Year II, Publication no.2, January 2015.
"Contemporary dilemmas: Education, Politics and Values" is pleased to present to its readers and collaborators edition: Year II, publication no.2, January 2015. This e-journal is inserted in the national and international context with articles, that deal with academic and research activities of professionals, who develop their daily activities in the working areas of this journal. Thanks a lot for your preference.
1. Taking Bioethics beyond the hospital. Authors: Diego Fernando Velasco Cañas, Georgina Contreras Landgrave, Silvia Cristina Manzur Quiroga. Abstract: The present paper starts by showing that Bioethics, since its origin, is presented as a revolutionary force due to the schism it caused in the epistemological foundations of sciences and humanities. From that force and factors, that caused its origin, the scopes of Bioethics are so widely presented in such a way, which could get out of control from those who reflect about it. Nevertheless, the progress of Bioethics has caused a limitation in the bioethical reflection to the medical practice and to the biomedical research, wasting aspects that result necessarily, due to the current power conditions of sciences, which show the need to turn to alternative approaches such as the everyday bioethics from Giovanni Berlinguer. Key words: Bioethics, sciences, Humanities, public ethics, medical practice, biomedical research.
2. Between the Idyll and the Power. Author: Lourdes Elena Fernández Rius. Abstract: Between congruences and differences, between negotiations and fantasies, couple relationships have been associated with a constant dance, whose steps and movements should engage the melody, the sound, the rhythm, the space and the time, sometimes with some intuition, some dose of improvisation and the pleasure of creating harmony. However, the couple is not just dance. This idyll is threatened constantly by experiences of mastery, of contradictions, of crisis meetings and disagreements, that are leading to large and small rebellions. This article examines the prevalence of gender power relations in the space of loving bonds, which is precisely one of the hardest for intervention and change, where daily perpetuate gender vulnerability at the expense of human development and of life of women. The ideas are illustrated with vignettes of clinical cases of couples who live their love lives as discomfort. Key words: couple relationships, gender, gender power relationships, emotional vulnerability.
3. School coexistence. Analyzing risk factors for school violence. Authors: Eliud Pérez Delgado, Alicia Colina Escalante. Abstract: This paper reports partial results of a study that had as general objective to explore and describe the risk factors for school violence in a technical high school in Tlaxcala, Mexico. This research report shows the results found at the answers given by students and teachers in relation to the characteristics of coexistence that occurs at the school. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used. A questionnaire was administered to 76 students in three groups of high school teenagers. Semistructured interviews were conducted with two teachers. The analyzed data indicate that students perceive the school environment with features of unfairness in treatment, humiliation and frequent fights between peers. Teachers reported concern about how to punish and not on how to encourage a holistic education. Key words: school coexistence, adolescence, school violence.
4. Myths in the training of teachers in primary education. Author: Manuel Salvador Romero Navarro. Abstract: In the training of teachers of elementary education, it is common to work with the idea that the desire to teach is critical for students to become teachers with a pedagogical ethos that distinguishes them within the "normal school" tradition. In this view, the myth of the vocation is an essential part of the teacher training culture. In addition, it seems that with practice, that love is consolidated by the work of teachers, and the theory is given less importance, and in turn generates the myth that the teacher does not need much theory, as long as he knows how to teach. However, if there is no theoretical basis, how can you build that ethos from the formative processes?. It is necessary to break the myths. Even though, they come from an origin close to reality, they are symbols that do not always help with professional and institutional improvement. Key words: teacher training, myths, practice, vocation.
5. The use of the Open Educational Resources integrated to a formative environment to promote school coexistence. Authors: Luz Neida Leal Acevedo, Marcela Georgina Gómez Zermeño, Raúl Fernando Abrego Tijerina. Abstract: This qualitative research presents the exploration process for the design and development of an educational innovation through the use of Open Educational Resources and Multimedia to promote school harmony and the environment in the third grade of a primary school in Colombia. A semi-structured interview and direct observation was applied to 3 teachers and 10 students, who belong to a group with problems of cohabitation and social harmony. The results allowed the construction of multimedia material as an Open Educational Resource, in order to build a training environment, inside and outside the classroom, oriented to achieve school harmony and better conditions for the teaching processes. Key words: Multimedia, educational environments, school coexistence, Open Educational Resources, Primary Education.
6. The interactive educational videogame: a resource to promote values in students of basic education. Authors: José Agustín Moreno Alejo, Marcela Georgina Gómez Zermeño, Nancy Janett García Vázquez. Abstract: This research shows an exploratory study about the use of the videogame as a didactic strategy to promote values in ninth grade students of a Colombian school. The aims are to determine how the use of a videogame based on the Information and Communication Technologies contributes to the development of values, and to analyze its use as a tool to facilitate the teaching of values. The 132 participants answered a questionnaire before and after using the videogame to analyze its effect. The results showed a positive impact, acceptance about its use, and a change of attitude in their values. Key words: interactive game, values, meaningful learning, ICT, educate through values.
7. Human capacity vs. Human capital: from where to focus Education. Authors: Yazmín Castillo Sánchez, Miguel Ángel Karam Calderón. Abstract: This paper aims to make an analysis between human capacity and human capital in the field of education. Human capital is a concept that basically considers people for their productivity or job performance, leaving out those important aspects such as freedom of choice, values and welfare of people. The capital approach promotes inequality by not allowing a fair development of people, and therefore, enables the development of unequal conditions. Based on this, it is more convenient for both individuals and companies claiming an education with a focus on human capacity, allowing the development of a number of conditions and educational opportunities for the proper expression of the human being, by promoting a harmonious and equitable development of society. Key words: Human Capacity, Human Capital, Education.
8. Emotional Intelligence in Chemical Engineering Students: A case study at the Benemerita Autonomous University of Puebla. Authors: Anette Gisela Botello Ojeda, Rocío Fragoso Luzuriaga. Abstract: Although Emotional Intelligence (EI) is a basic skill for operation adapted from an individual in its environment, the training of engineers tend to focus towards technical and analytical side, so the aim of this research was to determine the IE profile according to the perceived emotional skills of students of the Faculty of Chemical Engineering at the Benemerita Autonomous University of Puebla. The study involved 249 students, whom the TMMS-24 was applied. The results indicated that 64.7% of the sample needs to improve at least one skill that makes emotional intelligence, 49% required to improve their emotional attention, 31.7% should improve their emotional clarity, and 15.3% must improve their emotional reparation; it is expected that this work remains as a reference for future research. Key words: Emotional Intelligence, Mexico, Higher Education, Chemical Engineering students.
9. Quality, a value in the Nursing Attention in Internal Medicine wards at "Hermanos Ameijeiras" Clinical Surgical Hospital, Havana city, 2013. Author: Diego Julio Trujillo Rodríguez. Abstract: This paper presents the results of a descriptive transversal scientific research done in the Nursing area in the period July-December 2013, to evaluate the "quality", as a value in the Nursing Attention, given to in-patients in the Internal Medicine wards at "Hermanos Ameijeiras" Clinical Surgical Hospital, Havana city, 2013. Key words: Quality, Nursing service, Internal Medicine ward.
10. Nursing specific competencies in the immediate post-operative cardiac transplant. Authors: Yamilé Velázquez Medina, Tania Rodríguez Pérez, Carlos A. León Román. Abstract: A research of technological development was performed under the qualitative paradigm in the Cardiovascular Surgical Service at "Hermanos Ameijeiras" Hospital in the period December 2011 to November 2012, with the objective of defining the Nursing specific competences of the mediate postoperative cardiac transplant, and at building them up, the functions and tasks were analyzed. The research universe was formed by 22 professionals (15 Licensed Nursing and seven experts), and theoretical and empirical research methods were combined. It was suggested to officials of the Nursing National Department, the inclusion of the defined competencies in the Ministerial Resolution 396/07. Key words: specific competencies, Nursing, cardiac transplant.