Year VI, Publication no.1, September 2018 

(September 1st to December 31st, 2018).

“Contemporary dilemmas: Education, Politics and Values” is pleased to present to its readers and collaborators edition: Year VI, Publication 1, September 2018, corresponding to the period september 1st to december 31st, 2018. This e-journal is inserted in the national and international context with 75 articles from 10 countries (Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Ecuador, Spain, Iran, Mexico, Peru, Russia)which deal with academic and research activities related to the authors´ daily activities in the working areas of this journal. Thanks a lot for your preference with our journal.

1. TITLE: The accompaniment in the formative trajectory of professional practices for the development of critical thinking in the students of the Bachelor in Preschool Education of the Ixtlahuaca Normal School. AUTHOR: Mariana López Victoriano. ABSTRACT: This paper is part of a pedagogical research that addresses the thematic approach of the accompaniment in terms of the formative trajectory of professional practices that students of the Bachelor in Preschool Education of Ixtlahuaca Normal School have, as well as the deepening on the critical thinking, an essential element to develop in these students. KEY WORDS: accompaniment, formative trajectory of professional practices, critical thinking, Ixtlahuaca Normal School. MEXICO.

2. TITLE: The motivation for reading and its role in the achievement of reading comprehension. Pedagogical research proposal. AUTHOR: Esther Carolina Mila Ávila. ABSTRACT: In the present article, the author approaches a proposal of pedagogical research directed to the achievement of reading comprehension from the work with the motivation by the reading, which is based as part of his doctoral thesis in Pedagogical Sciences; hence, we must promote interest in reading not only recreational but also academic, which generates a new reading inspiration. At the Upper Secondary level, programs that encourage and reinforce the taste for reading are encouraged and they encourage and develop the reading skills of the students. Related to the previous topic, this work will be deepened. KEY WORDS: motivation for reading, reading comprehension, Upper Secondary level, pedagogical research. MEXICO.

3. TITLE: The development of the Orality Competence through the subject Oral Judgments in the students of the Executive Degree in Law of the University of the Valley of Mexico, Toluca campus, State of Mexico. Pedagogical research proposal. AUTHOR: César Augusto González Castro. ABSTRACT: Generally, orality in basic education is not developed in children, and this problem has impact up to professional training, mainly in the orality competence that the legal professional must use, under the simplest situations of effective communication and management of the body expressions. In the present work, a pedagogical research proposal is focused on the development of the Orality Competence through the subject Oral Judgments in the students of the Executive Degree in Law of the University of the Valley of Mexico, Toluca campus, State of Mexico. KEY WORDS: Orality Competence, Oral Judgments, Executive Degree in Law, Pedagogical research proposal. MEXICO.

4. TITLE: Pedagogical research proposal for continuous training as a source of development of social-emotional competencies and skills according to the requirements of the Educational Model for Compulsory Education 2017 (formerly, the New Educational Model 2016). AUTHOR: Elvia Magdalena Castro Hernández. ABSTRACT: The present work is based on a proposal of pedagogical research that directs its attention to the continuous training of the first grade teachers of the primary school "Margarita Maza de Juárez" with the objective that they are able to promote the development of socio-emotional competences in their students according to the requirements established by the Educational Model for Compulsory Education 2017 in Mexico. The paper presents a theoretical analysis related to the research problems and proposes a research protocol that will help the author deepening on her pedagogical research and be able to present her final report in order to obtain her scientific degree of Doctor in Pedagogical Sciences. KEY WORDS: Continuous training, socio-emotional competences, development of socio-emotional skills, pedagogical research, Educational Model for Compulsory Education 2017. MEXICO.

5. TITLE: An approach to the development of didactic competences for the promotion of the motivation for reading in students of the Bachelor in Pedagogy. Pedagogical research proposal. AUTHOR: Sandra García Coria. ABSTRACT: In the present article, the author approaches the development of didactic competences in order to achieve a better motivation towards reading in the students of the Bachelor in Pedagogy of the Trilingual University, Toluca, State of Mexico. The work presents a theoretical approach on the problematic object of study, as well as the proposed research protocol; all of which forms part of his thesis in option to the scientific degree of Doctor in Pedagogical Sciences. KEY WORDS: didactic competences, motivation for Reading, pedagogical research proposal, Bachelor in Pedagogy. MEXICO.

6. TITLE: A theoretical approach for the development of professional guidance through the formulation and evaluation of projects. AUTHOR: Eusebio Gaspar González. ABSTRACT: The present work is the result of a pedagogical research carried out by this author as part of his doctoral thesis in Pedagogical Sciences. Reference is made to professional orientation as an essential aspect for working with the students, who are subject of this research and its impact on the teaching-learning process in the subject Project Formulation and Evaluation, which is taught in the eighth semester of the Bachelor of Management in the Technological of Higher Studies of Villa Guerrero. KEY WORDS: professional orientation, vocational guidance, life project, project formulation and evaluation subject. MEXICO.

7. TITLE: Learning styles of the students at “Lic. Adolfo López Mateos” Upper High School in the Autonomous University of México State (UAEMex). AUTHORS: Anayansi Trujillo García, Oscar Hurtado Salgado, Renata F. Jiménez Galán, María del Socorro Sandoval Montenegro. ABSTRACT: The present study addressed the learning styles of the students who study the subject of Development of Human Potential in “Lic. Adolfo López Mateos” campus of the Upper High School of the UAEMex, The method used was the Deductive Hypothetical. The "Honey-Alonso" Questionnaire of Learning Styles was applied to a sample of 160 students, which were selected by groups of the morning shift, using the type of selective sampling. The results show that 76% of students predominate a unique style of learning; while the remaining 24% have two styles to learn. Based on the results, improvement proposals were established to improve the academic quality on the campus. KEY WORDS: learning, cognitive styles, learning styles. MEXICO.

8. TITLE: Considerations about teaching the English language based on learning styles. AUTHORS: Magdalena Inés Ullauri Moreno, Mónica Noemí Cadena Figueroa, Marcela Elizabeth Cadena Figueroa, Myriam Janneth Trujillo Brito, Nelly Estela Moreano Ojeda, Rómulo Arteño Ramos. ABSTRACT: One of the edges associated with the teaching of the English language are the learning styles. However, while it is fair to recognize the progress made in Pedagogy and Didactics, it is essential to point out that teaching practices are not always coherent with the theoretical postulates. In this sense, strengths and weaknesses emerge that need to be addressed and tempered with the help of science. Some of them will be object of reflection in the present article, from an evolutionary and epistemological position, with the firm intention of contributing to the visualization of the way to walk. KEY WORDS: English language teaching, learning styles, Pedagogy, Didactics. ECUADOR.

9. TITLE: The teaching of history in primary school. Methodology for the learning of historical personalities. AUTHORS: Felicia Lara Pérez, Isabel Julia Veitia Arrieta, Jerónima Gardenia Ruiz Rodríguez. ABSTRACT: The article presents a reflection on the importance of teaching history in primary school as a reference for students' understanding of current social problems from the interpretation of historical events. It highlights the defense of the identity of local and private cultures in their relationship with social globalization. It presents a methodology for the teaching-learning process of historical personalities and emphasizes its didactic considerations for the acquisition of knowledge, the development of skills and the formation of correct behavioral modes in students. The results obtained were satisfactory and are disclosed in symposia, events and congresses. KEY WORDS: Teaching, history, primary school, methodology, historical personalities. CUBA.

10. TITLE: Pedagogic model of the formation of professional competences from the integrative main discipline of Accounting and Finances career. AUTHORS: Lisbel Valera Fernández, Luis Téllez Lazo, Francisco Bermúdez Laguna. ABSTRACT: The paper addresses the development of a pedagogical model of the training of professional competences from the integrative main discipline of the Accounting and Finance career. The integrating main discipline is the Preprofessional Practice, composed by subjects as Preprofessional Practice of Accountant I, II, III, IV, and V. It is taken as a way, considering that responds to the logic of the profession, and integrates the contents essentials of the curriculum disciplines. They confer singularity to the proposed pedagogical model: the system of professional competences of the graduate in Accounting and Finance, and the levels of training of those competences from the integrative main discipline, and the dynamics of the project as a form of organization that is introduced in the discipline. KEY WORDS: professional competences, integrative main discipline, professional project. CUBA.

11. TITLE: Tasks type centered in the lexicon in function of the development of the communicative competence. AUTHORS: Luis Daniel Sánchez Ravelo, Grechel Calzadilla Vega. ABSTRACT: The communicative competence constitutes the supreme objective to be reached in the teaching of language and literature in Pre-University Education. The achievement of an efficient communication depends, to a great extent, on the personal development of the bachelor and its active insertion in society, since the development of the personality is mediated by activity and communication. In the article, research results related to the subject are socialized and a system of typical tasks is proposed to favor communicative competence, which is characterized by being dynamic, flexible and creative, focused on the treatment of the lexicon, while assuming the function of the lexicon as a dynamic content of intralinguistic, extralinguistic and intercompetence relationships. KEY WORDS: communicative competence, lexicon, process of teaching-learning of the language, tasks type. CUBA.

12. TITLE: An approach to the factors that favor student’s learning. Case study at the Center for Scientific and Technological Studies no.4 "Lázaro Cárdenas", Mexico City. AUTHOR: Pedro Fuentes Ávila. ABSTRACT: In the work, we have analyzed the different factors that influence the learning of new students of the Center for Scientific and Technological Studies no.4 "Lázaro Cárdenas", belonging to the National Polytechnic Institute, and could be glimpsed learning factors that need to be restructured: the organization for the study, the environment, the reading comprehension, the attention and the concentration of the students. The population studied was constituted by 189 students enrolled in the period August-December, 2013 "A" of both sexes, whose ages ranged between 15 and 22 years. A qualitative-descriptive methodology was applied with the application of research instruments. KEY WORDS: teaching-learning process, factors that favor learning, students in the Upper Secondary level. MEXICO.

13. TITLE: Emotional education in the subject of physical education: critical analysis of the positive or negative value of emotions. AUTHORS: Felipe Nicolás Mujica Johnson, Nelly Del Carmen Orellana Arduiz, Paolo Ignacio Canepa Castillo. ABSTRACT: The theory of subjective well-being classifies emotions into positive and negative, which has served as a basis for the study of emotions in physical education, in order to guide the pedagogical practice towards the integral development of the human being. These educational approaches are analyzed from a historical-cultural approach, arguing the problem of reducing the educational value of emotions to a psychological only level, because it would not contribute to the comprehensive training of students. It is concluded that in school education, as in that of teachers, it is necessary to contribute to the development or transformation of emotional patterns that generate negative consequences on a personal and social level. KEY WORDS: moral education, social welfare, human rights, emotions, teacher training. CHILE.

14. TITLE: The development of the oral language of the children of the grade preescolar of the rural area. AUTHORS: Xiomara Sánchez Batista, Yusleidys Rodríguez Aguilar, Tania Zamora Reytor, Virgen María Blanco Tamayo. ABSTRACT: The present investigation pursues as fundamental objective the design of an educational strategy to develop the oral language of children of the preschool level in the rural area. The main results are specified in an educational strategy, based on an integrating model of the family, community and school context to develop the oral language of children. It is considered novel by the way of conceiving the development of oral language from the contradiction between the level of development of passive and active vocabulary, which acquires different connotation in the child, family, community and school context, proving its effectiveness in educational practice. KEY WORDS: educational strategy, preschool grade, oral language. CUBA.

15. TITLE:  Application of the "Basic Context English" technique to develop the skill of oral expression in English language in the first year of basic education.  AUTHORS: Sandra Guijarro Paguay, Sandra Abarca García, Maritza Larrea Vejar, Silvia Cazar Costales, Segundo Cazar Costales. ABSTRACT: The learning of another language must be practical and useful at the same time, associated with events of daily life, as we do when we learn the mother tongue in the early stages of life. In order to determine the effectiveness of the application of the "Basic Context English" technique to develop the oral expression skill in the English language in the first year of basic education, a pre-experimental research was developed in a group of students from basic education with which the "Basic Context English" technique was implemented. KEY WORDS: Basic Context English technique, oral expression skill, English language, basic education. ECUADOR.

16. TITLE: The evidential-formative method as a way for the formative evaluation of the Cuban preuniversity student. AUTHORS: Hermes López Azahares. ABSTRACT: Pre-university education in Cuba has the responsibility of developing a formative process in which the multiplicity of factors and educational agents are integrated in its projection to enable the mastery of knowledge, know-how and empower a know-how, which in turn, it is determined by the formation of a set of personality qualities. As a result of the changes introduced, one of the current challenges is to achieve an evaluation process that allows teachers and managers to detect in students the achievements and shortcomings in aspects related to their intelligence, feelings, attitudes and values. KEY WORDS: evidential-formative method, evaluation, formative evaluation, training process. CUBA.

17. TITLE: Strategies of educational prevention to counteract social problems at risk within high school. AUTHOR: Marcos Andrés Colín López. ABSTRACT: Today, there is a problem in the lives of secondary school students and dropout rates become higher. In the present research, we will present some problems existing within a secondary school and the strategies that were implemented to reduce crime rates and dropout rates, among others. We will focus on the student and the surrounding environment, the learning environments and the positive relationship of implementing an educational prevention strategy in the reduction of social problems within the school. KEY WORDS: education, prevention, educational strategy, learning environment. MEXICO.

18. TITLE: Daily practices of study and autonomous learning in family and academic students’ contexts. AUTHORS: Angélica Torres Vásquez, Daniel San Martín Cantero. ABSTRACT: Daily study practices are investigated to visualize autonomous learning in pedagogy students. In doing so, habits, practices and relationships are presented in the context of higher education. Familiar and academic contexts that show daily practices of study are addressed. The purpose is to approach autonomous learning through study strategies used by students. The methodology is qualitative with a biographical approach. Biographemas and focus groups were used. In family contexts, learning conditions are evident such as: silence, music and time organization. In the academic contexts, individual and social strategies are described. The study concludes with the presence of tensions between daily practices of study and autonomous learning, and the importance of the individual and social construction of knowledge. KEY WORDS: daily study practices, autonomous learning, learning strategies, self-regulation, higher education. CHILE.

19. TITLE: The integral strategy in the university of Holguin; an experience in the training of the professional. AUTHORS: Isabel Torres Torres, Maritza Salazar Salazar, Guadalupe Moreno Toiran. ABSTRACT: The training of professionals in Cuba is managed, based on the design of a Main Strategy. This should guide the tasks that are carried out in the different levels of direction of the methodological work; the diagnosis of the current state of the training process of the professional allows to reveal insufficiencies in the tasks that are planned in the methodological and educational strategies. For this, the Main Strategy is redesigned and the relationship between the components of the training process is consolidated in the methodological strategies of the different levels of methodological work and the educational ones of the academic year. Different research methods were applied: the analysis-synthesis, the modeling, the interview and other techniques that allowed its validation in practice. KEY WORDS: Main Strategy, formation, professional. CUBA.

20. TITLE: Historical study of the labor-research component from the teaching-learning process of chemistry for the career of Agronomic Engineering. AUTHORS: Yamilé Batista Yero, Juana López Toranzo, Raúl Addine Fernández, Belisario Cedeño García. ABSTRACT: In the present article a historical study of the labor-research component is carried out from the teaching-learning process of the chemistry for the career of Agronomic Engineering. This historical study made it possible to identify and understand the causes of the current inadequacies, in order to resume the positive aspects and avoid reiterating in the mistakes. As main conclusions, it is emphasized that the discipline of chemistry tribute to the training of professionals of the agricultural sector from the logic of the discipline and the logic of the profession; although there are still insufficiencies in the foundation of the relations between the labor and research components to help solve professional problems. KEY WORDS: labor-research component, chemistry, agronomy. CUBA.

21. TITLE: University and society. Challenges from University Pedagogy. AUTHORS: Olga Gloria Barbón Pérez, Ruth Tatiana Fonseca Morales, Catalina Boada Zurita, Irene Bravo Reyes, Yamily González Carmona. ABSTRACT: The changes that take place in higher education today could be described as numerous and far-reaching. In this sense, the trend scenario reveals the heterogeneous and complex of the current university world, which can not be separated from the challenges inherent in the knowledge society, the ideals and realities of teaching and learning, nor from the perspectives of contemporary higher education. Problems and challenges around the university, society and the teaching-learning process are analyzed in depth. KEY WORDS: higher education, university, society, University Pedagogy. ECUADOR.

22. TITLE: The educational fact from the perspective of Francisco Ruiz Sánchez. Contributions for its pedagogical-didactic understanding. AUTHORS: María Elisa Di Marco, Analía Inés Portela de Nieto, Mariela Lourdes González, María Gisella Boarini, Hilda Difabio de Anglat. ABSTRACT: The present work explores the concept of educational fact according to the pedagogue Francisco Ruiz Sánchez Mendoza. His approach starts from the phenomenological analysis of this process, offers a description of the elements that compose it in the pedagogical-didactic relation and proposes a conceptualization of the educational event as an encounter. This study aims, through a hermeneutical methodology, to expose the starting point and importance of this fact, analyzes its definition and the elements proposed by the author and shows its originality. In particular, the revaluation of the perfective nature of education is highlighted, a proposal that is topped by the recognition of the fundamental pedagogical-didactic aspects from a broad and dynamic approach that considers the purpose of the educational event. KEY WORDS: educational fact, elements, Francisco Ruiz Sánchez, encounter, end of education. ARGENTINA.

23. TITLE: The theoretical method of activity structural analysis: an alternative for curricular design. AUTHORS: Adela Hernández Díaz, Víctor Fernando Moscoso Merchán, Mirta Troitiño Díaz. ABSTRACT: The article shows potentialities of the Method of Theoretical Analysis of the Activity for the curricular design. It is derived from the application of the Cultural Historical Approach and the Theory of the Activity of L. Vygotsky, A. N. Leontiev and followers to Higher Education. This allows, starting from the analysis of the structure of human activity, to establish invariable regularities that offer a very valuable methodology of work for the curricular field. The content focuses on two doctoral researches (tutored by the main author of this article) that show the procedure and results of the construction of postgraduate programs for the pedagogical preparation of the university teacher in one case, and in another, for English language professionals in service. KEY WORDS: curricular design, human activity structure, theoretical method of activity analysis. CUBA.

24. TITLE: The use of EDMODO educational platform as a resource for the management of school activities. AUTHOR: Gilberto Mejía Salazar. ABSTRACT: The following research was carried out with students of the Preparatory Academic Unit no.14, belonging to the Autonomous University of Nayarit. The main objective was to know the impact generated by the EDMODO educational platform on students, as well as the importance of managing school activities within said platform. For the collection of information, a questionnaire consisting of 16 variables was applied to a sample of 67 students who attended the second year in the school period of January-June 2017; likewise, the information collected was processed in the statistical program SPSS version 19, obtaining as a result contingency tables to then present the data with their graphic references. KEY WORDS: Education, online teaching, students, EDMODO platform, technology. MEXICO.

25. TITLE: Audiovisual presentations in the classroom: didactic resource for the transmission of knowledge. AUTHOR: Eva Ortiz Cermeño. ABSTRACT: This article describes the perceptions and attitudes of the students about the use of the slides, as a didactic resource in the Contemporary History classes in the Region of Murcia (Spain). Its use is compared in two educational systems: the General Organic Law of the Educational System (LOGSE, 1990) and the Organic Law of Education (LOE, 2006). The methodology used qualitative and descriptive has been based on the story and life stories of the students. The results indicate a positive pedagogical view of the slides to encourage meaningful learning. It is concluded that it is a support that motivates the students in a visual way, although they are also critical of the treatment carried out by the teacher. KEY WORDS: didactic resource, educational system, sequential learning, classroom, teaching method. SPAIN.

26. TITLE: Information and Communication Technologies in the career of pedagogy of physical activity and sports. AUTHORS: Eudaldo Enrique Espinoza Freire, Johnny Antonio Ramírez López, Oscar Serrano Polo. ABSTRACT: The introduction of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in the educational field has revolutionized educational processes, so we can ask, How do we assume the use of ICT by teachers and students of the Pedagogy of Physical and Sports activity career in the Technical University of Machala? This question establishes the purpose of characterizing the use of these technologies in this field. The methodology developed through the phenomenological and statistical methods. Among the main findings are: that teachers use ICT in the motivation of classes, introduction and development of content. All teachers have received some type of training, although they consider they are not prepared, which restricts the use of the Internet. KEY WORDS: characterization, Information and Communication Technologies, teacher, students. ECUADOR-PERÚ.

27. TITLE: Attention to a crossroad: information literacy and the university as intelligent organization. AUTHORS: Adriana López Falcón, Gerardo Ramos Serpa, Fernando de Jesús Castro Sánchez, Fauri Lenin Llerena Barreno. ABSTRACT: Universities must, by their very nature, be organizations capable of continually learning to assume the internal dynamics and their environment, while at the same time successfully achieving the fulfillment of their substantive functions. The present work has as objective to base that for the effective performance of the universities as intelligent organizations, it is necessary that they are literate in information. KEY WORDS: information processing, information skills, literacy programs, literacy organizations, universities. ECUADOR.

28. TITLE: Demystifying the financing of higher education. AUTHORS: Jorge Juan Domínguez Menéndez, Ariel Romero Fernández, Sharon Diznarda Álvarez Gómez, Jorge Fernando Goyes García. ABSTRACT: Funding is a recurring theme on the part of the academy, society and governments. This article reflects on the problems and challenges of financing higher education institutions (HEI), both public and private, from a bibliographic review and from the experience of the authors on the subject. It analyzes how the financing of higher education has behaved and what has been its impact on HEIs. The most significant alternatives are presented to alleviate the budget deficit, according to the methods and techniques of modern management in higher education. KEY WORDS: financing, higher education, economic crisis, budget, financing alternatives. ECUADOR.

29. TITLE: Social inclusion policies and the system of entry to the institutions of higher education of Ecuador. AUTHORS: Dinora Carpio Vera, Vladimir Toapanta Suntaxi, Glenda Cecibel Intriago Alcívar, Jesús Estupiñán Ricardo, Marcos David Oviedo Rodríguez. ABSTRACT: In the present work, a generalized study of the inclusion policies of Ecuador is carried out, considering that since 2010, in the Organic Law of Higher Education (LOES), it was decided that admission to public universities be regulated through the National System of Higher Education. Leveling and Admission is that since 2011 the National Exam for Higher Education was established as a requirement for its approval 601/1000 points are required, although for Medicine and Education, you need at least 800 points. The bachelors perform this evaluation, if they pass it they can apply for a career in different Institutions of Higher Education. Since then, it has been increasingly difficult to enter these types of organizations. KEY WORDS: inclusion policies, system of admission, public universities, Organic Law of Higher Education. ECUADOR.

30. TITLE: Attention to diversity as a premise of the professional training in social communication. AUTHORS: Irma Iluminada Orozco Fernández, Jesús Estupiñán Ricardo. ABSTRACT: This article is based on a study about the current situation of the students of the second semester of the career of Social Communication of the Technical University of Babahoyo (UTB) -Extension Quevedo, Los Ríos Province, Ecuador, regarding the manifestations of disorders in the articulation of sounds of the language such as functional dyslalia and learning difficulties such as dyslexia, considering the influence of these difficulties on the integral formation of the professional. From this analysis, recommendations for attention to communicative diversity are provided once this problem is raised in teachers and students. KEY WORDS: attention to communicative diversity, joint disorders, dyslalia functional, dyslexia, difficulty in learning. ECUADOR.

31. TITLE: Diagnosis of the level of knowledge about optimization of resources in the Intercultural and Bilingual Educational District 10D01, Ibarra city. AUTHORS: María Teresa Espinosa Jaramillo, Martha Guagua Vizcaíno, Carlos Zambonino Carrera, Ivonne Tabares Burbano, Ruth Tatiana Fonseca Morales. ABSTRACT: The optimization of resources focuses on efficiency and effectiveness to achieve significant objectives, using the least amount of resources available. In the Intercultural and Bilingual Educational District 10D01 of Imbabura, Ibarra, the functions for the control of each administrative unit have not yet been designed. This limits structuring responsibilities and causes duplicity in the work and carelessness in the position performed by some employees, a situation that prevents achieving institutional success. This study presents partial results of the diagnosis of the level of knowledge about optimization of resources in this institution. KEY WORDS: diagnosis, knowledge, management of educational resources, optimization of resources, educational district. ECUADOR.

32. TITLE: Improving training in university legislation for academic executives of higher education in Ecuador. AUTHORS: Ariel Romero Fernández, Fernando Latorre Tapia, Raúl Alpízar Fernández, Gustavo Álvarez Gómez. ABSTRACT: Training in university legislation of the academic directors of the institutions of higher education is a necessity for the knowledge of the regulations of the regulatory bodies of higher education and for the continuous improvement of the management of the university processes. A strategy is proposed for the improvement of the training of executives of Ecuadorian universities in matters of legislation. The strategy is based on pedagogical and didactic philosophical principles to eliminate the inadequacies in the legal training of these managers. KEY WORDS: management staff training, academic legislation, training in university legislation. ECUADOR.

33. TITLE: Capacity of entrepreneurship of university students in Ecuador: Technical University of Machala case. AUTHORS: Virgilio Salcedo-Muñoz, Vicente Arias Montero, Linda Núñez Guale, Alejandra Robalino Rivadeneira, Mónica Nugra Betancourth, Rafael Salcedo Muñoz. ABSTRACT: This paper reviews and relates the entrepreneurship capacities of the students of Higher Education, taking a theoretical tour of what is called an entrepreneur, analyzing to what extent having the simple desire contributes to consolidate this entrepreneurial spirit. This research is based on studying the students of the different faculties of the five faculties of the Technical University of Machala, in order to determine how much the academic units contribute to forming that profile and entrepreneurial spirit. The methodology is divided into two parts: the first part deals with a descriptive analysis, while the second one presents a PROBIT model of qualitative response in conjunction with descriptive and dichotomous variables. KEY WORDS: university entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial capacity, entrepreneurial spirit; university and entrepreneurship. ECUADOR.

34. TITLE: Coexistence of parents and children in students who developed proper anger management. AUTHORS: Hilda Ana María Patiño Domínguez, María Antonieta Romina Lozada Alvear. ABSTRACT: In Mexico, thousands of children coexist in a daily context of violence, so analyzing what contributes to students generating self-control and tolerance is relevant. In research aimed at non-formal family education, students who have developed a favorable management of anger and the characteristics of their families were identified. Fifty-one primary school students between 10 and 12 years of age, from three private schools, were studied. First, through a quantitative methodology, seven self-controlled subjects were identified who manage anger adequately; then, through a qualitative methodology, their family contexts were analyzed to know how parents favor the development of anger management in their children. KEY WORDS: family life, primary education, parent-child relationship, emotions, school violence. MEXICO.

35. TITLE: The problem-based learning and its incidence in the development of procedural competences in the subject of dental prosthesis of the career of Dentistry in the Autonomous Regional University of The Andes. AUTHORS: Wilson Salas Álvarez, Omar Mayorga Paredes, Catalina Boada Zurita, Yaima Rodríguez Cuéllar, Kathy Marilou Llori Otero, Raciel Jorge Sánchez Sánchez. ABSTRACT: An experience of educational innovation is described. The relationship between knowledge about problem-based learning and the development of skills in Dentistry students in the subject Prosthetics are analyzed. The technique of structural equations was used. The goodness of the model was verified by the methods of generalized least squares and maximum likelihood. The analysis of covariances allowed to verify the interrelation between variables, being those of greater covariance (correlation), the variables Conditions and Conceptual Competence (0.219, p = 0.002); Instrumental and Attitudinal Competences (0.219, p = 0.003) and Procedural and Attitudinal Competences (0.200, p = 0.00). KEY WORDS: Problem-based learning, procedural competences, structural equations model, generalized least squares, maximum likelihood. ECUADOR.

36. TITLE: Health Education of children with special needs. AUTHORS: Martha López Quincha,  Geofre Javier Pinos Morales, Ximena Isabel Calderón Mena, Alejandra Estefania Flor Gavilánes, Diana Catalina Ayala Gavilánes, Florcita Janeth Arellano Espinoza. ABSTRACT: Education for health has a preventive and corrective nature, and requires that the individual, the family and other social groups reach the precise knowledge about preventing certain sufferings, its core function is not to avoid the disease, but to arouse styles of healthy life. Their teachers achieve a leading role in managing health in educational centers, since their professional competencies provide them with the scope of these goals more efficiently, compared with other professionals. KEY WORDS: education, health education, children with special needs. ECUADOR.

37. TITLE: Health education from an intersectoral approach. No man's land or everyone's land? AUTHORS: Oswaldo Sebastián Huilca Villena, Carlos Alexander Borja Delgado, Luis Andrés Tapia Verdesoto, Daysi Alejandra León Sanguano, Diego Alfredo Burbano Bastidas, Eduardo Fabricio Calero Jiménez. ABSTRACT: The need of strengthening, continuity and scope of collective well-being is not based exclusively on the functions of the health sector but must be assumed as a shared responsibility with other governmental sectors, although always counting on their leadership and advisory role, which must the interdisciplinary, ensuring the training of the agents involved. This motivates the consideration of the purpose of this study to establish the need of the implementation of health education from an intersectoral approach in the solution of health problems. KEY WORDS: health education, intersectoriality. ECUADOR.

38. TITLE: Model of formative management of a sustainable agroecological culture. AUTHORS: Claudio Javier Carracedo, Sandra Pérez Alcolea, Ivette Ortega Rosés. ABSTRACT: One of the main sources of contamination that deteriorates atmosphere is the practice of inadequate cultivation techniques without knowing their long term consequences; what causes the deterioration of the agroecosystem; the solution to this problem has been based on corrective technologies that imply to dedicate resources that don't always achieve the solution without keeping in mind that the farmers suffer from an inadequate orientation and inappropriate cultural formation that doesn’t allow the preservation of natural resources for the achievement of the sustainability. The paper proposes a model of sustainable agroecological formative management based on a sustainable agroecological cultural formation, that has to be developed in farmers in their own labour environment. KEY WORDS: formation, agroecological culture, formative management. CUBA.

39. TITLE: Interpretive frameworks on the rights of children and adolescents in public policy reforms in Chile. AUTHORS: Sofía Aramburu, María Pía Martin, Joaquín Rozas. ABSTRACT: The purpose of this article is to analyze the crucial role of values and beliefs present in the reform of public policies towards children in Chile. Contemporary theoretical debates on the rights of children in democratic societies are presented. The interpretative frameworks method is used to analyze the different positions of public policy decision makers seeking to contribute to the understanding of the limits and possibilities of the notion of children's rights. The research methodology was qualitative. Through Grounded Theory, 42 parliamentary discussions were analyzed through NVivo11. It is concluded that the tutelary approaches prevail, prioritizing conceptions of childhood and family that hinder policy reforms with a focus on rights in Chile. KEY WORDS: childhood; public policies; rights approach. CHILE.

40. TITLE: Administer justice with artificial intelligence. AUTHORS: Marcelo Armando Costa Cevallos, Galo Stalin Blacio Aguirre, Darío Alcides Díaz Toledo. ABSTRACT: The complexity as science relates different areas of knowledge, and the topic on debate proposes a collapse of ideological forces; philosophically, it is valid to observe the effects of a change of social structure rooted in the most intimate prejudices centered on the human being, the abstract discussion of the Theories of Law, the primacy of the hermeneutical postulates, the discussions of jurists, the problems of language, the progressive recognition of fundamental rights; all annotated constitutes fully valid arguments to refute the possibility of a transition towards the application of Law through the recurrence to expert Artificial Intelligence legal systems, but do not create, at least for now, conclusive criteria that this projection may not be feasible in the future. KEY WORDS: Artificial intelligence, expert legal systems, artificial neural networks, administration of justice, application of law. ECUADOR.

41. TITLE: Victimology as threshold of the current protagonism of the victim in the accusatory, adversarial and oral criminal process. AUTHORS: Raúl Horacio Arenas Valdés, Mauricio Alejandro Jurado Rodríguez, Rafael Santacruz Lima. ABSTRACT: Victimology as a science studies in criminal matters the victims of a fact that the law indicates as a crime or known as an illegal conduct, in which they perceive an injury in their interests and rights produced by the victimizer in the processes of victimization and revictimization. In the present paper an approach of the protagonism of the victim is made in the accusatory, adversarial and oral criminal process. KEY WORDS: victimology; victim; accusatory adversarial oral criminal process. MEXICO.

42. TITLE: The legal guarantee in the context of the inefficiency to the social reinsertion. AUTHORS: Nancy Santa Córdoba Adaya, Raúl Horacio Arenas Valdés, Rafael Santacruz Lima. ABSTRACT: From the constitutional reform of 2008, in the area of Criminal Justice and Public Security, new paradigms were instituted in the Mexican State. Being one of these in prison matters, since the rehabilitation plays a preponderant role for the social reintegration, having as purpose the responsibility of the individual in his actions, by offering him through the guiding axes of the penitentiary system the suitable measures to fulfill said purpose; However, ten years after the aforementioned reform, this has not been enough to guarantee such social reintegration; as a result, the legal guarantee is undermined, violating respect for fundamental rights. KEY WORDS: legal guarantee, inefficiency, social reinsertion. MEXICO.

43. TITLE: The migrant rights before the theoretical crossroad of human rights and national security. AUTHOR: María de Lourdes González Chávez. ABSTRACT: Many of the major causes of the vulnerability of migrant can be dejected through positive law; however, public policies designed by the State create adversarial relationships between migrants and habitants; therefore, it is required to analyze the actions to be implemented by Mexico in order to ensure the full recognition of human rights established in favor of migrants, that is to say in public policies that meet the needs of this vulnerable sector. This analysis aims to determine the variables that influence the set called the Public Safety of the State of Mexico in the globalization, in the light of the human rights of migrant workers. KEY WORDS: migrant worker, migrant rights, national security, public policies. MEXICO.

44. TITLE: Social problems in the labor insertion of young women in rural and urban contexts. AUTHORS: Julita Morales Arencibia, Belkis Rojas Hernández, Gilma Gómez Veloz. ABSTRACT: This research is the result of the systematization of research carried out in the Socio cultural Studies and Sociology studies of the Faculty of Social and Humanistic Sciences of our institution, socialized in different spaces of scientific debate about how and under what conditions from the perspective of gender have been inserted young women in the labor scene attending to the transformations of the political, economic and social life that is being lived in today's Cuba in rural and urban contexts in the municipality of Pinar del Rio.In this case, the focus of science, technology and society was taken as a reference for the analysis. KEY WORDS: Science-technology-society approach- labor insertion-gender perspective. CUBA.

45. TITLE: The process of adoption in Ecuador. Case of Loja, Ecuador. AUTHORS: Maritza Ochoa Ochoa, Galo Blacio Aguirre, Augusta Burneo Guerrero. ABSTRACT: This article analyzes the adoption process in Ecuador, considering that it is the state that has the double function within the adoption process, one of which is to find the right families to receive children in a state of abandonment and also to protect and guarantee the highest interest of children and adolescents. The objective set is to show the way in which the adoption process is developed in the administrative phase that compiles the Ministry of Economic and Social Inclusion (MIES), and the legal phase that administers the judicial function in which adoption is fully obtained. It is considered the case of Loja, because the Technical Unit of Adoptions has been in operation since the year 2015 and they execute this process according to the guidelines and formalities conceived. KEY WORDS: Adoption, family, filiation, family right. ECUADOR.

46. TITLE: Freedom of expression and the right to honor. Do these fundamental rights collide? AUTHORS: Silvana Erazo Bustamante, Tania Valdivieso Guerrero. ABSTRACT: This research work allows identify the legal problems that have been generated with the collision of two fundamental rights such as freedom of expression and the right to honor, rights that, when consecrated in the maximum law of the State, have the same hierarchical level as the other fundamental rights; for this reason, there is a need to carry out an analysis of the solution mechanisms that have been used to resolve these conflicts. Therefore, an analysis of the doctrinal criteria on the ranking of fundamental rights in case of collision is presented, to compare the rights in conflict and to establish which of them deserves greater protection in the specific case. KEY WORDS: freedom of expression, right to honor, fundamental rights. ECUADOR.

47. TITLE: Legal problems in vulnerable sectors of Ecuador. AUTHORS: Jane Toro Toro, Fernando José Caicedo Bandera, Mónica Alexandra Salame Ortiz, Betty Cumanda Pérez Mayorga, Juan Patricio Meneses Trujillo. ABSTRACT: In Ecuador, great steps have been taken to enhance the capacity to attend to the needs and problems of population groups historically discriminated against for various reasons, such as disabilities, poverty, race, religion, sexual preferences, among other aspects that support their vulnerability, but recognizes that there is still a gap between the most disadvantaged groups and the rest of the population. This research is aimed at assessing the legal treatment related to the well-being of vulnerable sectors -children, the elderly and the indigenous population in Ecuador. KEY WORDS: legal problems, equality, vulnerability, discrimination, exclusion, legal treatment. ECUADOR.

48. TITLE: Convergence of the public ethics and the objectives of sustainable development: valuable subjective spring. AUTHORS: Mariluz Llanes Font, Yudith Salvador Hernández. ABSTRACT: The authors propose, as a general objective, to examine the ethical dimension of public servants and their interaction with the objectives of sustainable development for Latin America and the Caribbean. They outline the Cuban initiatives in this area and present a proposal for a methodological instrument on public ethics. From defining the principles, methodological stages, questionnaires of the structure of public ethics, establishment of priorities for action, format for the action plan of public ethics and communication strategy, will contribute to favoring a coherent ethical culture for achieving those objectives. KEY WORDS: Public ethics; objectives of sustainable development; Latin America; Caribbean; public servants. CUBA.

49. TITLE: The formation of the Institute of Accountability that meets the modern requirements in the Russian Federation. AUTHORS: Elena Vasilieva, Galina Menshikova, Mariia Rubtcova. ABSTRACT: In the terms of transitional democracy, the most important task before the government in the Russian Federation is to ensure openness and transparency of the system of public administration. During the research were identified 11 parameters and it was possible to determine the accountability regime in the country. It is determined that the reporting institution is located in Russia at the stage of formation. The main problems are the shortcomings of legislation and the lack of an expert community. The assessment of the quality of planning of the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation showed that the reporting on some of the planned indicators is not presented, and for others it was changed. Thus, the current accountability methodology meets the initial requirements of performance management and needs further improvement. KEY WORDS: Governance performance, accountability, public administration, performance management. RUSIA.

50. TITLE: Systems engineering and information processing. Ethical dilemas. AUTHORS: Frankz Alberto Carrera Calderón, Luis Antonio Llerena Ocaña, Hernán Ramiro Pailiacho Yucta, Freddy Patricio Baño Naranjo, María Angélica Pico Pico, Lorena del Carmen Chiliquinga Véjar. ABSTRACT: The present study proposes to reflect on the importance of an ethical attitude for the performance of the computer and technological activity of the professional in systems engineering in their work environment. For this purpose, an overview is offered focusing on the incorrect use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), the ethical dilemmas that derive from this practice, and the Information Ethics, as a discipline arising from the impact of the use of ICT in today's society. KEY WORDS: systems engineering, information processing, Computing Ethics, ethical dilemmas. ECUADOR.

51. TITLE: Values integrated into marketing strategies due to the low positioning of the Paolé brand in the city of Santo Domingo de los Colorados. AUTHORS: Mario Andrés León Naranjo, Jorge David Cerón Gordón, Milton Danilo Moreno Villacis, Betty Giomara Valle Fiallos, Paola Espinosa. ABSTRACT: The problem of brand positioning obtains a high level of significance depending on the market situation. A cornerstone of brand positioning strategies lies in the fact that the target audience understands, from their own meanings, the competitive differences of the company. The footwear industry has achieved sustained growth in the Ecuadorian market in recent decades. In this study, marketing strategies are determined, innovatively integrated with human values, which contribute to solving the low positioning of the Paolé brand in the city of Santo Domingo de los Colorados. KEY WORDS: strategies, human values integration, marketing, brand positioning, marketing. ECUADOR.

52. TITLE: Contribution to the management of the organizational climate for the fomentation of organizational moral values and to the achievement of the individual performance. Exam of a case study. AUTHORS: Beatriz Pupo Guisado. ABSTRACT: The objective of the paper is to design and implement a procedure for organizational climate management with a strategic and systemic approach, which contributes to the promotion of organizational values and the achievement of expected individual performance. As a result of the research, we obtain a set of tools to calculate climate management indicators and check how much progress is made in this management, identify and develop work priorities, goals and actions to improve the climate, and thereby, promote organizational values and contribute to the achievement of the expected individual performance. With the implementation of the procedure in a company of the Labiofam Business Group, its effectiveness was evaluated by achieving improvements in the indicators after applied improvement actions. KEY WORDS: management, organizational climate, moral values, individual performance. CUBA.

53. TITLE: Democracy, Sports and Human well-being: Citizen participation and the construction of an Open Society in the current City. AUTHORS: Juan Guillermo Estay Sepúlveda, Mario Lagomarsino Montoya, Carolina Cabezas Cáceres, Alex Veliz Burgos, Juan Luis Carter Beltrán. ABSTRACT: Democracy and Sport are fundamental pillars for the development of the human being and these two concepts and forms of life are indissoluble in physical activity. From the sporting practices in ancient Greece to the present day that spirit is present and it is the one that must be instilled and deepened in the present society. The maximum mens sana in corpore sano is transferred to the polis: a healthy polis leads to a healthy person and this, to a healthy society, society that in the third millennium of humanity, is full of individualistic and selfish challenges. KEY WORDS: Democracy, sport, open society. CHILE.

54. TITLE: To the issue of the consistency of the values and beliefs of youth and public servants of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Russia. AUTHOR: Elena A. Vasilieva. ABSTRACT: In the article is represented the results of the survey of public servants of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) and students of the North-Eastern Federal University about values and beliefs of public administration. It is determined, that there is a public consensus about a nature of public service as s main actor of state functions. In general, students more often share the values of New Public Management, while for the officials still significant such values of traditional rational bureaucracy as stability and high social status. KEY WORDS: public administration, public servants, New Public Management, Good Governance, social values. RUSIA.

55. TITLE: Ethical dilemmas in the practice of medical knowledge. AUTHORS: Edel Vicente Carballo Ramos, Gisela Eduarda Feria Díaz, María Teresa Díaz Armas, Berlis Gómez Leyva, Alexander Expósito Lara, Carlos Alberto Leyva Proenza. ABSTRACT: Health professionals often have to face the so-called ethical dilemmas imposed by situations of double complexity as they have a clinical aspect and an ethical one. In the light of current knowledge, the uniqueness of this subject, is one of the edges that is addressed from the Bioethics, and therefore serves as the basis for the purpose of this study that argues from the medical knowledge about the theoretical elements necessary for the decision making in front of ethical dilemmas present in the exercise of the medical profession. KEY WORDS: medical knowledge, ethical dilemma, bioethics, ethics. ECUADOR.

56. TITLE: Promoting health in indigenous communities. Convergences in Latin America. AUTHORS: Oswaldo Sebastián Huilca Villena, Carlos Alexander Borja Delgado, Luis Andrés Tapia Verdesoto, Diego Alfredo Burbano Bastidas, Eduardo Fabricio Calero Jiménez, Nathaly Elizabeth Rivadeneira Guillen. ABSTRACT: In Latin America, the scarcity of social resources on the part of indigenous communities generates exposure to greater risks to health, in comparison with other population groups. The promotion of health with an intercultural approach, by identifying the specific needs of these groups, characterized by their high vulnerability, can contribute to reducing cultural and health gaps. This justifies the objective of this study focused on supporting the features of health promotion with an intercultural approach aimed at equity and reducing the morbidity and mortality of the indigenous population. KEY WORDS: health promotion, vulnerability, intercultural approach in health, inequity. ECUADOR.

57. TITLE: Reflecting on education for health and the challenge of pregnancy in adolescence. AUTHORS: Lina Espinosa Pire, María Isabel Fong Betancourt, María Luisa Lima Beltrán, Neyda Hernández Bandera, Ronelsys Martínez Martínez, Raciel Jorge Sánchez Sánchez. ABSTRACT: Adolescent pregnancy has been a global concern for several decades. This phenomenon, eminently educational and social, compromises the physical and psychosocial integrity of the new generations and, on occasion, puts an end to the life of the adolescent or the fruit of conception, issues that indicate the need of other strategies to minimize this situation and its consequences in the short and medium term. The work is directed towards the reflection on education for health and the challenge posed to pregnancy during adolescence. KEY WORDS: social phenomenon, education for health, pregnancy in adolescence. ECUADOR.

58. TITLE: Health education: assessment of nutritional status of patients with hemodialysis treatment. AUTHORS: René Alva Quiñonez, María Eugenia Álvarez Orozco, Juanita de Jesús Gallegos Ramírez. ABSTRACT: One of the main diseases that affect man is the Chronic Renal Insufficiency (CRI), affecting the life of the patient. A quantitative research was carried out, cross-sectional descriptive type, and the Malnutrition and Inflammation scale conformed by Subjective Global Evaluation of Dialysis Malnutrition Score was applied. The universe of study was 198 patients taking a sample of 73 for the application of a questionnaire with informed consent. 45.1% of patients have mild malnutrition, 42.3% have moderate malnutrition, while 12.7% have severe malnutrition. CRI has become a public health problem and preventive education in society is being deficient. KEY WORDS: Nutrition, Education, Health, Hemodialysis, Chronic renal failure. MEXICO.

59. TITLE: Education and health policies as a way to control the triggers of the Giardiasis. AUTHORS: Elisa Boucourt Rodríguez, Alina Izquierdo Cirer, Constantino Darroman Hall. ABSTRACT: Parasitoses have negative consequences for society. A non-experimental, descriptive, prospective longitudinal research was conducted to evaluate the influence of socioeconomic and environmental factors on Giardiasis in 50 children from one to five years old in Estero de Enmedio, Los Ríos, Ecuador, September-December 2016. Three feces samples were collected for coproparasitological exams and a questionnaire was applied. The frequency of Giardiosis was 48.0%. Cardinal symptoms: diarrhea and abdominal pain, 64% of children drank well water, poor hand washing, contact with animals, infrequent collection of waste, low income (64%) and reduced instruction (38%). The factors that triggered the infection were: water without boiling, deficient environmental sanitation, low economic level and little preventive knowledge. KEY WORDS: Giardiosis, risk factors, children. ECUADOR.

60. TITLE: Health and hygiene in the extreme north of Chile: the work done by the daughters of Santa Ana and Dr. Juan Noé Crevani en Arica (1898-1953). AUTHORS: Alfonso Diaz Aguad, Raúl Bustos González. ABSTRACT: The present work exposes, from the analysis of oral and documentary sources, the sanitary and scientific work linked to public health developed by European migrants in Chile. In the case of a border space recently incorporated into the Chilean State, the importance of the work carried out by the religious order daughters of Santa Ana in Arica from the late nineteenth century to the beginning of the twentieth century, as well as the work of Dr. Juan Noé Crevani at the beginning of the 20th century in the eradication of malaria from the city, both fundamental contributions to understand the later development of the extreme north of Chile. KEY WORDS: health, Arica, Malaria, religious orders, migration. CHILE.

61. TITLE: What is the scientific culture for the health professional? AUTHORS: José Andrés Tutillo León, Ana Raquel Revelo Andrade, Mario Andres Mendez Rengel, Lida Esthela Paucar Tipantuña, Martha Cecilia Zambrano Carrión, Andrea Estefanía Cando Ger. ABSTRACT: The society of the 21st century is urged by the need for scientific knowledge to be part of its knowledge with the purpose of contributing to the just application of necessary arguments in decision making, the interpretation of reality in an objective manner, and support critical and rational assessments regarding events and innovations derived from scientific work. The present study offers an overview of both visions, establishing as an objective the foundation of the importance of the medical scientific culture in the society of the XXI century from the knowledge of its essential features. KEY WORDS: scientific culture, health professional, competences. ECUADOR.

62. TITLE: Approach to a conceptual analysis of the maintenance process in the industrial environment. AUTHORS: Ángel Daniel Larrea Moreano, Stalin Eduardo Nuela Sevilla, Cristian David Redrobán Dillon, Edisson Fernando Calderón Freire, Alex Giovanny Tenicota García, Cesar Daniel Arregui Toro. ABSTRACT: The objective of this article is to clarify the concept of the maintenance process in the industrial environment for future research in the field of technical sciences since no analysis has been done in the last three years. The research, taking into account the methodology of Guirao and Silamani, focused on identifying denominations, purposes and results of the industrial maintenance processes, as well as the relationships between them. A systematic review of the literature, referred to the subject, was developed through scientific documents published between 1980 and 2018. Finally, a conceptual proposal is made. KEY WORDS: bibliographic review, conceptual analysis, maintenance process, industrial environment. ECUADOR.

63. TITLE: An approach to the current state of the implementation of the human talent management model in the Decentralized Autonomous Government of Riobamba. AUTHORS: Luis Enrique Silva Adriano, Ligia Maricela Niama Rivera, Katherin Alejandra Carrera Silva, Ángel Eduardo Rodríguez Solarte, Carlos Iván Villalva Heredia. ABSTRACT: The Decentralized Autonomous Governments (GADs) are characterized by their ability to coordinate, practice co-responsibility, solidarity and unity in their management in the communities; however, the management of human talent is still deficient in Ecuador, considering the fulfillment of the objectives of the institution in the first order, relegating to the background the quality of life, the satisfaction and the welfare of the workers. It was decided to study the behavior of these variables and the current state of the implementation of the human talent management model in the GAD of Riobamba is diagnosed. KEY WORDS: assessment, human talent management model, Riobamba government. ECUADOR.

64. TITLE: Leadership and administration in small and medium enterprises. AUTHORS: Raúl Comas Rodríguez, Jeannette Amparito Urrutia Guevara, Kathy Marilou Llori Otero, Jimena Elizabeth Montes de Oca Sánchez, Juan Edmundo Álvarez Gavilanes. ABSTRACT: Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) represent a high figure of the total number of economic units in the world, capable in turn of contributing to the Gross Domestic Product in their respective countries. The frank competitive disadvantage due to the thriving development of large globalized companies, imposes on SMEs the need to rethink their strategies, policies and methods. Even on the part of managers and businessmen, there are flaws in the domain of administrative management according to current demands. The basic elements in the leadership administration nexus are reviewed, which contribute to a successful productive performance of SMEs. KEY WORDS: small and medium enterprises, administrative management, social development, leadership. ECUADOR.

65. TITLE: Development initiative in Morona-Santiago from the local development approach. AUTHORS: Edgar Ramiro Pino Loza, Iván Arturo Pino Loza, Javier Ignacio Briones García, Víctor Hugo Huebla Concha, Alberto Alzola Tamayo. ABSTRACT: Local development policies are appropriate in public management in the face of problematic situations caused by productive restructuring and the requirement to adapt new demands in various fields. The intention of this work is to visualize and promote social support from this approach, for the SAPAP-ENTSA development initiative "Care about life!", which is currently taking place in Morona-Santiago, Ecuador, and with which it is intended to protect the environment against the practice of mining. It also aims at liberating land for cultivation, without affecting the mining or tourism industries. KEY WORDS: environment protection, Care about life, development initiative, local development approach. ECUADOR.

66. TITLE: The entrepreneurship as a competence of the human capital in Holguín, Cuba. AUTHORS: Ana de Lourdes Torralbas Blázquez, Reynaldo Velázquez Zaldívar, Emanuel Ferreira Leite. ABSTRACT: The Entrepreneurship in Cuba has been strengthened in recent years with the aim of improving welfare and achieving an economy adapted to new internal and external conditions, where sustainable development and a good quality of life are possible. The present work aims to make a diagnosis of the entrepreneurship of human capital competence. To this end, a procedure proposal was proposed, and an instrument was designed to develop an entrepreneurial selfassessment and to know its main dimensions in each of the entities case of study. The factors that hinder entrepreneurial development were identified and a group of lines of action is proposed to enhance such important competence for the economic development of the country. KEY WORDS: entrepreneurship, competence, self-assessment, quality, economic development. CUBA.

67. TITLE: The tourism sector, its policies and its role in the social development of Third World Countries. AUTHORS: Gustavo Álvarez Gómez, Ángela Verónica Paredes Núñez, Lila Galicia Chávez Fonseca, José Ramiro Velasteguí Sánchez. ABSTRACT: Tourism can be considered by its characteristics, as a vector of globalization, since it promotes the movement of ideas, people, goods and capital worldwide. However, the severity of the economic, environmental and especially social impacts that the development of tourism generates in poor countries is minimized, as their territories, rich in natural resources, are transformed into tourist destinations. The present study attempts to assess, in general terms, the social impact associated with policies and the performance of the tourism sector in Third World Countries. KEY WORDS: tourism sector, tourism policies, social development, Third World, social impact. ECUADOR.

68. TITLE: Tourism, university training of its human resources and its social impact. AUTHORS: Wilson Teodomiro Salas Álvarez, Ariel Romero Fernández, Silvia Janeth Navas Alcivar, Luis Alberto Poalasín Narváez, Paulina Elizabeth Salas Medina, Ruth Patricia Molina Mazón. ABSTRACT: In the current stage, marked by a remarkable development of the tourism sector, professionals are required to evolve at the same speed as the market does, or even to anticipate these changes. However, there is evidence of the distancing between academia and the sector, which receives professionals who are not trained in the best rated competencies, which negatively impacts performance. This study aims to assess the main shortcomings of the current state of the university training process of human resources of tourism and its need for improvement in line with the demands of the labor market. KEY WORDS: university training process, human resources, tourism, labor market demands, social impact. ECUADOR.

69. TITLE: Ecuadorian cuisine and local tourism. AUTHORS: Vladimir Vega Falcón, Diego Armando Freire Muñoz, Nelly Ivonne Guananga Diaz, Esdra Real Garlobo, Mónica del Rocío Alarcón Quinapanta, Pavel Aguilera Martínez. ABSTRACT: Gastronomy is a resource that is part of the cultural history of peoples and communities. The development of gastronomic tourism in Ecuador is reflected in the scientific literature, mainly through studies of tourist satisfaction with the tourist product; so there is not enough information that results from the analysis of the gastronomy-tourism interrelation from a broad perspective. In this context, it is necessary to contribute to a vision of gastronomy as part of the diverse local cultural expressions. The interrelation of local tourism and its link with Ecuadorian gastronomy is analyzed. KEY WORDS: Ecuadorian cuisine, local tourism, gastronomic tourism. ECUADOR.

70. TITLE: Investigation of imagery in a selection of Nahj al-Balaghah sermons from Ibn Abi al-'Hadid's perspective. AUTHORS: Mohammad Reza Shad Manamin, Mehrdad Aghaei, Hamid Negharesh, Zarifeh Nourani. ABSTRACT: Nahj al-Balaghah, the Sun. All the meaning of human knowledge that arises from the word of Rabbani, with rays of rhetoric and eloquence, like the Holy Quran, has prevented the potatoes from eroding, and has recognized everyone against him. This article seeks to highlight the rhetorical elements in the words of Imam Ali (as) and to investigate the causes and factors of their effect in the glowing audiences of the spells of Nahj al-Balaghah in short essays. The use of metaphors and analogies to visualize and express the points of view and the circumstances of time and place have been exclusive of the words of Imam Ali (Peace be upon him). Ibn Abial-Hadid has been able to sculpt the expensive doors of this work of Javid with intelligence and freshness, and express and interpret the beautiful imaginary in terms of meanings and words. KEY WORDS: Imam Ali (as), Nahj al-Balaghah, sermon, Ibn al-A'id al-Haidad, Imam Ali. IRAN.

71. TITLE: A Comparison of Human Quiddity from Rumi and Philosophers’ Perspectives as the Nahj al-Balagha and Quran’s view. AUTHORS: Shapour Nourazar, MohammadReza ShadManaman, Khodabakhsh Asadollahi, Sourollah Norouzi Davoudkhani. ABSTRACT: The present paper focuses its attention on the approach of different existing visions related to human creation from the perspective of different philosophers, as well as from the Quran; the latter considers the human being as a virtuous gem created artistically by God, who has been granted the power of choice, intelligence and decision making. KEY WORDS: Human being, Rumi (Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Rūmī), Quran, Nahj al-Balagha, philosophers. IRAN.

72. TITLE: Early sensitization on soil properties: strategy to promote civil engineering program. AUTHORS: María Fernanda Serrano Guzmán, Diego Darío Pérez Ruiz, Luz Marina Torrado Gómez, Norma Cristina Solarte Vanegas. ABSTRACT: Academic promotion plays an important role in the vocational orientation of students, which is why it is important that the approach to the different disciplines be appropriate. This article presents pedagogical experiences that can be advanced in soil laboratories, so that the future professional in civil engineering learns to make use of this resource while performing experiments. The advantage of this approach is that the existing physical resources are used for the regular development of the soil courses; in addition, that during the experimentation, the students of the career seedbeds can participate who reinforce their knowledge while interacting with the participants. KEY WORDS: awareness, counselling, classroom techniques, soil types. COLOMBIA.

73. TITLE: Evaluation of the toxic load in the bean cultivation (Phaseolus vulgaris, L.) in areas of the northern zone of Las Tunas province, Cuba. AUTHOR: Alberto Méndez Barceló. ABSTRACT: A study was conducted to determine the influence of integrated pest management (IPM) in the reduction of the toxic load in bean cultivation in areas of three municipalities in the northern area of the province of Las Tunas during the productive periods: 2013 - 2014 ; 2014 -2015, 2015 - 2016. In the areas selected for the MIP, the strategy and tactics of the system were applied and adapted to the conditions of each locality. In addition, witness fields were included where the conventional methods of struggle were used and it was found that in areas with IPM the toxic load was reduced by more than 50% in each of the experimental areas. KEY WORDS: toxic load, bean, pest integrate management. CUBA.

74. TITLE: Risk factors in transportation of hazardous materials in Iran. AUTHORS: Masoomeh Hafiz Rezazadeh, Ali Akbar Aghaei. ABSTRACT: The present study addresses the risk factors in road transport of hazardous materials in Iran. The present research is conducted in two theoretical and practical sections. In the theoretical part, the necessary information was collected using the library and documentation method, and in the practical section, in the survey method, the necessary information was collected through interviews with experts and reviewers. By analyzing the content of these interviews, risk factors have been identified. Then, using these factors and indicators, a questionnaire was developed by drivers of trucks carrying hazardous materials. Research findings indicate that the type of material being carried, environmental conditions, human conditions, traffic conditions, and vehicle conditions are risk factors for road transport in Iran. KEY WORDS: risk factors, road transport, hazardous materials. IRAN.

75. TITLE: An Experimental Study of Nano-Fluid Alternating Gas Injection for Enhanced Oil Recovery of Carbonate Asmari Fractured Reservoir. AUTHORS: Vahid Sajjadian, Abolghasem Emamzadeh, Mohammadjavad Nabavizadeh Rafsanjani. ABSTRACT: In this research, it is attempted to detail the effect of MWCNT–SiO2 nanohybrid based nanofluids on improvement of water wetness of reservoir rock and reduction in interfacial tension between injecting nanofluid and reservoir oil. It has been experimentally shown that Nano-Alternating-Gas (NAG) has the capabilities to improve both wettability and interfacial tension (IFT) to increase recover factor of Asmari oil reservoir. KEY WORDS: Carbonate reservoir, fractured reservoir, Nano Surfactant, Wettability, Interfacial tension.