Year IV, Publication no.1, September 2016.

"Contemporary dilemmas: Education, Politics and Values" is pleased to present to its readers and collaborators edition: Year IV, publication no.1, September, 2016. This e-journal is inserted in the national and international context with 54 articles of authors from 7 countries (Argentina, Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Spain, Mexico and Russia), which deal with academic and research activities related to the authors' daily activities in the working areas of this journal. Thanks a lot for your preference.

1. TITLE: An approach to a didactic-pedagogical training strategy for teachers in the subject areas of Clinical care in Physiotherapy, Health promotion, Physiotherapy and Morphological Sciences in the Bachelor in Physical Therapy in the School of Medicine of the Autonomous University of the State of Mexico. AUTHOR: Yazmín Castillo Sánchez. ABSTRACT: The current conditions of our society are changing, which have favored the appearance of new patterns of health-disease, where disability and the needs of rehabilitation are a growing problem, requiring a human resource of quality to face that condition. At the same time, the teaching task has become complex, demanding a specific and systematic training. Particularly in Physiotherapy, there is lacking of teacher training, that together with the lacking of updating and professional experience, they impact on the quality of the teaching-learning process of human resource, being crucial the professor's participation in acquiring the excellence in education. In this respect, a research is proposed to deal with a didactic-pedagogical strategy aimed at improving teacher training. KEY WORDS: didactic-pedagogical training strategy, teacher training, Clinical care in Physiotherapy, Health promotion, Physiotherapy, Morphological Sciences, Bachelor in Physical Therapy. (Mexico).

2. TITLE: Teacher training in didactic strategies for the subjects Accounting fundamentals and Accounting I of the Bachelor in Administration, International Commerce and Gastronomy in universities of Toluca, State of Mexico. Pedagogical research proposal. AUTHOR: Mirna Esbeida Fernández Basilio. ABSTRACT: This paper is part of an educational research aimed at teacher training in Special Didactics for accounting professionals who teach in the subjects of Fundamentals of Accounting and Accounting I, which allows adapting the teaching content of the accounting practices of such subjects according to the needs and interests of students, and especially, to the current requirements of the Tax Administration Service of the Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit. KEY WORDS: special didactics, didactic strategy, teacher training, Accounting. (Mexico).

3. TITLE: Didactic training in the use of the new information and communication technologies in professors of “Tierra y Libertad” Official Secondary School no. 156, morning shift, San Juan de las Huertas community, Zinacantepec, State of Mexico. A pedagogical research proposal. AUTHOR: Fernando Salome Castillo Flores.  ABSTRACT: This paper focuses its attention on deficiencies detected in the didactic training of professors in secondary schools in the use of the new information and communication technologies as didactic resources; from this on, the implementation of a pedagogical research based on theoretical, practical and methodological fundamentals is proposed for the institution of reference, which allows teachers to deal with and enrich the teaching act, and as a result, to improve the quality of teaching as demanded in the 3rd article constitutional, and specially, responding to the students' requirements in the context of the secondary education. KEY WORDS: didactic training, education technology, professors. (Mexico).

4. TITLE: Didactics to favor the development of the professor's methodological work of multigrades schools. AUTHORS: Naury Silva Téllez, Isabel Alfonso Cruz. ABSTRACT: The challenges that the Model of Primary Education and the management of the teaching-learning process demand to schools are being more integral, and impose the need to be efficient in the professional work. The continuous training must constitute a basic priority of any educational system, and in Cuba, this is a reality in the rural area where multigrade class-groups are predominant. This paper shows the main ways of postgraduate training, that from our experience in their implementation contribute to raise the professional training of teachers of multigrade schools. General psychopedagogical characteristics of these multigrade schools are shown, meaning how they contribute to the integral development of students of the rural educational context. KEY WORDS: postgraduate training, efficiency, professional activities, rural teachers, multigrade. (Cuba).

5. TITLE: Influence of contextualized teaching in the curricular coherence of the teaching-learning process of Mathematics. AUTHORS: Michel Enrique Gamboa Graus, Regla Ywalkis Borrero Springer. ABSTRACT: This article deals with the contextualized teaching of mathematics, from the articulation of interactions consistent with the contextual reality. This is done by taking as a basis the levels of development of those involved, according to the Socio-Cultural Approach. The essence of the proposed solution resides in organizers of the curriculum with a comprehensive pedagogical diagnostic as a background, aimed at five key contexts. It is proven a coherent articulation of the interactions in the Mathematics teaching, in relation to the learning context. It is shown, that this way enhances the levels of quality in the attention to the diversity in classrooms. KEY WORDS: Context, contextualized teaching, Mathematics, interactions. (Cuba).

6. TITLE: Problem formulation: an essential competence in the initial training of primary teacher. AUTHORS: Rosa María Fernández Chelala, Irán Félix Reyes Pérez, Isabel Alfonso Cruz. ABSTRACT: The continuing development of society makes each year increasingly demands to the teacher, to his training and development. An important role in his intellectual training, the development of his potentials and mathematical abilities in general is the formulation of problems, so it is necessary to introduce methods that favor his qualifications to run it from the early grades of school. In the article, the main factors affecting the teaching of this content are addressed, as well as basic elements to achieve in the development stages and a procedure to follow from a teacher intervention model to face it as an object of teaching is shown. KEY WORDS: problem formulation, intervention model, helping levels, initial training of primary teacher. (Cuba).

7. TITLE: The study guides of subjects: Methodological material for processing in the universalization of the Cuban Higher Education. AUTHORS: Rubén Edgar Casadevall Garcells, Iraín Infante Pupo. ABSTRACT: The process of Universalization of Higher Education in Cuba has allowed a growing number of its citizens have been able to fulfill the dream of higher studies, this has caused an increase in college tuition, materializing these programs through semipresential model. The dynamic of the implementation of the new model showed deficiencies that could be improved; therefore, this paper aims to fill the void in bibliographic matter exists in our country regarding the methodology for developing the study guides of the subjects, and thus, teachers to have a valid reference to guide them in developing this via, which is undoubtedly one of the most important in the teaching-learning process. KEY WORDS: Universalization, teaching-learning process, study guides, semipresential modality. (Cuba).

8. TITLE: Teaching tasks with chemical-agricultural guidance: a way to help solve professional problems. AUTHORS: Yamilé Batista Yero, Belisario Cedeño García, Juana López Toranzo, Raúl Addine Fernández, Hilaris Leyva Gómez. ABSTRACT: The study provides a system of teaching tasks with chemical-agricultural professional orientation, which have their output in the labor-research practice of first year Agricultural Engineering career. During the teaching-tasks solving, the students are aware of being involved in the process of their intellectual development and strengthening basic skills to diagnose and characterize. In addition, in this context sharing information is required, to adopt people's ideas and the development of skills to generate, find, select, transform and transmit information in order to connote the teaching-learning process of Chemistry discipline as useful and essential for this professional. KEY WORDS: teaching tasks, labor-research practice. (Cuba).

9. TITLE: Value orientations to the inclusive education teachers in Russia: results of a pilot study. AUTHORS: Oleg Vladimirovich Pavenkov, Mariia Pavenkova Rubtcova. ABSTRACT: The use of sociological instruments reveal the interest of teachers in Russia (St. Petersburg) to people with disabilities and their education. The quantitative investigation was conducted among students of the Faculty of Arts in St. Petersburg State University (60 people), students of the Faculty of Philosophy, Theology, Religious Studies (FBR) of the Russian Christian Humanitarian Academy (50 students), students of the Faculty of Psychology in the Russian Christian Humanitarian Academy of different courses (20 people). The questionnaire and the data proceeding in SPSS were carried out. The results show that students are poorly interested in inclusive education. The main reason of this problem situation is the lack of altruism in behaviour. It is difficult to prepare teachers of inclusive education without involving the altruistic component into the education of psychologists, teachers and social workers who work with disabled people. KEY WORDS: inclusive education in Russia, professors, disabled people, St. Petersburg State University. (Russia).

10. TITLE: Interdisciplinary, textual, and intertextuality didactic conception for developing the grammatical competence in social communicators. AUTHORS: Kenia María Velázquez Ávila, Ernan Santiesteban Naranjo. ABSTRACT: This article portrays the results of a doctoral research developed in Las Tunas University, Cuba. It emerged from the insufficiencies that social communicators have in the development of their grammatical competence. Therefore, an interdisciplinary, textual, and intertextuality didactic conception supported by the dialectical relation between Grammar and Stylistics is proposed. It integrates the subsystems of grammatical content, grammatical competence, and the functional comparative method, which favor the grammatical performance of the social communicators in the professional context they interact. The actions done during the experimental period were described, which allowed to portray the effectiveness of the proposal through the transformations observed in the scientific sample. KEY WORDS: grammatical competence, conception, text, interdisciplinary, intertextuality. (Cuba).

11. TITLE: An interdisciplinary vision of pedagogical training for non-teaching professionals specialties. AUTHORS: Luis Manuel Ferrás Mosquera, Mildred Rebeca Blanco Gómez, Raúl Addine Fernández. ABSTRACT: Cuban universities demand from professionals who graduate the mastery of the fundamentals of Education Sciences to work as teachers in the different educational levels in the country. This preparation has been limited by the fragmentation of the essential content that must be mastered by any professional to perform the duties inherent to a teacher. The authors of this paper, based on the potentials of the General Pedagogical Formation discipline, propose a teaching-learning process intradisciplinary conception that attends the formation of cognitive nodes and the main foundations of the referred sciences a professional of any university study must accomplish for involving in teaching. KEY WORDS: Interdisciplinary, intradisciplinary nodes. (Venezuela, Cuba).

12. TITLE: Didactic knowledge of the Unitary Operations in Bioprocesses subject content in the Chemistry Engineering career. AUTHORS: Leticia Centelles Badell, Jorge Antonio Díaz Losada. ABSTRACT: The didactic knowledge of content (DKC) represents a theoretical category of the research of teaching that involves knowledge, allowing the teacher to make content teachable. The purpose of the present study aims to assess the behavior of DKC in the teaching of the "Scale-up of Chromatographic Columns" in the Unitary Operations in Bioprocess subject of the Chemical Engineering career, identifying difficulties in the comprehension of this subject by the students. The perceptive/intuitive, contextual, empirical and rational zones of the Model of Conceptual Profile were evaluated, resulting in an epistemological comparison among them, where two profiles were similar and two others were different, in correspondence with the different styles of teaching. KEY WORDS: Didactic knowledge, Unitary Operations in Bioprocesses, chromatographic columns, Chemical Engineering. (Cuba).

13. TITLE: Personal and academic growing in the tutor-tutoree relationship. Cases of success. AUTHORS: Angélica Patricia Hernández Chab, Guadalupe Itzel González Barbosa, Martha Laura Rosales Raya. ABSTRACT: In this work, a review of the context in which the Institutional Mentoring Program of the Autonomous University of Campeche is done, to understand the vision by means of which two tutored students of the Faculty of Humanities are educated. To understand the advances they have had, the personal, family, social and academic environments are shown previous to the admission to University. The students who make the review, have lived different moments of the Institutional Tutoring Program. The process of the academic and personal growth that leads the students to become peer counselors is also outlined. Finally, they mention a number of recommendations for continuous improvement of the Program. KEY WORDS: integral formation, tutor, tutorees, counseling. (Mexico).

14. TITLE: Peer-tutoring evaluation in engineering students of the Polytechnic University of Sinaloa. AUTHORS: Eugenia Olaguez Torres, Piero Espino Román, Hayde Mancilla Vargas, José de Jesús Díaz Ruíz. ABSTRACT: It presents an assessment of the development of the peer tutoring program at the Polytechnic University of Sinaloa, Mexico. Through a quantitative study, data is collected on different aspects that the students have about peer tutoring. The results show improvements in the interpersonal relationships between the advised and the peer tutors, in their form of organization of time, relating with others, and in their study habits. It is concluded that peer tutoring favors the interaction and creates bonds of greater confidence when people are of the same age, it can be seen as a good strategy to fight against the bad habits of study of some students, low scores and school dropout. KEY WORDS: peer tutoring, tutor, students, strategies, study habits. (Mexico).

15. TITLE: The conception of intelligence and academic achievement in public high school students in Tijuana city, Baja California. AUTHORS: Bogart Yail Marquez, José Sergio Magdaleno Palencia, Ana Karen Angulo Valtierra. ABSTRACT: The study of the academic achievement in students in Tijuana city in Baja California has been dealt with different approaches; but it has not been considered in the conception of intelligence as an influential factor in this performance. The research, it is being intended, precisely analyzes and explains how the traditional conception of intelligence impacts in school life (performance) of Tijuana learners, it is to say, to study the relationship between the two variables. Moreover, the project also seeks to examine the background of the conception of    intelligence that currently prevails in the classrooms in the municipality, especially reviewing the role parents and the culture of the town could play in the matter. KEY WORDS: multiple intelligences, school performance, culture, adolescence, schooling intelligence. (Mexico).

16. TITLE: The textual diversity: procedures for the understanding of the journalistic text. AUTHORS: Kenia Elizabeth García Armas, Maritza García Hernández. ABSTRACT: This article discusses the rationale underlying the treatment of journalistic texts. It also argues the need to develop reading skills in our students thus contributing to their education as communicators. The communicative demands of our society require the teaching and learning of reading procedures that ease the search and comprehension of information in journalistic texts. Finally, the article examines a comprehension task. KEY WORDS: comprehension, journalistic text, style, reading skill, procedures. (Cuba).

17. TITLE: The Formation of Entrepreneurial Competency on local tourism actors. An educational alternative for local development. AUTHOR: Julio César González Morales. ABSTRACT: This article is intended to enrich conceptually and methodologically an ongoing research taking place on Nanacamilpa, Tlaxcala State, Mexico, where the actors of this region are trying to convert the area in a rural touristic sustainable product. It explores the complex relations between actor and subject with the intention of understanding the dynamics of the subjective configurations which make possible the autoregulation of the activity of the touristic management, facilitating the understanding of entrepreneurial competency. It presents a qualitative methodological proposal, constructed in the exploratory phase of the research, which proposes an intervention model based on the Appreciative Inquiry, accompanied by some preliminary results and partial conclusions which are going to favor the research progress. KEY WORDS: actor, subject, subjective reconfiguration, Entrepreneurial Competency, touristic management activity. (Mexico).

18. TITLE: The initial formation of professionals in Education in the microuniversity context. Present and perspective since Science, Technology and Society. AUTHORS: Yusmil Carmenates Romero, Ramón Rubén González Nápoles, Ermis González Pérez. ABSTRACT: In the present research, an assessment of some of the definitions addressed by different authors on Science, Technology and Society is developed, in which a growing interest for conceiving man as the center of these activities is shown, making obvious the cultural values underlying, and the relation to the initial training of teachers in the context of the microuniversity, assuming it is a latent problem today in our society to which a solution should be given, acting with autonomy from inside and outside the school context, applying the contemporary scientific and technological development. KEY WORDS: formation, microuniversity, science, technology and society. (Cuba).

19. TITLE: Dynamic-participative didactic conception for the teaching-learning of Reading in English as a foreign language. AUTHOR: Ernan Santiesteban Naranjo. ABSTRACT: This article proposes a dynamic-participative didactic conception that comprises the definition of teaching text, the structuring of the generalized reading skill, requirements to achieve it, as well as for selecting texts and exercises, differentiated procedures for its teaching, and concludes with a test for measuring the mentioned skill. The scientific novelty developed in the experimental group had favorable balance, within the meaning of quantitative increase and qualitative development of knowledge, skills and habits to linguistic and educational purposes. KEY WORDS: Reading, generalized reading skill, didactic conception, dynamism, participation. (Cuba).

20. TITLE: Reflections on English Language Pronunciation Difficulties for Spanish-speaking students. AUTHORS: María de los Ángeles Reyes Figueroa, Raziel Ernesto Martínez Cisneros. ABSTRACT: It is the purpose to make English language learners and teachers (whose mother tongue is Spanish) aware of some English phonemes that pose special difficulties in the language learning process, and to present some activities to achieve a correct comprehension and pronunciation in English by the students.  English pronunciation difficulties for Spanish-speaking learners are addressed in the authors’ educational context, and the trickiest phonemes are contrasted. Some probable causes why error correction techniques do not always yield the expected results are also analyzed. Some exercises to identify phonemes and elicit them are exemplified. KEY WORDS: English language, pronunciation, Spanish speakers. (Cuba).

21. TITLE: The axiologic education for the spiritual production in athlete's sports training. AUTHOR: Odalis Margarita Gómez Gómez. ABSTRACT: The fundamental role of axiological education in sports training is discussed with emphasis on Humanism, which makes possible to enhance the values on which social progress is sustained, meaning the importance of the Pedagogical Science for the formation of values established by the National Institute of Sport and Recreation in athletes of the Integrated Sports Schools. The axiological training of the athlete is designed as a process in which the subject with his physical and intellectual abilities develop his spirituality, according to the aspirations of the Cuban society; so that, this becomes a process of spiritual production. Contradictions that are currently on the basis of educational processes in the sports institution are revealed, realizing the need for further study of the athletes' axiological education. KEY WORDS: Axiologic education, spiritual production, sports training. (Cuba).

22. TITLE: Self-responsibility and autonomy in Education for Health. AUTHORS: Diego Fernando Velasco Cañas, Georgina Contreras Landgrave, Silvia Cristina Manzur Quiroga. ABSTRACT: The current paper presents a moral perspective towards the practice of Health Education understood as the encouragement of individual and collective self-responsibility in the matters of health. It is proposed that this may be a chore in the ethical order which comprehends the maximization of the autonomy of subjects, which is explained in terms of reciprocal recognition in order to give a normative content to the self-responsibility term in order to achieve its functionality in the professional practice of the discipline. KEY WORDS: self-responsibility, autonomy, reciprocal recognition. (Mexico).

23. TITLE: Theoretical and pedagogical conception of education in responsible sexuality in students of Higher Secondary Education. AUTHOR: Alexey Megna Alicio. ABSTRACT: The responsible sexuality education in students is a process of education in values, integrating part of the educational process in Junior high schools which enables the integral formation of personality systemically, taking into account individualization and socialization in this process, where social agencies are involved. The pedagogical conception is the theoretical contribution of a doctoral thesis, which reveals the essential relations of responsible sexuality education from dimensions such as the cognitive sociocultural, the personal developing and educative behavioral, articulated with social agencies as school-family-community that takes into account the psychosexual characteristics of students, raising their development and allowing lifestyles from self-protection and coprotection. KEY WORDS: education, sexuality, responsible. (Cuba).

24. TITLE: Determinants of the reproductive behavior in female teachers of childbearing age at the University of Pinar del Río. AUTHORS: Marisleydis Hernández Domínguez, Lisbert Roig Marín, Julita Morales Arencibia. ABSTRACT: This study addresses the issue of fertility as multicaused phenomenon articulated with social, cultural and economic elements that influence in behavioral specific patterns and in the reproductive capacity of childbearing female teachers at "Hermanos Saiz Montes de Oca" University of Pinar del Rio. This is a correlational research strategy with the use of methodological plurality. The main result contains a case study that establishes the relationship among determinants such as family, marriage, educational level, occupation and contraception in the reproductive behavior of the group of women. KEY WORDS: reproductive behavior, female childbearing age, determinants. (Cuba).

25. TITLE: Contextualization of the Physical Education in the formation of Agricultural Engineer. Reflections from its dynamics. AUTHORS: José Manuel Benítez García, Bernardo Jeffers Duarte, Jesús Estupiñán Ricardo. ABSTRACT: This article is about the need to contextualize Physical Education from reflections made where the physical and educational dynamics in the formation of agronomist is revealed. Certain manifestations of physical activity emanating from the professional tasks from this formative process together with the need that students have the indispensible necessary educational tools for the methodological treatment and the regulation of incidents that cause this kind of activity in their biological organism, phenomenon unvalued or uncontrolled with the magnitude it deserves in the professional formation are shown. It is a significant topic for the hygiene of working activity and the strengthening of the cultural dimension from the perspective treated. KEY WORDS: Physical Education, agricultural engineer training, physical activity, physical-educative dynamics. (Cuba).

26. TITLE: The Physics lessons and their peculiarities to favor environmental education in students. AUTHORS: Ermis González Pérez, Eddy González Pérez, Ramón Rubén González Nápoles. ABSTRACT: In this report, the environmental education treatment is attended in the teaching-learning process of Physics from a developmental conception, where the narrow relationship is pondered between the theory and practice from the potentialities it offers to the sociocultural means sustained in the community and interdisciplinary approach, and the instructive-educational possibilities of the subject content. KEY WORDS: environmental education, interdisciplinary relations, Physics, content, developmental conception. (Cuba).

27. TITLE: Methodology for rapid force of Baseball hitters participants in national series in Granma province. AUTHOR: Ángel Guillermo Ortega Liens. ABSTRACT: The proper strength training in baseball hitters is a key to their competitive performance. The paper is aimed at designing a methodology supported in the application of the Optimal Zone training system, zone 3 of intensity, which allows rapid increase in strength and its maintenance during competition in baseball hitters who are participating in national series. The theoretical conception that supports the methodology is elaborated, which is assessed by expert judgment and an experiment was conducted in the 49th and 50th national series, which proves the significant increase of the rates of rapid force in the baseball hitters. KEY WORDS: rapid force, optimal training zone system, Zone 3. (Cuba).

28. TITLE: The use of Information and Communication Technologies in the development of reading comprehension. AUTHORS: Bárbara Lisett Tomás Batista, Anna Bella Patterson Santisteban. ABSTRACT: The presence of the new Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) is a reality now as well as a challenge for man, and its appropriate use brings satisfactory results in the development of reading comprehension, an important element for the preparation of teachers in training. The research supports the use of technologies by students, training them in habits and skills for an interactive work with them. This work allowed achieving the expected results in the development of teachers in training as future professionals, due to reading comprehension is a necessary tool in teacher's hands, as being a communicator by excellence that Education demands nowadays. KEY WORDS: Computers, communication, reading comprehension, students. (Cuba).

29. TITLE: Computing knowledge management as a didactic tool for the career of Agronomy in Engineering, and the local development. AUTHORS: Lorenza de las Mercedes Hernández Labrada, Aramís Dieguez Rivas, Juan Carlos Pérez Zaldívar, Aliek Bordón Méndez. ABSTRACT: With the aim of increasing efficiency in the processes of knowledge management related to the local agricultural development in “Jesus Menendez” municipality, web sites related to important productive lines of the territory were designed. They are used as didactic materials in the career of Agronomy Engineering and for contributing to local development. The use of scientific methods as the analysis-synthesis, historical and logical, surveys, interviews and expert consultation allowed us to determine that there is insufficient information available to producers, specialists and professionals to support a sustainable increase of their productions. Up to present, the production of four websites contributes to raising the quality of the professional training processes at the Municipal University Center. KEY WORDS: knowledge management, web site, instructional materials, local development. (Cuba).

30. TITLE: Youth and High School: the contrast between two fragments of the Argentine education system. AUTHOR: Pablo Kopelovich. ABSTRACT:  I intend to address the problem of educational inequality, which is strongly related to the issue of inclusion and exclusion of young people, as part of a fragmented educational system and a spatial or territorially segregated society. It seeks to make a comparison between the educational experiences of young people from two fragments of the Argentine educational system from the point of the socio-cultural perspective. Four interviews are taken as empirical elements done to people related to an educational institution called elite educational institution: it is a school located in a country of Berazategui (Buenos Aires, Argentina), and it is compared to what bibliography refers about vulnerable sectors in society. KEY WORDS: Youth, High School, fragmentation of the educational system, inequality, exclusion. (Argentina).

31. TITLE: Educational reform 2013 in México as a systemic contingency: expectations addressed to the school management at elementary education. AUTHOR: Fabián González Zamarripa. ABSTRACT: This article has its central theme on the study of educational reform 2013, analyzed as a contingent event of the educational system in México, highlighting expectations generated for the operation of school management at elementary level. It was considered the Niklas Luhmann´s theory of social systems as relevant and innovative platform for research; therefore, in the development of the text, the education system is distinguished as a functionally differentiated social system, and the educational reform is analyzed as an event that opens up possibilities of decision for school management. KEY WORDS: education system, school management, contingency, educational reform. (Mexico).

32. TITLE: Education policy and teacher's health: an approach to "quality" in basic education in Mexico. AUTHOR: Francisco Sánchez-Narváez. ABSTRACT: The aim of this article is to analyze the quality in the education and its relationship to teacher's health. The paper is structured in two sections. In the first part, there is analyzed the concept of educational quality from the normative documents, and the purpose of the education and of the health. The quality of the education understood from a multidimensional point of view in which different factors are analyzed and not only from the evaluation of the teacher. In the second section, it develops on the principal diseases that the teachers suffer and how these disorders affect direct or indirect the quality of the education in the different institutional levels. KEY WORDS: teacher, educational quality, occupational health, education policy. (Mexico).

33. TITLE: Governance of Higher Education: a critical and purposeful look to the case of Chile. AUTHORS: José Joaquín Brunner, Francisco Aníbal Ganga. ABSTRACT: Changes under discussion of the Chilean higher education system’s governance are herein analyzed. The following questions are addressed: Which is the major challenge that Chile faces in reorganizing the governance of its higher education system? What principles should guide the future governance scheme? Which are the functions and mechanisms of a governance structure and how will they be modified? What recommendations can be formulated to orient the current debates on a new governance for Chilean tertiary education? KEY WORDS: Higher education, governance, State, civil society, markets. (Chile).

34. TITLE: Theoretical implications for the study of the university reform. AUTHOR: Gustavo Toledo Lara. ABSTRACT: From the approach to the reform process driven by the Plan Bologna, it is debated on the recognition of the university as an institution from the conviction that the same institution should be reformed. From empirical findings, and from a qualitative methodology, it is evident, that the change of thinking is more complex than changing organizational structures with a view to a deep socially relevant university reform, since the weight of tradition within the university culture can become a factor of resistance to the natural process of evolution of institutions and therefore the university reform runs the risk of becoming mere changes in form and not substance. KEY WORDS: university reform, university, institutional change. (Spain).

35. TITLE: Historical scientific production in SciELO on the topics of the Special Educational Needs, Functional Diversity and People with disabilities. AUTHORS: Carolina Cabezas Cáceres, Viviana Vrsalovic Henríquez. ABSTRACT: This article realize a descriptive study regarding the scientific literature on the topics of Special Educational Needs, Functional Diversity and People with disabilities, which are lodger on the SciELO Citation Index belonging to Web of Science (WoS), allowing the researcher/reader clarity and guidance in investigative work. KEY WORDS: Bibliometrics, SciELO, WoS, inclusion. (Chile).

36. TITLE: Perception of the leadership styles: a university campus case. AUTHORS: Francisco Ganga-Contreras, Erwin Navarrete Andrade, Carolina Andrea Alt Álvarez, Nancy Rita Alarcón Henríquez. ABSTRACT: Studying leadership has always been relevant, because in the way it manifests, it will influence on the success or failure of the organization, and the universities are not an exception about.  In this respect, this paper pretends to show an analysis done on the appreciation, that in relation to the transactional and transformational leadership, professors and students have about a university campus in a State University in Chile. To achieve that purpose, a Bass and Avolio's (1991) adapted questionnaire of leadership styles was applied to a sample of 50 professors and 128 students. The results showed, in general, an asymmetry between educators' look –in relation to their leadership- and the perception students have about theirs. KEY WORDS: Higher Education, organizational administration, university, people. (Chile).

37. TITLE: Early Childhood Policy in Chile: challenges in the context of revaluation of the local sphere. AUTHORS: Marcel Thezá Manríquez, Nuria Cunill-Grau, Margarita Fernández Araya. ABSTRACT: The main purpose of this article is to reveal both potentials and limitations of the early childhood policy in Chile at the local sphere. Approaching early childhood as a complex and multidimensional issue, this policy proposes, arising from its foundations, working in networks in all the country’s municipalities, combining a diversity of actors and institutions. A mixed methods quantitative-qualitative approach was used and applied over three years, successively covering three levels of the policy execution: national, regional and local. The main findings at the local level are described in this paper. KEY WORDS: government policy, social policy, early childhood. (Chile).

38. TITLE: A vision of culture legality; towards building its theoretical foundation. AUTHORS: Werther Juárez Toledo, María de Jesús Hernández Garnica, Nephtali Pierre Romero Navarrete. ABSTRACT: Through this paper we analyze the foundation of the culture of legality in order to understand its essence as a mechanism to permeate the consciousness of individuals the need to observe , by conviction , which has legal standard. We affirm the idea that every society needs schemes to ensure harmony and health of society and we believe that the law can be the guarantor. We discussed the idea about whether the rule should be observed by the citizen only because of its imperatividad or the belief that the law can be the guarantor of a better and harmonious social coexistence. KEY WORDS: culture, legality, legal norm, social harmony. (Mexico).

39. TITLE: Right to work to people with disabilities in Ecuador. AUTHORS: Henry Rodrigo Martínez Ruque, Jorge Alonso Benítez Hurtado, Galo Stalin Blacio Aguirre. ABSTRACT: This article analyzes the right to work for people with disabilities in Ecuador as a fundamental right. In this research, there was done an analysis of the constitution of the fundamental right and then there was necessary to study in an empirical way the institutional facts that generated the right previously mentioned. The constitutional field was established on the theory of the fundamental rights of Robert Alexy, and the practical area was based on the analysis of institutional facts through a qualitative research. This methodology allowed us to determine that in Ecuador the fundamental right of work for people with disabilities is not effectively applied as it is required or prescribed by the Constitution and international treaties. KEY WORDS: fundamental right, right to work, people with disabilities, employment. (Ecuador).

40. TITLE: The human capital in the transformation of the structure and superstructural society. AUTHORS: Fernando Vecino Guerra, Antonio B. Zaldívar Castro. ABSTRACT:  Science and Technology develop the productive forces of man, transforming them into Human Capital, situating it on the fabric-mechanized technological mode applying the scientific discoveries to productive process; it brings us to the automaton and robot era, so its functioning decreases the life cycles of the producer assets through the accumulation and investment, obtaining Extraordinary Plusvalue. The Human Capital becomes the most important assets in the actually capitalism, creating knowledge to transform continually the structure and superstructural society. The innovative process and the Human Capital development face the commerce of Knowledge barriers and the nature overexploitation; to defeat it will be its challenge. KEY WORDS: productive Force, variable capital, individual capital, Extraordinary Plusvalue. (Cuba).

41. TITLE: Reflections around democracy, fundamentalism and technoscience. Popper spining in his grave facing the new historicism of “i”. AUTHORS: Juan Guillermo Estay Sepúlveda, Mario Lagomarsino Montoya, Lorena Moraga Gálvez. ABSTRACT: Technoscience is today as a new panacea regarding the future of humanity and if it is true, technology and innovation have made the world advanced and solve problems in the areas of health sciences, for example, governments see it as a solution to human problems. Here's where democracy runs danger to the find of a new fundamentalism that lurks. Nothing is one hundred percent accurate, it would tell us Popper language of the XXI century and techno-science; like the historicism of the XIX intended to be a crystal ball that explains everything and solve everything. Open Society is in danger again before the fundamentalism of technoscience of the occidental world. KEY WORDS: Popper, technoscience, democracy, fundamentalism, innovation. (Chile).

42. TITLE: The incongruity of thought and social behavior. AUTHOR: Omar Iván Gavotto Nogales. ABSTRACT: This article is intended to provoke reflections on the inconsistency between thought and behavior, from consulting expert sources and philosophical speculations, allowing presenting the issue through various examples. The analysis utility recovers to live in a more balanced manner and with full awareness of the consequences of actions to influence society in a more responsible manner. It is concluded that the behavior of human beings tend to some extent to be inconsistent, so are not reliable in this scenario presented; the human being is not very stable, so you must constantly limit the ambition and greed, and to assess the ecological impact of their actions. KEY WORDS: thinking, consistency, behavior, knowledge. (Mexico).

43. TITLE: Social responsibility of Somos Jóvenes digital website on value formation of the Cuban youth. AUTHORS: Pilar Alicia Centelles Badell, Edda Diz Garcés, Leticia Centelles Badell. ABSTRACT: Value formation is part of the social responsibility of the media, especially the digital ones, and to contribute to it its universal scope and its presence in almost all spheres of the life of young people and adolescents leverage should be optimally used. Cuban website Somos Jóvenes Digital, intended for those age groups, grants a preferential place to the formation of values within its publishing profile, and this article outlines some of the achievements and shortcomings of its work in this regard. KEY WORDS: values formation, digital media, social responsibility, youth and adolescents, Somos Jóvenes Digital website. (Cuba).

44. TITLE: Approaches to a hermeneutics of the subject, due to being located in the world. AUTHOR: Héctor H. Salazar Cayuleo. ABSTRACT: The aspect of science as somewhat distanced, luckily trying to return to the subject, subject settled down in the world, not only as an agent of the sciences: Physics, Biology or Mathematics, but also as an actor, relevant at most of history, language or spirit sciences in every case, and in the case, it is an actor parceled analysis. Therefore, the research sought to set up an idea of the world idea of the subject. Indeed, "being located in the world", it seems to be a non-fragmentation of knowledge, due to the conception of this world itself can not represent necessarily the reality of the surrounding world. An interdisciplinary task is precisely the intersubjective unification of the subject vital world. KEY WORDS: world, subject, science, interdisciplinarity. (Chile).

45. TITLE: Elía village local environment from 1930-1940. AUTHORS: Everardo Luis Ramos Álvarez, Rafaela Macías Reyes, Ydalis La O Duarte. ABSTRACT: The study of the cultural panorama of Elía village in the period 1930-1940 is structured based on the analysis of contextual constraints presented at Guáimaro municipality to which the town and the social relationships are established, while they illustrate the cultural panorama of Elía village in the period 1930-1940 from aspects of political, economic and social order; popular demands; educational status; transportation and communications means; media; workers' movement; work from political parties; health status; social illnesses; health; clubs and associations; cultural events; competitions of beauty, sympathy and character; religious festivals; artistic expressions, and traditional customs. KEY WORDS: culture, cultural memory, cultural landscape. (Cuba).

46. TITLE: Good practices from the gender perspective in agricultural project management. AUTHORS: Aliek Méndez Bordón, Aramís Rivas Diéguez, Liliana Gómez Ramos, Lorenza de las Mercedes Hernández Labrada, Jorge Luis Tertuliano Crespo. ABSTRACT: The research was aimed at documenting good practices in gender equality working as well as the results of four project initiatives in the agricultural sector. The study was conducted in “Jesús Menendez” municipality, Las Tunas province in the period May 2009 to July 2014. The use of different scientific methods and research techniques, such as the Participatory Action Research, the Observation, the Historical and logical, the Document Analysis, the Analysis-synthesis, the Induction-deduction, the semi-structured interview, the Group discussion and the survey made it possible to identify the good practices and results in gender equality working. Thus, the results show the changes in favor of gender equity that occur in the territory. KEY WORDS: good practices, gender perspective, projects. (Cuba).

47. TITLE: Violence against women by their partners: an approach to its study. AUTHORS: Julita Morales Arencibia, Belkis Rojas Hernández. ABSTRACT: This research was made in “Niñita Valdés” Tobacco Manufacturing Production, which is located in “Lázaro Hernández Arroyo” neighborhood in Pinar del Río province, in a group of 27 women. The objective was to analyze the violence these women receive by their couples in their social relations. The methodology used was mainly qualitative by means of a wide range of methods and techniques. The first results showed that in the 100%, violence against women is manifested through different ways: verbal, psychological and physical. That's why it was concluded that the problem studied completely developed the cycle of violence. KEY WORDS: violence against woman, couple relationship, social relations. (Cuba).

48. TITLE: Tradition and modernity: Spaces of sociability in Chillán city (1835-1900). AUTHOR: Marcos Parada Ulloa. ABSTRACT: The present study aims to investigate the spaces of sociability during the second half of the nineteenth century in the city of Chillán (1835-1900), to understand the transition from a traditional to a modern society through the regulation of public spaces and the founding of institutions: the Fair, the Society of Craftsmen and Masonry. The analysis was of hermeneutical character through study cases centered on two principal topics: to establish a new public space and of sociability within the study period. KEY WORDS: tradition, modernity, public space, sociability, Chillán. (Chile).

49. TITLE: Paulo Freire: a nowadays educator. AUTHORS: Miguel Ángel Karam Calderón, Yazmín Castillo Sánchez. ABSTRACT: A reference to the Pedagogy of the twentieth century is certainly Paulo Freire, whose educational vision has been an enriching proposal with revolutionary new ideas. Freire proposes an education based on considering man participant in world transformation by means of a new education that helps him be critical to his reality and takes him to assess experience as something full of value. The current living conditions have changed little or nothing since the time Freire proposed his educational model called "Pedagogy of the Oppressed". That’s why it is pretended to reflect on Freire's liberating proposal validity to consider it in the design of current educational strategies. KEY WORDS: Pedagogy of the Oppressed, education, awareness. (Mexico).

50. TITLE: Proposal for environmental education actions in rural districts of Amancio municipality, Cuba. AUTHORS: María Isabel Sosa Cervantes, Ricardo Enrique Pérez Guzmán. ABSTRACT: The environmental treatment consolidation is one of the social changes processes most needed in the last four decades. The environmental dimension should be seen as a culture own element and way of life of communities. This problem generates the need of finding effective solutions by means of the scientific research, which in this context has the objective of elaborating a proposal of actions for environmental management to strengthen the appropriate management of the environment in Amancio municipality rural communities in Cuba, based on a participant diagnosis. The knowledge construction paradigm used was the hermeneutic with a complementary methodological perspective. KEY WORDS: environmental education, community, community work. (Cuba).

51. TITLE: Environmental management in Las Tunas Basic Beekeeping Business Unit in Majibacoa. AUTHORS: Darlis Reynaldo Rodríguez, Isidro Silva Cruz, Adriana Téllez Carralero, Juan Manuel Rosales Yero. ABSTRACT: The research deals with the study in Las Tunas Beekeeping Basic State Unit in Majibacoa to develop appropriate environmental management. It started from the development of a theoretical framework and the diagnosis of the current state of beekeeping in Majibacoa municipality, where some difficulties determined were: poor environmental management of apiaries, loss of biodiversity, the practice of monoculture (sugar cane), breach of Decree law 176 on the protection of beekeeping and apicultural resources, and the use of pesticides in Agriculture. Taking into consideration those, an action plan was developed to improve environmental management in the Apiculture Unit, which helps to mitigate the shortcomings identified to increase its production. KEY WORDS: beekeeping, environmental management, climate change, melliferous. (Cuba).

52. TITLE: Process of environmental performance evaluation based on synthetic indicators in Cuba. AUTHORS: Roani Ladislá Miranda Cuéllar, Silvia Miriam Pell del Río, José Fernández Oliver. ABSTRACT: The environmental protection is a concern at international level, because the current deterioration is jeopardizing the human species. The use of tools such as indicators, enabling monitoring of environmental behaviors that in turn contribute to decision-making is a current practice; however, the environmental information provided is complex and very large. In order to simplify and summarize this information, the synthetic indicators that are the aggregation of variables and/or environmental indicators to facilitate environmental decision are created. In this paper, it is analyzed how the process of environmental performance evaluation based on synthetic indicators have into account tangible, organizational and human activity aspects. KEY WORDS: environmental performance, synthetic indicatorenvironment. (Cuba).

53. TITLE: Evaluation of the edafologic method for the irrigation of corn cultivation at “Melchor Correoso” Cooperative Farming in “Jesús Menendez” municipality. AUTHORS: Felipe Velázquez Pérez, Denis Moro Reyes. ABSTRACT: To evaluate different variants of irrigation system management by means of the edafologic method in an irrigation programming, an experiment was done at “Melchor Correoso” Cooperative Farming in ”Jesús Menéndez” municipality, Las Tunas province, with the use of Tayuyo cultivation on a vertisoil from September 7th, 2011 to January 2012 following an experimental design in five repetitions random blocks. The seven days irrigation application treatment showed the best results in all components evaluated; since the economic point of view, the treatment that better results had was the one of the 14 days, which obtained results not different from the one of seven days. KEY WORDS: edafologic, irrigation, yield, corn. (Cuba).

54. TITLE: A look to the phytosanitary culture and its impact on people's food security. A case study in “Leonardo Infante” municipality, Guárico State, Venezuela. AUTHOR: Alberto Méndez Barceló. ABSTRACT: A study was done to determine the perception farmers have about the protection of bean cultivation in areas of “Leonardo Infante” municipality, Guárico State, Venezuela and was determined that the lack of plant protection culture affects people's food security. KEY WORDS: plant protection culture, nutritious security, bean. (Cuba).