Code of Conduct.

CODE OF CONDUCT FOR ALL PROFESSIONALS INVOLVED IN THE ACT OF PUBLISHING.

Contemporary dilemmas: Education, Politics and Values (Dilemas contemporáneos: Educación, Política y Valores) is an electronic double-blind peer-reviewed academic and research journal committed to upholding the highest standards of ethics in all its publications. Honesty and originality on the part of authors, as well as fairness, objectivity and confidentiality on the part of editors and reviewers are among the critical values that this journal pays special attention to. It is indexed in most of the relevant open access platforms of bibliographic database worldwide.

The double-blind peer-reviewed process in articles' selection for publication is this journal's way of supporting and embodying the scientific method. Having an intension like that, makes to develop a coherent and respectful network of knowledge to all its readers (teachers, students, researchers, managers, politicians and anyone interested in issues of social, political, economic and cultural impact), offering them a direct reflection of the quality of work of authors and institutions involved in the final product (the article published).

To provide our readers and collaborators with a journal of this dimension, it is, therefore, a pressing need to agree upon principles of ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editors, the peer-reviewers, and the publisher. On this demand, a Code of Conduct is stated, following principles of Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement.   

I. PUBLICATION ETHICS.

1. THE AUTHOR. Author's responsibilities related to:

a. Authorship of the paper.

Authorship should be limited to those, who have really made a contribution and/or have participated in certain substantive aspects of the reported study. The main author should ensure that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper, and have agreed to its submission for publication. An inclusion of people in the coauthor list, who didn't contribute substantially to the manuscript, will be considered inappropriate and won't be permitted.

Knowledge about this may result in removing the individual from the list of authors or the article from the journal's publication. Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with the paper for editorial review.

The rights of the final version of the paper correspond to the Journal for the first publication and provide public access under a Creative Commons Attributions License BY NC-ND: NC (non commercial: not to use the material for commercial purposes) ND (no derivatives: no remixing, transforming, or building upon the material, including not to distribute the modified material). The rights are given to others to share the final paper following the license agreement and under appropriate acknowledgement of authorship of the paper.  

b. Originality and plagiarism.

Authors should present a clear and precise development and meaning of their original research and the document must contain enough details. Authors must ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others, these must be properly referred and quoted. Data, text, figures or ideas originated by other authors should be recognized objectively and appropriately in the article without expressing lie, fake or an inappropriate data manipulation.

Plagiarism in all its forms or deliberately inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable. Authors must ensure the accuracy and authenticity of the data. No works based upon plagiarism will be published. Furthermore, the authors are also responsible for language editing before sending the manuscript.

Authors should be clear that to declare information obtained privately, as in conversation, correspondence, or by any other means, shouldn't be used or reported without permission from the source involved. Also, if the work involves procedures that have any risk inherent in their use, the author must clearly identify these in the document, and must ensure that the manuscript contains a statement of the action followed in all procedures that were performed. Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained from human experimentation. Privacy rights should be noted on human subjects.

c. Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication.

The authors must guarantee: (1) the article hasn't been published elsewhere, (2) it is not being considered for publication elsewhere; and (3) it has been submitted with the full knowledge and approval of the institution or organization given as the affiliation of the authors, if necessary. Submission of multi-authored manuscripts implies the consent of each of the authors.

d. Disclosure and conflicts of interest.

All authors should disclose in their manuscript any substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscripts. Potential conflicts of interest should be disclosed at the earliest possible stage.

e. Fundamental errors in published works.

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author's obligation to immediately notify it to the journal editor or publisher, and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper. If the editor or the publisher hears from a third party that a published work contains a significant error, it is the editor's obligation to notify it to the author immediately, too.

f. Participation in double-blind peer-reviewed process.

The author must agree to participate in the double-blind peer-reviewed process of his/her article. He/she should agree to fulfill the recommendations of the reviewers and editorial members of the journal.  Refusal to fulfill the recommendations may result in rejection of the submitted article. All authors must correct mistakes and the retraction of incorrect information.

2. THE REVIEWERS. Reviewers' responsibilities related to:

a.Standards of objectivity.

Reviewers, apart from assisting the editor in making editorial decisions, they must also assist the author in improving the paper. Reviews should be conducted objectively, and a personal criticism to the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments, as well as present clearly their opinions on the works in a clear way in the review format. A reviewer, who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible, should notify the Editor-in-Chief and excuse himself from the review process.

Reviewers evaluate manuscripts based on content without regard to ethnic origin, gender, sexual orientation, citizenship, religious belief or political philosophy of the authors.

b. Disclosure and conflict of interest.

Reviewers are required to declare any and all potential conflicts of interest. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.

c. Peer review and responsibility for the reviewers.

All articles will be double-blind peer-reviewed and due to this, there shouldn't be any discussion and connection among reviewers concerning a manuscript for revision, and also between reviewers and the author. Confidentiality among reviewers, and reviewers and authors will be respected. Reviewers must ensure that all the information related to submitted manuscripts is kept as confidential, and must not be shown to or discussed with others, except as authorized by the editor.

All reviewers should be academically qualified to review an article. They shouldn't use abusive language in their report, and should deliver the review in a timely manner. The reviewer should try to be fair and impartial in reviewing a submission. In any case, the reviewer should refrain from using disclosure of any information relevant to the work to other parties. Reviewers must bring to the attention of the Editor-in-Chief any information that may be reason to reject publication of a manuscript. In addition, they must report to the Editor-in-Chief, if they are aware of copyright infringement and plagiarism on the author's side.  

Reviewers should identify information that hasn't been cited by the authors, and report any product due to observation, derivation, or argument that has been previously reported and must be accompanied by the appropriate citation. The reviewer should also call the attention of the Editor-in-Chief about any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published document, of which this reviewer has personal knowledge of.

3. THE EDITORS/ THE EDITOR-IN-CHIEF.

3.1 THE EDITORS. The editors' responsibilities related to:

a. Standards of objectivity.

Editors must ensure a fair double-blind peer-review process to all submitted articles for publication. They will strive to prevent any potential conflict of interests between the author, editorial and review personnel. Editors will also ensure that all the information related to submitted manuscripts is kept as confidential before publishing.

The editor should take reasonably responsive measures when ethical complaints have been presented concerning a submitted manuscript or published paper. Such measures will generally include contacting the author of the manuscript or paper, and giving due consideration of the respective complaint or claims made, but can also include further communications to the relevant institutions and research bodies. If the complaint is upheld, the edition of the publication of correction, retraction, expression of concern, or other note, must be relevant to apply. Every reported act of unethical publishing behavior must be looked into, even if it is discovered years after publication.

b. Publication decisions.

The editor is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published or rejected. The editor must evaluate manuscripts according to his/her knowledge of the article content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors. The editor must be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by such requirements.

The editor must pay special attention to errors in manuscripts regarding the structure of the manuscript and elements forming part of the article. It is important to promote publication of correction or retraction.

c. Disclosure and conflicts of interest.

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor's own research without the express written consent of the author. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage.

Editors should refuse from considering manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, and/or other relationships or connections with authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.

3.2 THE EDITOR-IN-CHIEF'S RESPONSIBILITIES.

The editor's responsibilities are included in the Editor-in-Chief's activities.

The Editor-in-Chief will coordinate the work of  editors and he/she has the authority to make final decision in the acceptance and/or rejection of a submitted article. She/he should do so after reviewing the submitted reviews of paper and consulting other editorial board members, when appropriate, in a fair and an impartial manner. The Editor-in-Chief shouldn't have any conflict of interest with respect to the article under consideration. He/she should keep anonymity of reviewers as well as to the author during the review process.

When an error is detected, the Editor-in-Chief must make publication of corrections, clarifications, retractions and/or apologies, if it is needed.

4. THE PUBLISHER.

The Civil Society "Consultants and tutoring for the scientific research in the Education Puig-Salabarría" (Asesorías y tutorías para la investigación científica en la Educación Puig-Salabarría S.C.) as publisher of Contemporary dilemmas: Education, Politics and Values e-journal, assumes very seriously its duties of guardianship over all steps of the journal's editing and publications, and recognizes its ethical responsibilities to ensure an adequate advertising on the journal. 
If it is useful and necessary, an internal integral evaluation of the editing and publishing processes will be put into practice to favor all journal's readers and collaborators. The Publisher endorses and behaves in accordance with the Code of Conduct stated so far.

MALPRACTICE STATEMENT.

Main concern will be given to a malpractice procedure. If malpractice is discovered at any time after the article publication in the journal, it will be removed from the publication for not being in accordance with the journal's principles stated before. It includes plagiarism, falsification (manipulation of existing research data, tables, images, ideas, conclusions, etc.), research fabrication (making up research data), duplicate publishing, and any other malpractice.

The Code of Conduct for all professionals involved in the act of publishing in "Contemporary dilemmas: Education, Politics and Values" e-journal is a detailed description based on the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) available on http://publicationethics.org/ It also assumes standards established in Codes of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines of journals of an outstanding international reputation.

This Code of Conduct was approved and made public to all the professionals (authors, editors, reviewers, etc.) involved in the act of publishing in "Contemporary dilemmas: Education, Politics and Values" e-journal.