Year III, Publication no.2, January 2016.

"Contemporary dilemmas: Education, Politics and Values" is pleased to present to its readers and collaborators edition: Year III, publication no.2, January, 2016. This e-journal is inserted in the national and international context with articles, that deal with academic and research activities of professionals, who develop their daily activities in the working areas of this journal. Thanks a lot for your preference.

1. Democracy today: rupture of the political limits. Author: Maura de la Caridad Salabarría Roig. Abstract: The article describes fancy dress costumes that Democracy adopts in the political culture of the late twentieth century and early twenty-first century. Given to the impossibility of real democracy and dissatisfaction with the dominant political schemes, citizens play a new leading role of democracy based on the recognition that, in its essence, it is impossible to achieve, and create a new form of democracy based on the exercise of public opinion through the communication means. Political actors currently include this new form of democracy in their political culture which contributes to the renewal of its form. Also, this vision of democracy, power and political participation impact on the political field of the educational processes  and condition them. Key words: democracy, political culture, political education. MEXICO.

2. The crisis of the political governance of the Mexican State and participatory democracy as a way of solution. Authors: Werther Juárez Toledo, María de Jesús Hernández Garnica, and Nephtali Pierre Romero Navarrete. Abstract: Talking about governance and democracy are critical issues on the international agenda; Mexico is not the exception. In this sense, this article aims to make a brief study of the crisis being experienced regarding political governance in the Mexican state and the possibility of considering citizen participation as an option to allow the citizen to be involved in general issues and thereby allow the legitimization of power. Key words: democracy, governance, legitimation, citizen participation. MEXICO.

3. The OECD and the use of performative devices as means to help guide the design of politics in countries of influence. The case of PISA test. Author: David Castro Porcayo. Abstract: The purpose of this article is to analyze the process by which the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) uses mechanisms through which their recommendations or suggestions are articulated with public policies in the countries of influence. It is assumed that PISA (Program for International Student Assessment) test functions as a "performative device" to help guide educational institutions in designing public policies in the area of Education. Key words: international assessment, Softpower, international organizations, public policies. MEXICO.

4. Strategic planning based on a quality management approach. Authors: Marcos Antonio Baños Martínez, Laura María Santalla Rodríguez, Alicia R. Alonso Becerra, and Ester S. Michelena Fernández. Abstract: This research focuses on the work done by the "José Antonio Echeverría" Higher Polytechnic Institute (ISPJAE) for the successful integration of two management tools: the strategic planning and the management system. Hence, the main objective is to integrate the management tools of the organization: the strategic CUJAE project and the management system. The method used is the process approach applied to organizational design. The main results were obtained from the application of the continuous improvement cycle. The conclusions reflect the results obtained by matching both instruments and focusing them to the achieving of the objectives. Key words: cycle of continuous improvement, strategic planning, management system based on processes. CUBA.

5. Strategy for improving postgraduate and research performance indicators in the university. Authors: Ángela Martínez Miranda, and Ester Michelena Fernández. Abstract: "José Antonio Echeverría" Higher Technical Institute has a Management System, which includes among its main processes: Professional Training, Research and Postgraduate Courses, and University Extension. Three main facts show the need of improving the functioning indicators  of the Research and Postgraduate Courses, namely: the distance between research potentialities and scientific results, due to organizational causes inherent in the process itself; the failure in the compliment of the main objectives stated by Science and Technological Innovation, because of a deficient functioning of the processes, caused by the lack of coordinated interactions among different activities; and the non-compliment of the Postgraduate Reference Model. The present paper aims at indicating the main guidelines for achieving the improvement of the stated indicators. Key words: quality management, functioning indicators, integrated processes management. CUBA.

6. The teacher professional development and the school leadership in Basic Education schools. Authors: Josemaría Elizondo García, Marcela Georgina Gómez Zermeño, and Lorena Yadira Alemán de la Garza. Abstract: This paper presents a quantitative study aimed to inquire into professional conditions of school  leaders and teachers in Mexico. Based on questionnaires for teachers and school principals, this study focused on the teacher professional development and the school  leadership, considering indicators as teacher training, induction and mentoring, teacher appraisal, and school climate. 842 teachers and 106 school principals from public elementary schools in Colima participated in this study. The results of this study coincide in relevant aspects with those of the TALIS 2013 results, reinforcing the need of attending the guidelines and policies indicated to the Mexican Educational System. Key words: professional development, school leadership, professional background, teacher assessment, school climate. MEXICO.

7. Enero 2016, Art7 Interacción de los géneros académicos Ruso e Inglés en el Aprendizaje....pdfInteraction of Russian and English academic genres in CLIL doctoral programmes of Management Sociology: a gap in the process of implementation. Authors: Mariia Pavenkova Rubtcova, and Oleg Vladimirovich Pavenkov. Abstract: The paper examines some limits of the introduction of SFL-based CLIL approach in non-western sociological doctoral programmes. The author is focusing specifically on pragmatic markers as tools for the structuring of science written discourse and using this approach to identify the differences between Russian and English academic genres. Data was collected from doctoral theses in Russian and in English from the field of sociology of management. It is shown that the average number of pragmatic markers at 1000 words-3.81 in Russian theses and 2.27 in doctoral theses written in English. The author suggests that these variations are associated with the structure and goals of a scholarly paper. English academic genres are more empirical, whereas Russian focused on the development of theory. Key words: academic genres in sociology of management, Systemic functional linguistics (SFL), genre-based approach, Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL), academic communication. RUSSIA.

8. Knowledge built on the teaching of Mathematics in the teacher education: the development of the practices of student teachers. Author: Verónica Mora Rojas. Abstract: This article presents research results focused on teachers' knowledge built by student teachers of the Bachelor in Primary Education about the teaching of Mathematics in the development of their teaching practice. The aim was to interpret how to materialize their knowledge in the teaching and learning of Mathematics. Direct observations were conducted in two elementary schools, and the interpretative strategy was used for identifying knowledge that teachers are reflected in the dynamics of classroom work and reproduction of teaching routines. The results suggested that experiential teaching knowledge permeates the teaching process of Mathematics over the discipline knowledge in which the Theory of Didactic Situations is unknown. Key words: teachers' knowledge, Didactics of Mathematics, teacher training, teaching practice. MEXICO.

9. Creative workshop: dialogic perspective between Architecture and Pedagogy. Authors: Luís Manuel Muñoz Cruz, and María Piedad Duque Valencia. Abstract: This proposal presents a series of concepts that aim to echo the words space and Pedagogy, expecting to contemplate the density that these terms acquire within a proposal of classroom interaction called "creative workshop". Evidenced in practice, this interaction promotes the learning processes suggested in the professional formation of Architecture. Hence, a comprehensive approach to the dialogue between space and Pedagogy is provided, not as tangible agents within the classroom and the curriculum, but as triggers of learning experiences closely related to our own realities. In other words, a key for interactivity and the construction of meaning, where the teacher is an architect of educational spaces appropriate for the teaching of Architecture. Key words: Space, Architecture, teaching, multi-task classrooms, workshop. COLOMBIA.

10. The social action in the teaching practice of the Bachelor in Primary Education in thedevelopment of competences. Authors: Gregorio Zamora Calzada, and Ma. de Jesús Araceli García Millán. Abstract: The purpose of this article is to interpret the elements that constitute the social action of recent graduates for the development of competences. The conceptual apparatus came from the contributions of Perrenoud, Habermas, Sacristan, Rockwell and Aguilar. The interpretative strategy proposed by Zamora Calzada y García Millán was used to clarify the object of study in order to research on Education, procedure based on the social hermeneutics. The meaning and significance that most new teachers give to the social action in their teaching practice for the development of competences are characterized by a series of target strategic actions and attitudes to favor knowledge issues in detriment of the understanding, which slow down the development of competences in the Basic Education (Primary school teaching). Key words: social action, teaching practice, competences, communicative and strategic action. MEXICO.

11. A reproductionist practice in the training of primary school teachers. Authors: Manuel Salvador Romero Navarro, and Francisco Careaga Domínguez. Abstract: In Normal Schools, it is expected from the educators' practices that the students become future competent teachers to train others students with practices that are intuited to be reproductive, alienated and alienating. Teacher trainers apparently have characteristics that make them different; however, their practices look alike. It's difficult to find teacher trainers with a critical sense. There is resistance to look inside those endogamic educational institutions, lacking interest for changing the formation of future teachers who don't show signs of interest in playing their professional role of teacher and then make the teacher formation school truly learning communities. Key words: teaching practice, reproduction, teacher training, improvement. MEXICO.

12. A digital platform proposal for the adaptation of teachers from the Basic and Upper High Education of  State of Mexico to the assessment processes of Entry, Promotion, Recognition and Permanency in the public educational service according to the  Educational Reform in México. Author: Minerva Cruz García. Abstract: The author of this article seeks to contribute to the support of teachers in the technical and academic assessment process for Entry, Promotion, Recognition and Permanency in the Basic and Upper High Education service in  the Mexico State. There will be, in hands of teachers, a digital platform based on a formative, open access, innovative pedagogical model, serving as a tool to help developing digital skills as well as to guide teachers clearly and simply in the elaboration of an evidence Portfolio, didactic competence cases, and a reasoned-based educational planning. This process will favor teachers' self-confidence and their acceptance to  the teaching practice evaluation, promoting the culture of evaluation. Key words: Educational Reform, teachers' evaluation, digital platform. MEXICO.

13. The use of ICT in the teaching-learning process of the Bachelor in Agricultural Mechanical Engineering at the Autonomous University of Chapingo. Authors: Nadia Rosa Chaviano Rodríguez, and José Ramón Soca Cabrera. Abstract: This paper describes a research on the use of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) in the Bachelor in Agricultural Mechanical Engineering at the Autonomous University of Chapingo. A quantitative design was used to gather information through a survey on the use and management of technological tools in this educational program that was processed with a Likert scale. The sample consisted of graduates selected randomly and online. The results reflect the strengths and areas of opportunities in the use of ICT that allow developing strategies to make more relevant the teaching-learning process. Key words: Information and Communications Technology (ICT), Higher Education, teaching-learning process. MEXICO.

14. The use of information and communication technologies in the academic development of college students: The case of the School of Nursing and Obstetrics. Authors: María Eugenia Álvarez Orozco, María Dolores Martínez Garduño, María Teresa Rojas Rodríguez, Micaela Olivos Rubio, and Miguel García Vázquez. Abstract: The devices, that provide internet access, facilitate communication and information, which have become indispensable accessories in the lives of students, where their use contribute to learning and education. A non-experimental, transversal, quantitative study was conducted. The instrument was divided into three categories: attitudes, use and mastery of technology. The sample was 299 students. 56% completely agree that they are an effective tool for learning. 50% agree that improve the quality of education in class, 41% that they are a positive addition to books, and 42% to databases and virtual libraries and to get professional information. 62% that optimize the learning process. 39% use them academically. ICT benefits their academic development. Key words: Technologies, academic development, Nursing students. MEXICO.

15. Evaluation of the teaching-learning methodology of the Bachelor in Health Education at the Autonomous University of the Mexico State. Authors: Georgina Contreras Landgrave, Brenda Yoltzin Apolinar Velasco, Silvia Cristina Manzur Quiroga, Oscar Donovan Casas Patiño, y Alejandra Rodríguez Torres. Abstract: In compliance with institutional regulations, The Bachelor in Health Education of the Autonomous University of the Mexico State was evaluated by external bodies and one of the evaluated categories was the "Assessment of teaching-learning process" using indicators as a)teaching methodologies, b) learning methods and c) techniques used. This research work presents the results of such process, which state the variety in the use of methodologies in all the learning units; the difference is the proportion of its use, depending on the practical or theoretical character, and there is the reason for the contribution of this category in obtaining the maximum rating of the external evaluation. Key words: Education for Health, teaching-learning process. MEXICO.

16. Ethics on the vocational training of the Lawyer: New challenge to the contemporary education. Authors: Alberto Alvarado Rivera, Helen Contreras Hernández, and José Vargas Fuentes. Abstract: In the educational process, there are certain ethical principles that they contribute to the integral formation of individuals. We must recognize that there can be no education without an unsupported nature ethics that allows the individual to take relevant decisions in the pursuit of its profession. Ethics is fundamental in the practice of law, since the lawyer's role has a direct impact on the community. We consider that Ethics and Law are closely linked, because the ethical principles guide the behavior of the Law professional, in order that he practices his profession properly, contributing to achieve the well-common, and as a result, the social harmony. Key words: Ethics, vocational training, professional, Law. MEXICO.

17. Plan of life and career: an approach to its elaboration in students of Upper High level. Authors: Beatriz Moreno Guzmán, María del Socorro Sandoval Montenegro, and María Margarita Alonso Alonso. Abstract: This research has as objective to know what elements are considered by the students from "Lic. Adolfo López Mateos" Upper High School of the Autonomous University of the State of México to develop their plan of life and career. The quantitative approach and the questionnaire technique were used. The simple random sample was constituted by 100 students of 4th semester, afternoon shift from the referred institution. The results showed the limited knowledge teenagers possess about how to develop a plan of life and career. Key words: plan of life and career, life project. MEXICO.

18. Educational strategy for smoking prevention in university students. Authors: Miriam Gómez Ortega, Bárbara Dimas Altamirano, Andrea Guadalupe Sánchez Arias, Genoveva González González, and Claudia Concepción Santana González. Abstract: Smoking has increased in recent years becoming  a problem of public health. A quantitative cross-sectional descriptive study of interventions was carried out in 1291 university students who an educational strategy called: "Take care of your health, smoking damages" was implemented after prior diagnosis. This research work presents the results obtained, where it was observed that young people are more likely to use tobacco, so education through strategies must be permanent since childhood until the end of life by focusing on strengthening the self health-care values. Key words: Smoking, university students, educational strategy, prevention. MEXICO.

19. Another view of the university student formation: the Diabetes Mellitus risk factors. Authors: Miguel García Vázquez, María Eugenia Álvarez Orozco, María Dolores Martínez Garduño, María Teresa Rojas Rodríguez, and Micaela Olivos Rubio. Abstract: The university student formation should be focused on an integral formation, not only on an academic one, that's why the importance of identifying Diabetes Mellitus risk factors, situation that would affect the academic achievement for being the main pathology of public health problems in Mexico. This will serve students to focus on their life style and health practices, promoting benefits in their professional life and to the society. A research study is shown based on a descriptive transversal quantitative approach to 50 students from 20 to 23 years: 20% of the students have a lower risk of Diabetes Mellitus type 2, 42% low risk, 22% moderate risk, 12% high risk, and 4% very high risk. An intervention to reduce risk of 40% through health programs is required. Key words: Diabetes Mellitus, university students, risk factors. MEXICO.

20. Importance for the development of the Cuban society to have anthropometric measurements in current working population. Author: Rosmery Nariño Lescay. Abstract: The working population makes up about a third of the world population. On it rests the responsibility for the support of the entire community as it provides the necessary goods and services. This work covers from the ergonomic and social view points, the effects workers have on health due to poorly designed jobs. Working conditions, as well as those of life and health of workers are some of the determining factors in the social development of any country. Hence, the purpose of this article is to characterize the importance for the development of the Cuban society to have anthropometric dimensions in the current working population. Key words: working population, anthropometry, design. CUBA.

21. Strengthening of endogenous capacities in the management of hazardous chemicals. Author: Silvia Miriam Pell del Río. Abstract: Hazardous chemicals constitute vulnerability factor in their use; hence the existence of environmental problems caused by aggressive decisions toward environment, associated with the low perception of risk in the management of hazardous chemicals. This is one aspect that has been taken into account in the development of a research aimed at strengthening local political capacities in the field of urban environmental management in Havana city, Cuba, for its impact on human health and environmental pollution. Key words: hazardous chemicals, vulnerability, responsible management, local governability. CUBA.