Ye ar IV, publica tion no.3, May 2017.

“Contemporary dilemmas: Education, Politics and Values” is pleased to present to its readers and collaborators edition: Year IV, publication 3, May, 2017. This e-journal is inserted in the national and international context with 50 articles from 9 countries (Argentina, Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Russia, Spain and United States), which deal with academic and research activities related to the authors´ daily activities in the working areas of this journal. Thanks a lot for your preference with our journal.

1. TITLE: Conceptualizing the needs of updating and professionalizing teaching in the upper middle level. AUTHORS: 1. Dra. María de Lourdes Sánchez Gómez, Dra. María Valentina Téllez Montes, 3. Dr. José de la Luz Sánchez Tepatzi, 4. Máster. Víctor Reyes Cuauhtle. ABSTRACT: In a postmodern context, such as the one in Mexico, educational quality is a challenge and in order to achieve it, it is required to consider education as an integral training process that goes beyond teaching subjects and evaluating with rigid schemes what the teacher believes the student should know. The preparation and updating of teachers becomes fundamental as they are responsible for forming committed human beings, whose professionalism and quality will be the key for Mexico's social and economic development. Our objective is to analyze what the needs of educational updating for teachers in the upper middle level are, conceptualizing them at the national level and developing particularities for Tlaxcala state, based on a survey applied to teachers. KEY WORDS: Upper high school education, teacher updating. MEXICO.

2. TITLE: The chemistry professor's didactic preparation for the development of the experimental activities. AUTHORS: 1. Máster. Nolaide Delgado Pérez, 2. Dr. Daisy Echemendía Marrero, 3. Máster. Alexis Escobar Hernández. ABSTRACT: This paper is the result of a master´s degree thesis, where procedures for the didactic preparation of chemistry teacher in the development of the experimental activity, features and fundamentals are exposed; besides, the concept of system of methodological procedures for the preparation of the chemistry teachers in the experimental activity are provided. The procedures make possible a hierarchic structuring of the components that should characterize the didactic preparation for the experimental activity, from the knowledge of determined requirements, as well as of the characteristics of the present-day formation model. KEY WORDS: experimental activities, didactic preparation, procedures. CUBA.

3. TITLE: Planned and systematic lexicon teaching: imperative in the training of Spanish-Literature teachers. AUTHORS: 1. Lic. Grechel Calzadilla Vega, 2. Dra. Marlén Aurora Domínguez Hernández. ABSTRACT: The teaching-learning process of the mother tongue focuses its objective in the development of the communicative competence, so what it is needed the development of the lexicon-semantics competence; however, the attention to the lexical component frequently goes in detriment of others as the grammar or the spelling, for example. Starting from the detection of insufficiencies in the teaching-learning process of the initial formation of Spanish-Literature professors related to the didactic treatment of the lexicon, in this article, it is reflected on the imperative of a planned and systematic lexical teaching, which contributes to alleviate the difficulties manifested in practice that limit the development of lexical availability and professional and interpersonal communicative competence. KEY WORDS: Lexicon, lexical availability, communicative competition, Lexicon teaching-learning process. CUBA.

4. TITLE: Teachers´ professional trajectories in postgraduate education: a study from its functions. AUTHOR: 1. Dr. César Sánchez-Olavarría. ABSTRACT: This article analyzes the professional trajectory of postgraduate teachers in computer science at the Autonomous University of Tlaxcala, Mexico, based on substantive functions. A quantitative descriptive study was followed and a two-dimensional integrated instrument was constructed: training and substantive functions. Three types of trajectories were identified: 1. Teaching-Management-Tutoring-Research, 2. Research-Tutoring-Teaching-Management and 3. Teaching-Research-Management-Tutoring. Teaching is done more frequently in two of the three trajectories, while research is carried out with high frequency in one of the three routes. It is concluded there is an imbalance in the execution of the functions, since they are not carried out in a proportional way, which contrasts with one of the educational policies in Mexico. KEY WORDS: teaching, research, management, tutoring, professional trajectory. MEXICO.

5. TITLE: A didactic conception of problem solving in the learning of the Biology in the pedagogical careers. AUTHORS: 1. Dra. Daisy Echemendía Marrero, 2. Dr. Idalberto Ramos Ramos, 3. Máster. Nolaide Delgado Pérez. ABSTRACT: In the present article, a didactic conception of problem solving in the learning of Biology in the pedagogical career is exposed in the search for educational practices alternatives within the Didactics of Sciences. This paves the way for students to acquire positive attitudes towards the science, in correspondence with the fields of daily and scientific knowledge, training them for solving problematic situations, playing them the main role in their learning process. KEY WORDS: didactic conception, problem solving, the learning of Biology. CUBA.

6. TITLE: The transition for the levels of understanding of texts: Didactic strategy in the Higher Education. AUTHORS: 1. Dra. Annie Yusleidys Quesada González, 2. Dra. Vivian María Hernández Louhau. ABSTRACT: The understanding of texts is one of the insufficiencies most frequently by students. It is seated the necessity to face the treatment to the process of understanding, and in particular, the transition for their levels as key moments inside the process of socio-cultural learning, through which they can modify their behavior according to the new knowledge acquired through the social interaction with their environment, what allows the intellectual and social mobility. The didactic strategy that offers has as objective to favor the didactic methodological treatment that is offered to the transition by the levels of understanding of texts to achieve the cognitive, communicative and socio-cultural competition in the students of Higher Education. KEY WORDS: understanding of texts, strategy, levels, transition. CUBA.

7. TITLE: Social and educational impact of an integral program of school sport based on a comprehensive model of teaching. AUTHORS: 1. Dr. Bastian Carter-Thuillier, 2. Dr. Darío Pérez Brunicardi, 3. Dr. Víctor López Pastor, 4. Dr. Roberto Monjas Aguado, 5. Dr. Juan Carlos Manrique, 6. Dr. Francisco Gallardo-Fuentes. ABSTRACT: In Segovia (Spain), the Integral Program of Municipal School Sport (PIDEMSG) is developed, an initiative with social transformation purposes, which is part of an R+D+i executed collaboratively between the University of Valladolid and the City Council of the city. In didactic terms, the program is based on a comprehensive teaching model of sports, emphasizing on values formation through the educational sport practice. The article is aimed to analyze the social and educational impact of PIDEMSG. For this, different theoretical and empirical antecedents are considered which are grouped in four categories: (a) participation and satisfaction of participants, (b) methodological innovation, (c) development of values, (d) diversity and inclusion. KEY WORDS: school sport, comprehensive teaching model, sports initiation, evaluation programs, social transformation. CHILE-SPAIN.

8. TITLE: Geometric exercises with requirements of order, mobility and construction with the assistance of GeoGebra: examples and didactic observations. AUTHOR: 1. Dr. Carlos Manuel Hernández Hechavarría. ABSTRACT: In the teaching of Geometry, there are multiple insufficiencies associated with the treatment of exercises with requirements of order, mobility and constructions that demand special attention. GeoGebra-assisted exercise variants and didactic observations that contribute to problem solving identified in senior high school and fist year university students are shown. Constructivists tendencies that cause new analysis concerning exercises variants, ways of solution and didactic treatment, differentiated attention to schoolchildren and stimulation to creativity to them are revealed. The considerations exposed stimulate new reflections in the didactic order. KEY WORDS: Didactics, Geometry, GeoGebra, order, mobility. CUBA.

9. TITLE: The generalized method of forces in solving Physics problems. AUTHORS: 1. Dr. Ramón Rubén González Nápoles, 2. Dr. Ermis González Pérez, 3. Máster. Yusmil Carmenates Romero. ABSTRACT: In this work, the necessity of deepening in the application of the generalized method of forces is approached, due to reiterated insufficiencies that the students of the preuniversity level manifest in the diagrams of forces realization, when they solve Physics problems where the laws of that important magnitude are applied. It was determined that an essential cause of the problem is related with the incorrect formation of the concept of force, reason why it is assumed the stages given by A. I. Bugaev (1989). An approach to problems solving is proposed as generalized ability to realize the generalized method of forces and the results obtained will be assessed, that reveal the pertinence of the solution found. KEY WORDS: generalized method of forces, problems solution as generalized ability. CUBA.

10. TITLE: The Integrated Management for Projects. A method for systemic management of university processes. AUTHORS: 1. Máster. Norton Peña Aguilera, 2. Dr. Mario Adelfo Batista Zaldívar, 3. Máster. Sandra Peña Aguilera. ABSTRACT: It is proposed a theoretical and methodological conception on the application of the Integrated Management by Projects for the systemic management of the university processes. Training was assumed as base process and evaluation as support, and concepts were introduced such as application scenarios, integration levels and management structure for the project conception. Some new contributions are revealed in the conceptions of the link among the processes: formation, research and extension, with a systemic vision that generates own nuances for the conception of management in the university context. The use of this method makes possible optimizing resources, makes processes more efficient, achieves relevance in the context of local development and trains competent professionals. KEY WORDS: systemic management, university processes, Integrated Management for Projects, formation, research. CUBA.

11. TITLE: The integration of contents through for the work practice by groups of contexts. AUTHOR:1. Dra. Amelia Estévez Betancourt. ABSTRACT: Nowadays, the Technical and Professional Education is carried out through the social demands of turning Cuba into a country that has, as a center of economic activity, the increase of production and services in a sustainable way. For that reason, the article makes an assessment of the didactic requirements for work practice based on the integration of contextual systemic contents, starting with identifying the project method as interobjective in the training of workers and technicians in the Technical and Professional Education, since it is interesting to know how the teaching-learning process is directed in the work practice. KEY WORDS: didactics, project method. work practice, integration de contents. CUBA.

12. TITLE: Teaching task systems and the individual study of students. AUTHORS: 1. Máster. Rafael Eugenio Pérez Grave de Peralta, 2. Máster. Marjoris González López, 3. Lic. José Rafael Mayedo Cruz. ABSTRACT: The work was developed at the “Jesús Menendez” Municipal University Center in Las Tunas province, Cuba, where a group of teachers had difficulties with the planning of teaching task systems tasks that their students must perform in the self-preparation. As an intervention the researchers developed eight workshops with all the teachers at the school in order to discuss educational, methodological or content, which are essential for the efficient formation form, the researchers developed 8 workshops with all teachers of the institution  with the purpose of debating didactic, methodological o contents, essential to the efficient performance of teaching tasks that ensure the independent work of students. In the results achieved, they are seen the improvement in the quality of lesson plans, better motivation and greater efficiency of students in the self-preparation.Principio del formularioFinal del formulario KEY WORDS: systems tasks, individual study. CUBA.

13. TITLE: Groups of self-help: a proposal of work to autistic children´s parents. AUTHORS: 1. Máster. Isora Caridad Blanco Figueredo, 2. Dra. Yusleidys Rodríguez Aguilar, 3. Lic. Alexis Ríos Otero. ABSTRACT: This paper deals with the role of autistic children's parents to favor the children integral development, which is related significantly to the factors that affect family education meaningfully. The creation of self-help groups is proposed to foster trust, mutual aid and exchange of experiences, as well as offering emotional support and share the concern to alleviate the problem in this way. KEY WORDS: autistic children, self-help groups, emotional support. CUBA.

14. TITLE: Social interactions of the instrumental dimension in interactive groups. AUTHOR: 1. Máster. Estefanía Fernández Antón. ABSTRACT: This article has as main objective to study the social interactions of the instrumental dimension dialogical principle in the interactive groups of a Community of Learning. We will also proceed to identify the transferability of the interactions of the instrumental dimension to other educational actions of the educational center. To reach the indicated objectives, we use the critical communicative methodology and research techniques such as the documentary analysis, the group interview, the in-depth interviews and the communicative observation. As a result, we must emphasize that interactive groups allow students to reach agreements, help others and reflect on academic activities. KEY WORDS: group learning, educational quality, dialogue, educational projects. SPAIN.

15. TITLE: Nowadays tendencies in the specialized formation of the school directors: findings from systematization. AUTHORS: 1. Dr. Pedro Valiente Sandó, 2. Dr. José Javier Del Toro Prada, 3. Dr. Jorge González Ramírez. ABSTRACT: Based on the systematization of the previous empirical research in relation to the training of the school director, based on the examination of a wide variety of bibliographic materials that refer to the results of diagnostic studies carried out in national contexts, international comparative studies, policies and official regulations, theoretical proposals and recommendations, a set of trends related to this training is argued as a specialized process. For their identification, the two fundamental processes that are inherent in this specialized training were taken as reference: its management process and its pedagogical process. These trends are an expression of the progress achieved and of the limitations still present in the conception and implementation of this training process. KEY WORDS: school director, specialized formation, professionalization, tendencies, systematization. CUBA.

16. TITLE: Environmental awareness on the basis of Proverbs. AUTHORS: 1. Dr. Kanat Syzdykov, 2. Dr. Danday Iskakuly. ABSTRACT: The author attempts to examine these old truths in a search for providing new meanings which may help to stimulate questions regarding institutions, technology and policy for ecosystem sustainability. Environmental awareness is important for the skillful application of folk wisdom. Therefore, such tools as proverbs and sayings help us to observe the complex phenomena of important events of life. They indicate a need for a careful attitude of the people to the natural environment, and this is one of the main problems in contemporary society. KEY WORDS: Natural environment, Folk proverbs; Upbringing approaches, Environmental education. KAZAKHSTAN.

17. TITLE: Doing research on Physical Education with Older Adults in the Permanent Adult Education Program. AUTHORS: 1. Máster. Débora Paola Di Domizio, 2. Lic. Pablo Kopelovich. ABSTRACT: We consider university extension as an object of study; therefore, as a feasible      practice to be researched. We ask ourselves about the strategies that could be implemented so that the research is at the service of the extension, being this the way to specify the social function of the University. Above all, we are interested in researching what method could be the one to follow for doing university extension research. Thus, we consider that research could be thought of as a way of addressing the problems that arise in extension practices. Then, the reflections we will  present here have to do with our professional career in research projects and with the teaching of Physical Education workshops with older adults. KEY WORDS: University Extension, research, PEPAM, Physical Education, methodology. ARGENTINA.

18. TITLE: The acquisition of values ​​for the training of teachers in Primary Education. AUTHOR: 1. Dra. Eva Ortiz Cermeño. ABSTRACT: This article is part of a research carried out since 1945 with the Primary Education Law, until the current Organic Law for the improvement of educational quality (LOMCE sp., 2013), based on the study plans of teachers in Spain. It is a question of specifying what way values like freedom, participation, cooperation, responsibility, discipline, equality, justice and respect are present in the subject "Contemporary Theories and Institutions of Education", in the third year of the degree of Primary Education. The methodology used has been qualitative and descriptive. It is concluded that the teaching of these values can have benefits in the training of future teachers because it contains relevant themes to life in democracy. KEY WORDS: values, training, educational system, plans of study, Spain. SPAIN.

19. TITLE: The university community of the academic year as a mobilizing agent in the professional integral formation. AUTHORS: 1. Máster. Manuela Basilisa Proenza Aguilera, 2. Máster. Fidencio Rafael Rodríguez Guerra, 3. Dra. Celia Díaz Cantillo. ABSTRACT: This article reveals the importance of coherent educative influences transmission from the university community of the academic year, and a methodology with holistic, growing and systematic features is presented with the protagonist and active participation of the people involved, focused on the preparation of this socializing agency in order to achieve harmonically, coherent and intentionally the educative work for having the integral formation since the initial formation of the university professional. The methodology has been applied by two consecutive academic courses with positive results either for the permanent formation of Higher Education professionals in practice, as well as for the initial formation of future professionals. KEY WORDS: agent and educative agencies, integral formation, educative work, methodology. CUBA.

20. TITLE: Visual impairment, analysis of creativity and its importance in the educational action. AUTHOR: 1. Máster. José Enrique Llamazares de Prado, 2. Dra. Ana Rosa Arias Gago, 3. Dra. María Antonia Melcón Álvarez. ABSTRACT: In the following work, the importance in the education of key elements such as creativity and divergent thinking are raised. This article has as main objective the review of the studies of visual disability and creativity. This study aims to a systematic reflection of the synthetic quantitative estimate of all the available studies, posing a theoretical framework linked to creativity in the education of students with visual impairment, providing personal assessments. Within the conclusions drawn, the role of creative potential is evidenced through divergent thinking in the creation of concepts and ideas for solving problems, with interest not only in education, but also in any field of life. KEY WORDS: Visual deficiency, creativity, literature review, inclusive education, divergent thinking. SPAIN.

21. TITLE: The educational inclusion of students with special intellectual educational needs, in primary education. AUTHOR: 1. Máster. Jorge Luis Reyes Izaguirre. ABSTRACT: The paper provides a proposal of theoretical-methodological conception to favor the preparation of primary teachers to assume in their classrooms the inclusion of students with mental retardation. It explicits theoretically the pedagogical requirements to meet the social demand for the education systems as promoters and facilitators of learning and the integral development, from the diversity of environments, offers and processes in children, adolescents and young people learn. It supports the pedagogical thinking of the epoch about the opening of special education and the special education school to the inclusive education, emphasizing on the methodological work to be done with the teacher for this purpose. KEY WORDS: Inclusion, special educational needs, mental retardation. CUBA.

22. TITLE: Creativity and innovation as strategies of development. AUTHORS: 1. Máster. Ernesto Felipe Novillo Maldonado, 2. Máster. Guido Ecuador Peña Armijos, 3. Máster. Mónica Eloísa Ramón Merchan, 4. Ing. José André Romero Recalde, 5. Máster. Ernesto Xavier González Ramón. ABSTRACT: The constant changes that move the world, together with supply and demand, have created the need to employ different strategies to compete in the global market, where creativity and innovation emerge as development tools; despite the fact that some businessman tend to confuse creativity and innovation, they are dependent on each other; for this reason, the present research aims to prove the existence of a relationship between creativity and innovation, through the regression linear test, taking innovation as a dependent variable, and creativity as an independent variable. As results of the work, it was found that there is no relationship between the two variables studied. KEY WORDS: Innovation, Creativity, Motivation, Organizational Culture. ECUADOR.

23. TITLE: Academic expectations of migrant students and parents: the case of Arica, on the border of Chile and Peru. AUTHORS: 1. Dr. Raúl Bustos González, 2. Dr. Joaquín Gairín Sallán. ABSTRACT: This document presents the results of a research which aim is to identify the academic expectations of migrant students incorporated in the educational system of Arica city, Chilean city on the border with Peru, and their parents. Using an ethnographic approach, the realization of focal groups and in-depth interviews are combined. The data are reduced on the basis of both thematic criteria. The encoding process adopted a mixed character, and then uses the content analysis. The results of the research indicate that expectations are oversized in relation to the material, and very poor in terms of peer relationships, generating a paradox that it is seen as a problem before a virtual return to the context of origin. KEY WORDS: Migration, Expectations, Border, Education. CHILE-SPAIN.

24. TITLE: Educational role of adolescent families: risk of drug addiction. AUTHORS: 1. Dra. Bárbara Dimas Altamirano, 2. Dra. Miriam Gómez Ortega, 3. Dra. Andrea Guadalupe Sánchez Arias, 4. Mtra. Genoveva González González, 5. Mtra. María Esther Bobadilla Serrano, 6. Esp. Claudia Concepción Santana González. ABSTRACT: Addiction is the addiction of the use of harmful substances, which produce adverse effects on physical and psychological health. It is an exploratory - descriptive cross - sectional study, with a sample of 658 members of 74 families of adolescents; the instrument is a family register, the results showed the following drug addictions: 18% alcoholism, 25% smoking, 41% self-medication, 8% drugs. In conclusion, self-medication causes allergic reactions, bacterial resistance to antibiotics, cardiac, dermatological, nervous and gastrointestinal effects, 150 people die in Mexico daily because of one of the 40 diseases related to smoking, which represents one death every ten minutes, in addition, the country spends 30 billion pesos per year to address these problems. KEY WORDS: family, morbidity, mortality and adolescent. MEXICO.

25. TITLE: Value orientation and Christian religiosity: evidence from qualitative research of young teachers in Russia. AUTHORS: 1. Máster. Ilya Shmelev, 2.  Dr. Oleg Pavenkov. ABSTRACT: This article is devoted to the analysis the Christian religion as a factor of formation of spiritual and value orientations of young teachers. Young teachers are the socio-demographic group of 20 to 35 years involved in teaching and research activities as the main. The article presents the results of a qualitative study of value orientations of 23 informants. The study showed that the system of values of informants which characterised by syncretism influenced on the quality of education. Almost all the informants have religiosity, but religiosity takes place among different value orientations. Religiosity is often in a latent state. KEY WORDS: religious identity, values, religiosity, Orthodox religion, young teachers, religious education. RUSSIA.

26. TITLE: Equity of gender in education. New challenge of the professional training in the XXI century. AUTHORS: 1. Dr. Alberto Alvarado Rivera, 2. Dra. Helen Contreras Hernández, 3. Dr. José Vargas Fuentes. ABSTRACT: During the last years, the Mexican state has been transformed significantly to adapt it to the changes that have been generated around the world. The phenomenon of globalization has impacted on the national educational system, emphasizing on the importance of protecting the fundamental rights of the human being. Through the assessment of the gender in education, it is intended to achieve the balance between the participation of the people in consideration to their particular skills to enable the proper performance in social life. In the present study, we want to highlight particularly the human right of gender equality as new challenge for the vocational training in the XXI century. KEY WORDS: Equality of gender, education, challenge, professional training, XXI century. MEXICO.

27. TITLE: Multisemiotic analysis of latent discrimination against feminist coaches. AUTHORS: 1. Prof. Ilya Shmelev, 2. Dra. Mariia Rubtcova. ABSTRACT: This article is devoted to the multisemiotic analysis of latent discrimination of feminist coaches. We conducted an experimental study of two different groups: the Russians and the Indians. The Russian (Group A) and Indian (Group B) informants evaluated facial expressions in photographs and wrote their replies and comments in a questionnaire designed to evaluate the informants’ responses to the photographs. The results show that multisemiotic analysis can provide fruitful insights into the way how the latent discrimination can be revealed using the photographs of feminist coaches and show varied ways of discrimination for different cultural backgrounds. KEY WORDS: feminism, multisemiotic theory, gender discrimination, experimental study, cross-cultural response, feminist coaches. RUSSIA.

28. TITLE: The process of the scientific-professional formation of psychologist. AUTHORS: 1. Lic. Ramiro Gross Tur, 2. Dr. Jorge Montoya Rivera, 3. Dr. Ángel Deroncele Acosta. ABSTRACT: The process of scientific-professional formation of the psychologist is of paramount importance for Psychology to meet the growing and changing social demands. For this reason, it is necessary to analyze this process in order to identify its fundamental elements and to deepen in its essence. Consequently, in this article a characterization of the process is made considering the most relevant epistemological, theoretical and methodological foundations. Finally, the objective of elaborating a concept of the scientific-professional formation of the psychologist that demonstrates its dynamic, complex, holistic and integrating character is achieved. KEY WORDS: Scientific-professional formation, psychologist. CUBA.

29. TITLE: Celebrating the Chilean homeland celebrations among Peruvians. School, nationalism and civic rites on the northern border of Chile (Arica and Tacna, 1890-1929). AUTHORS: 1. Dr. Carlos Mondaca Rojas, 2. Lic. Yeliza Gajardo Carvajal, 3. Lic. Elizabeth Sánchez González. ABSTRACT: It analyzes how the Chilean state implemented administrative policies for nationalistic purposes, using civic rites, and in particular, the celebrations of the Chilean national holidays to eradicate any feeling of ascription to the Peruvian citizens of the territory of Tacna and Arica. In particular, this article argues that among civic rites, national holidays are par excellence the constructors of the Chilean nation, since they articulate a symbolic link with the deployment of state apparatuses, as the educational system, promoting nationalism in the spheres of public and private life of people. KEY WORDS: schools, national celebrations, civic rites, northern Chile, Nationalism. CHILE.

30. TITLE: The construction of discourse for research: a network of strategic acts. AUTHOR: 1. Dr. Alejandro Arturo Ramos Banteurt. ABSTRACT: Theoretical considerations are offered about the process of speech construction for the research in which the merits of the Cognitive, Communicative and Socio-cultural Romeu´s approach are recognized; nevertheless, it is defined that the purpose is not to stop in the approach, but focusing on some Silva´s ideas that highlight the need of another look, set on a network of strategic acts. The idea of evaluating the group of processes of discursive acts linked to the  attitudes of  the users' research acts for the construction of the speech are pondered, so that it is understood that the exam through this network means a study about the strategic dispositions deployed by the students during their research. KEY WORDS: construction of speech for the research, net of strategic acts. CUBA.

31. TITLE: Getting the degree by Thesis in Mexico: the problem of its conceptualization. AUTHOR: 1. Máster. Paulina Ibarra-López. ABSTRACT: The article presents the various conceptualizations found after the search of bibliographic sources and uses around the concept of Thesis, where it can be seen as a document, requirement, diffusion means or training process. It also contextualizes the reader on the existing problems for getting the degree by thesis. KEY WORDS: Higher Education, degree by thesis, thesis, research. MEXICO.

32. TITLE: Current problems of the Methodology of Educational Research. AUTHOR: 1. Dr.  Hernán Feria Ávila. ABSTRACT: In this paper, 16 of the problems determined and compiled by the author are exposed, as a result of the work he has been carrying out as a member of the team of professors- investigators of the Center of Studies of Pedagogy, University of Las Tunas, Cuba, related to the Methodology of the Educational Research, and that professionals of the education, as part of their acting, from their research function, have to face. KEY WORDS: Research design, kind of sampling, historical-logical study, dependent variable operacionalization, instruments of data establishment. CUBA.

33. TITLE: The permanent formation of the education professional for the use of information and communications technology from scientific, technological and social nuances. AUTHORS: 1. Máster. Andrés Jesús Rojas López, Dra. Yadira de la Caridad Ávila Aguilera. ABSTRACT: The present research expresses opinions derived from the consultation of the specialized literature about some definitions addressed by different researchers and scholars in relation to science, technology and society, which reveal a progressive interest in conceiving man as the axis of these activities, making evident the relations that they establish with the permanent formation of the teacher in the context of the contemporary pedagogical practice influenced by the use of TIC in the formative processes, assuming it is a problem that underlies in the present society, which must be tried to solve so that the education professional is able to develop the educational process through the application of contemporary scientific-technological development. KEY WORDS: science, technology, society, permanent formation, information and communications technologies. CUBA.

34. TITLE: Axiological training of university students regarding the use of the Information and Communications Technologies (ICT). AUTHORS: 1. Dra. María Elena Pardo Gómez, 2. Dr. José Manuel Izquierdo Lao, 3. Dr. Jorge Silva Cutiño. ABSTRACT: This article describes the Axiology - technology dilemma in Higher Education, considering the urgent need for future university professionals, as citizens of the so-called digital age, not only to have the knowledge and skills needed in the management of the Information and Communications Technologies (ICT), but also to exhibit responsible attitudes regarding the same. Based on the above, the techno-axiological professional dynamic training identified by a model and strategy that represent important theoretical and methodological tools is provided, to address the weaknesses identified in university students during their training, regarding the use of these technologies, which is a relevant and important issue in line with the current social demands imposed by ICT. KEY WORDS: ICT, Axiology, technology, digital age, techno-axiological professional dynamic training. CUBA.

35. TITLE: Connectivism: an alternative in professional training according to the development of the Information and Communications Technologies. AUTHORS: 1. Máster. Jorge L. Alpizar Muni, 2. Dra. Lourdes Hernández Rabell. ABSTRACT: The development of Information and Communication Technologies manifested in all Humanity activities, undoubtedly impacts on the field of training of future professionals and constitute an indispensable element for the improvement of this process. At present, there is a great amount of information and debate on the term "Connectivism". In this paper, we present some considerations about this approach to learning, such as the impact associated with the development of this tendency, in relation to the digital gap and the resistance to change by the main actors in the training process, consubstantial elements to assume the challenges that in the matter of Higher Education generate such challenges. KEY WORDS: Information and Communication Technologies, learning, training process, Connectivism. CUBA.

36. TITLE: Between technical rationality and professional knowledge. The teaching practice in an Academic Unit of Nursing of the Autonomous University of Guerrero, Mexico. AUTHORS: 1. Dra. Alicia Morales Iturio. ABSTRACT: The objective of this paper is to analyze the teaching practice in the Nursing Degree of an Academic Unit of the Autonomous University of Guerrero. It was used a qualitative methodological approach, the Case Study Method and the Techniques of open questionnaires to teachers and students, documentary research and observation. The results express a positive perception of the competency-based approach; nevertheless, a coherent practice of the training model is not implemented. The teaching is based on an eminently technical rationality, which prioritizes the instruction of procedures and the practical professional experience of teachers in the clinical area. The teaching is based more on the disciplinary knowledge, than on the pedagogical and didactic ones. KEY WORDS: teaching practice, Competence Approach, Nursing teaching, professional practice. MEXICO.

37. TITLE:  Educational research on university students. Study case in the School of Nursing and Obstetrics. AUTHORS: 1. Dra. María Eugenia Álvarez Orozco, 2. Student. Karla Guadalupe Méndez González, 3. Student. Octavio Palacios Rodríguez, 4. Máster. Gabriela Cervantes Espinoza. ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular diseases are a high impact health problem in the world, which is the main reason why it is important to detect risk factors in early stages to intervene in teenagers’ habits to decrease those diseases. A quantitative descriptive cross-sectional study has been developed and the instrument has been divided into three categories: Body mass index (BMI), lifestyle, and pathological family history. The sample was 120 university students and 13.33% of them are overweight and 3.33% are obese grade I. The 71.6% of the respondents have diabetes in their family history and 38.3% high blood pressure. The 17.28% eat healthy every day and 50% don’t do exercise. KEY WORDS: University students, cardiovascular diseases, risk factors. MEXICO.

38. TITLE: Reflection regarding emotions in the work of the health professional with children. AUTHORS: 1. Dr. Alex Véliz Burgos, 2. Máster. Alexis Soto Salcedo, 3. Máster. Anita Dörner Paris. ABSTRACT: It is intended to reflect on how emotions influence the work health professionals performed, especially in children, where the synchronization of beliefs becomes complex, since the user demands the generation of a climate of trust that is impossible to construct if the professional does not manage to recognize and manage the emotions that he possesses with respect to the situations he lives with. Emotional intelligence is linked as an aid element to work on this topic and it is proposed the need to incorporate the human factor as a primary theme in the training of future professionals in the area. KEY WORDS: emotional intelligence, health professional, childhood. CHILE.

39. TITLE: The importance of the training of educational managers in institutions of the Ecuadorian education. AUTHORS: 1. Máster. Lizette Ivonne Lazo Serrano, 2. Máster. Carmen Arlene Lazo Serrano, 3. Abogada. Andrea Johanna Ramírez Encalada. ABSTRACT: This article approaches the formation guidelines of educational managers to achieve the transformation of educational institutions, so that they can offer quality education based on the policy of good living. It analyzes the profile that this manager must have, the management process, the educational management, the dimensions of the educational management, the characteristics of the training of the educational managers. The document intends to be a frame of reference to explain the importance of this formation, addressing the need to learn and build new knowledge and attitudes that consolidate the improvement and strengthening of the actors in the exercise of management activity in education. KEY WORDS: management, Education, training, quality, profile. ECUADOR.

40. TITLE: Implementation of ISO 9001:2008 as an Added Value of Machala Technical University Educational System. AUTHORS: 1. Máster. Ernesto Felipe Novillo Maldonado, 2. Máster. Ernesto Xavier González Ramón, 3. Est. Luis Fernando Cedillo Chalaco, 4. Est. Janeth Gabriela Solano Paladines. ABSTRACT: At present, the markets are experiencing dynamic changes, so that companies seek to remain competitive and satisfy their customers, being the Quality Management Systems (QMS) one of the pillars for achieving continuity in globalized markets. The objective was to know the perception of teachers in relation to the implementation of ISO 9001: 2008 that it is given in the educational institution. A quantitative research was conducted, obtaining positive results, exceeding three out of five valuation, obtaining an Alpha by Chronbach of 0.822 indicating high reliability in the instrument, what shows empirically that a QMS correctly carried out, grows proportionally in all its points. KEY WORDS: Quality, Quality Management Systems, ISO 9001. ECUADOR.

41. TITLE: With regard to Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), Local Production Systems (SPL) and university education. AUTHORS: 1. Máster  María Eugenia Palomeque Solano, 2. Máster Ernesto Xavier González Ramón, 3. Máster Darwin Jeovanny Quinche Labanda. ABSTRACT: Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) play a crucial role in shaping and developing Local Productive Systems (SPL). These represent an opportunity for small businesses to remain in the market and contribute to the economic and social development of the territories in which they are located, generating new opportunities for employment, training, diversification of markets, among others. In this endeavor, the various local actors must also articulate in a system, highlighting the role of the University as an educational entity with a broad social impact and responsibility in education in values. The article addresses the role of SMEs in the formation of SPL and the insertion of university education as a key player in this process. KEY WORDS: Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), Local Production Agreement (LPA), university, values. ECUADOR.

42. TITLE: Quality tools, Technical University of Machala: case study. AUTHORS: 1. Máster. Ernesto Felipe Novillo Maldonado, 2. Máster. Ernesto Xavier González Ramón, 3. Máster. Darwin Quinche Labanda, 4. Máster. Virgilio Eduardo Salcedo Muñoz. ABSTRACT: In current times, there is a great competitiveness by the companies of different sectors that is why they seek to minimize costs and improve the quality, not only of the products, but also of the services. For this reason, the objective of the research was to define a reference framework for quality tools, applied to a university institution. A bibliographical research was done to lay the necessary foundations, followed by a qualitative research through the focus group, to later elaborate a causes-effect diagram, obtaining the causes and subcauses of the problem. Finally, solutions were presented to the problem of library user dissatisfaction. KEY WORDS: quality, quality tools, effect diagram. ECUADOR.

43. TITLE: Partial implementation of the Quality Management System by ISO 9001:2015. Case study. AUTHORS: 1. Ing. Darlis Reynaldo Rodríguez, 2. Lic. Liannis Leyva Proenza, 3. Esp. Adriana Téllez Carralero, 4. Lic. Arturo Marrero Tamayo, 5. Ing. Fernando Segura. ABSTRACT: The research addresses the study carried out in Las Tunas Basic Apicultural Business Unit to improve quality management through the partial implementation of the Quality Management System by ISO 9001:2015. As a research result, the diagnosed the system through an internal analysis was done, and strengths and weaknesses were identified, as well as an external analysis to identify the threats and opportunities that intervene in its environment, which allowed the preparation of the SWOT matrix and strategies for minimizing weaknesses and take advantages of the opportunities. The documentation was prepared and a diagnosis of risks was done. A Risk Management Plan was developed and implemented. KEY WORDS: implementation, Quality Management System, ISO 9001: 2015. CUBA.

44. TITLE: Design of the Quality Management System by ISO 9001:2015. Case study. AUTHORS: 1. Ing. Darlis Reynaldo Rodríguez, 2. Lic. Liannis Leyva Proenza, 3. Esp. Adriana Téllez Carralero, 4. Lic. Arturo Marrero Tamayo, 5. Ing. Fernando Segura. ABSTRACT: The research addresses the study carried out in “Las Tunas” Apiarian Basic Business Unit (UEB) to improve quality management by applying the methodology proposed by the professors of the University of Holguin for the design of the Quality Management System (QMS) by ISO 9001: 2008 which was adapted to ISO 9001:2015. The design of the QMS presents a process-based approach and it is introduced the Risk Management, which is conceived through 8 phases that include: Diagnosis of the activity of Quality Management, Design of the Quality Management System, Documentation, Risk Management, Implementation, Review and Evaluation, Certification. and Monitoring. KEY WORDS: Quality Management System, Risk Management, ISO 9001: 2015. CUBA.

45. TITLE: The truth of the actor. A qualitative research of the "System" versus the "Method" in the world of the theater. AUTHORS: 1. Máster. Alain Chaviano Aldonza, 2. Dr. Ángel Hernando Gómez, 3. Dra. Mónica Hinojosa Becerra, 4. Dr. Isidro Marín Gutiérrez. ABSTRACT: The article reviews in a very succinct manner the work to be performed by the actor at the time to find the truth of his character; so that, in the same way, to transmit it credibly the viewer who is present in the play. The actor must be absorbed by the paper, he must be motivated by feelings of the character he is performing. Accordingly, in this article we will provide some guidelines to find that inner creative world of each actor. KEY WORDS: theater, actors, theatrical truth, characters, acting techniques. ECUADOR-SPAIN.

46. TITLE: The 5th of May: trajectory, reappropriations and possibilities of a Mexico-American tradition. AUTHORS: 1. Dr. Antonio Sánchez, 2. Máster Julieta Altamirano Crosby. ABSTRACT: This paper is aimed at to analyze the historical significance of the date of 5th of May for Mexico and the United States. The Documental Argumentative Research method was used for this research, and it is concluded that this victory had a profound historical significance and relevance not only for Mexico but also for the United States, representing an important symbol of national patriotism. This date was forming a path of the new Chicano, the new Latino, a new future strategically minded, as an opportunity to educate, inform and inspire the public good, to reexamine Mexico and the Mexico-American history, and identify how the cultural and socio-collective network is constructed. KEY WORDS: Festivity of the 5th of May, latin identity, Mexico-americans, national symbol. UNITED STATES.

47. TITLE: Theoretical assumptions for the legal regulation of a common immigration policy in the CELAC space. AUTHORS: 1. Máster.  Rolando Medina Peña, 2. Máster. Ernesto Xavier González Ramón, 3. Máster. Darwin Jeovanny Quinche Labanda, 4. Estudiante. Rolando Eduardo Medina de la Rosa. ABSTRACT: The article addresses the characteristics of migration policies in the countries that integrate the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC). A comparative study of migratory policies in these countries is made to determine their deficiencies and qualities in order to offer alternatives within the framework of integration of Latin American and Caribbean States supported by theoretical premises for their elaboration. Initially, theoretical aspects are offered that establish the bases for a further analysis of the particularities in these policies and their effectiveness. This study offers a reference to the Latin American and Caribbean countries in the purpose of achieving the harmony of the migratory laws in the framework of integration. KEY WORDS: migration policies, CELAC, migrants. ECUADOR.

48. TITLE: The political update of the Cuban Revolution in the current context. AUTHOR: 1. Máster. Fernando Aguilera Estrada. ABSTRACT: The Cuban Revolution has been an event widely debated and analyzed outside and within Cuba for more than 55 years and today continues motivating diverse criteria in a context where the Cuban government's top leadership is developing actions to update the economic model. This aspiration cannot be materialized effectively if some elements of the political model are not updated, not only due to the close economic and political ties, but also because of the need of improving participatory and managerial mechanisms that foster all the potential of society and Cuban reality that overcome the challenges facing to its front the continuity of the Cuban revolutionary process. KEY WORDS: policy update, political participation. CUBA.

49. TITLE:  Perspective of the Integrated Citizenship Participation. Application in the People´s Power local administration in Holguín Municipality. AUTHORS: 1. Máster. Yudith Salvador Hernández, 2. Doctora. Mariluz Llanes Font. ABSTRACT: The present work carries out an analysis of the citizen participation as part of the daily local administration of public administration in Holguín municipality, from which some of the difficulties are shown. It proposes, on the basis of the technologies and applicable procedures in this case, the construction of a perspective of an Integrated Citizen Participation, that includes premises, dimensions and vertexes, that allow orienting its application with the objective of mitigating the negative elements and perfecting  the citizen participation process in correspondence with one of the thematic axes, the effective management of the Cuban National Plan of Economic and Social Development until the year 2030. KEY WORDS: Citizen participation, public administration, management by processes. CUBA.

50. TITLE: Proposal of a supply model for the self-employment sector in Cuba. AUTHORS: 1. Ing. Idalianys Urquiola García, 2. Ing. Liset Agüero Zardón, 3. Dra. Ing. Rosario Garza Ríos. ABSTRACT: Inventory control is a vital process to achieve success in managing any business. Keeping inventories involves high costs, so stocks must be minimized in a way that ensures efficient production without affecting the level of customer service. One of the main problems that influence the closure of self-employment businesses in Cuba are factors associated with the supply of their products because they do not have a wholesale market, nor a procedure that will guide them to work under the current market conditions. This is why the present paper proposes a supply model for these businesses in Cuba that is in correspondence with the current market. KEY WORDS: Supply, self-employment, inventory management. CUBA.