Year III, Publication no.1, September 2015.

"Contemporary dilemmas: Education, Politics and Values" is pleased to present to its readers and collaborators edition: Year III, publication no.1, September, 2015. This e-journal is inserted in the national and international context with articles, that deal with academic and research activities of professionals, who develop their daily activities in the working areas of this journal. Thanks a lot for your preference.

1. Educational inequality among the indigenous-speaking population in Michoacán, 2010. Authors: Antonio Favila Tello, and José César Lenin Navarro Chávez. Abstract: Gini coefficients for education were calculated for the ten municipalities of the State of Michoacan with more indigenous-speaking population, using census data for the year 2010. The hypothesis of this paper suggests that, for these municipalities, educational inequality is higher between speakers of indigenous languages than among those, who do not hold that status. The results suggest that the educational inequality was considerably higher among the indigenous-speaking population compared to the population that does not speak indigenous languages ​​, even living in the same municipality. This situation occurred in nine of the ten municipalities studied. Key words: Educational inequality, indigenous schooling, Gini coefficient.

2. Education for a dialogic coexistence: Premises and foundations. Authors: Julio César González Morales. Abstract: This article addresses some of the theoretical aspects of dialogic coexistence underling training strategies aimed at strengthening the culture of peace and reduction of violence in any of its manifestations: direct, structural or symbolic. It begins with the establishment of two antagonistic ways of human coexistence: the main one based on power and the other one, the dialogic, based on understanding, recognition and measurement of differences. Three different fields of the dialogic coexistence are developed: the intrapersonal, the interpersonal and the extra personal or environmental, relationship among them that has a special methodological value for educational practice and discusses the subjective components involved in each one. Key words: Dialogic coexistence, Competence for the coexistence, coexistence environment, Culture of coexistence.

3. Developing the Collaborative working transversal competence in high school students. Authors: Oscar Arturo Cepeda Fernández, Idalí Calderón Salas, and Blanca Patricia Santos Carrasco. Abstract: The present research aimed to identify those elements in the teaching and learning which significantly enhance the development of the collaborative working transversal competence in students. In order to achieve this, a qualitative procedure whereby 41 high school students and 11 teachers answered a survey and were personally interviewed respectively. It was found that participants considered the following items for the acquisition of the transversal competence: the continuous involvement in activities intentionally oriented towards collaboration; the participation in student-centered active learning strategies; the teacher promotes the development of communicative and interpersonal skills; in addition, the teacher's specification and feedback related to the collaborative behaviors expected to be performed by the learners. Key words: Collaborative working, transversal competences, high school.

4. Attitudes of Upper Secondary level students toward Mathematics: A study case at "Ignacio Ramírez Calzada" School. Authors: Juan Manuel Gómez Tagle Fernández de Córdova, Tayde Icela Montes Reyes, and Arturo Mejía Zamora. Abstract: This research work emerges from the concern of the high failure rate in mathematics at the upper secondary level and observes the attitudes students have towards them that influence their achievement and little interest in learning. It was thought to study the attitudes of students at the beginning and end of their passing through the upper secondary level, where the results of their assessments of mathematics is more critical. For the development of this study, a scale was developed specifically designed to assess students' attitudes towards mathematics, so it is pleasant to know that the students have proven that mathematics is useful in their daily life or to solve some problems. Key words: Attitudes, mathematics, Upper Secondary Level, students, skills.

5. Effective multimedia tools: study of an online course to Collaborators of the "Project of Life at Uniminuto". Authors: Leonardo Jans Garzón Trujillo, Marcela Georgina Gómez Zermeño, and Raúl Fernando Abrego Tijerina. Abstract: This research aimed to identify the multimedia resources that were successful during the course "Life Project at Uniminuto", which was offered virtually in a Colombian university to its collaborators, in order to contribute to their life plan. A quantitative methodology was used with three instruments: the observation of the academic performance, a questionnaire to identify the participants' perception about the design of the course, and a forum to collect opinions about the course and learning achievements. Results show a relationship between the integration of the multimedia and the accomplishment of the learning objectives. Suggestions and recommendations are made regarding the design of courses and its application in institutions or other academic spaces. Key words: virtual course, online learning, continuing education.

6. Teachers perceptions on the use of Information and Communication Technologies to improve the processes of teaching-learning in primary school. Authors: Benigno de Jesús Armengol Hernández, and Marcela Georgina Gómez Zermeño. Abstract: This paper describes a research about the use and implementation of the Information and Communication Technologies in third grade of a primary school. The study was conducted in a rural community of the Ocosingo town, Chiapas. A qualitative design was used with semistructured interviews to teachers about the use of technological tools, which assisted as support in the teaching-learning process through the platforms: wikis, blogs and social media. It is concluded that educational technology allows to improve the skills, knowledge, attitudes and technological skills that constitute an innovative and motivating method of teaching for educational stakeholders. Key words: Technologies of the Information and Communication, technological tools, educational technology, Primary Education.  

7. Pedagogical relations constructed in 10 educational institutions in Palmira-Colombia. Authors: Yovany Ospina Nieto, Jimmy Jailer Quintero, Wilson A. Sastoque, and María Fernanda Vargas. Abstract: The present article diffuses the results of a study oriented to determine the pedagogical relationship, it is to say, the interaction between those who talk and act in the world of school life, with expressions and actions susceptible to being understood. As a result, it is possible to state that the restrictive view of the educational process, as well as the essential relationships in the object of study: the management of teaching and learning processes, get richer day after day, as content of mediation and interaction among all the subjects involved: students, teachers, and groups which are formed in different contexts. The research considers the results of a multiple-case study in 10 educational institutions: 6 public and 4 private of Palmira city, which in its first phase performs a content analysis of manuals coexistence and school projects, underlying various personal interactions that arise daily in those schools. Key words: Education, pedagogical relationships, holistic formation.

8. From the ingenious Daedalus to our immanent experience of walking labyrinths. Author: Luís Manuel Muñoz Cruz. Abstract: The following article seeks to approximate to an analogy to the pursuit of knowledge through the figure of the labyrinth; for that, it shall be referred to mythological stories such as the belonging to the ingenious Daedalus and his iconic building: The Labyrinth of Crete. Pretending to be a provocation to approach those immanent frame rooted in our human condition, that referred to the emotion aroused by exposing ourselves to learning, assuming the possibility of mistakes by those warps and intersections that occur in each becoming, having as context a "liquid modernity", that shapes every dream in a possibility of consumption. Key words: Maze, Learning, Capitalism, Modernity, loss.

9. The importance of the spatial justice as a measurement of accessibility to the educational services in the preuniversity studies in the south of the State of Mexico. Authors: Guadalupe Hernández Vivero, and Fernando Carreto Guadarrama. Abstract: This paper proposed adapting an indicator of accessibility to the information corresponding to the educational services of the X Region, Tejupilco, State of Mexico, in order to represent the behavior of spatial justice there, interpreting the degree of importance that the management of certain levels of accessibility has in the territory and can be used to support decision-making in question task urban planning in the relevant geographic context, enriching the construction of schools equitably, so that frequent complaint about the unfairness and spatial inequality create impact where it intends to put to justice and equality that includes the individual value, maximizing the benefits to society. Key words: accessibility, access to Education, spatial justice, educational service region.

10. Live all values, an utopian educational aim. Authors: Omar Iván Gavotto Nogales, Lidia Isabel Castellanos Pierra, and Leonardo David Glasserman Morales. Abstract: The main objective of this article is to critically analyze the hierarchy of values ​​that manifests itself in contemporary society to argue the opposition of the feasibility of living all values ​​at a specific time. In this study, it is sought to highlight the neutrality of certain values, the positive valence of some, and the negative valence of others; when intending to act on them simultaneously, an axiological brake occurs, resulting a cognitive tension by causing ambivalent attitudes that generate a dichotomy between reason and action, which can be named as an incongruity axiology. Key words: Values, hierarchy, education, utopia.

11. The recognition of the right to education in Mexico as a Human Right. Author: Eduardo Oliva Gómez. Abstract: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights pronounced by the United Nation's General Assembly in 1948 considered education a Human Right, recognizing in its article 26 that every person has the right to education; the education will have among its objectives the full development of the human beings and to strengthen the respect towards the  Human Rights and the fundamental liberties; it will favor comprehension, tolerance and friendship between all nations and ethnic or religious groups, and it will promote the development of the United Nations activities towards peace maintenance. The following investigation reviews the moment in which it is legally given the inclusion within the Mexican juridical system and Political Constitution, the recognition of the right to education as a Human Right. Key words: Education, Human Right.

12. Training strategy for improving the Bachelor in Imaging performance in the diagnostic ultrasound technique with a practical materialistic conception. Authors: Natacha Lescaille Elías, Verónica Ramos Suárez, and Aimé Isabel Rodríguez Roig. Abstract: In this research work, the dialectical unit between education, learning and development with a social perspective is declared through the science and technology relationship, and the training of technologists to take the ultrasound process, providing excellency in the services. Human resources must be prepared to face the current technological development. Key words: Ultrasound, technologists, Imaging.

13. Perfecting values through the theory of Advanced Education in the Nursing postgraduate level. Author: Guillermina Durán Arrieta. Abstract:  In this work, it has been clarified the regularities and principles of the Advanced Education Theory, which favor the cultural and working development of students at postgraduate courses in Nursing, when combining Nursing aspects such as the intellectual, the practice and the research. Aspects, which are developed by the application of Advanced Education alternatives with the purposes of improving professional and humanitarian values based on Marx and Marti thoughts, and  recognizing the Latin-American and Cuban heroes, who exalted teaching to strengthen the knowledge in a comprehensive and holistic way. Key words: regularities, principles, Postgraduate Education, Advanced Education.

14. Etiological factors of the deviant behavior in Mexico. An analysis from Criminology. Authors: Renata F. Jiménez Galán, Alfredo Ángel Ramírez Carbajal, and Oscar Hurtado Salgado. Abstract: The objective of this research is to analyze the factors that influence the phenomenon of the deviant behavior from the perspective of  Criminology. From the Argumentative Documentary Research Method, the socio etiological approaches of criminality of multiple nature, that trigger antisocial behavior are examined. We conclude that public policies and government actions in different fields, have been unable to reduce crime. The economic crisis, the political instability, the intensifying inequalities, the progressive disappearing of values, family disintegration, as well as the dynamism of the urbanization process, the population growth, globalization, technology, unemployment, wage exploitation, poverty, exclusion and struggle for education are sufficient to produce and play the deviant behavior causes. Key words: Behavior, causes, deviation, factors, individual.

15. Education and Training: a theoretical reflection on Education for Health. Authors: Georgina Contreras Landgrave, Diego Fernando Velasco Casas, Silvia Cristina Manzur Quiroga, Manuel Leonardo Ibarra Espinosa, Camila Pereira Abagaro, Gabriela Bustamante Gutiérrez, and Brenda Yoltzin Apolinar Velasco. Abstract: The theoretical role and the practical use of two terms appear to be in dispute within the Health literacy: Education and Training, and here we reflect on the discussion about the Health Education discipline. As a form of knowledge creation, it is a recent social activity in Mexico that turned into top-level educational opportunities, generating its own dimension in Public Health, Education and Public Health. We discussed the eventual consensus on the characteristics and nature of the training of professional health education. This tripartite field motivates the consideration of the historical development that the Health literacy has had, interrelating at the same time the contributions of the three areas and establishing the field of its knowledge. Key words: Education, Training, Education for Health, Collective Health, Public Health.

16. Follow-up of the Master in Nursing graduates in the intensive care unit, surgical and perinatal areas of the Faculty of Nursing and Obstetrics, Mexico State Autonomous University. Authors: Jannet D. Salgado Guadarrama, María Teresa Rojas-Rodríguez, Ana Lilia Olmos Estrada, and Jenny Rossel Esteban. Abstract: In the Faculty of Nursing and Obstetrics was implemented in the year 2002, the program called Institutional Monitoring System of Graduates, which allowed monitoring the Master in Nursing graduates in order to make a diagnosis of their current situation. It was important to identify various characteristics of the graduates such as the branches in which they are working, wages, unemployment, among others, which in turn could be related to their level of education and give information to the new generations who choose postgraduate study. Follow-up studies of graduates are a tool for the evaluation of graduate programs that let people check, compare and weigh the achievement of program objectives and the development and graduate profile in the workplace as well as membership and impact of such programs in the field of teaching, research and technological development. Key words: Graduate, Graduates, Jobs, Nursing, Monitoring.