policies, minimum score, number of careers, proportion of students in Ecuadorian HEI. ECUADOR.

69.TITLE: Eating disorders in university students. AUTHORS: Diego Freire Muñoz, Ana Isabel Utreras Velázquez, Silvia Bonilla Veloz, Evelyn Carolina Macias Silva, Esdra Real Garlobo. ABSTRACT: Among the most frequent eating disorders we can mention: compulsive intake, anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Of these, the last two are especially dangerous for those who suffer from them, both because of their physical and mental consequences and because of the difficulties involved in their early detection. The main objective of this research is to measure the risk of suffering from an eating disorder, as well as eating attitudes in university students. KEY WORDS: eating disorders, physical consequences, early detection, eating behavior. ECUADOR.

70.TITLE: Methodology for the teaching of the system Braille to teachers in the making that they take a course in Especial Educación's races and Speech Therapy. AUTHORS: Antonio Giraldo Santiago Cancino, Yusleidys Rodríguez Aguilar. ABSTRACT: The present-day university is the institution entrusted with to improve the competitions of the nation to form the human talent of the society; developing, introducing and promoting the scientific advances, the art and technology; achieving the conservation of the national identity and producing changes in each one of his processes and like totality, becoming advance guard's center in the introduction, invention and creation of a new culture that way when the fact that science, the technology and art be a part of the culture of the society to achieve. As of the present moment, the fact that the formation of the teachers of Especial Educación's and Logopedia's races presents difficulties in teaching verifies  itself – learning of the system Braille, die for the scarcity of a methodology that they answer the needs of the teachers in the making. KEY WORDS: technology, system Braille, teaching, learning, formation. CUBA.

71.TITLE: Methodological proposal for tutors as counselors in conditions of universalization in the Municipal University Center of Esmeralda. AUTHORS: Lidisis Ceniz Soto, Silvia Colunga Santos, Eduardo González Díaz, Yoania Álvarez Garcés, Bárbara Neida López  Rodríguez. ABSTRACT: This research was developed in school courses 2016-2017 and 2017-2018 in the Municipal University Center of Esmeralda and is aimed at the development of a methodological proposal for the preparation of teacher tutors. The methods and techniques used included, among others, the historical, the systemic-structural-functional, the observation, group and individual interviews and questionnaires, which provided information regarding the insufficient preparation of the tutors' teachers, with emphasis on what refers to its guiding function. According to the results obtained in the consultation made to specialists in the subject, the feasibility of implementation of the proposal is confirmed to improve the performance of the tutors in the area of ​​guidance with their guardians. KEY WORDS: Methodological proposal, tutors, universalization. CUBA.

72.TITLE: The academic training of psychology teachers and their social representations about teaching. AUTHOR: Fabiola Jimarez Rueda. ABSTRACT: The text presented has a double purpose. On the one hand, unveil the social representations of psychology teachers regarding teaching. On the other hand, highlight the influence of the social environment in the construction of their thinking. For this, the document is organized in three parts. In the first, the theoretical reference on which the research is based is presented. In the second, the methodological approach with which the context and its representations are analyzed. Finally, the influence of the academic training of psychology teachers in the construction of their social representations regarding teaching is evidenced. KEYWORDS: Social representations, teaching, academic training. MEXICO.

73.TITLE: Pedagogical technologies of development of spiritual maturity of future teachers. AUTHORS: Valentina Tsina, Andriy Tsina, Mykola Blyzniuk, Julia Sribna, Lyubov Khomenko, Valery Titarenko, Valentina Titarenko. ABSTRACT: The article defines the essence and structure of the phenomenon "future teachers' spiritual maturity". It substantiates the concept of development of future teachers' spiritual maturity, defines components, criteria, indicators and characterize the levels of spiritual maturity, and substantiates the stages of its development within future teachers in pedagogical education. The purpose of the article is to substantiate and test the effectiveness of the pedagogical technologies system of future teachers' spiritual maturity development in an experimental way. Experimental verification of the system of pedagogical technologies for future teachers' spiritual maturity gradual development proved their effectiveness, which was manifested in the difference between the levels of spiritual maturity development of students of control and experimental groups. KEY WORDS: future teacher, spiritual maturity, technologies. UKRAINE.

74.TITLE: Burnout syndrome in teachers of two universities in Ecuador. AUTHORS: Miguel Ramos Argilagos, Iruma Alfonso González, Kenia Peñafiel Jaramillo, Evelyn Carolina Macias Silva, Elsy Labrada González. ABSTRACT: The purpose of this research is to determine the incidence of Burnout Syndrome in a population of 70 full-time professors from two universities. The Maslach Professional Wear test (Hidalgo, Ruiz and Media, 2019) was used, which consists of 22 Likert-type response items where three dimensions of Burnout Syndrome are measured: Emotional Wear, Depersonalization and Personal Achievement. KEY WORDS: Professional wear, burnout, university teachers. ECUADOR.

75.TITLE: Relationship between student and teacher training and student retention rate. AUTHORS: José Luis Robalino Villafuerte, Leonardo Rosillo Abarca, Iván León Rodríguez, Leonardo Mauricio Martínez Paredes, German Acurio Hidalgo. ABSTRACT: For the application of this work, the relationship between the training and the attendance of the students will be analyzed, as well as of teachers for which a simple random sample of 30 was extracted from a population of 61. This study was carried out between October 2010 and January 2019. The regression is modeled using cross-sectional data. KEY WORDS: higher education, training, student retention rate. ECUADOR.

76.TITLE: Scientific approaches to fundamentalization of professional training of future specialists of social work. AUTHORS: Liliia Rebukha, Hanna Ridkodubska, Oksana Shukatka, Liudmyla Yakubova, Ihor Bloshchynskyi, Iryna Melnychuk. ABSTRACT: The article describes the fundamentalisation of higher professional education as a multidimensional phenomenon that is fully capable to provide the most optimal conditions for the formation of the basic special and professional competences of the student, which meet the requirements of modern development of society adequately and in real time and space. The scientific approaches to the fundamentalization of the professional training of future specialists of social work are substantiated in the process of their training at higher education institution: axiological, complex and integrational. The influence of certain scientific approaches on the formation of knowledge, abilities, standardized skills, personal and professionally important qualities of students, which are the components of future professional activity of social workers, was revealed. KEY WORDS: professional training, future specialists of social work, fundamentalization of education, innovative approaches. UCRANIA

77.TITLE: The constructivism in education and the contribution of Vigotsky's sociocultural theory to understand the construction of human knowledge. AUTHOR: Javier Guerra García. ABSTRACT: The constructivism has become a paradigm in most cases of educative plans and study programs, as well as the teaching practice in a big part of educational institutions in the world and, even is well known its practical application thanks to the manuals of teaching and learning strategies, there’s a lot to write about its eclectical origin and theories that feed it, so this article makes a brief explanation about its proposal as an epistemological  paradigm and its incorporation to the educational ambit and makes deeper in one of the theories that support the importance of social interaction in the construction of human knowledge developed by Lev Vygotsky. KEY WORDS: Constructivism, education, sociocultural theory, Vigotsky. MEXICO.

78.TITLE: Educational policies, standardized assessments and integral school formation in Chile: analysis of the devaluation of different subjects of the curriculum. AUTHORS: Felipe Nicolás Mujica Johnson, Claudia Inostroza Barahona. ABSTRACT: In Chile, different neoliberal educational policies have been developed, including the application of different standardized evaluations. Therefore, this essay evaluates the effect produced by these evaluations and, in particular, the devaluation of important school subjects in the curriculum. Thus, it is recognized that these pedagogical policies reduce the educational quality to a few school subjects focused on the intellectual field and, consequently, the importance of the other areas that make up the integral education of students is relativized. In this way, a technocratic, mercantilist and therefore dangerous educational context has been maintained for social development, because the sense of formal education needs to be oriented towards the adequate cultural emancipation of people. KEY WORDS: educational policies, school education, critical pedagogy, social justice, educational quality. CHILE.

79.TITLE: Socio-cultural strategies for the functioning of a modern university. AUTHOR: Korkiya E. Demurievna. ABSTRACT: As a result of the study of the role and place of universities in modern society, we can say that today there is a tendency to expand the functions of the university as a social institution, the manifestation of its multifunctionality. With the expansion of the university’s functions, its “focus” shifts from the problems of the development of an individual to the broader problems of social development. A feature of a modern university is its focus on ongoing social changes through deep integration into the life of social communities and society as a whole. KEY WORDS: educational trends, university, urbanization, higher education, labor market. RUSIA.

80.TITLE: Human nature of a modern person and education: Jürgen Habermas’s views. AUTHOR: I. Bezena. ABSTRACT: The essence of Jürgen Habermas's worldviews on the issues of modern personal concepts in understanding human nature, relations between a human and society, democratization processes of the social life and activity of a person in the outlined processes is considered. Jürgen Habermas's research concepts will be compared with Ukrainian national outlook on human problems, society and the development of democracy. The content component of ideas and the practical component of application in the national space of Ukraine are considered. Interpersonal communication, depth of communication and balanced articulation, a dialogue model of an individual’s activity with other actors are modeled. The risks of the modern national society are outlined and the possible ways of counteracting them and defusing conflicts in the social environment in different spheres of activity are identified. KEY WORDS: human nature, human society, public authority, activity of a person, communication processes. UKRAINE.

81.TITLE: The knowledge of history from a double vision: José Martí Pérez and Fidel Castro Ruz. AUTHORS: Yulemnis Matos Torres, Yemnysei Pérez García, Yisel Mompié González. ABTRACT: The research is aimed at raising the quality of the teaching of the History of Cuba in Higher Education, provides a system of activities to contribute to the knowledge of the Ten Years War from the double vision of José Marti and Fidel Castro, starting from the difficulties in the connection that students must make between the historical content, the Marti work and Fidel's Commemorative Discourses, because they do not determine what is essential, that is, the concept and the historical content of which it is spoken, nor the idea martiana with which they have to link it, as well as the Commemorative Speech to which reference is made, preventing him from establishing logical nexuses and causal relationships explicitly. KEY WORDS: Teaching of Cuba´s history, activities, Marti’s work, Fidel's Commemorative Discourses. CUBA.

82.TITLE: Competence in the structure of research activities. AUTHORS: Kassiyet Karatayeva, Shynar Yelezhanova, Lyailya Koishigulova, Salamat Idrissov, Nurgul Tokzhigitova, Uldai Tulenova, Gulash Kochshanova, Assel Bekesheva. ABSTRACT: The article presents several points of view on the concept of "competence" and provides the author's interpretation of this concept. In addition, the essence and structure of competencies are considered, as well as the relationship between competencies in the framework of research activities. KEY WORDS: competence, competencies, research activities. KAZAKHSTAN.

83.TITLE: Research of communications and collaborations of scientists from the Russian Federation and CIS countries within the joint studies and grants programs. AUTHORS: Anna Maltseva, Elena Klyushnikova, Rykova Inna, Larisa Mikhalevich, Igor Ryzhov. ABSTRACT: The collapse of the USSR affected negatively in many respects the relations formed in the years in the field of science and education between individual countries - the former republics of the USSR and teams of scientists. The paper contains the key types of scientific competitions held in the Russian Federation for joint research with teams of scientists from the CIS countries, as well as a comprehensive analysis of the dynamics of submitted applications for joint projects and the number of competitions won in the context of individual CIS countries. The authors made recommendations on expanding further cooperation in the field of R&D between researchers from the CIS countries and Russian scientists. KEY WORDS: scientific research, science, CIS countries, collaborations, project. RUSSIA.

84.TITLE: A look at education policy. AUTHORS: Zayra Guadalupe Gutiérrez Bernal, Ignacio Morales Hernández. ABSTRACT: One of the aspects that has most interested the human being is the way in which a community should be managed, which has given way to the establishment of different ideas and policies reflected in education. Through a theoretical review, from Ancient Greece to present-day Mexico, it analyzes and who analyzes the knowledge that has been transmitted in each era, as well as the role of women in education. It is concluded that the link between politics and education has been permeated by factors such as religion and the economic system, while segmentation of the population by economic and sexual characteristics has prevailed. KEYWORDS: politics, education, education for women. MEXICO.

85.TITLE: Legal culture and state-building in modern Ukraine: problems of mutual influence. AUTHORS: Vasyl Ya. Tatsiy, Oleg G. Danilyan. ABSTRACT: The article is devoted to problems of mutual influence of the legal culture of the population and state-building processes in modern Ukraine.  The idea is substantiated that the democratic state as an institution which is the embodiment of democracy presupposes the presence of an activist legal culture in the subjects of public relations. At the same time, the formation of legal culture and state-building processes are hampered by the inefficiency of the judiciary and the law enforcement system, the corruption of state officials, the lack of a system of legal education for young people, the peculiarities of the mentality and historical past of our people, etc. KEY WORDS: legal culture; state-building; decentralization; democracy; activist legal culture. UKRAINE.

86. TITLE: Social protection status and prospects of disabled people in Russia. AUTHORS:  Elena G. Pankova, Tatiana V. Soloveva, Dinara A. Bistyaykina, Olga M. Lizina. ABSTRACT: The article raises questions and considers the state, problems and prospects of the system of social security and social protection of disabled people. Legislation realization of social protection for the disabled is a provocative question as the social help and support of the handicapped in a modern Russian society is not at a proper level. The system of social protection has been formed in the country, and a legal and regulatory framework has been developed as well. On the one hand, Russia has significantly expanded the range of opportunities for the disabled by transforming social practices in various areas, organizing targeted social work, creating conditions for an accessible environment, and expanding the information provision of social services. On the other hand, these measures do not make it possible to completely neutralize the social vulnerability of this category of people. KEY WORDS. Disability, social protection, government program, social barriers, social inequality. RUSSIA.

87.TITLE: Criterion of recognizing corruption and jurisprudential foundations of its prevention (Divine World View, Salah, Enjoining Good and Forbidding Wrong, Forbiddance of Small Introductory Sins). AUTHORS: Mohammad Javad Heydari Khorasani, Ali Mohamed, Hojat Ghane. ABSTRACT: Prevention from corruption is one of the important issues in human societies. Jurisprudence as one of the effective factors in prevention from the corruptions has important elements. Islam has provided certain precepts for prevention from corruption which if practiced by individuals in the society, many corruptions would be prevented. We can trace the roots of corruption back into the following of carnal desires, denial of divine orders and avoiding justice. The current study uses content analysis method to assay the issue of prevention of corruption based on Islamic jurisprudential principles and discusses such titles as prayer, avoidance of forbidden affairs, etc., as the factors that can reduce corruption in the society. KEY WORDS: corruption, jurisprudential foundations, prevention, Salah, small Haram sins. IRAN.

88.TITLE: Gender equality and the quota provisions: a sustainable development in Women’s participation in Politics in Pakistan. AUTHORS: Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Afzaal, Samina Akhtar, Shabbir Ahmad. ABSTRACT: This study, through a qualitative descriptive method, examines the nature of socio-cultural frameworks, formal and informal rules of candidates’ selection, power structures, and quota systems in political parties in Pakistan.  Besides, this article spotlights the process of democracy, institutional and recruitment practices and their impact on females’ substantive participation, their representation in policy-making and legislation in Pakistan. This paper suggests long term planning for gender equality is much needed instead of short-term quota systems because women can better represent women’s issues by taking part in communities’ decision-making groups either domestic or national.   KEY WORDS: Gender roles; gender equality; quota provisions; public offices; Pakistan. CHINA.

89. TITLE: Scorecard for monitoring language policy and its approbation on the example of the Russian Federation’s regions. AUTHORS: Anna Maltseva, Natalya Barsukova, Elena Klyushnikova, Marina Krekova, Olga Danilina, Olga Azoeva. ABSTRACT: The article is devoted to issues of the state and development of language policy at the regional level. Taking into consideration the country’s federal structure and the high degree of linguistic and interethnic diversity in the Russian Federation’s regions, there are significant differences in the organizational and substantive aspects of the language policy, the basic principles and directions formulated at the federal level. The article presents the methodological foundations and practical implementation of the activities assessment of the authorities of the Russian Federation’ subjects in preserving and supporting the native languages of the peoples of the Russian Federation. KEY WORDS: scorecard, rating score, regional authorities, native language, language policy. RUSSIA.

90.TITLE: Local development and social and solidarity economy; from history to the municipality of Los Palacios. AUTHORS: Bárbara Blanco Correa, Dianelys Fernández Márquez, Dimeri Piñeiro Esquivel. ABSTRACT: Local development acquires a greater need every day. Its supreme goal of promoting a better quality of life to be social requires changes and transformations palpable at different scales. With the approval of the Constitution, there are opportunities to achieve this objective, which demonstrates the political will and necessary planning of each process to be developed. Based on concepts from the social and solidarity economy, new styles can be assumed to better contribute to local development. With the employment, fundamentally, of theoretical and empirical methods, contributions and definitions are compiled that in relation to the topic are addressed by different authors in various bibliographies, which are analyzed in the development strategy of Los Palacios. KEY WORDS: Local development, social and solidarity economy, development strategy. CUBA.

91.TITLE: The role of legal socialization as the basis for the development and implementation of the legal status of the person and citizen. AUTHORS: Mykhailo Baymuratov, Boris Kofman, Andrey Boychuk, Aleksander Avdeev. ABSTRACT. The research of the leading role of legal socialization, based on legal human activity, suggests that within its framework there are complex and contradictory processes of implementation by a person of his constitutional legal and general legal status, moreover at the level of local self–government and within the territorial community. It is argued that these processes have great constitutive and institutional significance by implementing a direct impact on the formation of rule of law, the creation of a liberal–democratic model of the relationship between law and the state, building a national model of local self–government – and within the framework of these processes they have a multiplicative effect and effectiveness. KEY WORDS: legal status of a person, legal socialization, status of a citizen, legal activity. UKRAINE.

92.TITLE: Framing terrorism by media: the inevitable coactions. AUTHORS: Muhammad Anwar, Muhammad Wasim Akbar. ABSTRACT: The media play an important role in the development of terrorist activities and although the media have been used in different ways to cover terrorism-related activities, it is not clear why and how the means are used to frame terrorism. The article evaluates the media psyche on the representation of terrorism. The current study has carried out a non-systematic narrative review of the existing literature on the media psyche and terrorism. The media can positively frame terrorism to raise awareness against terrorism and at the same time they can promote it negatively by spreading violence among the public to project content related to terrorism. KEY WORDS: Media, framing, terrorism. PAKISTAN.

93.TITLE: Migration processes in the Russian Empire: theoretical and legal analysis. AUTHORS: Vitaly V. Goncharov, Marina S. Savchenko, Andrey A. Savchenko. ABSTRACT: This article is devoted to the analysis of migration processes in the Russian Empire (XVIII – early XX centuries). The object of the study was social relations associated with the processes of population migration (external and internal) in the Russian Empire in the specified period. Particular attention is paid to the norms of Russian national law in the Russian Empire from the beginning of the 18th century to the beginning of the 20th century, enshrining the principles of legal regulation of legal relations in the field of migration processes; position of the Russian legal doctrine in the field of migration law. KEY WORDS: general characteristics, migration processes, Russian Empire, politics, indigenous population. PAKISTAN.

94.TITLE: Performance effectiveness in public management of local governments. Analysis of a case study. AUTHORS: Roger Alarcón Barrero, Yudith Salvador Hernández. ABSTRACT: This work shows the design and application of a synthetic index that assesses the effectiveness of the performance of local governments. Departing from the theoretical formulation of a set of subindexes composed by indicators related to dimensions for an effective public management, a number of practical evaluations are carried out with the combination of different methods and techniques. The proposal of this tool, adapted to practical needs, has a combination of objective and subjective elements that allow to establish comparisons with empirical tests in different times and places and contributes to achieve a future state from the interpretation of the real state with valid and relevant indicators upon the base of the available and other required information to fill existent gaps. KEY WORDS: effectiveness; index; performance; public management. CUBA.

95.TITLE: Formation of a Separate Province in South Punjab (Pakistan). AUTHORS: Gulzar Ahmad, Muhammad Khurshid, Ali Asadullah. ABSTRACT: The demand of new provinces in Pakistan has picked up fast momentum after the eighteenth amendment in Pakistani Constitution of 1973. The voices of demand for new provinces are arising in different regions of Pakistan. The Saraiki province movement is very popular and well-known with its long historical background. Saraikis want to make new province on ethnic and lingual basis so that their identity could be remained protect in the region and with it they have a lot of grievances like economic, political and cultural. The region has become a hole of poverty and sense of deprivation. This study discusses different aspects related to the grievances of Saraiki Province Movement. It also examines current situation and latest politically achievements.  KEY WORDS: new province movement, nationalists, linguistic identity, Saraikistan, South Punjab. PAKISTAN.

96.TITLE: Illegal migration and criminality  prevention. AUTHORS: Lucia Kovacova, Martina Vackova, Peter Losonczi. ABSTRACT: A project was carried out about how criminality and its negative concequences are being perceived by young people. The goal of the project called  “Creating and testing PowerPoint presentations about how to prevent criminality in connection with the illegal migration“ was both to increase the effectivity of the preventive impact on the young people and to create criminality prevention projects that could address the young people  and,  at the same time,  eliminate phenomena of such an issue. The goal of a qualitative research of this project was to test on young people PowerPoint presentations about criminality prevention concerning the illegal migration; the result of such testing should find out whether the PowerPoint presentations are capable of not only addressing young people but also  reflecting the actual state of and the development of criminality in connection with the illegal migration. KEY WORDS: migration, illegal migration, criminality, prevention. ESLOVAQUIA.

97.TITLE: The perception of the negative effects of migration as a security risk to the citizens of the Slovak Republic. AUTHORS: Lucia Kovacova, Martina Vackova, Peter Losonczi, tepan Kavan. ABSTRACT: The submitted article discussed the problem of illegal migration and its perception by young people regarding security. This article describes the study, which has an ambition to contribute to increase the efficiency of preventive effect on youth and help eliminate the negative aspects of this problem. The aim of the study was to discover the attitude of young people to the problem of illegal migration and their opinion about possible risks of illegal migration regarding criminal activity, security and also the necessity to help refugees entering the area of Slovak Republic. KEY WORDS: migration, crime prevention, criminal offenses, security education. SLOVAKIA, CZECH REPUBLIC.

98. TITLE: Development and Settlement of Thal Desert (1949-1969). AUTHORS: Muhammad Wasim Abbas, Aftab Gillani, Safdar Hussain. ABSTRACT: Thal desert was known for its austere unproductive landscape, infested with high sand dunes, scarcity of vegetation, shortage of water, extremes of climate and poverty from centuries. In 1949, Government of Pakistan prepared a plan under Thal Development Authority to develop the desert. Half of Thal desert was changed into lush green fields by Thal Development Authority just in twenty years.  Now, the inhabitants of the desert are happy and full of confidence. The paper provides information about the geographical location of the Thal desert, the historical background of the Thal canal, socio-economic conditions of the people of the area before and after Thal development. This research paper is an attempt to highlight the historical event of desert development. KEY WORDS: Thal Kalan, TDA, TDAB, Chak, Mandi Town. PAKISTAN.

99.TITLE: Some aspects of performance of criminal punishment against minors. AUTORS: Lyudmila Vladimirovna Karhanina, Elena Nikolaevna Skorik, Elena Aleksandrovna Shamshilova, ABSTRACT: The article discusses the regulation of the correction of convicts as one of the priority objectives of the criminal-executive legislation of the Russian Federation. The authors analyze the execution of certain types of punishments without isolation from society in relation to juvenile convicts and their effectiveness in achieving the goals set by the legislator. It is concluded, that given that measures not related to deprivation of liberty are gradually becoming a real alternative to imprisonment, it would be advisable to highlight in the criminal executive legislation the specifics of their implementation in relation to juvenile convicts.  KEY WORDS: juvenile convict, punishment without isolation from society, imprisonment, educational colony, correction of convicts. RUSSIA.

100.TITLE: Humanistic aspect of the formation of the professional culture of lawyers in the context of the informatization of society. AUTHORS: Olha Antipova, Mariia Abysova, Bohdan Kalynovskyi, Iryna Ivanochko, Tetiana Kulyk. ABSTRACT: On the basis of the conducted researches it is established that the modern stage of the society development defines the professional culture of a lawyer as a set of professional characteristics, the components of which are a high level of theoretical knowledge and practical skills in the field of jurisprudence; the desire to act on the principles of human rights and freedoms; the ability to produce one’s own informational content. It is determined that the formation of the professional culture of future lawyers is carried out gradually on the basis of the transformation to person-centered learning.  KEY WORDS: humanism, informatization, information society, professional culture, legal education. UKRAINE.

101. TITLE: Theoretical and practical problems of the maintenance of convicts serving sentences at relapse. AUTHORS: Nikolay I. Polishchuk, Ivan S. Lebeshev, Lyudmila E. Prikhozhaya, Ivan A. Smirnov, Isa Kh. Dakashev. ABSTRACT: The article investigates the causes of recidivism of convicts, and highlights the issues of improving the criminal-executive legislation of Russia in the field of the execution of sentences of imprisonment for persons serving sentences in case of recidivism. The authors provide data on problematic issues that arise in practical activities of the staff of the penitentiary institutions. Attention is focused on possible promising areas and the results of work done to eliminate difficulties under consideration. The problems are considered taking into account the analysis of statistical indicators of the Russian Federation. KEY WORDS: relapse, separate detention of convicts, criminal groups, resocialization. RUSIA.

102.TITLE: Subjects of scientific and expert support of legislative activity of the parliament (on the example of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation. AUTHOR: Igor G. Veselov. ABSTRACT: The analysis of any activity, the identification of its essential features and characteristics require the definition of its subjects and their classification. In the context of this study, the construction of a model of the subject composition of the scientific and expert support of the legislative activity of the State Duma is necessary to determine the status of the relevant entities, to differentiate their powers and competencies in the issues of this scientific and expert support, and also to identify potential opportunities for its improvement. On these aspects the article deals with. KEY WORDS: law, normative legal act, legal expertise, proportionality of legal regulation. RUSSIA.

103.TITLE: Influence of international legal acts on the legislation and practice of applying criminal penalties alternative to imprisonment in the Russian Federation. AUTHOR: Lyadov E. Vladimirovich. ABSTRACT: The article highlights the development of the punishment system, which represents an alternative to imprisonment in Russia, taking into account the influence of international legal acts. The author focuses on the main areas of this influence, provides data on problematic issues in the field and the results of work done to eliminate the latter. The problems are analyzed taking into account the consideration of statistical data of the Russian Federation. KEY WORDS: international legal acts, international standards, criminal penalties, criminal penal system, alternative to imprisonment. RUSSIA.

104.TITLE: Natural law and the "spirit of the people" in the teachings of F.K. von Savigny.  AUTHOR:  Denisov Anton Mikhailovich. ABSTRACT: The article analyzes the legal concept of F.K. von Savigny, which is contrasted with the traditional theory of natural law. He believed that the universal mind, embodied in the "spirit of the people" as its internal substance, contains the entirety of the ideas of law recognized by the people. According to F.K. von Savigny, the significance of the work of the legislator lies in the fact that he eliminates the uncertainty in law that is contained as a result of historical development, not clarified and not fixed by law. The written norms adopted as a result of legislative activity record the achieved result of the development of law, although at the same time, as F.K. von Savigny, the very process of such development slows down. KEY WORDS: Savigny, law, people, state, legal ideal. RUSSIA.

105.TITLE: F.K. von Savigny on Law, State, Person and Society. AUTOR: Denisov Anton Mikhailovich. ABSTRACT: The article analyzes the theoretical and methodological characteristics of the political and legal teachings of F.K. von Savigny, which corroborates the synthesis of the theoretical and legal interpretation of the problems of law, the individual, society and the state on the basis of the irrational principle constantly carried out in the methodology of scientific knowledge. The central element of F.K. von Savigny is the doctrine of national conscience, resulting from the historical development of the people as a whole. It is national consciousness in F.K. von Savigny the space in which the law takes shape and in which the state finds its foundation. KEY WORDS: Savigny, law, state, legal ideal, historicism. RUSSIA.

106.TITLE: Consultation as a form of scientific and expert support for legislative activity of the parliament (example of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation). AUTHOR: Igor G. Veselov. ABSTRACT: The article analyzes Consultation as a form of scientific and expert support of the legislative activity of the parliament, consisting in providing the legislative body, various kinds of proposals, comments, clarifications, recommendations, expert opinions, background and other information on issues related to legislative activity, as in writing and orally, including recommendations related to the preparation of bills or their completion in the process of legislative activity, various assessments of the provisions of the current legislation, provision of legislative, analytical, legal, statistical and other information of interest to the legislator at his request or on an initiative basis, preparation of methodological recommendations for use in legislative work, various training events for deputies, their assistants and employees of the parliamentary apparatus, etc. KEY WORDS: law, normative legal act, legal expertise, proportionality of legal regulation, lawmaking, legislative activity and work. RUSSIA.

107.TITLE: Persons convicted for economic crimes and official misconduct in detention facilities: a need for new approaches. AUTHORS: Valeriy Nikolaevich Belik, Vyacheslav Ivanovich Seliverstov ABSTRACT: This article focuses on a scientific project dealing with serving a criminal sentence in the form of deprivation of liberty after being convicted for economic crimes in the field of business and/or malfeasance in office. It analyzes the relevance of developing a scientific model of imprisonment for the above categories of criminals, possible ways of differentiating prison sentences based on convicts’ criminological and socio-demographic characteristics. KEY WORDS: convicted person, deprivation of liberty, economic crimes, official misconduct, creating a scientific model of serving a sentence in the form of imprisonment. RUSSIA.

108.TITLE: The idea of historicism and the theory of natural law in the teachings of F.K. von Savigny. AUTOR:  Denisov Anton Mikhailovich. ABSTRACT: The article analyzes the idea of ​​history as a special form of development, which includes the activity of public self-awareness, it is noted that it was first presented in the concepts of G.V.F. Hegel and F.K. von Savigny. The principle of historicism, introduced by F.K. von Savigny in legal science, allowed him to bring as close as possible natural law and positive law, which he interpreted as two moments in the historical development of the “universal popular spirit” and popular justice.  KEY WORDS: Savigny, Hegel, history,  natural law, positive law, people, state. RUSSIA.

109.TITLE: Calls of the global modern world: dialectics of the scientific and technological development and the relations of the property. AUTHORS: Inna Litvinenko, Aida Kazanbieva, Angelica Musayelyan, Olga Mironova, Liliya Kiyanova. ABSTRACT: Property relations encompass the dialectical unity of the relations of appropriation and alienation of the means of production, and the results of labor in the phases of production, distribution, exchange, and consumption in the process of social reproduction. The transformation of property relations is a permanent process of determined by the dynamics of development of production methods (both basic and additional) within a given socio-economic system. High-tech and knowledge-intensive industries are largely alienated from development, which negatively affects national security and the realization of national economic interests in general. KEY WORDS: global economy, high-tech production, intellectual property, property relations, NBIC technology. RUSSIA.

110.TITLE: Design, construction and validation of the EPICL instrument to evaluate the relationship between leadership and trust in Mexican sugar mills. AUTHORS: Tomás Elio Ochoa Domínguez, José G. Vargas Hernández, Arturo García Santillán. ABSTRACT: The objective of this research was to design, build and validate an instrument to measure the relationship between leadership and trust in sugar mills in Mexico. The design is instrumental type. It consists of 48 items and six dimensions: leadership style, commitment, emotional intelligence, benevolence, ability and integrity. For its validation, a sample of 52 workers from a sugar mill on the central coast area in the state of Veracruz, México, was used. The result obtained was a good internal consistency (normal Cronbach alpha 0.820 and standardized 0.803), p=0, KMO=0.931 and MSA>0.8. It is concluded that the EPICL questionnaire presents validity, construction criteria and adequate coherence; therefore, it is a valid and reliable tool for the Mexican sugar context. KEY WORDS:  Organizational climate, Leadership, Trust, Management, Behavioral. MEXICO.

111.TITLE: Methodological fundamentals of a system approach in the management of the oil and gas industry. AUTHORS: Gulmira Akhmetova, Maira Dariskaliyeva, Almagul Oteshova, Gaziz Sagituly, Bolat Kuzhiev. ABSTRACT: In our time, there is an unprecedented progress of knowledge, which on the one hand, has led to the discovery and accumulation of many new facts, information from various areas of life, and therefore, has confronted humanity with the need to systematize them; look for the common in the particular, stable in the change. There is no clear concept of the system. In its most general form, a system is understood as a combination of interconnected elements that form a certain integrity, a certain unity. The study of objects and phenomena as systems caused the development of a new approach in science: a system approach, which is addressed in this article. KEY WORDS: oil industry, gas industry, management, system approach. KAZAKHSTAN.

112.TITLE: Early-stage entrepreneurship in the third age: countries data for 2017-2018. AUTHORS: Iuliia S. Pinkovetskaia, Anton. V. Lebedev, Olga A. Danilova, Igor V. Balynin. ABSTRACT: The aim of the study is to assess the indicators describing the proportion of early entrepreneurs belonging to the third age in the total population of this age group. The assessment was carried out using mathematical models representing the density functions of the normal distribution. The results of surveys conducted in the process of Global entrepreneurship monitoring were used as initial data. The study allowed to determine countries that are characterized by high and low values of indicators. The methodological approach and the tools for assessing early entrepreneurial activity proposed in the article can be used in research on entrepreneurship in the third age. KEY WORDS: entrepreneurship, early entrepreneurial activity, third age, countries, global monitoring of entrepreneurship. RUSSIA.

113. TITLE: Modelling the positive potential of group in fluence on the behavior in organization. AUTHORS: Elena P. Batanova, Nikolay S. Danakin, Svetlana N. Pitka, Oleg I. Verveiko. ABSTRACT: The article analyzes the positive potential of group’s influence on the behavior of the organization, which is revealed through its realized functions. Two groups of functions were identified and described: 1) Purposeful, which is mainly connected with targets of the group’s influence and 2) Instrumental, which is mainly connected with methods (instruments) to achieve these goals. The purposeful functions can include socialization, adaptive, organizational, safety, integration, relaxation, motivational; and instrumental ones - regulating, control, evaluative, selective, communication, psychotherapeutic functions. The article develops these topics. KEY WORDS: organization, behavior, group influence, purpose functions and instrumentals. RUSSIA.

114. TITLE: Quality of service and level of satisfaction in health center rehabilitation areas. AUTHORS: Ariel Romero Fernández, Iruma Alfonso González, Lester Wong Vázquez. ABSTRACT: Quality of service and customer satisfaction should be a priority in the management strategies of the organization, taking on greater preponderance in service providers. The research developed is aimed at identifying the main limitations that the rehabilitation service has in the different health centers of Zone 3, using the Servqual model for the evaluation of the quality of services. The Survey related to Difference 5 of the Servqual model that evaluates satisfaction is applied to 76 patients who go to the rehabilitation services of health centers in the area. The application allowed to know the main difficulties that these companies present when developing their services. KEYWORDS: quality of services, customer satisfaction, health institutions. ECUADOR.

115. TITLE: Effects and challenges of Health Transformation Plan in public health: views of public health providers. AUTHORS: Seyed Hadi Hosseini, Amirhossein Takian, Mohammad Mehdi Sepehri, Mehdi Yasseri, Batoul Ahmadi. ABSTRACT: In every Health Transformation Plan, operational challenges and the distance from the primary goals need to be identified. So, the main purpose of this study was obtaining effects and challenges of plan observed by healthcare providers. Participants of this conventional quali¬tative method of content analysis study were 45 supervisors and employees who affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences. The challenges differed according to the study places (Community Health Centers, Health Posts and Health Homes) in Work contracts, Integrated Health System, Financial Management, Intermediary companies, Quality, Supervision, Payments, Locations and Family Physician Plan. To effectively implement a health plan and achieve its goals, the issues and challenges of the public health providers must be considered and addressed. KEY WORDS: Health Transformation Plan, Health Networks, Public Health Providers, Effects, Challenges. IRAN.

116.TITLE: Evaluation of service quality in the Quiroga sub-center. AUTHORS: Marie Lía Velásquez Vera, María Gabriela Almeida Vélez, María Cecibel Chávez Vélez, José Patricio Muñoz Murillo. ABSTRACT: This research was carried out in the sub-center of Health of the Quiroga canton Bolívar parish, in order to assess the quality of service in the Obstetrics area. It was developed through three stages: in the first one, the services offered by the area were identified; In the second stage, a user survey was applied using the SERVQUAL method, an instrument that measures quality in five dimensions: reliability, responsiveness, security, empathy and tangible elements; In the third stage, the proposal was proposed through an improvement plan for the Obstetrics area, establishing the strategies and possible solutions that the institution should promote in order to achieve a satisfaction of excellence towards the users. KEYWORDS: Quality of Service, User, Strategies, Solutions. ECUADOR.

117.TITLE: Changing the Grammatical Structure of Phraseological Units as One of the Methods of Transformations of Phraseological Units in the novel Crime and Punishment by F.M. Dostoevsky. AUTHOR: Natalia Semenova, ABSTRACT: The article describes some of the methods of transformation used by the author in the text of the novel: change of the grammatical structure. It analyzes the literary functions of the modified phraseological units and their role in the context. The relevance of the chosen topic is determined by the fact that the writer’s linguistic creative work is manifested in the ability to clarify, concretize the semantics of a phraseological unit, to determine its potential, latent possibilities. KEY WORDS: F.M. Dostoevsky, Phraseological Units. RUSSIA.

118. TITLE: Linguistic status of chiasmus in syntactic science. AUTHORS: Akhmaral Khairzhanova, Gulnara Mustagaliyeva, Eleonora Abdol, Akmaral Temirtassova, Torgyn Tilegenova, Gulnazen Baiseuova, Aliya Tleuova, Asel Maratova. ABSTRACT: The functional and stylistic direction of linguistics is attracting more and more attention from linguistic researchers. This is due to the general increase in the interest of linguistic science in the communicative aspect of language. The advent of text linguistics, the development of functional grammar and pragmalinguistics have activated new directions in stylistic research. In this case, an important role is given to the phenomena of expressive syntax, whose theme is the structures that can add additional efficiency to the message. Many syntax tools are expressive, and therefore, have stylistic significance. The article is directed to these aspects. KEY WORDS: chiasmus, linguistics, grammar, parallelism, stylistic figures. KAZAKHSTAN.

119. TITLE: An empirical analysis of glazed pottery from the site of Mansurah. AUTHORS: Muhammad Hanif Laghari, Mastoor Fatima Bukhari. ABSTRACT: Mansurah was the first Arab city established in the Indian sub-continent between 712–1025 AD by the Umayyad governor ‘Amr Thaqafi Built in the Shahdadpur of District Sanghar, Sindh. During this period, the Arab rulers extended national and international trade from Sindh. The spectroscopy was used to examine the excavated culture material and to find the origin of the glazed pottery. Empirical evidences drawn from the cultural material, highlighted the composition of color paste used on these broken vessels, that is prepared by using the sand of two different types of rocks such as volcanic and metamorphic. This study highlights the Arab-Sindh relations and several other Scio -cultural aspects of this specific phase of history of Sindh, Pakistan. KEY WORDS: Archaeology, History, Geography, glazed pottery, relationship and trade. PAKISTAN.

120. TITLE: Description of the city Nakhchyvan on quarters (XIX century). AUTHOR: Arzu Abdullayev. ABSTRACT: It is clear from archival documents, that at the beginning of the nineteenth century, there were 13 districts in Nakhchivan.  Gala district, Alikhanli district, Shahab district,  Sarvanlar district, Bilichi district, Hoshulu district,  Sallagkhana district, Ziyilarch district, Dabbagkhana district, Chaparkhana district, Khoylu district, Gochustu district, Pirgamish district,  Thus, after analyzing the historic-geographical location of the Nakhchivan city in the XIX century, we come to the conclusion that Nakhchivan preserved the typical medieval city structure, which combines four main features for medieval East cities. KEY WORDS:  village, castle, tomb, mastery, profession. AZERBAIJAN.

121. TITLE: The Great Azerbaijan dramatist writer M.F.Akhundov in emigration literatura. AUTHOR: Shahbaz Shamı Musayev. ABSTRACT: Representative of emigration literature Mirza Bala Mahammadzada is one of the prominent personalities having exceptional contributions in social-political, literary- cultural and scientific thought history. As he was a political emigrant in Turkey during Soviet period his life, multi- branched activity and rich creativity were remained out of sight of the researchers, no work was carried out in the sphere of publication and agitation of his scientific and literary heritage. KEY WORDS: Emigration literature, literary heritage, modernism, dramatic works. AZERBAIJAN.

122. TITLE: Western poetic tradition and modern Azerbaijani literature. AUTHOR: Askerzade Lutviyya. ABSTRACT: Literary relations between the West and Azerbaijan have considerably strengthened and developed in recent years. In the article, it is also studied the art of Parnism and Pentecost as well as these literary relationships. The verses of Charles Baudelaire, Tevfik Fikret and Hussein Javid, famous poets of French, Turkish and Azerbaijani literature are compared. It examines the inclusion of Western poetic traditions in Turkish literature, as well as in the art of Javid. KEY WORDS: tradition of western poetry, romantic literature, Parnasizm. AZERBAIJAN.

123. TITLE: Friedrich Nietzsche's play of masks. AUTHORS: Tatyana Lysokolenko, Mykhailo Romanenko, Maryna Vatkovska, Oksana Buturlina, Elena Rogova. ABSTRACT: The play of masks is seen as a space for experimenting with the ideas of F.Nietzsche. The idea is drawn that the phenomenon of the F.Nietzsche’s play appears as a transgressive phenomenon, which allows playing out various versions of its interpretation for the development of the main themes of his work. The idea that the play of masks in the creative heritage of F.Nietzsche is centered around re-evaluating values, becoming a superhuman and perceiving the play as a play of life is defended. Based on the analysis, the authors come to the conclusion that using the category of the play, the German thinker not only expanded the boundaries of understanding the phenomenon of the play and developed important aspects of his creative heritage, but also challenged the social and moral foundations of the contemporary society. KEY WORDS: play, values, transgression, social space. UKRAINE.

124.TITLE: Values of communicative environment formation in different audiences via English-speaking competence. AUTHORS: Oleksandra Markiv, Oksana Zarivna, Natalia Shalova, Nataliia Khymai. ABSTRACT: The article offers a classification of the communicative environment (professional, indifferent, situational, systematic and everyday) and analyzes the choice of linguistic means for the realization of communication. Particular attention has been focused on the values of choosing English-speaking communication models according to the needs of the audience and its quality characteristics. The communication effects, which are important in supporting or completing a communicative act (utilitarian, prestigious, emotional, aesthetic satisfaction, comfort, strengthening of position, satisfaction of cognitive interest), are defined. It is concluded that there are certain socio-cultural barriers of understanding information related to the content and formal characteristics of the utterance (phonetic, stylistic, semantic)  as well as the propositional logic. KEY WORDS: communication, audience, communicative environment, English-speaking communicative competence, values of communication. UKRAINE.

125. TITLE: Price behavior inflation related in Ecuador. AUTHORS: Angélica Rodríguez Lara, Jorge Hernán Almeida Blacio, Miguel Ángel Sampedro Lara, Bolívar Enrique Villalta Jadan. ABSTRACT: An attempt is made to determine if the price index depends on inflation in Ecuador. Upon accessing the Central Bank of Ecuador, monthly figures were obtained from the indicators that determine the results after the application of the autoregressive vector model. KEY WORDS: price, inflation, central bank, autoregressive vectors. ECUADOR.

126.TITLE: Inflation determinants in Ecuador in the period 2003 – 2008. AUTHORS: Mario Cabezas Arellano, Leonardo Carrión Hurtado, Robert Lalama Flores, Edwin Sandoval Sandoval. ABSTRACT:  The main determinants of inflation in Ecuador in the period 2003 - 2008 are explained, using a VARMA model, where all the variables that will be applied in the EViews 10 software program, are quantitative and type of time series, expressed in millions of dollars. KEY WORDS: determinants of inflation, Ecuador, VARMA model. ECUADOR.

127.TITLE: Growth of income per worker, as well as physical capital, technology, population growth and depreciation and human capital in Latin America. AUTHORS: Miguel Galarza Villalba, Jorge Cerón Gordón, Mauricio Sierra Moreno, Olga Gloria Barbón Pérez, Oscar Aldaz Bombon. ABSTRACT: In the present investigation the statistical information was compiled and a database was developed in the Excel electronic sheet for statistical inference and behavior analysis of the following variables; income growth per worker or dependent variable such as “Lcgdp”. As independent variables we have physical capital; technology, population growth and depreciation (as a single variable) and human capital as: "Li_y", "Ldpg" and "Hc" of Latin America in the period from 1961 to 2011. KEY WORDS: income per worker, physical capital, technology, depreciation, human capital. ECUADOR.

128.TITLE: Estimate of the money supply in Ecuador in the 2013-2019 period. AUTHORS:  Danny Sandoval Marquín, Javier Lucero Salcedo, Cristian Dorados Cevallos, Evelyn Andrea Aguirre Ullauri, Eddy Araujo Guerrón. ABSTRACT: The objective of this research is to estimate the money supply as a dependent variable, the study will be carried out with more than 60 data that have been chosen or extracted from different sources such as the Central Bank of Ecuador (ECB). To perform this analysis, the main explanatory variables have been implemented: economic mass and demand deposits. KEY WORDS:  finance, money supply in Ecuador, economic mass. ECUADOR.

129.TITLE: Impact of imports on the development of Ecuadorian SMEs. AUTHORS:  Mario León Naranjo, Jorge Goyes García, Sharon Álvarez Gómez, Jimena Montes de Oca Sánchez. ABSTRACT: In Ecuador, the Superintendency of Companies constitutes the institution responsible for the control and observance of the economic and financial evolution of companies. Taking into account its profits, this institution determines whether or not it deserves the benefit of reinvesting part of its profits in the acquisition of new productive fixed assets, or in goods destined for research and technology implementation that strengthens its productivity, generates productive diversification and employment increase This research aims to measure the influence of the level of imports on the production of companies that base their income through the imports they have in the country. KEY WORDS: control, economic evolution, business, reinvest, earnings. ECUADOR.

130.TITLE: Relationship between GDP and Ecuadorian imports. AUTHORS: Silvio Machuca Vivar, Oscar Aldaz Bombon, Aurelia María Cleonares Borbor, Richard Hurtado Guevara. ABSTRACT: In order to establish the relationship between the GDP of Ecuador and the imports generated by it, it has been proposed to develop a VARMA model, where the relationship is raised that the Ecuadorian GDP depends on the imports generated by the country in a period of determined time. On the other hand, to capture the causality of imports towards GDP, the demand for expanded imports must be considered as a VAR model. KEY WORDS: causation of imports, relationship between GDP and Ecuadorian imports. ECUADOR.

131.TITLE: The relationship between the active rate and the passive rate of countries belonging to the Andean Community of Nations. AUTHORS: Jorge Rodríguez López, Dailin Peña Pérez, Eddy Javier Robayo Andrade, Luis Alfonso Lluglla Luna, Yadier Alberto Torres Sánchez. ABSTRACT: The purpose of this research is to determine the relationship between the active rate and the passive rate of the following countries: Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Colombia. This relationship will be modeled using annual data from 1990 to 2018, which was obtained from ECLAC, so the active rate is included as an endogenous variable and as exogenous to the passive rate. KEY WORDS: active rate, passive rate, modeling, annual data, ECLAC. ECUADOR.

132. TITLE: Relationship between GDP per capita, institutional quality and public spending. AUTHORS: Raúl Comas Rodríguez, Ariel Romero Fernández, Patricio Portero Sánchez, Ana Gabriela Reinoso Espinosa, Walter Jarrín López. ABSTRACT: The method applied in this investigation was the hypothetical deductive method, since it was based on the determination of the variables GDP per capita, Institutional Quality and Public Expenditure, under the hypothesis that the Public Expenditure and Institutional Quality have a significant impact on the increase in GDP per capita. The relationship between GDP per capita, institutional quality and public expenditure was determined through a data panel of twenty Latin American countries, where GDP per capita represented the dependent variable, as well as Public Expenditure and Institutional Quality were its main explanatory variables of the model, collected four-monthly in the period from 1992 to 2007. KEY WORDS: GDP per capita, Institutional Quality, Public Expenditure. ECUADOR.

133. TITLE: Relationship between GDP and GDP per capita of the countries of Ecuador, Uruguay, Argentina, Brazil, Colombia and Perú. AUTHORS: Jorge Alfredo Eras Díaz, Diego Montalván Arévalo, Cristóval Rey Siquilanda, Marco Saltos Salgado.ABSTRACT:  The relationship between GDP and per capita GDP of the countries of Ecuador, Uruguay, Argentina, Brazil, Colombia and Peru is modeled using annual data from 1990 to 2017 with a time window of 168 years. Gross Domestic Product is included as a dependent variable and as independent GDP per capita in terms of economic growth analyzing several factors that encompass GDP in different countries. KEY WORDS: Gross Domestic Product (GDP), GDP per capita, economic growth. ECUADOR.

134.TITLE: Human potential in the context of clusterization of Russian economy. AUTHORS: Inna Litvinenko, Peter Arefyev, Marina Kriklivaya, Nadezda Solovykh, Irina Smirnova. ABSTRACT: This article reflects the importance and relevance of the group in the economy of the country. The cluster approach acts as a tool to develop the potential of the economy, including the formation of innovations. The historical aspect of the application of the cluster concept abroad and in Russia is investigated. The characteristic features of the grouping in the Russian Federation are highlighted. The influence of human potential on economic development is considered. The current state of human capital in Russia is analyzed based on the human development index. KEY WORDS: economic growth, cluster approach, human potential, human capital, human development index. RUSSIA.

135. TITLE: Behavior and impact of remittances in Ecuador. AUTHORS:  Ariel Romero Fernández, Bayron Pinda Guanolema, Betty Valle Fiallos, Danilo Moreno Villacis. ABSTRACT: The VAR methodology, which specializes in determining the simultaneous and temporary relationship between two or more variables, will be taken to carry out the behavior analysis and the effects of remittances in Ecuador. You can identify the equation that seeks to explain the level of remittances that Ecuador receives and the impact on investment. The VAR model is an econometric methodology that will allow to reach reliable coefficients of each of the variables included in the model in order to identify Ecuadorian reality; The model of self-regressive vectors is necessary to obtain similarity in the variables and in this way analyze the different assumptions and interpretations of the model. KEY WORDS: simultaneous relationship, remittances, reliable coefficients. ECUADOR.