Year IV, Publication no.2, January 2017.

“Contemporary dilemmas: Education, Politics and Values” is pleased to present to its readers and collaborators edition: Year IV, publication 2, January, 2017. This e-journal is inserted in the national and international context with 49 articles from 7 countries (Chile, Cuba, Spain, Ecuador, Mexico, Russia, Venezuela), which deal with academic and research activities related to the authors´ daily activities in the working areas of this journal. Thanks a lot for your preference with our journal.

1. TITLE: Dynamics of the teaching-learning process in Higher Education: an approach to the holistic configurational competency approach. AUTHORS: Homero Calixto Fuentes González, José Manuel Benítez García, Amelia López Fuentevilla, Andrea Daniela Albán Navarro, Rosa Victoria Guijarro Intriago. ABSTRACT: In this article, an epistemological approach on the dynamics of the teaching-learning process in Higher Education based on holistic configurational competencies is done. The competency-based approach focuses on the student, and as Comenio says, it is a paedocentric approach, because it is the student who must be competent. The emphasis is on putting in practice the expected learning rather than on content and it focuses on self-knowledge management, which recognizes that knowledge is the main source for creating values. It allows students to find social meaning and usefulness to learning, which encourages and prepares them to be independent in life and work. KEY WORDS: Competency-based training, Higher Education, value creation, social sense, holistic configurational. CUBA.

2. TITLE: Schools as a science and innovation technological center for students´ and teachers´ formation. AUTHORS: Roberto Valledor Estevill, Margarita Ceballo Rosales. ABSTRACT: School is transformed into a science and technique center and into a university academic unit when it forms either students in the labor research practice as well as its teachers in the continuous training process. Those processes have in their essence in the scientific-research formation and they develop from the different components of a scientist activity that integrates: research, the introduction of results, information management, teaching, mentoring and the methodological work. KEY WORDS: formation, research, activity, mentoring, school. CUBA.

3. TITLE: The inner structure of the general skill of listening in English as a foreign language for non-philologist university students. AUTHORS: Ernan Santiesteban Naranjo, Kenia María Velázquez Ávila. ABSTRACT: In the present article, it is defined and described the concepts: invariant skill, general skill, general operations and operations. It is provided the inner structure of the general skill of listening in English as a foreign language for non-philologist university students. KEY WORDS: Listening, skill, general skill, inner structure. CUBA.

4. TITLE: The orientation of grammatical contents. A view from a contextual and communicative perspective. AUTHOR: Maidelin Barzaga García. ABSTRACT: The article refers to a research that faces the Grammar teaching-learning process in the Basic Secondary Education. Some criteria are offered about the modeling of the orientation of the grammatical contents from a contextual-communicative perspective, and also, some results obtained due to the application of a didactic strategy for the preparation of teachers at this level are exposed, strategy which was selected as a scientific result of practical character. KEY WORDS: grammar teaching-learning, secondary school, professional development. CUBA.

5. TITLE: Activities to develop reading skills in seventh grade students from the School Library. AUTHORS: Adriana Tellez Carralero, Yuddany Perez Dominguez, Proenza Liannis Leyva, Darlis Reynaldo Rodriguez. ABSTRACT: The research addresses an important and current topic: the library, a way to develop reading skills in seven grade students from the School Library. There are many researches on this topic, but there are still difficulties that have not been solved, so the aim of this paper is to provide a dynamic - participatory conception based on a differentiated treatment to different types of texts and inter-subject relationship that enables the development of generalized reading operations by promoting reading, enabling understanding, and understanding and interpretation of texts, by means of different activities to enhance the development of knowledge, skills and reading habits in this grade. KEY WORDS: dynamic-participatory conception, understanding and interpretation, comprehension, reading skills, reading operations. CUBA.

6. TITLE: Plane geometry: nowadays conceptions for its learning through the heuristic instruction. AUTHORS: Hipólito Eulogio Santos Loo, Michel Enrique Gamboa Grau, Naury Silva Téllez. ABSTRACT: The article refers to the problems that influence the most upon the development of the teaching-learning process during the primary teacher pre-service, regarding the learning of Plane Geometry. It has the objective of implementing didactic activities focussed on the use of a series of orientations of heuristic essence, which allow the students to be protagonists in the building of their own knowledge. The activities designed refer to a logical sequence in the application of the heuristic instruction for the exercising of this cognitive domain, reflected in the quality of learning and the stimuli to the students to expressing their ideas and judgements related to motivation towards learning Plane Geometry. KEY WORDS: geometry, heuristics, instruction, learning. CUBA.

7. TITLE: Lineal functions according to the mental actions of Galperin’s theory. AUTHORS: Orlando Joaquim Martinho, Michel Enrique Gamboa Graus, Juan José Fonseca Pérez. ABSTRACT: In this article it is presented the implementation of the mental actions of the theory of Galperin as a didactic alternative for the teaching-learning process of lineal functions in the Mathematics of the secondary education in Angola. This is made starting from the real and potential conditions of the tenth grade students of “Joaquín Capango” school of Huambo, one of the Angolans’ provinces. The essence resides in the integration of the four phases: (1) diagnostic, (2) preparation, (3) execution on a trip for five stages which correspond with each one of those of the theory of the assimilation of the action for stages of Galperin, and (4) evaluation. In such a way, this activity is optimized. KEY WORDS: Lineal functions, Mathematics, didactic alternative. CUBA.

8. TITLE: Temporality and spatiality: indispensable categories to teach History. AUTHORS: Ángel Felipe Jevey Vázquez, José Ignacio Reyes González. ABSTRACT: This article centers its attention in the education of scholars´ personality who are studying fifth and sixth grade in the Primary Education. In a first part, notions and historical representations that based on the temporality and spatiality categories are critically analyzed, which favor the historical education of the scholars, what impacts positively in the process of the historical understanding and its personal and social utility; while in the second part, aspects referred to the elaboration of strategies of learning for the use of temporality and spatiality categories are revealed in the History of Cuba teaching-learning process in the Cuban Primary Education. KEY WORDS: notions, representations, temporality, spatiality. CUBA.

9. TITLE: The digital portfolio as an instrument of evaluation and development of cognitive skills. Study case at Atizapán de Zaragoza Normal School. AUTHOR: Paulina Giovanna González Hernández. ABSTRACT: This paper is aimed at knowing the cognitive skills that are developed in the process of construction of a digital portfolio in a fifth semester course of the bachelor's degree in Pre-school Education in Atizapán Normal School. The research started from a constructivist conception of the electronic portfolio and the methodological perspective was quantitative by an Action Research method. The results allowed supporting the skills developed by the students in the construction process of their portfolios. It is concluded that the electronic portfolio offers students the possibility of demonstrating the appropriateness of knowledge and skills, both at the conceptual and procedural levels, as well as the importance of articulating the evidence with learning. KEY WORDS: Digital portfolio, evaluation, cognitive skills, learning. MEXICO.

10. TITLE: The study guide for Criminalistics subject in the Law degree. Results in the implementation of a new proposal in the conditions of Higher Education in Cuba. AUTHORS: Iraín Infante Pupo, Ruben Edgar Casadevall Garcells, Eduardo Velázquez González. ABSTRACT: The universalization of Higher Education in Cuba has democratized the access to university studies, allowing a growing number of citizens become professionals and also able to contribute to the economic and social development of the country. This model gives the student the main role to obtain knowledge, that’s why the need to improve the study guides according to contemporary facts and more motivating to reach the final goal of this teaching process, to prepare an integrated professional and committed with his society. The research was conducted in Puerto Padre Municipal University Center, Las Tunas province, for Law students. KEY WORDS: universalization, study guides, teaching- learning process. CUBA.

11. TITLE: Reflections about creativity at the service of the person, seen from the experience of the Design career. AUTHORS: Mario Quiroz Salinas, Marcelo Rodríguez Meza. ABSTRACT: There is no better theory than the one learned in practice. With these words, we want to show the importance of academic work on creativity subject within the career of Graphic Design in a Chilean State University and the transcendent of the development of creativity in students. The graphic designer is per se a creative being and therefore we share the words of Ricard in the sense that "creative ideas are not deduced from what is already known, we must find them in the unexplored sources of the unprecedented…" (Ricard, 2000: 180). Through this article, we will develop the concepts of creativity and divergent thinking, and its transcendent in mental restructuring and contribution that thereby young designers make to the development of a more inclusive society. KEY WORDS: design, creativity, university, education, Chile. CHILE.

12. TITLE: Analysis of the reliability of a questionnaire for diagnosing the development of student scientific activity. AUTHORS: Hernán Pailacho Yucta, Olga Gloria Barbón Pérez, Marcela Esther Guerendiain Margni, Alexander Guanga García, Margarita Alexandra Naspud Villafuerte. ABSTRACT: To improve the students and tutors research performance during the development of the student scientific activity is one of the strategic priorities at UNACH, facing the institutional recategorization process. The results of an analysis of the internal consistency of an instrument, which was designed for diagnosing student scientific activity at the university are presented. In the period between May and June 2016, based on the variables previously proposed, dimensions and indicators to explore were agreed. A pilot test was applied to 10 members of the university community- students, mentoring teachers and authorities- which was subjected to internal consistency measurement with Cronbach coefficient. Dimensions and indicators that speak in favor of the instrument’s relevance and replicability are provided. KEY WORDS: comprehensive training, diagnosis, student scientific activity, questionnaire, reliability analysis. ECUADOR.

13. TITLE: Determination of the components of a pedagogical strategy for promotion and integrated development of Student Scientific Activity at the National University of Chimborazo. AUTHORS: Olga Gloria Barbón Pérez, Lexinton Cepeda Astudillo. ABSTRACT: Preliminary results of a broader research on Student Scientific Activity are presented, focused on the determination of the components of a strategy for its promotion and integrated development at the National University of Chimborazo. During the period April-May 2016, an action research study was carried out in two phases: exploratory and propositive. The case study method was applied with key informants. Observation was used as data collecting technique. Essential factors of the university practice for the strategy designing were identified from the visions of students, mentor teachers, and the authors. A pedagogical alternative that enables the processes involved in student scientific activity was obtained. KEY WORDS: training, pedagogical strategy components, student scientific activity. ECUADOR.

14. TITLE: Qualitative research and case study: a theoretical review for discussion. AUTHOR: Gustavo Toledo Lara. ABSTRACT: It is offered a series of findings of theoretical order to substantiate the discussion on the qualitative perspective, with particular reference to case studies as a methodological tool in order to these findings can be transferred to the investigative exercise and thus, continue strengthening the validity of this style of research. On the other hand, it is offered criteria to support the design of a case study research in order to consider the next steps without forgetting the very ethics of the researcher. It is concluded that the qualitative, and in this case, the case study research is of validity since it is compatible with a formal scientific research at recognizing the strictness of its procedure. KEY WORDS: qualitative research, case studies, methodological procedure. SPAIN.

15. TITLE: Leadership, communication and teamwork: inseparable triad of an integral School management. AUTHOR: Edith del Carmen Díaz Caridad. ABSTRACT: Educational institutions deserve considering the human factor, largely because the quality of service they provide depends on the degree of satisfaction of needs, both professional and personal of its members. Without neglecting the administrative processes, nor the pedagogical one, educational manager must pay attention to leadership, communication and teamwork, so they generate interpersonal relationships and work environment that encourage work, not only the collective working in the institution but of the community actors; they are all valuable for the success of the organization participants. This essay is an effort of theoretical reflection, based on epistemological positions that are considered to be essential in the search for a comprehensive school management. KEY WORDS: educational manager, leadership, teamwork, communication. VENEZUELA.

16. TITLE: Methodology for the use of the research approach in the teaching-learning. AUTHORS: Carlos Manuel Hernández Hechavarría, Isolina Vergara Vera, Laritza Palma Salazar. ABSTRACT: In school practice, there are limitations to the use of research approach involving teaching-learning; in this sense, a sufficiently substantiated methodology is provided having the main antecedents concerning its preparation, objectives, stages and actions, variables, dimensions, subdimensions and indicators that can be adjusted to different educational levels. It considers personal components, sources and instruments for obtaining information and codes for their identification, which are exemplified essentially for primary education. The involvement of principals, teachers and researchers in the partial introduction of the methodology allowed focusing on different aspects and relationships involved in the use of the research approach according to the current changes taking place in the Cuban education. KEY WORDS: methodology, research approach, teaching-learning. CUBA.

17. TITLE: The specialists in the field of curriculum: conceptual approaches and their elucidation. AUTHOR: Efraín Martínez Ambrosio. ABSTRACT: The aim of this article is elucidate the role of curriculum specialists in the development and conformation of the field starting from their studies. The concept of curriculum specialist is addressed through various conceptual interpretations given as open, undetermined and transforming. Contributions to the field are described from an international perspective, continuing with the Mexican context from the seventies to the present. The text is organized into four sections: 1) Conceptual approaches to curriculum specialist term, 2) International Studies, 3) Curriculum specialists in México, and 4) Conclusions. KEY WORDS: curricular field, specialists, curricular approaches. MEXICO.

18. TITLE: Assessment of an educational intervention program in emotional intelligence. AUTHORS: Nicolás Ponce González, Eva Aguaded Ramírez. ABSTRACT: The present study focuses on the assessment of a school context adaptation of the P.I.N.E.P (Plein Emotional Intelligence Intervention Programme). The programme has been implemented with students of compulsory secondary education in public schools in Cádiz, Spain. A qualitative analysis has been applied for its assessment. A quantitative analysis has also been used with the Spanish version of the Trait Meta-Mood Scale (TMMS 24). There were 100 students participating (48 in the control group and 52 in the experimental group). The results showed that over 64.5 per cent of the students perceived to be learning emotional skills. In the quantitative analysis, the results showed significant differences between the control and the experimental group. KEY WORDS: emotional intelligence, assessment programme, intervention, emotion. SPAIN.

19. TITLE: Ciberbullying from the Perspective of Initial Teacher Trainees. AUTHORS: Marcelo Rioseco Pais, David Meléndez Tormen. ABSTRACT: The research describes the perceptions of the students of a course on Educational Informatics in relation with the spreading of Cyberbullying at school, the fields where this problem has to be addressed and the level of training these students feel they have to identify and address Cyberbullying issues. The perception of the students was collected through a questionnaire with closed questions. The analysis of the responses was carried out using a quantitative methodology and a descriptive design. It can be seen that students consider Cyberbullying as a widespread problem, which needs to be addressed firstly by the school and by the family, and secondly by the media and through government policies. An important number of students do not feel prepared to identify or to address cyberbullying issues. KEY WORDS: bullying, cyberbullying, cyberstalking, school bullying, violence. CHILE.

20. TITLE: Pedagogical model of distance recycling as a form of technical training organization of professional in the technical level in Computer science. AUTHORS: Adeodato Jaime Salgado Labrada, Luis Téllez Lazo, Yolanda Catalina Peña Acosta. ABSTRACT: It is always expected, from a professional, his best performance in favor of the growing social demand, which requires a gradual overcoming and development. The continuous change in the job content of the technical level professional in Computer Science, due to the technology it is incorporated to it, contradicts the immobility of forms of organization of the technical training for his continuous training, which affects its development. It is shown in this paper a pedagogical model that supports a new form of technical training for the continuous training of this professional, starting from an extension of the relation polytechnic school-labor entity, which involves the first one in the technical training processes of its graduates. KEY WORDS: pedagogic model, advanced education, training, professional training. CUBA.

21. TITLE: What makes children happy in school? Basic concepts and factors that influence happiness within the school context. AUTHORS: Rocio Fragoso Luzuriaga, Alina Said Luna Díaz, Manuel Miguel Morales Sánchez, José Fernando Juarez Flores. ABSTRACT: To provide tools for students to achieve their happiness is one of the purposes of education. However, there are few studies about the development of a happy kid in the educational context; for that reason, the aim of the present paper is to analyze the factors that make infants happy at school through a theoretical review of the happiness concept, the difficulties encountered for the evaluation of the construct in children and the influence factors that produce this state in education. KEY WORDS: happiness, children, school, factors. MEXICO.

22. TITLE: Pedagogical tact: A proposal in ethical teaching. AUTHOR: Guadalupe Ibarra Rosales. ABSTRACT: This paper analyzes the educational proposal introduced by Max van Manen (1998) which focuses on the so-called pedagogical tact or pedagogical sensitivity, which is oriented to teaching for life. The significant features that distinguish pedagogical tact as a way of ethical teaching based on the love and vocation of the teacher for his/her educational duty are analyzed. Aspects of this educational proposal that can be applied to Higher Education are examined, too. KEY WORDS: Pedagogical sensitivity, ethics of teaching, character formation. MEXICO.

23. TITLE: Martí Today, to the challenges of education in the XXI century. AUTHOR: Alberto Velázquez López. ABSTRACT: In Latin America the existence of historical and social conditions also imposes efforts; in this case, it is necessary to return to José Martí in order to extract the essential aspects that he proposed on education in texts published in the newspaper The America, in New York , and others such as The Golden Age and Our America. This reading reveals the importance of Marti's educational ideas for our time where globalization processes exterminate identities, cultures and natural realities. If we want a better world, we have to form these better men and women. We must question whether we have really achieved the second independence, the one defended by José Martí, which is the fundamental challenge of education. KEY WORDS: Education, challenges of Education, globalization, José Martí. CUBA.

24. TITLE: Sociological tools for performance measuring: Evaluate and improve the implementation of CLIL Programme through an exploration of the social environment. AUTHORS: Oleg Pavenkov, Vladimir Pavenkov. ABSTRACT: Performance measuring of educational innovations remains an important topic of theoretical and practical study, and based on the theory of social planning, we assume that the sociological study can be used as a measuring tool in performance management aims. I have chosen the bilingual education and the implementation of Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) programme as new challenge for the Russian educational system. The paper presents the results of a sociological analysis based on primary and secondary data and argues that sociological research of the bilingual education performance might conceptualize the bilingual education as a social and pedagogical priority, measure comparative variation effectively, and assess the impact of culture on the implementation of bilingual programs. KEY WORDS: Sociological Performance Measuring, Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL), Social Environment. RUSSIA.

25. TITLE: Tactile Image: a contribution to knowledge of space and language for blind children. AUTHORS: María del Pilar Correa Silva. ABSTRACT: This article is based on the results of a research financed by the Chilean National Fund of Scientific and Technological Research to emphasize the potential of the image and to establish the value of the tactile image. This work addresses the conception and design of the tactile image as knowledge mediator between reality and its comprehension by the blind or people with low vision. Considerations about the evolution of politics of inclusion in Chile, the orientations of the Learning Universal Design, the participation of the author in the research and the elaboration of didactic material for the visually impaired school population, and the generation of a tactile-graphic alphabet with its corresponding verification in the classroom are included.  KEY WORDS: cultural change, image, accessibility to disabled, blindness, didactics. CHILE.

26. TITLE: The connection of society with quality models of Ecuadorian and Hispano-American universities. AUTHORS: Teresa Viviana Moreira Vera, María Sonia Fleitas Triana, Vicente Félix Véliz Briones, Carlos Julio Vinces  Solórzano. ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to analyze the indicators used to evaluate the connection with the community criteria in the assessment models of the Hispano Universities and to compare them with the Ecuador one to propose improvements in the process. The accreditation and assessment models analyzed, show that the connection with the society is a relationship with the society is a common guideline, demonstrating its importance. Similar indicators are used to assess the management and the results of the connection, but there are peculiarities in institutions that can contribute to the improvement of the connection process. As a result, strategies are proposed for a continuous improvement of the connection process with the society and the universities  and to contribute to the social and economic development of the region. KEY WORDS: quality, university evaluation, models of evaluation and accreditation. ECUADOR.

27. TITLE: The experts’ view on the main social roles of English language in Russia: toward to identifying educational paradigm. AUTHOR: Mariia Pavenkova Rubtcova. ABSTRACT: This study investigated the main social roles of English language in Russia. Data comes from two stage expert researches with Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) and English as Second language (ESL) university teachers. They were asked about the social roles of English language in the nowadays Russian universities and preferable conception for future development of CLIL university program. Four conceptions were chosen by experts: Global English, Russian English, multilingual conception, and English as an investment. The features of each concept were identified and discussed in terms of their influence on the process of CLIL education. The «conceptions-leaders» were determined by ranking. They are Russian-English and Multilingual conception.  Despite the fact that the concept of Russian-English is considered appropriate now, future preferences are associated with the concept of multilingualism. KEY WORDS: CLIL university education, social roles of the English language, multilingualism, World Englishes, Russia. RUSSIA.

28. TITLE: The Practice of values and its incidence on school life. AUTHOR: Jhoana Fernanda Pulla Merchán. ABSTRACT: Nowadays, the practice of values can be related to many concepts and contexts, for example: domestic violence, social problems, and academic performance, among others. That's why this research involves the surrounding problems in the practice of values and their impact on school life in the academic year 2015-2016. The area of interest is the practice of values with pedagogical, didactic, ethical and axiological orientation, guiding them to good treatment, holistic healthy living and sociability. Based on literature review and surveys applied to a group of teenagers showed the lacking of values practice, having as a result they have no knowledge of these and other situations. KEY WORDS: practice of values, school life, values, education. ECUADOR.

29. TITLE: Theoretical-practical proposal for responsible-sexuality education: A pedagogical strategy for Senior Education students. AUTHOR: Alexey Megna Alicio. ABSTRACT: This research shows the result of a doctoral thesis that brings about a community-pedagogical strategy for responsible-sexuality education for Senior Education students, conceived from the determination of their potentialities and needs throughout a deep and contextualized diagnosis. Reflexions about possible transformations were made in relation to responsible sexuality that would be probably experience by the students. This pedagogical strategy is flexible and participatory, because it facilitates the implication of family members as well as the community actors and facilitators. KEY WORDS: education, responsible sexuality, family, community. CUBA.

30. TITLE: Strategy for physical-educational dynamics in the formation of agronomist. AUTHORS: José Manuel Benítez García, Alejandro E. Estrabao Pérez, Glenda Cecibel Intriago Alcivar, Marcos Oviedo Rodríguez. ABSTRACT: The article addresses the need of implementing a strategy for the physical-educational dynamics in the formation of the agronomist, which is identified with the implementation of teaching methods that lead students to the apprehension of a culture of physical-integral self-realization during the development of the labor and research practice with actions to help enhance the Physical Education teaching-learning process in the Agricultural Engineering career. This is an expression of the dialectic logic revealed in theoretical modeling between the dimension of the physical activity understanding in the labor context and the dimension of generalization of the physical activity in the labor practice. KEY WORDS: strategy for physical-educational dynamics, agricultural engineer training, teaching methods, physical-integral self-realization, labor and research practice. CUBA.

31. TITLE: Dynamics of the postgraduate education strategy in mammography for the improvement of the professional occupation of the technologists in Imagenology. AUTHORS: Verónica Ramos Suárez, María Aurelia Lazo Pérez, Mario Ávila Sánchez. ABSTRACT: In Cuba it is a concern and state function, to promote and to assure the permanent and continuous education to health professionals as via for the improvement of the professional training occupation and to give an answer to health problems of the society. In this sense, this article describes the dynamics of a postgraduate education strategy in mammography for the improvement of the professional training of technologists in Imagenology from the relationships that settle down in the general and specific components of the strategy for the sake of the social benefits of patients and families in their social environment, by means of the analysis-synthesis, historical-logical, and induction-deduction methods, and the systematization done by national authors related to the topic. KEY WORDS: postgraduate education strategy, permanent education, technologist in Imagenology, professional management, mammography. CUBA.

32. TITLE: The developing educational process as determinant in the theoretical-practical linkage of the postgraduate education in medical sciences. AUTHOR: Guillermina Durán Arrieta. ABSTRACT: In this paper, it is emphasized the need of carrying out the developing educational process as determinant in the theoretical-practical linkage in the postgraduate education in Medical Sciences, with the objective of providing teachers of that entity with the academic knowledge for them to offer a qualified attention to patients, their families and the social environment in the three levels of health care, taking into account educational alternatives to be used for effective achievement in the teaching, in the in-and-out patient care and in the research to those of them, all based on ethical and aesthetic values. KEY WORDS: developing educational process, theoretical-practical linkage, educational alternatives, ethical and aesthetic values. CUBA.

33. TITLE: Management of the university extension process by the extensionist inclusive participatory method and its procedures. AUTHORS: Dagneris Batista de los Ríos, Yoenia Virgen Barbán Sarduy, Yanet Trujillo Baldoquín. ABSTRACT: The research addresses the need to improve the university processes; among them, the university extension should play a key role in the educational work. A proposal of university extension pedagogical management from the academic year group is shown, which articulates the relations established between the educational settings, the role of educational agents, the potentials of training contexts, the peculiarities of professional problems in each career, and the academic, research and labor components empowered by the extensionist inclusive participatory method and its procedures that contribute to the integral formation of students. KEY WORDS: university extension, teaching management, method, integral formation. CUBA.

34. TITLE: The Telesecondary School. Origins and reforms. AUTHOR: Master. Enrique Jesús Estrada Alcántara. ABSTRACT: This paper addresses one of the educational modalities that has been developed in Mexico in the latest decades in order to make education accessible to the great majority of the population through the use of television and its universalization as a means of communication and dissemination of knowledge. Also, this proposal constitutes a reflection on the Mexican educational model of Telesecondary School, as well as the influence of the Educational Reforms in this process. KEY WORDS: Telesecondary School, educational reform, curricular renewal, teleclassrooms, teleteachers. MEXICO.

35. TITLE: The formation and development of the environmental culture from the educational process of the career of agronomy. AUTHORS: Adelaida Matilde Almaguer Álvarez, Eusebia Batista Licea. ABSTRACT: The challenges of achieving the sustainable development in the ecosystems of Cuba in the professionals of the agricultural sciences, it constitutes a priority of the State and the Cuban Government. Therefore, it is required the development of a formative process in the career of Agronomy that keeps in mind the resulting logic of the environmental qualities in the agricultural means, so that makes sure a distinctive culture of this professional in his performance, what will mean that the sense of ownership is achieved toward the environment and the sustainable development, of sharing the personal objectives with the social ones, of developing feelings, human qualities and ethical values that are expressed in the ideal of human behaviour regarding the relationship of nature-man-society-environment-sustainable development. KEY WORDS: environmental culture, sustainable development, agricultural ecosystems. CUBA.

36. TITLE: The environmental perspective in local development. AUTHORS: Jesús Estupiñan Ricardo, Noel Batista Hernández, Richard Javier Torres Vargas, Alex Vladimir Toapanta Suntaxi, Fulton Neptaly Oviedo Castro. ABSTRACT: The research summarized in this paper addresses an issue of current concern, which is the beginning of a foray into environmental management with a territorial approach in Latin America, a region with significant environmental damage, and that needs for its sanitation or improvement. To form an environmental Strategy to help preserve the environment, although their fundamental forms of economic and social activity are dangerous for their conservation. So the objective of this research focuses on defining the basic concepts that allow the alignment of the objectives of the national environmental strategy in local strategic planning, so as to contribute to sustainable economic and social development focusing on identifying and solving the main local environmental problems. KEY WORDS: local strategy, environmental policy, environment, development. ECUADOR.

37. TITLE: Niklas Luhmann, the theory of social systems and the vision of Dr. Raf Vanderstraeten in contemporary Sociology of Education. AUTHOR: Belkis Rojas Hernández. ABSTRACT: Latin American universities have played an important role in the introduction of Luhmannian thought in Latin America, and in order to contribute to this endeavor, and above all directed towards the Caribbean and fundamentally to Cuba, in an unpublished interview Raf Vanderstraeten, Director of the Center for Social Theory at the University of Gent (Belgium) and a renowned educational sociologist, offers his point of views about the current Sociology, Sociology of Education, the process of formation of sociologists and the importance of social systems theory of Niklas Luhmann. KEY WORDS: Systems Theory, Current Sociology, training of sociologists, sociological theory and sociology of education. CUBA.

38. TITLE: The auction of desires in interpersonal relationships; who gives more in a relationship? AUTHOR: Omar Iván Gavotto Nogales. ABSTRACT: The objective of this article is to describe the similarity of interpersonal relations with an auction of securities and assets, motivated by the desire of subjective values to get the most benefit by investing on it the necessary to maintain a satisfactory relationship for both parties. By being aware of the role we take in a relationship, it makes us less vulnerable to abuse of domination of our couple, partner or spouse. Although many people are forced to do or give more than the actual value, in order to win the auction of wishes, they will reach the limit of possibilities, hoping to be rewarded. Interpersonal relationships are present as expectations are met, otherwise they will seek to participate in another auction to satisfy their desires. KEY WORDS: desire, opportunity, relationships, domain, auction. MEXICO.

39. TITLE: Impact of the religious factor in the Ecuadorian community in Madrid. The case of the “Virgin of the Swan”. AUTHORS: Santiago Pérez Samaniego, Mónica Hinojosa Becerra, Gabriela Moreira Aguirre, Isidro Marín Gutiérrez. ABSTRACT: The article's main objective is to analyze the social phenomenon that occurs in the presence of a tradition of Ecuador, such as the veneration of the Virgin of the Swan, which occurs in the parish of San Lorenzo de Lavapies in Madrid, Spain. Data from personal and community experience of Ecuadorian immigrants in emerging strengthening cultural identity through religion is included. This refers to the religious and cultural heritage of Spain in the veneration of the Virgin Mary. Reflections on common roots and traditions from Spain are made with the similarities as to the veneration of the Virgin Mary. KEY WORDS: integration, social cohesion, acculturation, identity, Ecuador. ECUADOR.

40. TITLE: Actions for attention and prevention of gender problem in “Jesús Menéndez” municipality. AUTHORS: Aliek Méndez Bordón, Liliana Gómez Ramos, Aramís Rivas Diéguez, Lorenza de las  Mercedes Hernández Labrada, Jorge Luis Tertuliano Crespo. ABSTRACT: This research aimed to strengthen the work for equality, and care and prevention of domestic violence. The study was conducted in "Jesús Menendez" municipality during the month of July 2014 to July 2015. Different scientific methods and research techniques were used, which helped identify the main problems related to gender and issues affecting their care and prevention, the development of an action plan and the documentation of the main results which in turn show the effectiveness of the proposal. KEY WORDS: gender equality, gender violence, gender gaps, attention and prevention. CUBA.

41. TITLE: History and religiosity in football. Axiological reflections. AUTHORS: José Guillermo Montero Quesada, Osvaldo Javier Martín Agüero, Yirina Toranzo Utra. ABSTRACT: The religious issue is insufficiently addressed in the field of sport and even less in sports teaching processes. This knowledge is rejected by various ideological and cultural reasons, such forms of exclusion and discrimination, relegating one of the essential components of the culture and identity of peoples. The article deals with the religious theme during the genesis and evolution of football in various stages of the history of the sport and various regional stages in the world. The analysis is based on the articulation of psychosocial, axiological and cultural theoretical references that enable deepening in sport identity essences linked to the dissimilar religions and religious beliefs that are affiliated with many players. KEY WORDS: History, football, religion, values, sporting identity. CUBA.

42. TITLE: Educational research about the discipline of the nursing staff towards biosecurity measures in critical areas. AUTHORS: María Eugenia Álvarez Orozco, Sandra Barranco Avila, Victoria Becerril Mariles, Jannet Delfina Salgado Guadarrama. ABSTRACT: Educational research in biosecurity measures are the amount of techniques used to prevent accidents or insecure conditions causing diseases associated to working. This is an observational, prospective, and transversal study with a sample of 51 nurses, morning shift in critical areas; the instrument is an observational guide. In the results, 73% know the biosecurity measures, 31% know the biosecurity principles, and the application of the biosecurity measures in relation to the physical barriers, hand washing, and the handling of hospital waste are deficient with 39% according to values of the applied instrument in the labor context. In conclusions, the discipline is not the adequate one to what the biosecurity principles demand. KEY WORDS: discipline, biosecurity measures, nursing, critical Areas. MEXICO.

43. TITLE: Training-Action Methods to carry out technical economic feasibility studies of investments. AUTHORS: María Elena Ferreira Capote, Daniel Alfonso Robaina. ABSTRACT: The technical economic feasibility studies of investments are a determining factor in their evaluation and start-up, due to this process , it is assessed qualitatively and quantitatively the advantages and disadvantages of allocating resources to a specific initiative. In this paper, it is shown how to apply Training-Action Methods based on Process Consulting, responding to requests from the business sector, and in turn, to prepare specialists for the realization of them through a structured course by means of conferences and workshops where the analysis of the economic feasibility of the investment is obtained as a result, knowing the aspects in which it should be influenced to obtain satisfactory results. KEY WORDS: Investment, Feasibility, Training-Action Method. CUBA.

44. TITLE: Self-access center evaluation. Case: Nursing Faculty, Autonomous University of Mexico State. AUTHORS: Diana Jaimes Cortés, Gabriela Cervantes Espinoza, María Eugenia Álvarez Orozco. ABSTRACT: In this research project, the Nursing Faculty Self-access center (SAC) was evaluated from the appreciation of its users with the purpose of knowing if SAC is fulfilling with its main function, supporting the English learning process of the university community. In regard to the results, it was found that users visit the self-access center regularly and voluntarily. Most of them think that the equipment, facilities and learning resources are adequate according to their learning needs, and the learning SAC sessions have been useful. They are all satisfied with the academic consultancies. The 21% of the users consider themselves autonomous which is a big step and challenge due to the rest of them demands developing learning strategies to help them be autonomous. KEY WORDS: self-access center, evaluation. MEXICO.

45. TITLE: Diagnosis of data quality following the ISO 9001:2015 approach. AUTHORS: Liset Agüero Zardón, José A. Vilalta Alonso, Rosario Garza Ríos, Idalianys Urquiola García. ABSTRACT: There have been carrying out some researches which have as a result that there isn`t any evidence of this study in most of the Cuban enterprises concerning the quality of data that are used in the decision-making process. Due to this, there is a doctorate thesis that proposes a procedure for the diagnostic of data quality in 2008. However, a detailed analysis made possible to recognize certain limitations such as that the new version ISO 9001:2015 concerning risk approaches is not taking into account. For this reason, the general objective of this study is defined as: Redesign the procedure to diagnose data quality. KEY WORDS:  Data quality, dimensions of data quality, risks approach. CUBA.

46. TITLE: An appropriate culture for the agroforestal development. A case study in Las Tunas province, Cuba. AUTHOR: Alberto Méndez Barceló. ABSTRACT: A study was conducted to determine the advantage of the agroforestal system and the perception of the social actors on the work projections in these production forms, resulting that the agroforestal system in “El Radar” farm generated a total income of the value of $65,760.94 which represents 22 % in relation to the system not associated with agricultural crop. Furthermore, the agriculturalists applied a new concept concerning the agroforestal production and 98 % considered that the system is efficient. KEY WORDS: agroforestal system, social actors, production. CUBA.

47. TITLE: The anthropological jusphilosophy and the social constitutionalism: debate during the Cuban neocolonial republic. AUTHOR: Rolando Medina Peña. ABSTRACT: The postwar jusphilosophical thought and the first decades of the Cuban twentieth century present a superficial appreciation of class contradiction which underlies in the essence of Law. In this paper, fundamental issues in the treatment of this perspective from the viewpoint of some of its most prominent representatives are addressed. The “Raúl Roa” method is highlighted, which requires taking into account the structural and political-cyclical dual perspective, closer to the environmental correlations of forces from which the Law is formulated in between class struggles and social conflicts in general. KEY WORDS: jusphilosophical thought, legal anthropologism, Law. ECUADOR.

48. TITLE: Cornelius Castoriadis and Claude Lefort about the Soviet Union Manageability: Political and Educational Dilemmas of the Left wing. AUTHORS: Sergey Gashkov, María V. Rubtsova. ABSTRACT: Nowadays, sociology put the question about the manageability: how the working class is to be managed in such a way as to avoid the domination. It is to remember, that after the Russian Socialist Revolution in 1917, the bureaucracy in Russia took place of the dominating class. The French New-Marxism was especially interested in critique and disillusionment of the bureaucratic state capitalism, and was looking for theoretical solutions of the problem of domination by the political management. In our paper, we consider the conception of psyche by Castoriadis as the demand to a social individual to be creative by management. Our study tends to prove that the managers are to be educated in such a way as to promote the autonomous society. KEY WORDS: Soviet Union Manageability, Philosophy of Management, French Neo-Marxism, Lefort, Castoriadis. RUSSIA.

49. TITLE: Study of the validation period of the death penalty in Chile; its causes and application. AUTHOR: Ricardo Antonio Salas Núñez. ABSTRACT: The present research work has the purpose of analyzing what the death penalty consisted on during its validation in Chile, its implementing regulations, the types of crimes in which this penalty was applicable, the people that were executed during the referred period and the process in which the death penalty was executed. KEY WORDS: death penalty, execution, firing wall, prison, convict, condemned. CHILE.